Priyanka Real Estates & Developers,, Rajahmundry v. The Income Tax Officer, Ward-2(2), , Rajahmundry

ITA 175/VIZ/2019 | 2005-2006
Pronouncement Date: 08-11-2019 | Result: Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 17525314 RSA 2019
Assessee PAN AAIFP5406H
Bench Visakhapatnam
Appeal Number ITA 175/VIZ/2019
Duration Of Justice 6 month(s) 16 day(s)
Appellant Priyanka Real Estates & Developers,, Rajahmundry
Respondent The Income Tax Officer, Ward-2(2), , Rajahmundry
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 08-11-2019
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted SMC
Tribunal Order Date 08-11-2019
Last Hearing Date 14-06-2019
First Hearing Date 14-06-2019
Assessment Year 2005-2006
Appeal Filed On 22-04-2019
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL VISAKHAPATNAM BENCH VISAKHAPATNAM . . . BEFORE SHRI V. DURGA RAO JUDICIAL MEMBER& SHRI D.S. SUNDER SINGH ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ./ I.T. A.NO. 175 /VIZ/201 9 ( / A SSESSMENT Y EAR : 20 0 5 - 0 6 ) M/S PRI YANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS D.NO.25 - 1 - 3 J AYAKRISHNAP URAM RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM [ PAN : A A IFP5406H ] VS. INCOME TAX OFFICER WARD - 2( 2 ) RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM ( / APPELLANT) ( / RESPONDENT) / APPELLANT BY : SHRI G.V.N.HARI AR / RESPONDENT BY : S MT SUMAN MALIK DR / DATE OF HEARING : 29 . 10 . 201 9 / DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 08 . 1 1 . 201 9 / O R D E R P ER SHRI D.S.SUNDER SINGH ACCOUNTANT MEMBER : TH IS APPEAL IS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE AGAINST THE ORDER OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS ) [CIT(A)] TIRUPATI IN I.T.A. NO. 350/2015 - 16/CIT(A)/TPT DATED 14.02.2019 FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR (A.Y.) 20 05 - 06. 2 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM 2. ALL THE GROUNDS OF APPEAL ARE RELATED TO THE ADDITION MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER (AO) U/S 40A(3) OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 (IN SHORT ACT). IN THIS CASE ASSESSMENT WAS COMPLETED ORIGINALLY U/S 143(3) BY AN ORDER DATED 25.09.2007. SUBSEQUENTLY THE ASSESSMENT WAS TAKEN UP FOR REVISION U/S 263 BY COMM ISSIONER OF INCOME TAX RAJAHMUNDRY AND FOUND THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS DEBITED THE AMOUNT OF RS.53.62 LAKHS TOWARDS SITE PURCHASES IN THE P&L ACCOUNT FOR PURCHASE OF 6.39 ACRES OF LAND FROM SEVERAL PARTIES VIDE TWO AGREEMENTS DATED 28.05.2004 AND 03.06.2004 A S PER THE DETAILS GIVEN BELOW : (I) AGREEMENT DATED 28.05.2004 DATE AMOUNT IN LAKHS MODE OF PAYMENT 28.05.2004 4.00 CASH 08.09.2004 8.00 CASH 24.11.2004 3.74 CASH 14.07.2004 1.00 CASH 05.08.2004 2.50 CASH 23.08.2004 7.00 CASH 30.06.2004 5.00 CASH 04.07.2004 1.00 CASH (II) AGREEMENT DATED 03.06.2004 03.06.2004 2.00 CASH 14.07.2004 1.60 CASH 05.08.2004 3.50 CASH 01.02.2005 4.00 CASH 17.09.2004 6.03 CASH 03.11.2004 2.00 CASH 3 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM 2.1. SINCE THE PAYMENT WAS MADE IN EXCESS OF RS.20000/ - IN VIOLATION OF PROVISIONS OF SECTION 40A(3) OF THE ACT THE LD.CIT VIEWED THAT THE AO OUGHT TO HAVE DISALLOWED 20% OF THE PURCHASE CONSIDERATION AS PROVIDED U/S 40A(3) OF THE ACT. SINCE THE AO HAS FAILED TO EXAMINE THE ISSUE THE LD.CIT VIEWED THAT THE ASSESSMENT PASSED BY THE AO U/S 143(3)WAS ERRONEOUS AND PREJUDICIAL TO THE INTEREST OF THE REVENUE HENCE SET ASIDE THE ORDER OF THE AO WITH A DIRECTION TO REDO THE ASSESSMENT AS PER THE DIRECTIONS GIVEN U/S 263. BEFORE THE LD.CIT THE ASSESSEE EXPLAINED THAT IT HA S MADE PAYMENTS TO THE A GENTS AND THE AGENTS IN TURN HAVE MADE THE CASH PAYMENTS TO THE LAND OWNERS WHO INSISTED FOR CASH PAYMENTS AND FURTHERMORE SUBMITTED THAT THE LAND OWNERS WERE AGRICULTURISTS / FARMERS AND THEY DO NOT HAVE BANK ACCOUNT AND SOME PAYMENTS WERE ALSO MADE ON HOLIDAYS. THE LD.CIT SET ASIDE TH E ORDERS OF THE AO WITH A DIRECTION TO REDO THE ASSESSMENT WITH THE FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS : (I) TO EXAMINE WHETHER THE LAND OWNERS ARE REALLY AGRICULTURISTS AND PAYMENTS WERE MADE BY THE ASSESSEE IN ANY VILLAGES WHERE THERE ARE NO BANKS OR WHETHER PAYMENTS WERE MADE ON HOLIDAYS AND WHETHER THERE WAS ANY NEED FOR MAKING CASH PAYMENTS. (II) TO BRING ON RECORD THE AGREEMENT IF ANY BETWEEN THE ASSESSEE FIRM AND SRI G.V.K. CHOWDARY IN THE LIGHT OF THE CONTENTIONS MADE IN THE REPLY TO THE SHOW CAUSE LETTER ISSUED TO THE ASSESSEE TO REVISE THE ASSESSMENT ORDER PASSED BY THE AO FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005 - 06. (III) TO EXAMINE THE APPLICABILITY OR OTHERWISE OF THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE TRIBUNAL CHENNAI B BENCH (INCOME TAX OFFICER VS. SMT. N.PADMA) TO THE FACTS OF THE ASSESSEES CASE. (IV) TO EXAMINE WHETHER THE PROVISIONS OF SEC.6DD APPLIES TO THE FACTS OF THE CASE. 4 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM (V) TO BRING ON RECORD IF THERE IS ANY AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE AGENT AND THE LAND OWNERS REGARDING THE MODE OF PAYMENT ETC. TO BE MADE TO THE LAND OWNERS. 2.2. THE AO HAS TAKEN UP THE ASSESSMENT TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE ORDER OF THE LD.CIT AND CALLED FOR THE EXPLANATION OF THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE FILED EXPLANATION THE GIST OF WHICH READS AS UNDER : 1 . ALL THE CASH PAYMENTS WERE MADE TO THE LAND OWNERS THROU GH OUR AGENT SRI GV.K . CHOWDARY FROM TIME TO TIME. 2 . AS PER THE UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE LAND OWNERS AND OUR AGENT HE W AS LIABLE TO PAY THE AMOUNT TO LAND OWNERS AND THE LAND OWNERS HAD TO EXECUTE ALL NECESSARY DOCUMENTS TO PASS ON THE TITL E TO PROSPECTIVE BUYERS. COPY OF THE AFFIDAVIT GIVEN BY OUR AGENT SRI G.VK.CHOWDARY WHICH WAS FI L ED BEFORE THE HON'BLE COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX ENCLOSED HEREWITH FOR YOUR KIND PERUSAL. WE HAVE ALSO ENCLOSED HEREWITH THE COPIES OF THE RECEIPTS ISSUED BY THE AGENT FOR THE AMOUNTS RECEIVED BY HIM TOWARDS THE AMOUNTS PAYABLE TO THE LAND OWNERS WHICH SHOW THAT ALL THE PAYMENTS WERE MADE THROUGH OUR AGENT TO THE LAND OWNERS. 3 . THE PAYMENTS WERE MADE TO THE SMALL FARMERS WHO ARE RESIDING IN VILLAGES AND ARE NOT HAVING ANY BANK AC COUNTS. 4 . COPIES OF THE RYOT PASS BOOKS OF THE BOTH THE LAND OWNERS EVIDENCING THE HOLDING OF LAND BY THEM ARE ENCLOSED HEREWITH. 5 . DURING THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION ON ONE OCCASION THE P AYMENT WAS MADE ON A B ANK HOLIDAY (I.E. ON 04 - 7 - 2004 WHICH WAS A SUNDAY) OF RS . 1.00 LAKH AND THE BANK WAS NOT SERVED ON THAT DAY AND ALSO INSISTED THE AGENT TO MAKE PAYMENT IN CASH. 2.3. THE AO EXAMINED THE EXPLANATION OF THE ASSESSEE AND HELD THAT THE ENTIRE PAYMENTS WERE MADE TO THE LAND OWNERS THROUGH AGENT IS AN AFTERTHOUGHT AND CANNOT BE RELIED UPON. THE AO FURTHER VIEWED THAT S INCE THE ENDORSEMENTS WERE MADE ON THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE AGREEMENT THE AFFIDAVIT OF SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY IS UNRELIABLE AND AGAINST THE FACTS . T HE CONTEN TION OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE PAYMENTS WERE NOT MADE TO THE 5 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM LANDLORDS DIRECTLY ALSO IS UN TENABLE. THEREFORE THE AO DID NOT ACCEPT THE CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE AND FURTHER VIEWED THAT THE DECISION RELIED UPON BY THE ASSESSEE IN THE CASE OF SMT.N.PADMA BY ITA T CHENNAI BENCH HAS NO APPLICATION AND ACCORDINGLY MADE THE ADDITION OF RS.10 27 400/ - U/S 40A(3) OF THE ACT I.E. 20% OF THE EXPENDITURE OF RS.51 37 000/ - . 3. AGAINST THE ORDER OF THE AO THE ASSESSEE WENT ON APPEAL BEFORE THE CIT(A) AND THE LD.CIT(A) CO NFIRMED THE ADDITION MADE BY THE AO. 4. AGAINST THE ORDER OF THE LD.CIT(A) THE ASSESSEE IS IN APPEAL BEFORE THIS TRIBUNAL. DURING THE APPEAL HEARING THE LD.AR SUBMITTED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS MADE AGREEMENT WITH SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY FOR PROCURING THE LAN D S AND HE WAS RESPONSIBLE TO MAKE PAYMENT TO THE LAND OWNERS AND EXECUTE NECESSARY DOCUMENTS TO PASS ON THE TITLE TO THE PROSPECTIVE BUYERS. THE COPY OF THE AFFIDAVIT WAS FURNISHED BEFORE THE AO AND THE LD.CIT(A). THE ASSESSEE FURTHER SUBMITTED THAT ALL THE LAND OWNERS WERE SMALL FARMERS RESIDING IN VILLAGES AND HAVING NO BANK ACCOUNT S . HE FURNISHED THE COPIES OF THE RYOTWARI PASSBOOKS OF THE LAND OWNERS EVIDENCING THE HOLDING OF THE LAND AND ESTABLISHING THE IDENTITY . THE LD.AR ALSO SUBMITTED THAT THE PAYMENT OF RS.1.00 LAKH WAS MADE ON 04.07.2004 WHICH WAS A HOLIDAY TO THE BANK. SINCE THE PAYMENTS WERE MADE TO THE SMALL FARMERS WHO ARE NOT 6 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM HAVING BANK ACCOUNTS THROUGH AGENTS THE LD.AR ARGUED THAT THE PAYMENT IS COVERED BY THE EXCEPTIONS IN RULE 6DD HENCE REQUESTED TO SET ASIDE THE ORDER OF THE LD.CIT(A) AND ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE ALSO TAKEN SUPPORT OF THE ORDER OF THIS TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF SRI K.PHANI KUMAR VS. ACIT IN I.T.A. NO.300/VIZ/2015 DATED 30.11.2018 AND ARGUED TH AT ON SIMILAR FACTS THE TRIBUNAL HAS DELETED THE ADDITION MADE U/S 40A(3) OF THE ACT. THEREFORE ARGUED THAT THE ASSESSEES CASE IS SQUARELY COVERED BY THE DECISION OF THIS TRIBUNAL HENCE REQUESTED TO SET ASIDE THE ORDERS OF THE LD.CIT(A) AND ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE. 5. ON THE OTHER HAND THE LD.DR SUPPORTED THE ORDERS OF THE LOWER AUTHORITIES. 6. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES AND PERUSED THE MATERIAL PLACED ON RECORD. IN THE INSTANT CASE THE CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE IS THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS APPOINTED SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY AS AN AGENT FOR PROCUREMENT OF THE LAND SINCE THE ASSESSEE WA S NOT HAVING SUFFICIENT KNOWLEDGE WITH REGARD TO THE LOCAL PROBLEMS OF THE LANDS AND THE LANDS OWNERS. THE ASSESSEE FURTHER SUBMITTED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS MADE THE CASH PAYMENT TO SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY WHO WAS ACTING AS AN AGENT OF THE ASSESSEE FIRM AND IN TURN THE AGENT HAD MADE PAYMENTS TO THE LANDLORDS. THE ASSESSEE ALSO 7 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM ISSUED DEBIT VOUCHERS FOR PAYMENTS OF CASH TO SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY AND ALSO FILED THE COPY OF AFFIDAVIT BEFORE THE LD.CIT(A) AS WELL AS THE AO. APART FROM THE ABOVE THE ASSESSEE ALSO FURNISHED COPIES OF RYOTWARI PASSBOOKS EVIDENCING THE LAND HOLDINGS OF THE OWNERS AND ESTABLISHING THE IDENTITY OF VENDORS AND THE NATURE OF LAND . AS SEEN FROM THE ASSESSMENT ORDER THE ASSESSEE ALSO FILED AFFIDAVIT FROM LAND OWNERS INSISTING THE PAYMENTS IN CASH. THE AO DID NOT BELIEVE THE CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE AND BRUSHED ASIDE THE SUBMISSIONS MERELY BECAUSE OF THE EN DORSEMENTS ON THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE AGREEMENT ACKNOWLEDGING THE RECEIPT OF CASH PAYMENT. IN THE INSTANT CASE THERE IS NO DISPUTE THAT THE LAND OWNERS HAVE GIVEN ENDORSEMENT TO THE EFFECT THAT THEY HA D RECEIVED THE CASH ON VARIOUS DATES. HOWEVER AS PE R THE AFFIDAVIT LAND OWNERS HAVE INSISTED FOR CASH PAYMENTS AND SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY HAS ACTED AS AN AGENT AND THE FIRM HAS GIVEN THE CASH TO SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY WHO IN TURN MADE THE DISBURSEMENTS TO THE LAND OWNERS. MERELY BECAUSE OF ENDORSEMENT MADE ON AGREEMENT IT DOES NOT CONCLUSIVELY PROVE THAT THE ASSESSEE MADE CASH PAYMENT DIRECTLY TO THE LAND OWNERS. THOUGH SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY HAS GIVEN THE AFFIDAVIT THE AO HAS SIMPLY BRUSHED ASIDE THE AGREEMENT WITHOUT MAKING ANY ENQUIRY. THE AO WITHOUT EXAMININ G EITHER SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY OR THE LAND OWNERS HAS COME TO A CONCLUSION THAT THE DOCUMENTS WERE CREATED TO STRENGTHEN THE 8 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM ASSESSEES CASE WHICH IS BASED ON SURMISES WITHOUT HAVING ANY EVIDENCE. ANY CONCLUSION HAS TO BE DRAWN ONLY AFTER VERIFICATION OF TH E FACTS. THE AO OUGHT TO HAVE EXAMINED SHRI G.V.K.CHOWDARY AND THE LAND OWNERS TO ASCERTAIN THE FACT REGARDING THE PAYMENTS MADE DIRECTLY OR THROUGH THE AGENT. THE FACT THAT THE LAND OWNERS WERE AGRICULTURISTS AND SMALL FARMERS INSISTED THE CASH PAYMEN T WAS SUPPORTED BY THE AFFIDAVITS GIVEN BY THE LAND OWNERS AS SEEN FROM THE ASSESSMENT ORDER. THEREFORE WE HOLD THAT THERE IS NO REASON TO DISBELIEVE THE SUBMISSION OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE PAYMENT WAS MADE THROUGH THE AGENT TO THE FARMERS HENCE THERE IS NO CASE FOR APPLICATION OF SECTION 40A(3) OF THE ACT. APART FROM THE ABOVE ALL THE RECIPIENTS ARE IDENTIFIABLE AND THE PAYMENTS WERE GENUINE. THE DEPARTMENT ALSO DID NOT DISPUTE THE GENUINENESS OF PAYMENT. SINCE THE ASSESSEE HAS FURNISHED THE EVIDENC ES SUPPORTING ITS CONTENTIONS WE HOLD THAT THE CASE LAW RELIED UPON BY THE ASSESSEE IN THE CASE OF SRI K.PHANI KUMAR CITED SUPRA SQUARELY APPLICABLE TO ASSESSEES CASE. THEREFORE WE HOLD THAT THERE IS NO REASON TO MAKE THE DISALLOWANCE U/S 40A(3) OF TH E ACT AND ACCORDINGLY WE SET ASIDE THE ORDER OF THE LD.CIT(A) AND ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE. 7. IN THE RESULT APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE IS ALLOWED. 9 I.T.A. NO .175/VIZ/2019 A.Y.2005 - 06 M/S PRIYANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 8 TH NOVEMBER 2019. S D/ - S D/ - ( . ) ( . . ) (V. DURGA RAO) ( D.S. SUNDER SINGH ) /JUDICIAL MEMBER /ACCOUNTANT MEMBER /VISAKHAPATNAM /DATED : 08 . 1 1 .2019 L.RAMA SPS / COPY OF THE ORDER FORWARDED TO: - 1. / THE ASSESSEE - PRI YANKA REAL ESTATES & DEVELOPERS D.NO.25 - 1 - 3 J.K.PURAM RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM 2 . / THE REVENUE - INCOME TAX OFFICER WARD - 2(2) RAJAMAHENDRAVARAM 3. THE PRINCIPAL COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX RAJAHMUNDRY 4. THE COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS) TIRUPATI 5 . / DR ITAT VISAKHAPATNAM 6 . / GUARD FILE / BY ORDER // TRUE COPY // SR. PRIVATE SECRETARY ITAT VISAKHAPATNAM