Deputy Commissioner of Income-tax, Bangalore v. M/s.Panchajanya Vidya Peeta Welfare Trust, Bangalore

ITA 1788/BANG/2016 | 2011-2012
Pronouncement Date: 29-11-2017 | Result: Dismissed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 178821114 RSA 2016
Assessee PAN AAATP1325M
Bench Bangalore
Appeal Number ITA 1788/BANG/2016
Duration Of Justice 1 year(s) 1 month(s) 12 day(s)
Appellant Deputy Commissioner of Income-tax, Bangalore
Respondent M/s.Panchajanya Vidya Peeta Welfare Trust, Bangalore
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 29-11-2017
Appeal Filed By Department
Tags No record found
Order Result Dismissed
Bench Allotted A
Tribunal Order Date 29-11-2017
Date Of Final Hearing 17-08-2017
Next Hearing Date 17-08-2017
First Hearing Date 17-08-2017
Assessment Year 2011-2012
Appeal Filed On 17-10-2016
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL A BENCH : BANGALORE BEFORE SHRI ARUN KUMAR GARODIA ACCOUNTANT MEMBERAN D SHRI LALIET KUMAR JUDICIAL MEMBER IT A NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 ASSESSMENT YEAR S : 2008 - 09 TO 2013 - 14 THE DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CENTRAL CIRCLE 1(3) BANGALORE. VS. M/S. PANCHAJANYA VIDYA PEETHA WELFARE TRUST 19 TH MAIN 1 ST N BLOCK WEST OF CHORD ROAD RAJAJI NAGAR BANGALORE 560 010. PAN: AAATP 1325M APPELLANT RESPONDENT C.O. NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 (IN ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016) ASSESSMENT YEAR S : 20 0 8 - 09 TO 2013 - 14 M/S. PANCHAJANYA VIDYA PEETHA WELFARE TRUST 19 TH MAIN 1 ST N BLOCK WEST OF CHORD ROAD RAJAJI NAGAR BANGALORE 560 010. PAN: AAATP 1325M VS. THE ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CENTRAL CIRCLE 1(3) BANGALORE. APPELLANT RESPONDENT ASSESSEE BY : SHRI A. SHANKAR ADVOCATE REVENUE BY : SMT. SUSAN D. GEORGE CIT (DR) DATE OF HEARING : 21 . 1 1 .201 7 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 29 . 1 1 .2017 O R D E R PER BENCH: ALL THESE SIX APPEALS ARE FILED BY THE REVENUE AND ALL THESE SIX COS ARE FILED BY THE ASSESSEE WHICH ARE DIRECTED AGAINST THE COMBINE D ORDER OF LD. CIT(A)-11 BANGALORE DATED 18.07.2016 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 200 8-09 TO 2013-14. ALL THESE WERE HEARD TOGETHER AND ARE BEING DISPOSED OF BY WAY OF THIS COMMON ORDER FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE. ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 2 OF 11 2. FIRST WE TAKE UP THE APPEALS OF THE REVENUE. TH E GROUNDS RAISED BY THE REVENUE IN ALL THESE YEARS ARE IDENTICAL AND HENCE WE REPRODUCE THE GROUNDS RAISED IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2008-09 IN ITA NO. 1785/B ANG/2016. 3. THE GROUNDS ARE AS UNDER. 1 WHETHER ON FACTS AND IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD CIT(A) ERRED IN ALLOWING DEPRECIATION ON ASSETS WHICH HAD BEEN TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT FOR APPLICATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF SECTION 11(1)(A) IN THE PREVIOUS YEARS? 2 WHETHER ON FACTS AND IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD CIT(A) ERRED IN ADMITTING A GROUND REGARDING SET OFF OF EX CESS EXPENDITURE OVER INCOME WHEN THE GROUND DOES NOT ARISE FROM THE ORDER OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER AND NO CLAIM HAS BEEN MADE IN THE RETURNS OF INCOME? 3 WHETHER ON FACTS AND IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD CIT(A) ERRED IN NOT CONSIDERING THAT AS PER THE JUDICIAL P RECEDENTS AND BOARD'S CIRCULAR THE INCOME OF CHARITABLE OR RELIG IOUS TRUST/ INSTITUTION IS REQUIRED TO BE COMPUTED BY APPLYING GENERAL COMMERCIAL PRINCIPLES WITHOUT REFERRING TO THE REGULAR PROVISI ONS OF INCOME TAX ACT AS CONTAINED UNDER CHAPTER-IV? 4 WHETHER ON FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE T HE LD CIT (A) ERRED IN NOT CONSIDERING THAT AS PER THE PROVISIONS OF SEC.11 12 AND 13 THERE IS NO PROVISION ENABLING SET-OFF OF LOSS F ROM ONE SOURCE AGAINST INCOME FROM ANOTHER SOURCE/ SET-OFF OF LOSS OF ONE HEAD AGAINST INCOME FROM ANOTHER HEAD AND CARRY FORWARD AND SET-OFF OF LOSS AGAINST THE INCOME OF SUBSEQUENT YEARS AS ENVI SAGED U/S 70 TO 79? 5 WHETHER ON FACTS AND IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD CIT (A) ERRED IN NOT CONSIDERING THE DECISION OF THE HON'BL E ITAT BOMBAY IN THE CASE OF INCOME-TAX OFFICER VS. TRUSTEES OF SRI SATHYA SAI TRUST (33 ITD 320) WHICH HAS HELD THAT THE DEFICIT ARISING ON ACCOUNT OF APPLICATION OF FUNDS/ SUMS WHICH ARE NOT IN THE NATURE OF INCOME IS NOT CAPABLE OF BEING CARRIED FORWARD? 6 WHETHER ON FACTS AND IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD CIT(A) ERRED IN NOT CONSIDERING THE DECISION OF THE HON'BL E ITAT DELHI IN THE CASE OF PUSHPAVATI SINGHANIA RESAERCH INSTITUTE FOR LEVER RENAL AND DIGESTIVE DISEASES VS. DDIT(E) NEW DELHI (29 SOT 316) WHICH HAS HELD THAT ANY EXCESS EXPENDITURE INCURRED BY A TRUST/ CHARITABLE INSTITUTION IN EARLIER YEARS CANNOT BE A LLOWED TO BE CARRIED FORWARD AND SET OFF AGAINST THE INCOME OF SUBSEQUEN T ASSESSMENT YEARS? ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 3 OF 11 7 ANY OTHER GROUND THAT MAY ARISE AT THE TIME OF HE ARING. 4. THE LD. DR OF REVENUE SUPPORTED THE ASSESSMENT O RDER. SHE ALSO SUBMITTED WRITTEN SUBMISSIONS AND IN RESPECT OF THE ALLOWABIL ITY OF DEPRECIATION RELIANCE IS PLACED ON A JUDGMENT OF HONBLE KERALA HIGH COURT R ENDERED IN THE CASE OF M/S LISSY MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS VS. CIT 349 ITR 344 AND OF HONBLE APEX COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF ESCORTS LTD. VS. UNION OF I NDIA 199 ITR 43. IN RESPECT OF THE SECOND ISSUE I.E. CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF OF EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE OVER INCOME RELIANCE IS PLACED ON THE TRIBUNAL ORDER RE NDERED IN THE CASE OF ITO VS. SRI SATHYA SAI TRUST 33 ITD 320. IN ADDITION TO TH IS RELIANCE IS PLACED ON THE FOLLOWING JUDICIAL PRONOUNCEMENTS IN RESPECT OF THI S SECOND ISSUE:- A) CIT VS. INDIAN NATIONAL THEATRE TRUST 305 ITR 1 49 (DELHI) B) CIT VS. RAMCHANDRA PODDAR CHARITABLE TRUST 164 ITR 666 (CAL) C) DIT (EXEMPTION) VS. GIRDHARILAL SHEWNARAIN TANTI A TRUST 199 ITR 215. 5. LD. AR OF ASSESSEE SUPPORTED THE ORDER OF CIT(A ). HE ALSO SUBMITTED A COPY OF THE TRIBUNAL ORDER RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DDIT( E) VS. KARNATAKA JESUIT EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY IN ITA NOS. 485 & 486/BANG/2013 DATED 12.08.2016 AND SUBMITTED THAT AS PER THIS TRIBUNAL ORDER THE ISSU E IN DISPUTE REGARDING ALLOWABILITY OF DEPRECIATION ON THE ASSETS WHICH WE RE CONSIDERED AS APPLICATION OF INCOME IN THE YEAR OF PURCHASE WAS DECIDED AND I T WAS HELD THAT THIS ISSUE IS COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE BY THE JUDGMENT O F HON'BLE KARNATAKA HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DIT VS. AL-AMEEN CHAR ITABLE FUND TRUST IN ITA NO. 62/2010 DATED 22.02.2016 AND RESPECTFULLY FOLLO WING THIS JUDGMENT OF HON'BLE KARNATAKA HIGH COURT THE ISSUE WAS DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE. 6. REGARDING THE SECOND ISSUE IN RESPECT OF CARRY F ORWARD OF DEFICIT HE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE WAS DECIDED BY CIT(A) BY FOLLOWING THE JUDGMENT OF BANGALORE BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL RENDERED IN THE CASE OF JYOTH I SEVA SOCIETY OF BANGALORE VS. ADIT(E) IN ITA NO. 312/BANG/2015 AND THE RELEVA NT PORTION OF THE TRIBUNAL ORDER HAS BEEN REPRODUCED BY THE CIT(A) ON PAGES 15 TO 19 OF THE ORDER OF ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 4 OF 11 CIT(A) AND THEREFORE THIS ISSUE IS ALSO COVERED BY THE DECISION OF BANGALORE BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL. 7. WE HAVE CONSIDERED THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS. WE FI ND THAT BOTH THE ISSUES ARE SQUARELY COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE BY TWO S EPARATE JUDGMENTS AS NOTED ABOVE. THE FIRST ISSUE REGARDING ALLOWABILIT Y OF DEPRECIATION ON THE ASSETS WHICH WAS CONSIDERED AS APPLICATION OF INCOME IN TH E EARLIER YEAR THIS ISSUE IS COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE BY THE TRIBUNAL O RDER RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DDIT(E) VS. KARNATAKA JESUIT EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY (S UPRA) IN WHICH THE TRIBUNAL HAS FOLLOWED THE JUDGMENT OF HON'BLE KARNATAKA HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DIT VS. AL-AMEEN CHARITABLE FUND TRUST (SUP RA) AND SEVERAL OTHER TRIBUNAL ORDERS AND HENCE RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING T HESE JUDICIAL PRONOUNCEMENTS WE DECIDE THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF T HE ASSESSEE AND ACCORDINGLY THE GROUND RAISED BY THE REVENUE IN TH IS REGARD IS REJECTED. IN RESPECT OF TWO JUDGMENTS CITED BY THE LEARNED DR OF THE REVENUE IT IS NOTED THAT ONE OF THESE TWO JUDGMENTS IS OF HONBLE KERAL A HIGH COURT AND WHEN THE ISSUE IN DISPUTE IS COVERED BY THE JUDGMENT OF HON BLE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DIT VS. AL-AMEEN CHARITABLE FUND TRUST (SUPRA) THIS JUDGMENT OF HONBLE KERALA HIGH COURT IS NOT EVEN R EQUIRED TO BE CONSIDERED. WE CONSIDER THE APPLICABILITY OF THE SECOND JUDGMEN T I.E. OF HONBLE APEX COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF ESCORTS LTD. (SUPRA). WE FI ND THAT THE DISPUTE IN THAT CASE WAS REGARDING ALLOWABILITY OF DEPRECIATION ON THOSE ASSETS WHICH WERE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION U/S 35 (1) (IV) WHICH DEALS WI TH EXPENDITURE OF CAPITAL NATURE ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. UNDER THESE FACTS I T WAS HELD THAT IF DEPRECIATION IS ALSO ALLOWED IN RESPECT OF SAME ASSETS WHICH WER E ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION U/S 35 (1) (IV) IT WILL AMOUNT TO ALLOWANCE OF DOUBLE DEDUCTION. IN THE PRESENT CASE THE REVENUE CONTENDS THAT CONSIDERING THE ACQUISITI ON OF ASSETS TO FULFILL THE OBJECTS OF THE TRUST AS APPLICATION OF INCOME OF TH E TRUST AND THEREBY EXEMPTING SUCH INCOME U/S 11 IT AMOUNTS TO ALLOWANCE OF DEDU CTION AND THEREFORE DEPRECIATION ON THOSE ASSETS IS NOT ALLOWABLE BECAU SE IT WILL AMOUNT TO ALLOWING OF DOUBLE DEDUCTION. WE FIND A FALLACY IN THIS ARGU MENT BECAUSE BY CONSIDERING THE ACQUISITION OF ASSETS TO FULFILL THE OBJECTS OF THE TRUST AS APPLICATION OF INCOME OF THE TRUST AND THEREBY EXEMPTING SUCH INCOME U/S 11 DOES NOT AMOUNT TO ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 5 OF 11 ALLOWANCE OF A DEDUCTION BECAUSE BY DOING SO INCOM E IS NOT REDUCED AND ONLY THE NATURE OF THE INCOME IS CONSIDERED AS EXEMPT. T HIS IS ALSO A SETTLED LAW BY NOW THAT INCOME OF A TRUST HAS TO BE COMPUTED ON CO MMERCIAL LINES AND WHEN THE ACQUISITION OF ASSETS IS NOT REDUCED FROM INCOM E BUT ONLY CONSIDERED AS APPLICATION OF INCOME FOR THE OBJECTS OF THE TRUST RESULTING INTO EXEMPTION OF SUCH INCOME FROM TAX IT IS NOT EQUAL TO ALLOWING O F DEDUCTION AND THEREFORE ALLOWING OF DEPRECIATION ON THOSE ASSETS DOES NOT R ESULT INTO ALLOWING OF DOUBLE DEDUCTION AND THEREFORE THIS JUDGMENT IS NOT APPLI CABLE IN THE PRESENT CASE. HENCE WE RESPECTFULLY FOLLOW THE JUDGMENT OF HONB LE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DIT VS. AL-AMEEN CHARITABLE FUND TRUST (SUPRA) AND DECIDE THE FIRST ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE. 8. REGARDING THE SECOND ISSUE IN DISPUTE I.E. REGA RDING CARRY FORWARD OF DEFICIT WE FIND THAT THIS ISSUE IS ALSO COVERED IN FAVOUR O F THE ASSESSEE BY THE TRIBUNAL ORDER RENDERED IN THE CASE OF JYOTHI SEVA SOCIETY O F BANGALORE VS. ADIT(E)(SUPRA). THE RELEVANT PORTION OF THIS TRIBU NAL ORDER AS REPRODUCED BY CIT(A) ON PAGES 15 TO 19 ARE REPRODUCED HEREIN BELO W FOR THE SAKE OF READY REFERENCE. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL CONTENTIONS OF BOTH PARTIES AND PERUSED AND CAREFULLY CONSIDERED THE MATERIAL ON RECORD; INCLUD ING JUDICIAL PRONOUNCEMENTS CITED AND PLACED RELIANCE UPON. WE FIND THAT THE CASE OF INSTITUTE OF BANKING (SUPRA) THE HON'BLE HIGH COURT OF BOMBAY HAS HELD AS UNDER :- ' NOW COMING TO QUESTION NO. 3 THE POINT WHICH ARI SES FOR CONSIDERATION IS : WHETHER EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE IN THE EARLIER YEARS CAN BE ADJUSTED AGAINST THE INCOME OF THE SUBSEQUEN T YEAR AND WHETHER SUCH ADJUSTMENT SHOULD BE TREATED AS APPLIC ATION OF INCOME IN SUBSEQUENT YEAR FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES? IT WAS ARG UED ON BEHALF OF THE DEPARTMENT THAT EXPENDITURE INCURRED IN THE EAR LIER YEARS CANNOT BE MET OUT OF THE INCOME OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR AND THAT UTILIZATION OF SUCH INCOME FOR MEETING THE EXPENDITURE OF EARLIER YEARS WOULD NOT AMOUNT TO APPLICATION OF INCOME FOR CHARITABLE OR R ELIGIOUS PURPOSES. IN THE PRESENT CASE THE AO DID NOT ALLOW CARRY FOR WARD OF THE EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE TO BE SET OFF AGAINST THE SURPLUS OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEARS ON THE GROUND THAT IN THE CASE OF A CHARITABLE TRUS T THEIR INCOME WAS ASSESSABLE UNDER SELF-CONTAINED CODE MENTIONED IN S. 11 TO S. 13 OF THE IT ACT AND THAT THE INCOME OF THE CHARITABLE TRUST WAS NOT ASSESSABLE UNDER THE HEAD 'PROFITS AND GAINS OF BUSINESS' UNDE R S. 28 IN WHICH THE PROVISION FOR CARRY FORWARD OF LOSSES WAS RELEV ANT. THAT IN THE CASE OF A CHARITABLE TRUST THERE WAS NO PROVISION FOR CARRY FORWARD OF ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 6 OF 11 THE EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE OF EARLIER YEARS TO BE AD JUSTED AGAINST INCOME OF SUBSEQUENT YEARS. WE DO NOT FIND ANY MERI T IN THIS ARGUMENT OF THE DEPARTMENT. INCOME DERIVED FROM THE TRUST PR OPERTY HAS ALSO GOT TO BE COMPUTED ON COMMERCIAL PRINCIPLES AND IF COMMERCIAL PRINCIPLES AREAPPLIED THEN ADJUSTMENT OF EXPENSES I NCURRED BY THE TRUST FOR CHARITABLE AND RELIGIOUS PURPOSES IN THE EARLIER YEARS AGAINST THE INCOME EARNED BY THE TRUST IN THE SUBSEQUENT YE AR WILL HAVE TO BE REGARDED AS APPLICATION OF INCOME OF THE TRUST FOR CHARITABLE AND RELIGIOUS PURPOSES IN THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR IN WHICH ADJUSTMENT HAS BEEN MADE HAVING REGARD TO THE BENEVOLENT PROVISION S CONTAINED IN S. 11 OF THE ACT AND THAT SUCH ADJUSTMENT WILL HAVE TO B E EXCLUDED FROM THE INCOME OF THE TRUST UNDER S. 11(1)(A) OF THE ACT. OUR VIEW IS ALSO SUPPORTED BY THE JUDGMENT OF THE GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. SHRI PLOT SWETAMBERMURTIPUJAK JAIN MANDAL (1994) 119 CTR (GUJ) 144 : (1995) 211 ITR 293 (GUJ). ACCORDING LY WE ANSWER QUESTION NO. 3 IN THE AFFIRMATIVE I.E. IN FAVOUR O F THE ASSESSEE AND AGAINST THE DEPARTMENT.' THE CO-ORDINATE BENCH OF THIS TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF BALDWIN METHODIST EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY (SUPRA) HAS HELD AS UNDER :- ' WE ALSO FIND THAT 'A' BENCH OF THIS TRIBUNAL IN T HE CASE OF ACADEMY OF LIBERAL EDUCATION IN ITA NO.687/BANG/2014 DATED 20/2/2015 TO WHICH ONE OF US I.E. THE ACCOUNTANT MEMBER IS THE S IGNATORY HAS CONSIDERED THIS ISSUE AND IN PARA.8 OF ITS ORDER H ELD AS UNDER: '8. WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT PENDENCY OF AN APPEAL B EFORE THE HON'BLE HIGH COURT OF KARNATAKA CANNOT BE THE BASIS NOT TO FOLLOW THE DECISION ON THE ISSUE ALREADY RENDERED IN IDENTICAL CASES. SECTION 11(1)(A) DOES NOT CONTAIN ANY WORDS OF LIMITATION TO THE EF FECT THAT THE INCOME SHOULD HAVE BEEN APPLIED FOR CHARITABLE OR R ELIGIOUS PURPOSE ONLY IN THE YEAR IN WHICH THE INCOME HAS ARISEN. TH E APPLICATION FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES AS CONTEMPLATED IN SECTION 11(1)(A) TAKES PLACE IN THE YEAR IN WHICH THE INCOME IS ADJUSTED TO MEET TH E EXPENSES INCURRED FOR CHARITABLE OR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES. HENCE EVEN I F THE EXPENSES FOR SUCH PURPOSES HAVE BEEN INCURRED IN THE EARLIER YEA RS AND THE SAID EXPENSES ARE ADJUSTED AGAINST THE INCOME OF A SUBSE QUENT YEAR THE INCOME OF SUCH SUBSEQUENT YEAR CAN BE SAID TO BE AP PLIED FOR CHARITABLE OR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES IN THE YEAR IN WHI CH SUCH ADJUSTMENT TAKES PLACE. IN OTHER WORDS THE SET-OFF OF EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE INCURRED OVER THE INCOME OF EARLIER YEARS AGAINST T HE INCOME OF A LATER YEAR WILL AMOUNT TO APPLICATION OF INCOME OF SUCH L ATER YEAR. THE ABOVE IS THE POSITION OF LAW AS HELD IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. MAHARANA OF MEWAR CHARITABLE FOUNDATION 164 ITR 439 (RAJ) CI T VS. SHRI PLOT SWETAMBERMURTIPUJAK JAIN MANDAL 211 ITR 293 (GUJ.). IN CIT VS. INSTITUTE OF BANKING PERSONNEL SELECTION 264 ITR 11 0 (BOM) IT WAS HELD THAT IN CASE OF CHARITABLE TRUST WHOSE INCOME IS EXEMPT UNDER S. 11 EXCESS OF EXPENDITURE IN THE EARLIER YEARS CAN BE ADJUSTED AGAINST INCOME OF SUBSEQUENT YEARS AND SUCH ADJUSTMENT WOUL D BE APPLICATION ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 7 OF 11 OF INCOME FOR SUBSEQUENT YEARS AND THAT DEPRECIATIO N IS ALLOWABLE ON THE ASSETS THE COST OF WHICH HAS BEEN FULLY ALLOWED AS APPLICATION OF INCOME UNDER S. 11 IN PAST YEARS. IN GOVINDU NAICKE R ESTATE VS. ADIT 248 ITR 368 (MAD) THE HON'BLE MADRAS HIGH COURT HE LD THAT THE INCOME OF THE TRUST HAS TO BE ARRIVED AT HAVING DUE REGARD TO THE COMMERCIAL PRINCIPLES THAT S. 11 IS A BENEVOLENT PROVISION AND THAT THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED ON RELIGIOUS OR CHARITABLE PURPOSES IN EARLIER YEAR OR YEARS CAN BE ADJUSTED AGAINST THE INCOME OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR. THE PRINCIPLE THAT THE LOSS INCURRED UNDER ON E HEAD CAN ONLY BE SET OFF AGAINST THE INCOME FROM THE SAME HEAD IS NO T OF ANY RELEVANCE IF THE EXPENDITURE INCURRED WAS FOR RELIGIOUS OR CH ARITABLE PURPOSES AND THE EXPENDITURE ADJUSTED AGAINST THE INCOME OF THE TRUST IN A SUBSEQUENT YEAR WOULD NOT AMOUNT TO AN INCIDENCE O F LOSS OF AN EARLIER YEAR BEING SET OFF AGAINST THE PROFIT OF A SUBSEQUENT YEAR. THE OBJECT OF THE RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE TRUST CAN ON LY BE ACHIEVED BY INCURRING EXPENDITURE AND IN ORDER TO INCUR THAT EX PENDITURE THE TRUST SHOULD HAVE AN INCOME. SO LONG AS THE EXPENDITURE I NCURRED IS ON RELIGIOUS OR CHARITABLE PURPOSES IT IS THE EXPENDI TURE PROPERLY INCURRED BY THE TRUST AND THE INCOME FROM OUT OF W HICH THAT EXPENDITURE IS INCURRED WOULD NOT BE LIABLE TO TAX . THE EXPENDITURE IF INCURRED IN AN EARLIER YEAR IS ADJUSTED AGAINST THE INCOME OF A LATER YEAR IT HAS TO BE HELD THAT THE TRUST HAD INCURRED EXPENDITURE ON RELIGIOUS AND CHARITABLE PURPOSES FROM THE INCOME O F THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR EVEN THOUGH THE ACTUAL EXPENDITURE WAS IN THE EARLIER YEARS IF IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT OF THE TRUST SUCH EARLIER EXPE NDITURE HAD BEEN SET OFF AGAINST THE INCOME OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR. THE EXPENDITURE THAT CAN BE SO ADJUSTED CAN ONLY BE EXPENDITURE ON RELIG IOUS AND CHARITABLE PURPOSES AND NO OTHER. THE HIGH COURT RE LIED ON THE DECISION IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. SOCIETY OF SISTERS OF ST. ANNE 146 ITR 28 (KAR).' WE FIND THAT THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A) IS IN CONSONAN CE WITH THE JUDICIAL PRECEDENTS REPRODUCED ABOVE. THEREFORE WE SEE NO R EASON TO INTERFERE WITH THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A). THE REVENUE 'S APPEAL IS ACCORDINGLY DISMISSED.' IT IS CLEAR FROM THE RELEVANT PORTIONS OF THE AFORE SAID DECISIONS OF THE HON'BLE HIGH COURT OF BOMBAY (SUPRA) AND THE CO-ORD INATE BENCH OF THE ITAT BANGALORE (SUPRA) EXTRACTED ABOVE THAT TH E INCOME OF CHARITABLE TRUSTS IS REQUIRED TO BE COMPUTED ON COM MERCIAL PRINCIPLES. THE CONCEPT OF APPLICATION OF THE INCOME FOR THE YE AR IN WHICH THE INCOME HAS ARISEN IS NOT FOUND IN SECTION 11(1)(A) OF THE ACT. NO LIMITATION TO THE ABOVE EFFECT IS FOUND IN THE LANG UAGE OF THE SECTION. IT MERELY REQUIRES APPLICATION OF THE INCOME THAT HAS ARISEN FROM THE PROPERTY HELD UNDER TRUST. IN THIS VIEW OF THE MATT ER THE PRINCIPLES RELATING TO SET OFF OF LOSSES ETC. IS NOT OF ANY R ELEVANCE AND THEREFORE ANY EXCESS APPLICATION OF INCOME DURING THE YEAR CA N BE REGARDED AS APPLICATION OF THE INCOME OF FUTURE YEARS AND CAN B E ADJUSTED. THEREFORE IN OUR VIEW THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE F OR CARRY FORWARD OF ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 8 OF 11 EXCESS APPLICATION IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE JUDICI AL PRECEDENTS ON THE ISSUE AND THE SAME IS ALLOWABLE. IN THE CASE OF INDIAN NATIONAL THEATER (SUPRA) RELI ED ON BY THE LEARNED DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE. THE HON'BLE HIGH COURT OF DELHI HAS HELD THAT TO SATISFY THE REQUIREMENTS OF SECTION 11(2)(B) OF THE ACT THE INVESTMENT MUST NECESSARILY COME OUT OF CURRENT YEA R'S INCOME AND THE INVESTMENT MADE IN THE PAST OBVIOUSLY CANNOT SATISF Y THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CURRENT YEAR. THE ABOVE DECISION OF THE HON 'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT HAS CONSIDERED THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 11(2) OF THE ACT AND HAS TAKEN THE VIEW THAT THE ACCUMULATION UNDER SECTION 11(2) OF THE ACT CAN BE ONLY OUT OF CURRENT INCOME. WE HOWEVER FIND THAT THE CO- ORDINATE BENCHES OF THE BANGALORE TRIBUNAL HAVE CON SISTENTLY FOLLOWED THE VIEW OF THE HON'BLE BOMBAY HIGH COURT (SUPRA) IN WHICH THE APPLICATION HAS BEEN REGARDED AS ADJUSTABLE AGA INST THE INCOME OF THE FUTURE YEARS. WE ARE THEREFORE INCLINED TO FO LLOW THE VIEW TAKEN BY THE CO- ORDINATE BENCHES OF THIS TRIBUNAL INTER ALIA IN THE CASE OF BALDWIN METHODIST EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY (SUPRA) BASE D ON THE VIEW/DECISIONS OF THE HON'BLE BOMBAY HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF INSTITUTE OF BANKING (SUPRA) AND THE HON'BLE GUJARA T HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT V SHRI PLOT SWETAMBERMURTIPUJAK JAI N MANDAL REPORTED IN 211 ITR 293. IN THIS VIEW OF THE MATTER THE ASSESSING OFFICER IS DIRECTED TO ALLOW CARRY FORWARD OF THE E XCESS APPLICATION OF RS.7 44 328 FOR THE YEAR TO BE ADJUSTED FROM INCOME FROM PROPERTY HELD UNDER TRUST OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEARS. IT IS ORD ERED ACCORDINGLY. CONSEQUENTLY GROUNDS 2 AND 3 OF ASSESSEE'S APPEAL ARE ALLOWED. 10. RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF CO-ORDIN ATE BENCH WE ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE. 9. A CONTRARY JUDGMENT HAS BEEN POINTED OUT BY LD. DR OF REVENUE AS NOTE ABOVE HAVING RENDERED BY THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF ITO VS. SRI SATHYA SAI TRUST (SUPRA). IN THIS CASE ALSO THE TRIBUNAL HAS NOTED THAT THE TRIBUNAL ORDER RENDERED IN THE CASE OF ITO VS. TRUSTEES OF BALKANJ I BARI 2 TAXMAN 377 (BOM.) IS IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE BUT THAT EARLIE R TRIBUNAL ORDER WAS NOT FOLLOWED BY SAYING THAT THE FACTS ARE DIFFERENT. IN THAT CASE ADVANCE WAS RECEIVED FOR SALE OF A PROPERTY BUT TRANSFER DID NO T TAKE PLACE BUT PROCEEDS WERE USED FOR THE OBJECTS OF THE TRUST GIVING RISE TO DE FICIT. UNDER THESE FACTS THE TRIBUNAL HELD THAT THE DEFICIT IS ARISING OUT OF AP PLICATION OF SUMS NOT IN THE NATURE OF INCOME AND THEREFORE THERE IS NO DEFICIT WHICH CAN BE CARRIED FORWARD. THE TRIBUNAL IN THAT CASE ALSO NOTED THAT THE TRIBUNAL IS AWARE OF THE APPREHENSION OF THE ASSESSEE THAT IN THE YEAR IN WH ICH TRANSFER TAKES A CONCRETE SHAPE CAPITAL GAIN WOULD BE DETERMINED AN D THAT MIGHT BE SUBJECTED ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 9 OF 11 TO TAX IGNORING THE APPLICATION OF SUCH INCOME IN T HE EARLIER YEARS BUT THAT IS A MATTER WHICH IS TO BE CONSIDERED IN THAT YEAR. IT M EANS THE CLAIM WAS NOT OUT RIGHTLY REJECTED BUT IT WAS HELD THAT IT SHOULD BE SEEN IN THE LATER YEAR WHEN INCOME ARISES. HENCE THIS TRIBUNAL ORDER HAS TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THE LATER TRIBUNAL ORDER CITED BY THE LEARNED AR OF THE ASSESSEE AS PER WHICH THE ISSUE IS COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE AND THIS IS A SETTLED LAW BY NOW THAT IF TWO VIEWS ARE POSSIBLE THE VIEW IN FAVOUR OF TH E ASSESSEE SHOULD BE ADOPTED. THEREFORE THIS TRIBUNAL ORDER IS NOT HELPING THE R EVENUE. 10. THE SECOND JUDGMENT RELIED UPON BY THE LEARNED DR OF THE REVENUE IS THE JUDGMENT OF HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT RENDERED IN TH E CASE OF CIT VS. INDIAN NATIONAL THEATRE TRUST (SUPRA). IN THIS CASE THERE WAS NO DISPUTE ABOUT DEFICIT AND ITS CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF IN LATER YEARS. THE DISPUTE IN THAT CASE WAS ABOUT SECTION 11 (2) AND TREATING LOAN GIVEN AS AP PLICATION OF INCOME. THEREFORE THIS JUDGMENT IS NOT APPLICABLE. 11. THE THIRD JUDGMENT RELIED UPON BY THE LEARNED D R OF THE REVENUE IS THE JUDGMENT OF HONBLE CALCUTTA HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. RAMCHANDRA PODDAR CHARITABLE TRUST (SUPRA) AND THE ISSUE INVOLVED IN THIS CASE WAS THIS THAT WHETHER GIVING AWAY THE SHARES V ALUED AT RS. 30 000/- AS CHARITY WAS AN APPLICATION OF THE INCOME. IN THIS C ASE THERE WAS NO DISPUTE ABOUT DEFICIT AND ITS CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF IN LATER YEARS. THEREFORE THIS JUDGMENT IS ALSO NOT APPLICABLE. 12. THE FOURTH JUDGMENT RELIED UPON BY THE LEARNED DR OF THE REVENUE IS THE JUDGMENT OF HONBLE CALCUTTA HIGH COURT RENDERED IN THE CASE OF DIT (EXEMPTION) VS. GIRDHARILAL SHEWNARAIN TANTIA TRUST (SUPRA) AND THE ISSUE INVOLVED IN THIS CASE WAS THIS THAT WHETHER CAPITAL GAIN OF RS. 291 644/- IS ELIGIBLE FOR DEDUCTION U/S 80 T OF I T ACT. IN THIS CASE ALSO THERE WAS NO DISPUTE ABOUT DEFICIT AND ITS CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF IN LATER YEARS. THEREFORE THIS JUDGMENT IS ALSO NOT APPLICABLE. 13. AS PER ABOVE DISCUSSION IT IS SEEN THAT THE RE LIANCE ON THESE THREE JUDGMENTS OF HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT AND HONBLE CALCUTTA HI GH COURT IS ENTIRELY ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 10 OF 11 MISPLACED AND IT IS WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE FACTS A ND DISPUTE IN THESE CASES AND IN THE PRESENT CASE. IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION BEF ORE PLACING RELIANCE ON ANY JUDGMENT THE FACTS AND DISPUTE OF THAT CASE AND TH E PRESENT CASE WHERE THE SAID JUDGMENT IS BEING CITED SHOULD BE STUDIED AND COMPARED AND NO CASE SHOULD BE CITED BLINDLY AS DONE BY THE LEARNED DR O F THE REVENUE IN THE PRESENT CASE. WE LEAVE IT AT THAT. 14. AS PER ABOVE DISCUSSION WE HAVE SEEN THAT THE THREE JUDGMENTS OF TWO HIGH COURTS CITED BY THE LEARNED DR OF REVENUE ARE NOT R ENDERING ANY HELP TO THE REVENUE AND THE TRIBUNAL ORDER CITED BY HER IS SUPP ORTING THE CASE OF REVENUE BUT WE FOLLOW THE TRIBUNAL ORDER CITED BY THE LEARN ED AR OF THE ASSESSEE IN VIEW OF ABOVE DISCUSSION ON THIS ASPECT AND IN THIS MANN ER THE SECOND ISSUE IS ALSO DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE. 15. IN THE RESULT ALL THE APPEALS OF THE REVENUE A RE DISMISSED. 16. NOW WE TAKE UP THE COS. FILED BY THE ASSESSEE. AT THE TIME OF HEARING OF THESE APPEALS AND COS. THE SAME WERE HEARD ON THIS UNDER STANDING THAT IF THE DECISION IN RESPECT OF THE APPEALS OF THE REVENUE G OES IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE THEN THE COS. MAY BE DISMISSED AS NOT PRES SED AND IF THE DECISION GOES AGAINST THE ASSESSEE THEN THE COS MAY BE REFIX ED FOR HEARING ON MERIT. SINCE THE ISSUES INVOLVED IN THE APPEALS OF THE REV ENUE ARE DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE AND THE APPEALS OF THE REVENUE ARE DIS MISSED ALL THESE COS OF THE ASSESSEE ARE DISMISSED AS NOT PRESSED. 17. IN THE RESULT ALL THE APPEALS OF THE REVENUE A ND ALL THE COS OF THE ASSESSEE ARE DISMISSED. ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON THE DATE MENT IONED ON THE CAPTION PAGE. SD/- SD/- (LALIET KUMAR) (ARUN KUMAR GARODIA) JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNTANT MEMBER BANGALORE DATED THE 29 TH NOVEMBER 2017. /MS/ ITA NOS. 1785 TO 1790/BANG/2016 & CO NOS. 52 TO 57/BANG/2017 PAGE 11 OF 11 COPY TO: 1. APP ELLANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT(A) 5. DR ITAT BANGALORE. 6. GUARD FILE BY ORDER SENIOR PRIVATE SECRETARY INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL BANGALORE.