M/s. Ripe Component Technologies Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi v. ACIT, New Delhi

ITA 163/DEL/2012 | 2007-2008
Pronouncement Date: 21-10-2016 | Result: Dismissed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 16320114 RSA 2012
Assessee PAN AADCR2107F
Bench Delhi
Appeal Number ITA 163/DEL/2012
Duration Of Justice 4 year(s) 9 month(s) 9 day(s)
Appellant M/s. Ripe Component Technologies Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
Respondent ACIT, New Delhi
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 21-10-2016
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Dismissed
Bench Allotted F
Tribunal Order Date 21-10-2016
Date Of Final Hearing 23-08-2016
Next Hearing Date 23-08-2016
Assessment Year 2007-2008
Appeal Filed On 11-01-2012
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL DELHI BENCH : F NEW DELHI BEFORE SH. H.S. SIDHU JUDICIAL M EMBER AND SH. O.P. KANT ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA NO. 163 /DEL/ 2012 ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2007 - 08 M/S. RIPE COMPONENT TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD. B - 8/14 FIRST FLOOR VASANT VIHAR NEW DELHI VS. ASSTT. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CIRCLE - 15(1) C.R. BUILDING I.P. ESTATE NEW DELHI PAN : AADCR2107F (APPELLANT) (RESPONDENT) APPELLANT BY SH. S.K. CHATURVEDI CA RESPONDENT BY SH. F.R. MEENA SR.DR DATE OF HEARING 23.08.2016 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT 21.10.2016 ORDER PER O.P. KANT A. M. : THIS APPEAL BY THE ASSESSEE IS DIRECTED AGAINST ORDER DATED 19/07/2011 PASSED BY THE LEARNED COMMISSIONER OF INCOME - TAX ( APPEALS) - XVIII NEW DELHI FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2007 - 08 RAISING FOLLOWING GROUNDS: 1. THE LEARNED ASSESSING OFFICER ERRED ON FACTS IN LAW IN MAKING AN ADDITION OF RS.31 97 677/ - ON ACCOUNT OF DEPRECIATION CLAIMED ON TEMPORARY ERECTIONS AND ALLOWING ONLY RS.3 19 767/ - AS DEPRECIATION. 2. THE APPELLANT SEEKS PERMIS SION TO MODIFY AND/OR ADD ANY OTHER GROUND/GROUNDS OF APPEAL AS THE CIRCUMSTANCES MIGHT REQUIRE OR JUSTIFY BEFORE OR AT THE TIME OF HEARING. 2 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 2. THE FACTS IN BRIEF OF THE CASE ARE THAT THE ASSESSEE COMPANY WAS ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF MANUFACTURING OF M OBILE COMPONENTS AND ACCESSORIES AND RELATED ACTIVITIES. FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THE ASSESSEE FILED RETURN OF INCOME DECLARING LOSS OF RS.5 95 36 759/ - ON 13/10/2007. THE CASE WAS SELECTED FOR SCRUTINY UNDER COMPUTER ASSISTED SELECTION OF SCRUTIN Y (CASS) AND STATUTORY NOTICE WAS ISSUED AND COMPLIED WITH. IN THE SCRUTINY PROCEEDINGS THE ASSESSING OFFICER MADE CERTAIN ADDITIONS INCLUDING THE DISALLOWANCE OF DEPRECIATION CLAIMED OF RS.31 97 677/ - ON TEMPORARY STRUCTURE AT THE RATE OF 100% BY THE ASS ESSEE. THE LEARNED ASSESSING OFFICER HOWEVER ALLOWED DEPRECIATION AT THE RAT E OF 10% ON THE EXPENSES OF RS.31 97 677 / - AMOUNTING TO RS. 3 19 767/ - . THE LEARNED COMMISSIONER OF INCOME - TAX ( APPEALS) ALSO SUSTAINED THE DISALLOWANCE OF 100% DEPRECIATION AND A LLOWED 10% DEPRECIATION ON THE EXPENSES CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE AS IN THE NATURE OF TEMPORARY ERECTIONS. AGGRIEVED WITH THE FINDING OF THE LEARNED COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS) ON THE ISSUE OF DEPRECIATION ON TEMPORARY STRUCTURE THE ASSESSEE IS IN APPEAL BEFORE THE TRIBUNAL RAISING THE GROUNDS AS REPRODUCED ABOVE. 3. IN THE GROUND NO. 1 THE ASSESSEE HAS CHALLENGED THE UPHOLDING OF DISALLOWANCE OF DEPRECIATION CLAIMED AT THE RATE OF 100% ON STRUCTURE CLAIMED TO BE TEMPORARY IN NATURE. 4. THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THE ASSESSEE T OOK FACTORY PREMISES LOCATED AT IMT MANESAR GURGAON HARYANA ON LEASE FOR AN INITIAL PERIOD OF 60 MONTHS FROM 01/03/2006 ( ONE MONTH PRIOR TO THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR UNDER C ONSIDERATION ) FROM MR. SANJAY SODHI AND MR . SALIL SODHI AND IN THE SAID LEASED PREMISES THE ASSESSEE CONSTRUCTED WOODEN PARTITIONS IN OFFICES AND FACTORY AREA FAL L CEILING ELECTRICAL FITTINGS ETC . AMOUNTING TO RS. 34 42 549.49 / - . HE FURTHER SUBMITTED THA T S T R U C T U R E E R E C T E D IN THE 3 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 FACTORY PREMISES WAS ON A PURELY TEMPORARY BASIS AND ONCE BROKEN WAS HAVING NO COMMERCIAL VALUE . THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE REFERRED TO THE LIST OF ALL SUCH EXPENSES INCURRED WHICH IS AVAILABLE AT PAGE 21 OF THE P APER BOOK SUBMITTED BY THE ASSESSEE. HE SUBMITTED THAT TEMPORARY E RECTION WAS REQUIRED TO BE ERECTED AT THE PREMISES NECESSARILY FOR CARRYING OUT THE AS SESSEE S BUSINESS ACTIVITY. THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE REFERRED TO THE LEASE AGREEMENT A COP Y OF WHICH IS AVAILABLE ON PAGE S 1 TO 20 OF THE PAPER BOOK AND SUBMITTED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD NO RIGHT ON THE FACTORY PREMISES WHERE SUCH CONSTRUCTION WAS CARRIED OUT AND ON TERMINATION OF THE LEASE THE ASSESSEE WAS REQUIRED TO HAND OVER THE VACANT POSS ESSION OF THE DEMISED PREMISES TO THE LESSOR. HE ALSO REFERRED TO THE COPY OF VARIOUS BILLS OF EX PENSES AVAILABLE IN THE ASSESSEE S PAPER BOOK FROM PAGES 22 TO PAGE 43. IN VIEW OF ABOVE THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE SUBMITTED THAT IT WOULD BE UNJU STIFIED IF THE DEPRECIATION ON PURELY TEMPORARY REACTION WAS DISALLOWED. IN SUPPORT OF THE CONTENTION OF THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE RELIED ON FOLLOWING DECISIONS: I. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX VS. INDUSTRIAL CABLES (INDIA) LTD. 254 ITR 267 (P&H) II. ACIT VS. NIPPO BATTERIES CO. LTD. ITA NO. 1139/1140/MDS/2010 III. CIT VS. AMRUTANJAN FINANCE LTD. (2011) 15 TAXMANN.COM 392 (MAD.) IV. PERI (INDIA) (P.) LTD. VS. JOINT COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (OSD) [2016] 159 ITD 541/71 TAXMANN.COM 79 (MUMBAI - TRIB.) 5. ON TH E OTHER HAND THE LEARNED SR. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE RELIED ON THE ORDERS OF THE AUTHORITIES BELOW AND SUBMITTED THAT THE CONSTRUCTION CARRIED OUT WAS IN THE NATURE OF IMPROVEMENT OF LEASEHOLD PREMISES AFTER TAKING ON LEASE AND WAS FOR ENDURING BENEFI TS AND NOT IN THE NATURE OF REPAIRS OR RENOVATION OF THE LEASED PREMISES AND THUS THE CASE LAWS REFERRED BY THE LEARNED AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE WERE NOT APPLICABLE OVER THE FACTS OF THE ASSESSEE. 4 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 6. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PERUSED THE RE LEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD. WE FIND FROM THE PARA B OF TERMS OF LEASE AGREEMENT WHICH IS AVAILABLE ON PAGE 1 TO 20 OF THE ASSESSE E S PAPER BOOK THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS TAKEN FACTORY PREMISES ON LEASE FOR A INITIAL PERIOD OF FIVE YEARS FROM 01/03/2006. THE RELEVANT FINANCIAL YEAR IN THE CASE OF THE ASSESSEE STARTED FROM 01/04/2006 THEREFORE THE PR EMISES HAVE BEEN TAKEN ON LEASE ONE MONTH PRIOR TO THE BEGINNING OF THE RELEVANT FINANCIAL YEAR. IN THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THE ASSESSEE CARRIED OUT VARIOU S WORKS WHICH HAVE BEEN CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE OF TEMPO RARY NATURE. ON PERUSAL OF PAGE - 21 OF THE ASSESSEE S PAPER BOOK WE FIND THAT THE ASSESSEE CARRIED OUT WORK FROM FOLLOWING PARTIES: DETAILS OF TEMPORARY SHED FROM 01.04.2006 TO 21.03.2007 SI. NO. DATE OF ENTRY NAME OF PARTY DATE AMOUNT 1 20/06/2006 DESIGN STUDIO 02/06/2006 78 297.00 2 01/07/2006 ALUMINIUM CRAFT 29/06/2006 7 772.50 3 06/07/2006 ABHISHEK ENGINEERS 02/07/2006 23 596.00 4 31/07/2006 DESIGN STUDIO 27/07/2006 136 748.00 5 31/07/2006 DESIGN STUDIO 23/06/2006 31 470.00 6 17/08/2006 BASELINE 04/05/2006 223 425.00 7 17/08/2006 BASELINE 1 652 682.00 8 25/08/2006 DEEPAK FLOORINGS 23/08/2006 50 625.00 9 28/08/2006 DEEPAK FLOORINGS 24/08/2006 22 230.00 10 02/09/2006 MUKTA INDUSTRIES 01/09/2006 56 999.00 11 12/09/2006 ALUMINIUM CRAFT & STEEL FAB 09/09/2006 97 328.00 12 19/09/2006 DEEPAK FLOORINGS 14/09/2006 133 583.00 13 20/09/2006 DEEPAK FLOORINGS 14 062.00 14 20/09/2006 AZIM KHAN CONTRACTOR 04/09/2006 229 106.00 15 22/09/2006 DESIGN STUDIO 09/09/2006 102 017.00 16 29/09/2006 ALUMINIUM CRAFT & STEEL FAB 92 863.47 17 04/10/2006 ALUMINIUM CRAFT & STEEL FAB 28/09/2006 11 076.00 18 17/10/2006 MBG INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION 17/10/2006 20 000.00 19 01/11/2006 DESIGN STUDIO 31/10/2006 89 161.00 20 03/02/2007 FLOOR TECH CO. 01/02/2007 49 920.00 21 03/02/2007 FLOOR TECH CO. 01/02/2007 3 661.00 22 28/02/2007 FLOOR TECH CO. 27/02/2007 106 223.52 23 01/03/2007 DESIGN STUDIO 24/02/2007 101 292.00 24 08/03/2007 AZIM KHAN 20/02/2007 10 000.00 25 08/03/2007 AZIM KHAN 26/02/2007 16 400.00 26 12/03/2007 ALUMINIUM CRAFT & STEEL FAB 26/12/2006 49 416.00 27 12/03/2007 ALUMINIUM CRAFT & STEEL FAB 26/12/2006 12 096.00 28 21/03/2007 MBG INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION 21/03/2007 20 500.00 3 442 549.49 5 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 7. FURTHER ON PERUSAL OF THE BILLS AVAILABLE IN THE PAPER BOOK WE FIND THAT ACCORDING T O THE PAGE 22 OF THE PAPER BOOK A BILL OF RS.78 297/ - HAS BEEN RAISED BY M/S. DESIGN S TUDIO FOR CARRYING OUT CIVIL CONSTRUCTION FLOORING ETC. SIMILARLY ON PAGE 24 BILL OF M/S . DESIGN STUDIO OF RS.1 36 748/ - FOR CONSTRUCTING TRENCHES TRANSFORMER FOUNDATION STEEL STRUCTURAL ETC . IS AVAILABLE. ON PAGE 25 AGAIN A COP Y OF THE BILL OF M/S. DESIGN S TUDIO AMOUNTING TO RS.31 470/ - FOR DEMOLITION OF WALL SLAB CASTING CONSTRUCTION OF BRICK WALL PLASTER ETC . HAS BEEN FILED. ON PAGE 35 36 AND 37 COPY OF A BILL S OF M/S . DESIGN STUDIO OF RS.1 02 011 / - IS AVAILABLE WHICH CONTA INS WORK IN THE NAT URE OF C IVIL CONSTRUCTION LIKE CRANE GIRDER FIXING EXHAUST FAN FIXING MOTOR FOUNDATION FOR COOLING TO WER AIR WASHER TANK FOUNDATION DIESEL TANK FOUNDATION. ACCO RDING TO THE PAGE NO. 40 WHICH IS A BILL OF DESIGN STUDIO FOR WORK OF CONSTRUCTION OF BRICK WALL PLASTER STEEL DO OR WINDOW ETC. CARRIED OUT . ON PAGE 23 A COPY OF BILL OF M/S ABHIS HEK ENGINEERS AMOUNTING TO RS.23 596/ - FOR GY PSUM BOARD PARTITION WITH GLASS WOOL FILLED IS AVAILABLE. ON PAGE 26 AND 27 COPIES OF BILLS ISSUED BY M/S . B ASELINE AMOUNTING TO RS.2 23 425 / - AND RS.19 12 943 / - FOR SUPPLY OF CARPET AND PROVIDING AND FIXING FALSE CEILING PARTITION DISPLAY IN RECEPTION LAMINATED DOOR TEAK WOOD DOORS AIR CONDITIONERS DUCTING ETC. ON PAGES 28 AND 29 COPIES OF BILLS RAISED BY M/S DEE PAK FLOORINGS AMOUNTING TO RS.50 625 / - AND RS.22 550/ - FOR SUPPLY OF A IR CURTAIN AND INSTALLATION MATERIAL FOR CEILINGS RESPECTIVELY HAVE BEEN FILED. ON PAGE 32 AND 33 COPIES OF BILLS OF M/S . DEE PAK FLOORINGS AMOUNTING TO RS.1 3 3 583/ - AND RS.14 062/ - F OR SUPPLY OF DIAKEN MINERAL FIBRE CEILING WITH ALUMINIUM GRID INSTALLATION MATERIALS ETC . HAVE BEEN FILED. ON PAGE 3 0 A COPY OF BILL OF M/S MUKTA INDUSTRIES AMOUNTING TO RS.56 999/ - FOR AIR COMPRESSION SHED HAS BEEN FILED. ON PAGE 31 AND 38 COPIES OF TH E BILLS OF M/S . ALUMINIUM CRAFT AND STEEL FAB AMOUNTING TO RS.97 328/ - AND RS. 92 863/ - FOR ALUMINUM 6 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 PARTITIONS DOOR CLOSERS ETC . HAVE BEEN FILED. ACCORDING TO THE PAGES 41 TO 43 OF THE PAPER BOOK M/S . FLOOR TECH . HAS RAISED BILLS OF RS.49 920/ - RS. 3 661/ - RS. 1 06 223/ - FOR EPU FLOORING. 8. IT IS EVIDENT FROM THE BILLS RAISED BY THE DIFFERENT VENDORS THAT THE WORK CARRIED OUT BY THE ASSESSEE WAS NOT IN THE NATURE OF THE REPAIR WORK OR REFURBISHING OR RENOVATION OF THE OLD PREMISES BUT IT WAS IN THE NATUR E OF ADDITION TO THE PREMISES WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN ON THE LEASE FOR INITIAL PERIOD OF FIVE YEARS 9. F URTHER WE FIND FROM THE PARA 13.6 OF THE LEASE AGREEMENT WHICH IS HAVING A CONDITION THAT ON TERMINATION OR EXPIRY OF THE AGREEMENT THE LESS EE MAY TAKE AWAY SUCH INSTALLATION AT ITS OWN COST AND IN CASE THE LESSOR SO DESIRES TO RETAIN THE SAME THE PARTIES SHALL NEGOTIATE THE PRICE WHICH THE LESSOR SHALL PAY TO THE LESSEE. IN VIEW OF THIS CONDITION ALSO IT IS APPARENT THAT THE INSTALLATIONS IN THE NATUR E OF ALUMINIUM PARTITIONS FALL - CEILING FLOORINGS ETC WERE INSTALLATION IN THE NATURE OF ENDURING BENEFIT AND CANNOT BE TERMED AS STRUCTURE IN THE NATURE OF TEMPORARY. 10. IN THE CASE OF COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX VS. INDUSTRIAL C ABLES INDI A LTD . (SUPRA) THE EXPENSES INVOLVED WERE TOWARDS TEMPORARY QUARTER S FOR THE WORKERS AND THE KACHA ( TEMPORARY) ROAD LINKING THE WORKER S QUARTERS WITH THE FACTORY. IN THE CASE OF M/S . DR EDGING INTERNATIONAL INDIA PRIVATE L IMITED ( SUPRA ) THE EXPENSES INCURR ED WERE RELATED TO THE TEMPORARY HOUSING UNIT S AT THE PROJECT SITE IN HAZIRA ON THE LAND NOT OWNED BY THE ASSESSEE COMPANY WHICH WERE REQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH EXECUTION OF THE CONTRACTUAL WORK AND NOT FOR THE OTHER PURPOSES. IN THE CASE OF M/S NIPPO B ATTERIES COMPANY L IMITED ( SUPRA) ALSO FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF MUMBAI BENCH OF TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF ACIT VS. M/S . LINTAS (I) LTD (ITA NOS. 1696 & 1601/MUM/06 DATED 18 - 10 - 2010) IT IS HELD THAT REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE AND RENOVATION EXPENDITURE OR BUILDING MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT TO KEEP THE ASSET IN GOOD WORKING CONDITION 7 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 COULD NOT BE CONSIDERED AS CAPITAL OUTGO. IN THE C ASE OF AMRUTANJAN FINANCE LTD ( SUPRA) THE HON BLE MADRAS HIGH COURT HAS HELD THE EXPENSES OF TEMPORARY WOODEN STRUCTURE AND PARTITIONS FOR RUNNING COMPUTER CENTRES IS ELIGIBLE FOR 100% DEPRECIATION BUT FROM THE FACTS OF THE CASE IT IS NOT CLEAR WHETHER THE EXPENSES WERE IN THE NATURE OF REPAIRS OR FIRST - TIME INSTALLMENTS . IN THE CASE OF PERI (INDIA) (P ) LTD (SU PRA) ALSO THE TRIBUNAL HAS HELD THE EXPE NSES INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE AS REPAIR EXPENSES RATHER THAN LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS . 11. WHEREAS IN THE FACTS OF THE INSTANT CASE WE FIND THAT EXPENSES ARE NOT IN THE NATURE OF REPAIR OR RENOVATION OF THE EXISTIN G PREMISES BUT SAME ARE TAKEN ON LEASE ONLY A MONTH PRIOR TO THE BEGINNING OF THE FINANCIAL YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION AND THEREAFTER THE ASSESSEE HAS INCURRED EXPENSES ON CONSTRUCTION OF BRICK WALLS PLASTERS ALUMINIUM AND TE AK DOORS. FROM THE BILLS RAIS ED IT IS ALSO APPARENT THAT EXPENSES HAVE BEEN INCURRED FOR FOUNDATION OF COOLING TOWER DIESEL TANK ETC . WHICH APPEARS TO BE PART OF PLANT AND MACHINERY. IN VIEW OF ABOVE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES WE FIND THAT THE DECISION S CITED BY THE AUTHORIZED REPRESE NTATIVE ARE NOT APPLICABLE OVER THE FACTS OF THE CASE OF THE ASSESSEE. 12. F URTHER WE FIND THAT THE PROVISIONS OF EXPL . 1 OF S . 32 OF IT ACT 1961 SPECIFICALLY PROVIDE AS UNDER: EXPLANATION 1. WHERE THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION OF THE ASSESSEE IS CARRIED ON IN A BUILDING NOT OWNED BY HIM BUT IN RESPECT OF WHICH THE ASSESSEE HOLDS A LEASE OR OTHER RIGHT OF OCCUPANCY AND ANY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE IS INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF ANY STRUCTURE OR DOING OF ANY WORK IN OR IN RELATION TO AND BY WAY OF RENOVATION OR EXTENSION OF OR IMPROVEMENT TO THE BUILDING THEN THE PROVISIONS OF 8 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 THIS CLAUSE SHALL APPLY AS IF THE SAID STRUCTURE OR WORK IS A BUILDING OWNED BY THE ASSESSEE. THE ABOVE EXPLANATION WAS INTRODUCED W.E.F. 1ST APRIL 1988. 13. T HE RENOVATION MADE BY THE ASSESSEE COMPANY IS IN THE NATURE OF PERMANENT STRUCTURE BY WAY OF BRICK WALL PARTITIONS PANELLING OF ALUMINIUM FLOORING ETC. WHICH CANNOT BE COVERED UNDER CURR ENT REPAIRS AS PROVIDED IN S. 30 OF IT ACT 1961. SUCH WORK AS MADE BY THE ASSESSEE COMPANY CANNOT BE STATED SO AS TO KEEP THE PREMISES AS RESTORED TO GOOD CONDITION OR SAVE IT FROM EXHAUSTION OR COMPENSATION OF LOSS. THE WORK IN THE CASE OF ASSESSEE AR E MEANT TO ALTOGETHER CHANGE THE USER BY WAY OF EXPANDING ITS CAPACITY SUBSTANTIALLY AND CHANGEOVER OF ITS LOOK. THE EXPENDITURE IS CERTAINLY CAPITAL IN NATURE ON WHICH DEPRECIATION CAN ONLY BE ALLOWED. 14. FURTHER WE FIND THAT IN A RECENT CASE THE TRIB UNAL DELHI BENCH IN THE CASE OF MARUBENI - ITOCHU STEEL INDIA PVT. LTD. VS. DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX IN ITA NO. 1716/DEL/2014 D ATED 15 TH FEBRUARY 2016 HAS DECIDED T HE I DENTICAL I SSUE AS U NDER: 18.1. THE ONLY OTHER GROUND RAISED IN THIS APPEAL IS AGAINST THE CONFIRMATION OF ADDITION OF RS.23 91 810/ - TOWARDS THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED ON ACCOUNT OF LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS BY TREATING THE SAME AS CAPITAL IN NATURE. 18.2. THE FACTS APROPOS THIS ISSUE ARE THAT THE ASSESSEE CLAIMED LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENT EXPENSES OF RS.23.90 LAC AND ARCHITECT FEE OF RS.33.14 LAC AS REVENUE. THE AO OBSERVED THAT THE ASSESSEE STARTED ITS BUSINESS DURING THIS YEAR ONLY AND CIVIL AND CONSTRU CTION WORK WAS DONE ON THE PREMISES TAKEN ON LEASE. HE TREATED THIS 9 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 WORK AS CONSTRUCTION OF A PERMANENT STRUCTURE ON LEASEHOLD PREMISES. AFTER ENTERTAINING OBJECTIONS FROM THE ASSESSEE HE MADE DISALLOWANCE OF RS.51 34 426/ - (CAPITALIZATION OF TWO AMOUNTS OF RS.23.90 LAC AND RS.33.14 LAC AS REDUCED BY DEPRECIATION). THE LD. CIT(A) ALLOWED THE ASSESSEE S CLAIM IN RESPECT OF PAYMENT TO ARCHITECT AMOUNTING TO RS.33.14 LAC. HOWEVER THE REMAINING AMOUNT OF RS.23.90 LAC WAS TREATED AS CAPITAL IN NATURE. THE ASSE SSEE IS AGGRIEVED AGAINST THE CONFIRMATION OF ADDITION TO THIS EXTENT WHILE THERE IS NO APPEAL FILED ON BEHALF OF THE REVENUE. 18.3. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PERUSED THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD. IT IS NOTICED THAT THE ASSESSEE TOOK THE PREMISES ON LEASE AND ALSO STARTED BUSINESS DURING THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION. A SUM OF RS.23.90 LAC WAS INCURRED ON COMPLETE RENOVATION OF SUCH PREMISES AS IT IS APPARENT FROM THE DETAILS PLACED ON RECORD. THE HON BLE SUPREME COURT IN BALLIMAL NAVAL KIS HORE VS. CIT 1997 224 ITR 414 (SC) HAS HELD THAT THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE ON TOTAL RENOVATION OF CINEMA THEATRE BY INSTALLING NEW MACHINERY NEW FURNITURE NEW SANITARY FITTING AND NEW ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION BESIDES EXTENSIVE REPAIR OF STR UCTURE OF BUILDING TO BE CAPITAL EXPENDITURE AND NOT ALLOWABLE AS CURRENT REPAIRS. THIS JUDGMENT INDICATES THAT ANY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE ON TOTAL RENOVATION IS LIABLE TO BE CONSIDERED AS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE. THE HON BLE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT IN BIGJO S INDIA LTD. VS. CIT (2007) 293 ITR 170 (DEL) CONSIDERED ALMOST A SIMILAR SITUATION AS IS OBTAINING BEFORE US IN THE PRESENT APPEAL. IN THAT CASE THE ASSESSEE A LICENSEE OF THE SHOWROOM ERECTED NEW COUNTERS AND BUILT A NEW LIFT SHAFT AT A NEW SITE. IT WA S HELD THAT 10 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 SUCH AMOUNT WAS NOT IN THE NATURE OF CURRENT REPAIRS BUT A CAPITAL EXPENDITURE NOT DEDUCTIBLE IN FULL. 18.4. ADVERTING TO THE FACTS OF THE INSTANT CASE WE FIND THAT THE PRESENT FACTS ARE ON ALL FOURS WITH THOSE CONSIDERED BY THE HON BLE HIGH C OURT IN BIGJO S (SUPRA). IT IS EVIDENT FROM THE DESCRIPTION OF THE ITEMS ON WHICH THE ABOVE REFERRED EXPENDITURE HAS BEEN INCURRED THAT IT IS A CASE OF RENOVATION OF PREMISES IMMEDIATELY AFTER TAKING IT ON LEASE. AS SUCH THERE CAN BE NO QUESTION OF REPLAC EMENT. WE CANNOT HELP IF THE REVENUE HAS ACCEPTED THE PART DELETION OF DISALLOWANCE BY THE LD. CIT(A). BE THAT AS IT MAY WE ARE CONCERNED ONLY WITH THE ITEMS OF DISALLOWANCE RAKED UP IN THE APPEAL BEFORE US AND HOLD THAT THE LD. CIT(A) HAS TAKEN UNIMPEACHA BLE VIEW IN TREATING THE INSTANT AMOUNT AS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE. 18.5. AT THIS STAGE IT IS RELEVANT TO NOTE THAT THE TAX LAWS (AMENDMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 1986 INSERTED EXPLANATION 1 TO SECTION 32 W.E.F. 1.4.1988 READING AS UNDER : - EX PLANATION - 1. WHERE THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION OF THE ASSESSEE IS CARRIED ON IN A BUILDING NOT OWNED BY HIM BUT IN RESPECT OF WHICH THE ASSESSEE HOLDS A LEASE OR OTHER RIGHT OF OCCUPANCY AND ANY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE IS INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR THE PURPOS ES OF THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF ANY STRUCTURE OR DOING OF ANY WORK IN OR IN RELATION TO AND BY WAY OF RENOVATION OR EXTENSION OF OR IMPROVEMENT TO THE BUILDING THEN THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CLAUSE SHALL APPLY AS IF THE SAID STRUCTU RE OR WORK IS A BUILDING OWNED BY THE ASSESSEE. 11 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 18.6. A CIRCUMSPECTION OF THE ABOVE EXPLANATION REVEALS THAT WHERE A BUSINESS IS CARRIED ON IN A BUILDING NOT OWNED BY THE ASSESSEE BUT IN RESPECT OF WHICH IT HOLDS A LEASE OR EITHER OCCUPANCY RIGHTS THEN T HE EXPENDITURE ON I. THE CONSTRUCTION OF A STRUCTURE OR II. DOING OF ANY WORK IN OR IN RELATION TO AND BY WAY OF RENOVATION OR EXTENSION OF OR IMPROVEMENT TO THE BUILDING SHALL BE CONSIDERED AS STRUCTURE OR WORK IN THE NATURE OF BUILDING OWNED BY THE ASS ESSEE FOR THE PURPOSE OF DEPRECIATION. SPIRIT AND TEXT OF EXPLANATION 1 TO SECTION 32 IS THAT ANY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE BY THE ASSESSEE ON A BUILDING NOT OWNED BY HIM IN WHICH HE CARRIES ON THE BUSINESS SHALL BE CONSIDERED AS BUILDING OWNED BY HIM FOR THE PURPOSES OF SECTION 32 TO THE EXTENT OF THE AMOUNTS SPENT ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF STRUCTURE OR DOING OF ANY WORK IN OR IN RELATION TO AND BY WAY OF RENOVATION OR EXTENSION OR IMPROVEMENT TO THE BUILDING. IT THEREFORE FOLLOWS THAT IN ORDER TO BRING ANY AMO UNT WITHIN THE AMBIT OF EXPLANATION 1 TO SECTION 32 IT IS PARAMOUNT THAT THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE ON THE PREMISES IN THE CAPACITY OF NON - OWNER SHOULD FIRSTLY BE IN THE NATURE OF CAPITAL EXPENDITURE AND THEN IT SHOULD FALL WITHIN ANY OR BOT H THE CLAUSES AS DISCUSSED ABOVE. IF THESE CONDITIONS GET SATISFIED AS IS THE CASE UNDER CONSIDERATION THEN THE AMOUNT INCURRED FOR SUCH WORKS FALLS FOR CONSIDERATION UNDER EXPLANATION 1 TO SECTION 32. IN OTHER WORDS THE AMOUNT SO INCURRED WOULD BE CAPI TALIZED ENTITLING THE ASSESSEE TO DEPRECIATION AS PER THE ELIGIBLE RATE. IN VIEW OF THE FOREGOING DISCUSSION WE UPHOLD THE IMPUGNED ORDER ON THIS ISSUE SUBJECT TO GRANT OF DEPRECIAT ION. 15. IN VIEW OF ABOVE WE UPHOLD THE FINDING OF THE LEARNED COMMISS IONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS) ON THE ISSUE IN DISPUTE AND ACCORDINGLY DISMISS THE GROUND NO. 1 OF THE APPEAL. 12 ITA NO.163/DEL/2012 AY: 2007 - 08 16. THE GROUND NO. 2 OF THE APPEAL BEING GENERAL IN NATURE WE ARE NOT REQUIRED TO ADJUDICATE UPON THE SAME. 17. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF TH E ASSESSEE IS DISMISSED. THE DECISION IS PRONOUN CED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 2 1 S T OCTOBER 2016 . S D / - S D / - ( H.S. SIDHU ) ( O.P. KANT ) JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNTANT MEMBER DATED: 2 1 S T OCTOBER 2016 . LAPTOP / - COPY FORWARDED TO: 1. APPELLANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT(A) 5. DR ASST. REGISTRAR ITAT NEW DELHI