Exevo India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi v. DCIT, New Delhi

ITA 20/DEL/2017 | 2012-2013
Pronouncement Date: 30-11-2017 | Result: Partly Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 2020114 RSA 2017
Assessee PAN AABCE0738K
Bench Delhi
Appeal Number ITA 20/DEL/2017
Duration Of Justice 10 month(s) 27 day(s)
Appellant Exevo India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
Respondent DCIT, New Delhi
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 30-11-2017
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Tags No record found
Order Result Partly Allowed
Bench Allotted I2
Tribunal Order Date 30-11-2017
Date Of Final Hearing 21-06-2017
Next Hearing Date 21-06-2017
First Hearing Date 21-06-2017
Assessment Year 2012-2013
Appeal Filed On 02-01-2017
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL DELHI BENCH I - 2 NEW DELHI BEFORE SHRI N.K.SAINI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER AND SMT. BEENA A. PILLAI JUDICIAL MEMBER I.T.A. NO. 20 /DEL/201 7 (ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2012 - 13 ) EXEVO IND IA PVT. LTD. VS. DC IT WARD 8(2 ) (NOW M A KS SOLUTIONS (INDIA) NEW DELHI PVT.LTD.) UNIT NO.216 SECOND FLOOR SQUARE ONE C - 2 DISTRICT CENTRE SAKET NEW DELHI 110 017 PAN : AABCE0738K (APPELLANT) (RESPONDENT) APPELLANT BY : SH. NAGESHWAR RAO ADV. RESPONDENT BY : SH. HK CHAUD HARY CIT DR DATE OF HEARING: 27.11.2017 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT: 30.11.2017 ORDER PER BEENA A. PILLAI JM: THE PRESENT APPEAL HAS BEEN FILED BY THE ASSESSEE AGAINST THE FINAL ASSESSMENT ORDER DATED 30/11//2016 PASSED BY ITO WARD 8(2 ) U/S.143(3) READ WITH SECTION 144C O F THE ACT. 2 2. THE ASSESSEE FILED ITS RETURN OF INCOME FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION ON 30 /11/201 2 DECLARING TOTAL INCOME OF RS.3 97 72 641 / - . THE RETURN WAS SELECTED UNDER SCRUTINY AND NOTICES UNDER SECTION 143(2) OF THE ACT WAS ISSUED. THE LD.AO OBSER VED THAT ASSESSEE ENTERED INTO INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION DURING FINANCIAL YEAR 201 1 - 1 2 UNDER CONSIDERATION . A REFERENCE WAS THUS MADE UNDER SECTION 9 2C (1) BY THE LD. AO TO TRANSFER PRICING OFFICER (TPO) TO DETERMINE ARM S LENGTH PRICE (ALP) OF INTERNATIO NAL TRANSACTIONS UNDERTAKEN BY ASSESSEE. 2.1 LD. TPO ISSUED NOTICE CALLING FOR VARIOUS DETAILS FROM ASSESSEE. A SSESSEE ACCORDINGLY FILED DOCUMENTATION PRESCRIBED UNDER RULE 10 D OF THE INCOME TAX RULES AND OTHER DETAILS SOUGHT BY THE LD.TPO. THE LD.TPO OBS ERVED FROM THE DETAILS PROVIDED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENABLED SERVICES TO ITS AE WHICH IS AS UNDER: NATURE OF TRANSACTION AMOUNT (INR) METHOD SELECTED MAM PLI PROVISION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENABLED SERVICES RS.23 39 89 655/ - TNMM OP/OC 2.2 TH E ASSESSEE ADOPTED TRANSACTIONAL NET MARGIN METHOD (TNMM) AS THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD (MAM) TO BENCHMARK THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION. THE ASSESSEE USED OPERATING PROFITS TO OPERATING COST (OP/OC) AS THE 3 PROFIT LEVEL INDICATOR (PLI) TO DETERMINE THE M ARGIN OF THE COMPARABLES. 2.3 THE LD.TPO HAS NOT OBJECTED MAM AND PLI CALCULATED BY ASSESSEE. THE ONLY ISSUE DISPUTED BY LD.TPO IS IN RESPECT OF SELECTION OF COMPARABLES. FOLLOWING ARE THE SET OF COMPARABLES SELECTED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR ITES SEGMENT. S.NO. NAME OF THE COMPANY WEIGHTED AVERAGE 1 CALIBER POINT BUSINESS SOLUTIONS LTD. 19.06 2 COSMIC GLOBAL LTD. 17.04 3 E4E HEALTH CARE BUSINESS SERVICES PVT.LTD. 17.28 4. FORTUNE INFOTECH LTD. 17.37 5 INFORMED TECHNOLOGIES INDIA LTD. 17.32 6 INFOSYS BPO LTD. 32.06 7 JINDAL INTELLICOM PVT. LTD. 19.00 8 MICROGENETICS SYSTEMS LTD. 8.80 9 R SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL LTD 0.95 AVERAGE 16.54% 2.4 THE LD.TPO REJECTED THE COMPARABLES SELECTED BY ASSESSEE BY APPLYING TURNOVER FILTER COMPANIES WHICH DID NOT HAVE CURRENT YEAR DATA WERE REJECTED THE COMPANIES WHERE MULTIPLE YEAR DATA HAS BEEN USED COMPARABLES WHERE THE RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS EXCEEDED 25% OF SALES AND COMPARABLES WITH DIFFERENT FINANCIAL YEAR DATA. THE LD.TPO IN TURN SELECTED ADDITIONAL CO MPARABLES WHERE THE RATIO OF SERVICE INCOME TO TOTAL INCOME WAS 75% WHERE 4 THE INCOME FROM EXPORT WAS 75%. THE LD.TPO THUS ARRIVED AT A NEW SET OF COMPARABLES WHICH INCLUDED SOME OF THE COMPARABLES SELECTED BY THE ASSESSEE. THE COMPARABLES SHORTLISTED BY L D. TPO ARE AS UNDER: S.NO. NAME OF THE COMPANY OP/OC % 1 ACCENTIA TECHNOLOGIES LTD. 12.82 2 ECLERX SERVICES LTD. 61.64 3 TCS E - SERVE LIMITED 6 5 . 82 5 BNR UDYOG LTD. 50. 33 6 EXCEL INF O WAYS LTD 42.50 7 MICROGENETICS SYSTEMS LTD 9. 79 8. R SYSTEMS INTERN ATIONAL LTD. 1.91 9. INFORMED TECHNOLIGIES INDIA LTD. 22.39 10. INFOSYS BPO LTD. 36.75 11. E4E HEALTHCARE BUSINESS PVT.LTD 23.13 12. ACROPETAL TECHNOLOGIES LTD 19.51 13. JINDAL INTELLICOM LTD 3.41 AVERAGE 2 9 . 30 % 2.5 THIS LED TO PROPOSAL FOR TRANSF ER PRICING ADJUSTMENT IN RESPECT OF IT ES S EGMENT SERVICE AMOUNTING TO RS. 22 416 042 / - . 2.6 THEREAFTER ASSESSEE CARRIED THE MATTER BEFORE THE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PANEL (DRP) - I NEW DELHI. THE DRP UN DER SECTION 144C (5) OF THE IT A CT 1961 GAVE DIRECTIONS O N 18/11/16 DETERMINING THE TOTAL INCOME AT 5 RS. 22 792 818/ - . DRP EXCLUDED R SYSTEMS FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. T HE DRP CONFIRMED THE ADDITION MADE BY THE RISK ADJUSTMENTS . ON RECEIPT OF THE DIRECTIONS PASSED BY THE DRP THE LD. AO PASSED THE ASSESSMENT ORDER ON 30 / 1 1/2016 MAKING THE IMPUGNED ADDITIONS. 3. AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF THE LD.AO THE ASSESSEE IS IN APPEAL BEFORE US ON THE FOLLOWING GROUNDS: 1 . THAT ON FACTS AND IN LAW THE IMPUGNED ORDER/DIRECTIONS PASSED BY THE DCIT CIRCLE 8(2) ( LEARNED AO )/ DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX - TRANSFER PRICING OFFICER - 1(2)(1) NEW DELHI ( LEARNED TPO')/ HON BLE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PANEL ( HON BLE DRP ) MAKING AN ADDITION OF INR 22 416 042 TO THE TOTAL INCOME OF THE APPELLANT ON ACCOUNT OF ADJUSTMENT IN THE ARM S LENGTH PRICE IS BAD IN LAW. 2 . THAT ON FACTS AND IN LAW THE LD. DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED IN COMPUTING THE TOTAL INCOME OF THE APPELLANT AT INR 62 188 683/ - AS AGAINST THE RETURNED INCOME OF INR 39 772 641 BY MAKING AN UPWARD ADJUSTMENT OF INR 22 416 042/ - WITH RESPECT TO ARM S LENGTH PRICE OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION. 3 . THAT ON FACTS AND IN LAW THE LD. DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED IN LAW AND IN FACTS BY NOT ACCEPTING THE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS UNDERTAKEN BY THE ASSESSEE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT READ WITH THE RULES AND CONDUCTING A FRESH ECONOMIC ANALYSIS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE ALP OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS PERTAINING TO IT ENABLED SERVICES PROVIDED TO ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES AND HOLDING THAT THE ASSESSEE S INTERNATIONAL TRANSACT IONS ARE NOT AT ARM S LENGTH. 4 . THAT ON FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY: A ) NOT ACCEPTING THE USE OF MULTIPLE YEAR DATA AS ADOPTED BY THE ASSESSEE IN TRANSFER PRICING DOCUMENTATION; AND B ) DETERMINING THE ARM S LENGTH PRICE USING DATA PERTAINING ONLY TO FY 2011 - 12 WHICH WAS NOT AVAILABLE TO THE ASSESSEE AT THE TIME OF COMPLYING WITH THE TP DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS 5 . THE LD TPO HAS APPLIED FILTERS WHICH ARE NOT JUSTIFIED IN THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE. 6 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY USING 'TURNOVER LESS THAN INR 1 CRORE AS A COMPARABILITY CRITERION AND NOT REJECTING COMPANIES WITH HIGH TURNOVER. 6 7 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY REJECTIN G CERTAIN COMPARABLE COMPANIES IDENTIFIED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR HAVING DIFFERENT ACCOUNTING YEAR (I.E. COMPANIES HAVING ACCOUNTING YEAR OTHER THAN 1 APRIL TO MARCH 31). 8 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY USING EXPORT EARNINGS LESS THAN 75 PERCENT OF OPERATING REVENUES AS A COMPARABILITY CRITERION 9 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY USING EMPLOYEE COST GREATER THAN 25 PERCENT OF SALES AS A COMPARABILITY CRITERION FOR THE IMPUGNE D TRANSACTION. 10 . WITHOUT PREJUDICE AND IN THE ALTERNATIVE TO THE ABOVE GROUND EVEN IF THE CRITERION OF EMPLOYEE COST GREATER THAN 25 PERCENT OF SALES IS ACCEPTED THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED ON FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE BY INCLUDING COMPARABL E COMPANY VI Z. EXCEL INFOWAYS LIMITED BASED ON THE INCORRECT APPLICATION OF EMPLOYEE COST FILTER TO BENCHMARK THE IMPUGNED TRANSACTION. 11 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED IN LAW AND ON FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE C ASE BY WRONGFULLY REJECTING CERTAIN COMPARABLE COMPANIES AND ADDING CERTAIN NON - COMPARABLE COMPANIES TO THE FINAL SET OF COMPARABLES FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING THE ALP OF THE IMPUGNED TRANSACTION ON AN AD - HOC BASIS THEREBY RESORTING TO CHERRY PICKING OF COMPARABLES. 12 . THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY SELECTING CERTAIN COMPANIES WHICH ARE EARNING SUPER NORMAL PROFITS AS CO M PARABLE TO THE ASSESSEE. 13. THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HA VE ERRED BY PASSING AN ORDER UNDER SECTION 92CA(3) WHICH HAS COMPUTATIONAL ERRORS IN THE MARGIN OF COMPANIES USED FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE ALP OF THE IMPUGNED TRANSACTION WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE DETAILED MARGIN COMPUTATION OF COMPANIES. 14. THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/AO HAVE ERRED BY NOT MAKING SUITABLE ADJUSTMENTS TO ACCOUNT FOR DIFFERENCES IN THE RISK PROFILE OF THE ASSESSEE VIS - A - VIS THE COMPARABLE COMPANIES. 15. THAT ON THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD DRP/TPO/A O HAVE VITIATED THE PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL JUSTICE BY A ) NOT GIVING DUE COGNIZANCE TO THE DETAILED ANALYSIS AND TECHNICAL ARGUMENTS SUBMITTED BY THE APPELLANT IN RESPONSE TO THE SHOW CAUSE ISSUED BY THE LEARNED TPO; B ) ISSUING THE FINAL TP ORDER AFTER RELYING O N COMPLETELY NEW FACTS WITHOUT GIVING THE ASSESSEE ANY OPPORTUNITY OF BEING HEARD; C ) FOLLOWING INCONSISTENT/PERVERSE APPROACH IN THE SELECTION OF COMPARABLE COMPANIES 16. THAT ON THE FACTS AND IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD 7 DRP/AO HAVE ERRED BY I NITIATING PENALTY PROCEEDINGS UNDER SECTION 271 (1)( C) OF ACT WITHOUT RECORDING ANY ADEQUATE REASONS FOR INITIATION. 17. THAT ON THE FACTS AND IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD AO HAVE ERRED IN CHARGING INTEREST UNDER SECTION 234B AND SECTION 234C OF THE ACT. THE ABOVE GROUNDS OF APPEAL ARE MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE & WITHOUT PREJUDICE TO EACH OTHER. THE APPELLANT CRAVES LEAVE TO ADD AMEND VARY OMIT OR SUBSTITUTE ANY OF THE AFORESAID GROUNDS OF APPEAL AT ANY TIME BEFORE OR AT THE TIME OF HEARING OF THE APPEAL. THE APPELLANT PRAYS FOR APPROPRIATE RELIEF BASED ON THE SAID GROUNDS OF APPEAL AND THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE. 4. AT THE OUTSET LD.COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT; GROUNDS 1 - 3 ARE GENERAL IN NATURE. GROUNDS 4 - 6 12 AND 13 ARE ACADEMIC. GROU ND NO. 16 IS PREMATURE . GROUND NO. 17 IS CONSEQUENTIAL IN NATURE. 4.1. WE ARE THEREFORE LEFT WITH ADJUDICATING GROUND NO. 7 - 11 AND GROUND NO. 14 - 15 . GROUND NO. 7 - 11 DEALS WITH THE INCLUSION/EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN COMPARABLES IN THE FINAL LIST BY LD. TPO . WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL CONTENTIONS OF BOTH THE SIDES PERUSED THE ORDERS PASSED BY THE AUTHORITIES BELOW THE PAPER BOOKS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE AND THE CASE LAWS RELIED UPON BY BOTH THE SIDES. THE DISPUTE THAT ARISES IS WITH RESPECT TO SELECTION OF COMPARABL ES. TO BE PRECISE THE CONTROVERSY ROTATES AROUND EXCLUSION OF FOLLOWING COMPARABLE IN THE LIST OF COMPARABLES IN RESPECT OF: - 1 . ECLERX SERVICES LTD 2 . INFOSYS BPO LTD 8 3 . TCS E - SERVE LTD 4 . EXCEL INFOWAYS LTD. 5 . BNR UDYOG LTD APART FROM THAT THE ASSESSEE IS INSISTING ON INCLUSION OF THE FOLLOWING COMPARABLES WHICH WERE NOT INCLUDED BY THE DRP AS WELL AS THE TPO IN THEIR LIST OF COMPARABLES: - 1 . R SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL LTD. 2 . CALIBER POINT BUSINESS SOLUTIONS LTD. 3 . DATAMATICS FINANCIAL SERVICES LTD. 4 . MPS LTD. 5 . CG - VAK SOFTWAR E & EXPORTS LTD. 4.2 WE SHALL TAKE UP THESE COMPANIES ONE BY ONE TO ASCERTAIN THEIR COMPATIBILITY OR OTHERWISE WITH THE ASSESSEE. BEFORE EMBARKING UPON THIS EXERCISE IT IS SINE QUA NON TO CONSIDER THE FUNCTIONAL PROFILE OF THE ASSESSEE. FUNCTIONAL ANALYS IS OF A SSESSEE FROM TP STUDY: 5. ASSESSEE IS A WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF EXEVO US AND HAS BEEN INCORPORATED ON 22/03/2002. THE ASSESSEE IS ENGAGED IN RENDERING THE FOLLOWING SERVICES TO ITS ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES WIDE AN AGREEMENT DATED 01/01/09 : 1. DATA COLLECTION SERVICE FOR PRIMARY RESEARCH; USING A ) TELEPHONIC INTERVIEWS (CATI); B ) WEB INTERVIEWS (CAWI); C ) PRINT OR PHYSICAL INTERVIEWS ; D ) COMBINATION OF THESE 2. THE SURVEY PROGRAMMING 9 3. D ATA PROCESSING AND DATA ANALYSIS SERVICES ; 4. C ODING SERVICES; 5. B USINESS RESEARCH SERVICES; 6. V OICE QUALITY AUDITS; AND 7. D ATA QUALITY SERVICES. 5.1 A SSESSEE IS THUS ENGAGED IN PROVISION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) ENABLED SERVICES IN THE NATURE OF SURVEY PROGRAMMING DATA COLLECTION DATA ANALYSIS AND BUSINESS RES EARCH. ON PERUSAL OF THE TRANSFER PRICING STUDY REPORT PLACED AT PAGE 65 - 145 IN PAPER BOOK VOLUME 1 IT IS OBSERVED THAT ASSESSEE IS A CAPTIVE CONTRACT SERVICE PROVIDER RENDERING IT ENABLED SERVICES TO ITS ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISE. 5.2 DURING THE FINANCIAL Y EAR 20 1 2 - 1 3 ASSESSEE HAS RENDERED IT ENABLED SERVICES TO COPAL MARKET RESEARCH LTD. MAURITIUS. A SSESSEE IS REIMBURSED ON ALL ITS COSTS IN CURRED ALONG WITH A MARKUP OF 18 % AS PER THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN ASSESSEE AND THE AE. COSTS FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERA TION REFERS TO ALL THE OPERATING DIRECT AND INDIRECT EXPENSES INCURRED BY ASSESSEE IN RENDERING THE SPECIFIED IT ENABLED SERVICE TO A E AS PER THE AGREEMENT ENTERED INTO BETWEEN THEM. 5.3 ASSESSEE IS NOT EXPOSED TO MARKET RISK AS IT RENDERS IT ENABLED SERV ICES TO ITS AE AND IS ASSURED OF A SPECIFIED RETURN ON ITS COST. IT DOES NOT BEAR ANY CREDIT AND COLLECTION RISK. AS ASSESSEE RECEIVES ITS REMUNERATION IN FOREIGN CURRENCY AND ANY FOREIGN EXCHANGE FLUCTUATION LOSS 10 IS RECOVERED ALONG WITH THE MARKUP. THUS THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT IMPAIR EVEN THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK. ASSESSEE DOES NOT EMPLOY ANY INTANGIBLE ASSETS WITH REFERENCE TO THE SERVICES RENDERED TO THE ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISE. THUS ON THE BASIS OF THE ABOVE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS THE ASSESSEE CAN BE CHARACT ERISED AS A ROUTINE SERVICE PROVIDER OPERATING IN A LOW RISK OR ALMOST RISK MITIGATED ENVIRONMENT. 5.4 WITH THE ABOVE UNDERSTANDING OF THE NATURE OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY ASSESSEE TO ITS AE S WE WILL NOW PROCEED TO EXAMINE THE COMPATIBILITY OR OTHERWISE OF THE COMPANIES DISPUTED BY ASSESSEE TO THE EXTENT. 6 . WE SHALL FIRST TAKE UP COMPARABLES WHERE THE ASSESSEE CONTENDS FOR EXCLUSION. ECLERX SERVICES LTD. 6 . 1 . LD.TPO CONSIDERED THIS AS A COMPARABLE. ASSESSEE OBJECTS TO THE COMPATIBILITY OF THIS COMPANY DUE TO FUNCT IONAL INCOMPATIBILITY. LD.AR SUBMITTED THAT THIS COMPANY IS ENGAGED IN PROVIDING KPO SERVICES WHICH IS DISTINCT FROM THE NATURE OF SE RVICES PROVIDED BY THE ASSESSEE . IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT THERE IS NO SEGMENTAL INFORMATION AVAILABLE IN T HE FINANCIALS FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION OF THIS COMPANY. THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THIS COMPANY IS PLACED AT PAGE 58 - 59 OF THE PAPER BOOK VOLUME 2. IT HAS FURTHER BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT THE DRP FOR ASSESSMENT 11 YEAR 2011 - 12 HAS ACCEPTED T HE CLAIM OF ASSESSEE AND HAS DELETED THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. 6.2. LD.DR REFERRED TO THE PROFILE OF ASSESSEE WHEREIN IT IS ALSO RENDERING SERVICES OF CODING WHICH ACCORDING TO HIM CANNOT BE CONSIDERED TO BE AN ACTIVITY THAT COULD BE CARR IED OUT BY A LOW END BPO. HE SUBMITTED THAT ASSESSEE IS DEFINITELY CARRYING OUT SERVICES WHICH FALLS INTO THE CATEGORY OF AN HIGH END BPO AND THEREFORE THIS COMPARABLE IS PERFORMING SIMILAR FUNCTIONS AS THAT OF ASSESEE. IN THE REJOINDER LD. COUNSEL SUBMIT TED THAT THE CODING SERVICES DOES NOT INCLUDE ANY SOFTWARE CODING WHICH REQUIRES SKILLED MANPOWER. HE SUBMITTED THAT ASSESSEE IS MERELY ANALYSING THE DATA PROVIDED BY ITS AE AND ALLOCATING CERTAIN CODES IN ORDER TO QUICKLY ACCESS THE DATA BY ITS CUSTOMERS. 6.3. AFTER CONSIDERING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PURSUING THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PLACED IN THE PAPER BOOK WE FIND THAT THIS COMPANY GENERATES REVENUE FROM DATA ANALYTICS SERVICES AND PROCESS SOLUTION COMPRISING OF BOTH TIMES/UNIT PRICE AND FIXED FEE - BA SED SERVICE CONTRACTS. FURTHER IT HAS BEEN OBSERVED THAT THE REVENUE FROM TIME/UNIT PRICE - BASED CONTRACTS IS RECOGNISED ON COMPLETION OF THE RELATED SERVICES AND IS BILLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONTRACTUAL TERMS SPECIFIED IN THE RESPECTIVE CUSTOMER CONTRA CTS . IT IS OBSERVED THAT THIS COMPANY ENABLES SUPPORTS TO CRITICAL PROCESSES FOR MORE THAN 50 CLIENTS AND INCLUDE GLOBAL LEADERS AND FINANCIAL 12 SERVICES MANUFACTURING RETAIL MEDIA TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY. IT IS ALSO OBSERVED THAT IT POWERS OPERATIONS OF THE SALES AND MARKETING DIVISIONS OF SOME OF THE LARGEST FORTUNE/FINANCIAL TIMES/INTERNET RETAILER 500 SCALE COMPANIES GLOBALLY AUGMENTING BRAND WITH TO DRIVE GREATER QUALITY AND CONTROL TO THEIR DIGITAL OPERATIONS DATA MANAGEMENT AND ANALYTICS NEEDS. 6.4 . ON GOING THROUGH THE FUNCTIONS PERFORMED AND THE SERVICES RENDERED BY THIS COMPANY IT CAN BE EASILY CATEGORISED AS HIGH - END KPO. WE FIND THAT LD.TPO HA D ADOPTED THIS COMPANY AS A COMPARABLE AS HE WAS OF THE VIEW THAT SERVICES RENDERED BY THIS COMPARABLE ARE IN THE NATURE OF BPO OR BACK OFFICE SERVICES AND THAT NOTHING HE IS EARNED FROM SALE OF PRODUCTS. 6.5. WE HAVE PERUSED THE ANNUAL REPORTS OF THIS COMPANY AND HAVE OBSERVED THAT THIS COMPANY IS PROVIDING SERVICES IN VARIETY OF FIELDS FOR WHICH HIGHLY SKILLED PERSONNEL WAS ARE REQUIRED AND SEGMENTAL INFORMATION ARE NOT AVAILABLE IN RESPECT OF EACH CATEGORY OF SERVICES RENDERED . IT IS ALSO OBSERVED THAT DURING THE YEAR THE COMPANY HAS ACQUIRED AGILYST INC. A US COMPANY PROVIDING OPERATIONS AND A TANTALI ZING SUPPORT TO SOME OF THE LARGEST CABLE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES IN THE WORLD. WHEREAS ASSESSEE IS ONLY PROVIDING SERVICES TO ITS ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES ON A FIXED COST BASE. IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION THIS COMPANY IS FUNCTIONALLY DISSIMILAR TO TH AT OF THE 13 ASSESSEE. ACCORDINGLY WE DIRECT THE LD. TPO TO EXCLUDE THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. INFOSYS BPO LTD 6. 6 . THE TPO INCLUDED THIS COMPANY DESPITE ASSESSEE S OBJECTIONS. ASSESSEE HAD OBJECTED FOR INCLUSION OF THIS COMPANY AS IT PROVIDES HIGH - END INTEGRATED SERVICES IN THE NATURE OF BUSINESS PLATFORMS CUSTOMER SERVICE OUTSOURCING FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING ETC. IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT THIS COMPANY HAS BEEN EXCLUDED BY THIS TRIBUNAL IN ITA NO. 907/DEL/2016 V IDE ORDER DATED 25/07/16 IN ASSESSEE S OWN CASE FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12 . IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT THERE HAS BEEN NO CHANGE IN THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS COMPANY AS WELL AS THAT OF ASSESSEE VIS - A - VIS ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12. 6. 7 . LD.DR HOWEVER REFER RED T O THE EXTRACTS MADE BY THE LD.TPO IN THE ORDER TO SUBMIT THAT INFOSYS BPO LTD. IS A COMPARABLE COMPANY WITH THAT OF ASSESSEE. HE PLACED RELIANCE UPON THE MANNER IN WHICH THIS COMPANY DERIVES ITS REVENUE WHICH HAS BEEN DETAILED AT PAGE 494 OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT PLACED IN THE PAPER BOOK VOLUME 2. LD. DR PLA CE D RELIANCE ON THE OBSERVATIONS RECORDED BY THE DRP AND TPO. 6. 8 . AFTER CONSIDERING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PURSUING THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD WE FIND THAT FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THIS COMPANY IS PRIMARILY INTO 14 PROVIDING BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT SERVICES TO ORGANISATIONS THAT OUTSOURCE THEIR BUSINESS PROCESSES. IT IS FURTHER OBSERVED THAT THIS COMPANY HAS ACQUIRED HUNDRED PERCENT VOTING INTEREST IN PORTLAND GROUP PTY. ON 04/01/ 12 WHICH IS A STRATEGIC SOURCING AND CATEGORY MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDER BASED IN SYDNEY AUSTRALIA. WE HAVE ALSO PERUSED THE DECISION OF THIS T RIBUNAL IN ASSESSEE S OWN CASE FOR PREVIOUS ASSESSMENT YEAR WHEREIN THIS COMPARABLE HAS BEEN EXCLUDED FROM THE LIST. THIS T RIBUNAL HAS DEALT WITH I T AS UNDER: 6.6. AFTER CONSIDERING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PERUSED IN THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD WE FIND THAT FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THIS COMPANY HAS HAD EXTRAORDINARY FINANCIAL EVENTS. IT IS NOTED THA T THE COMPANY IS PROVIDING HIGH END INTEGRATED SERVICE BY ASSISTING ITS CLIENTS IN IMPROVING THEIR COMPETITIVE POSITIONING BY MANAGING THEIR BUSINESS PROCESS IN ADDITION TO PROVIDING INCREASED VALUE. ON THE OTHER HAND ASSESSEE IS ENGAGED IN PROVIDING ROU TINE SUPPORT SERVICES IN THE NATURE OF DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS WHICH IS LOW END IN NATURE BEARING MINIMAL RISKS. 6.6. LD. A.R. HAS RIGHTLY PLACED HIS RELIANCE UPON THE DECISION OF AGNITY INDIA TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD. PASSED BY HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COUR T IN I.T.A.NO. 3856/2010 WHEREIN IT HAS BEEN HELD THAT THIS COMPARABLE MUST BE REJECTED ON ACCOUNT OF DIFFERENCE IN RISK LEVELS ASSUMED HUGE REVENUES DERIVED AND THE FACT THAT THEY ARE MARKET LEADERS. HON BLE COURT HELD AS UNDER: 15 IT IS ARGUED THAT THE CASE OF ASSESSEE IS NOT COMPARABLE WITH INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LTD. THE REASON BEING THAT THE LATTER IS GIANTS IN THE AREA OF DEVELOPMENT OF SOFTWARE AND IT ASSUMES ALL RISKS LEADING TO HIGHER PROFIT. ON THE OTHER HAND THE ASSESSEE IS A CAPTIVE UNIT OF I TS PARENT COMPANY IN THE USA AND IT ASSUMES ONLY LIMITED CURRENCY RISK. HAVING CONSIDERED THESE POINTS WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THE CASE OF AFORESAID INFOSYS AND THE ASSESSEE ARE NOT COMPARABLE AT ALL AS SEEN FROM THE FINANCIAL DATA ETC. OF THE TWO COMPA NIES MENTIONED EARLIER IN THIS ORDER. THEREFORE WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THIS CASE IS REQUIRED TO BE EXCLUDED. 6.7. SINCE THERE IS NO SIMILARITY IN THE FUNCTIONAL PROFILE OF THIS COMPANY AND ASSESSEE RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE RATIO LAID DOWN IN AGNI TY I NDIA TECHNOLOGIES (SUPRA) WE DIRECT THE LD. TPO/AO TO REMOVE THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. 6.9. LD. DR HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO BRING OUT ANY DISTINGUISHING FEATURE IN THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS COMPANY VIS - A - VIS PREVIOUS YEAR. RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE SAME WE DO NOT FIND ANY REASON TO DIFFER FROM THE ABOVE . ACCORDINGLY WE DIRECT LD. TPO TO EXCLUDE THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. TCS E - SERVE LTD 6. 10 . THE LD.TPO HAD INCLUDED THIS COMPANY AS A COMPARABLE DESPITE OBJECTIONS BY THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE OBJECTED THE INCLUSION OF THIS COMPANY AS IT PROVIDED FINANCIAL INFORMATION PROCESSING AND CUSTOMER CONTACT SERVICES WITH HIGH - LEVEL OF FOREIGN EXPENDITURE AND 16 ABNORMAL PROFITS. FURTHER LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT THIS COMPANY HAS BEEN EXCLUD ED BY THIS TRIBUNAL IN ITA NO. 907/DEL/2016 VIDE ORDER DATED 25/07/16 IN ASSESSEE S OWN CASE FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12. 6. 11 . LD.DR REFER RED TO OBSERVATIONS BY THE LD.TPO IN THE ORDER TO SUBMIT THAT TCS E S ERVE LTD. IS A COMPARABLE COMPANY WITH THAT OF ASSESSEE. HE SUBMITTED THAT THE FUNCTIONS OF THIS COMPANY HAS CHANGED WHICH IS EVIDENT FROM PAGE 177 OF THE PAPER BOOK VOLUME WHEREIN THE PRINCIPAL ACTIVITY OF THIS COMPANY HAS BEEN CHARACTERISED AS UNDER: TCS E - SERVE LTD (THE COMPANY) ALONG WITH ITS SUB SIDIARY TCS E SERVE INTERNATIONAL LTD (TEIL) AND TCS E - SERVE AMERICA INC. (TEAI) IS PRIMARILY ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF PROVIDING BUSINESS PROCESS SERVICE (BP0) ITS CUSTOMERS IN BANKING FINANCIAL SERVICES AND INSURANCE DOMAIN. 6.1 2 . AFTER CONSIDERING T HE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PER USING THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD WE FIND THAT THE FINANCIAL RESULTS OF THIS COMPANY SHOWS THAT THIS COMPANY IS INTO FINANCIAL SERVICES TO HELP ITS CUSTOMERS ACHIEVE THEIR BUSINESS OBJECTIVES BY PROVIDING INNOVATIVE BEST I N CLASS SERVICES. THE LD. AR SUBMITTED THAT THE DRP HAD EXCLUDED THIS COMPANY IN THE IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING PREVIOUS YEAR. IT IS OBSERVED AT PAGE 159 OF PAPER BOOK VOLUME 2 THAT THIS COMPANY S OPERATIONS INCLUDE DELIVERING CORE BUSINESS PROCESSING SERVICES ANALYTICS AND INSIGHTS (KPO) 17 AND SUPPORT SERVICES FOR BOTH DATA AND VOICE PROCESS. IT HAS ALSO BEEN CATEGORISED AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE TATA C ONSULTANCY S ERVICES (TCS) STRATEGY TO BUILD ON ITS FULL - SERVICE OFFERINGS THAT OFFER GLOBAL CUSTOMERS AND INTE GRATED PORTFOLIO OF SERVICES RANGING FROM IT SERVICES TO BPO SERVICES. IT PROVIDES ITS SERVICES FROM VARIOUS PROCESSING FACILITIES BACKED BY A ROBUST AND SCALABLE INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK TAILORED TO MEET CLIENTS NEEDS. 6.13. THE ABOVE FUNCTION PERFORMED BY THIS COMPANY DIFFERENTIATES IT WITH THE FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY ASSESSEE BEFORE US FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION. HENCE FOLLOWING THE RULE OF CONSISTENCY WE ARE OF THE OPINION THAT THIS COMPANY CA NNOT BE CONSIDERED AS COMPARABLE FOR THE YEAR UNDER CO NSIDERATION. WE THEREFORE DIRECT TO EXCLUDE THIS COMPARABLE. 6.14. EXCEL INFOWAYS LTD. LD. TPO INCLUDED THIS COMPANY AS A COMPARABLE IN SPITE OF OBJECTIONS RAISED BY ASSESSEE. LD. COUNSEL HAS OBJECTED TO THE INCLUSION AS IT IS FUNCTIONALLY DISSIMILAR WITH T HAT OF THE ASSESSEE . LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT THERE IS NO SEPARATE SEGMENTAL INFORMATION AVAILABLE IN RESPECT OF REVENUE GENERATION AS THIS COMPANY IS CATEGORISED TO BE INVOLVED IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY/BPO RELATED SERVICES. IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT THIS COMPANY DOES NOT FULFILL THE REQUIREMENT OF EMPLOYEE COST FILTER AS 18 APPLIED BY TPO IN THE CASE OF COMPARABLES SELECTED BY ASSESSEE. 6.15. ON THE CONTRARY LD. DR SUBMITS THAT THE TPO HAD CALLED FOR THE RELEVANT DETAILS FROM THIS COMPANY BY ISSUING NOTICE UNDER SECTION 133 (6) WHEREIN THE COMPANY IN REPLY TO THE NOTICE HAS INFORMED LD. AO REGARDING EMPLOYEE COST OF RS. 2.02 CRORES AND TURNOVER PERTAIN ING TO ITES/BPO SEGMENT. THE RELEVANT INFORMATION SOUGHT FROM THIS COMPANY HAS BEEN REPRODUC ED AT PAGE 2 4 - 25 OF THE ORDER PASSED BY LD. TPO. L D. A R SUBMITTED THAT ON THE BASIS OF THE INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM THIS COMPANY IT HAS TO BE CONSIDERED TO BE A FIT COMPARABLE HOWEVER HE SUBMITTED THAT THESE DETAILS HAVE NOT BEEN ANALYSED BY TPO VIS - A - VIS THE FINANCIAL REPORT THAT IS AVAILABLE IN THE PAPER BOOK VOLUME 2 AT PAGE 234 - 295. 6.16. WE HAVE CONSIDERED THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PERUSED THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD. IT IS OBSERVED THAT ASSESSEE HAD OBJECTED INCLUSION OF THIS COMPANY ON THE BASIS OF LOW TURNOVER. LD.TPO FOR THE PURPOSES OF COMPARISON HAD SELECTED ITES SEGMENT ONLY IT IS FURTHER OBSERVED THAT THE LD. COUNSEL HAD NOT DISPUTED ANY FUNCTIONAL DISSIMILARITY OF THIS COMPARABLE WITH THAT OF ASSESSEE. WE ARE THEREFORE INCLINED TO SET ASID E THIS COMPARABLE TO L D. TPO FOR VERIFYING THE DETAILS PROVIDED BY THIS COMPARABLE UNDER SECTION 133 (6) VIZ - A - VIZ THE FINANCIAL DETAILS PROVIDED BY ASSESSEE IN THE PAPER 19 BOOK . WHILE DOING THIS EXERCISE L D. TPO MAY KEEP IN MIND THAT ASSESSEE IS A ZERO RISK C OMPANY SUCH RENDERING SERVICES TO ITS AE ONLY ON A FIXED COST BASE. WITH THIS BACKGROUND TURNOVER FILTER MAY BE APPLIED FOR THE PURPOSES OF ESTABLISHING THE COMPATIBILITY UNDER ITES SEGMENT OF THIS COMPANY S . 7. WE SET ASIDE THIS COMPARABLE FOR PROPER VE RIFICATION WITH THE ABOVE DIRECTIONS. BNR UDYOG LTD. 8. LD. TPO HAS INCLUDED THIS COMPANY AS A COMPARABLE DESPITE THERE IS OBJECTIONS RAISED BY ASSESSEE. LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT THIS COMPANY HAS RPT/NET SALES OF 48.82% AND HAS EX H ORBITANT GROWTH IN ITS REVENUE. LD. CIT DR SUBMITTED THAT THE RELATED PARTIES TO WHOM THIS COMPANY HAS ENTERED INTO TRANSACTION ARE KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONAL AND ENTERPRISE IS HAVING COMMON KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONAL OR THEIR RELATIVES . HE FURTHER BROUGHT OUR NOTICE TO THE OBSERVATI ONS MADE BY DRP AT PAGE 56 OF THE ORDER PASSED BY DRP THAT ASSESSEE ITSELF HAS CHOSEN COMPANIES IN MEDICAL TRANSCRIPTION AS VALID COMPARABLE. HE THUS SUGGESTED THAT THIS COMPANY MAY BE RETAINED IN THE LIST OF COMPARABLES. WE HAVE PERUSED THE SUBMISSIONS AD VANCED BY BOTH THE SIDES AND RECORDS PLACED BEFORE US. IT HAS BEEN OBSERVED THAT ASSESSEE HAS ALSO DISCLOSED RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION 20 DURING THE YEAR WITH ITS FELLOW SUBSIDIARY AS WELL AS KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL. IN THE CASE OF THE COMPARABLE COMPANY ON THE RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION IS RELATED ONLY WITH KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONAL AND ENTERPRISE IS HAVING COMMON KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONAL OR THEIR RELATIVES. THE DETAILS HAVE BEEN LISTED AT 555 - 556 OF PAPER BOOK (BEING INTERNAL PAGE 42 - 43 OF THE AUDIT REPORT). IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION WE DO NOT FIND ANY REASON TO REMOVE THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES AS THERE IS NO FUNCTIONAL DISSIMILARITY WHICH HAS BEEN DISPUTED BY ASSESSEE. ACCORDINGLY LD. TPO IS DIRECTED TO RETRAIN THIS COMPANY IN THE LIST OF COMPAR ABLES. WE SHALL NOW TAKE UP THE COMPARABLES WHERE ASSESSEE CONTENDS FOR INCLUSION. CG - VAK SOFTWARE AND EXPORTS LTD 8 . 1. IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT LD.TPO EXCLUDED THIS COMPANY FROM THE LIST OF COMPARABLES WITHOUT GIVING ANY REASONS. DATAMAT ICS FINANCIAL SERVICES LTD . CALIBRE POINT BUSINESS S OLUTIONS LTD . ARE CONCERNED L D . TPO REJECTED THESE COMPANIES DUE TO DIFFERENT FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING IN THE DATA SUBMITTED. 8.2. LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT ASSESSEE HAS NOW OBTAINED THE DATA AS REQUIRED B Y LD.TPO IN RESPECT OF THESE COMPANIES AND THEREFORE MAY BE SET ASIDE FOR RECONSIDERATION BY LD. TPO ON THE BASIS OF THE SAME. 21 8.3 . THE LD. D.R. PLACED HIS RELIANCE ON THE FINDINGS OF THE AUTHORITIES BELOW. 8.4 . WE HAVE PERUSED THE SUBMISSIONS ADVANCED BY BOTH THE SIDES IN THE LIGHT OF THE RECORDS PLACED BEFORE US. ON PERUSAL OF THE ORDER PASSED BY LD. TPO IT IS OBSERVED THAT THERE HAS BEEN NO COGENT REASON ASSIGNED BY L D. TPO FOR REJECTING THESE COMPARABLES. DRP IN ITS ORDER AT PAGE 68 TO 69 HAS SIMPLY H IGHLIGHTED IN A TABULAR FORM UPHOLDING THE REJECTION OF THESE COMPARABLES . IT IS OBSERVED THAT THERE HAS BEEN NO APPLICATION OF MIND BY L D . TPO VIS - A - VIS FINANCIAL S PRODUCED. IN CASE OF CG VK S OFTWARE AND DATAMATICS LD.TPO REJECTED WITHOUT ASSIGNING ANY RE ASONS. IN CASE OF CALIBRE P OINT B USINESS S OLUTIONS L D . TPO REJECTED DUE TO DIFFERENCE IN THE FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING. LD. COUNSEL HAS SUBMITTED THE DATA S ARE NOW AVAILABLE FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION IN RESPECT OF THESE COMPARABLES AND THEREFORE REQU ESTED FOR SETTING ASIDE TO LD. TPO FOR VERIFICATION OF THE SAME. IN THE INTEREST OF NATURAL JUSTICE WE FIND IT FIT AND PROPER TO SET ASIDE THESE COMPARABLES TO L D. TPO FOR DUE VERIFICATION OF ITS COMPATIBILITY WITH ASSESSEE ON THE BASIS OF DATA SUBMITTED B EFORE HIM. 8.5. R SYSTEMS I NTERNATIONAL LTD T HIS COMPANY WAS REJECTED BY LD. TPO AS IT HAD A DIFFERENT FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING. LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT IN THE PRECEDING ASSESSMENT YEAR L D. TPO HAD REJECTED THIS COMPARABLE. HOWEVER THIS T RIBUNAL V IDE ORDER DATED 22 25/07/16 IN ITA NO.907/DEL/2016 FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12 CONSIDERED THIS COMPARABLE AS UNDER: 7.6. AFTER CONSIDERING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND PURSUING THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD WE FIND THAT THE LD. TPO HAS NOT POINTED OUT EXACT DIFFERENC E THE CHANGE OF ACCOUNTING YEAR HAS MADE TO THE FINANCIAL RESULTS OF THE COMPARABLE. THE LD.TPO HAS FURTHER NOT POINTED OUT WHETHER IT WOULD NOT BE POSSIBLE TO RESTATE THOSE FINANCIAL RESULTS FOR A DIFFERENT ACCOUNTING PERIOD WITHOUT SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN NET PROFIT MARGINS OR ANY OTHER PARAMETERS CONSIDERED RELEVANT. MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES GENERALLY OPERATE IN DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS AND DIFFERENT COUNTRIES FOLLOW DIFFERENT ACCOUNTING OR FINANCIAL YEARS FUNCTIONALLY SIMILAR OR EVEN IDENTICAL COMP ANIES CANNOT BE HELD TO BE INCOMPARABLE ONLY OWING TO DIFFERENCES IN THE DATE OF ENDING OF THE FINANCIAL YEAR. AS MOST OF THE BUSINESS ENTERPRISES OPERATE ON THE GOING CONCERN CONCEPT WHICH IS SO FUNDAMENTAL TO PRESENT THE ACCOUNTS. THE CONCEPT USED IN ACCOUNTING IS JUST AN ARTIFICIAL MEANS TO RECKON THE OPERATING RESULTS OF BUSINESS OPERATION AT A GIVEN POINT IN TIME AND NOTHING WOULD TURN UP ON CHANGING THE END OF ACCOUNTING PERIOD FROM 31 ST MARCH TO ANY OTHER DATE WITHIN A SHORT SPAN OF TIME. ASSUMING A SITUATION WHERE THE TESTED PARTY IS FOLLOWING A DIFFERENT FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING (SAY 01/01/2010 TO 31/12/2010) FOLLOWING THE FILTER ADOPTED BY THE LD.TPO ONE WOULD REJECT ALL THE COMPANY WITH THE FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING 31 ST OF MARCH 2010 AND ONLY CONSI DER 23 COMPANIES WITH FINANCIAL YEAR ENDING 31/12/2010. THE NUMBER OF COMPARABLE COMPANIES AVAILABLE AFTER USING SUCH A FILTER WOULD BE VERY LIMITED AND THEREFORE IN SUCH A CASE THE NET MARGIN EARNED BY THE COMPARABLE COMPANIES WOULD BE DIFFERENT FROM THE ON E THAT WOULD BE COMPUTED WITHOUT USING THIS FILTER. THIS VIEW IS SUPPORTED BY THE COORDINATE BENCH OF THIS TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF DCIT VS. MCKINSEY KNOWLEDGE CENTRE INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED IN ITA NO. 2195/DEL/2011 WHEREIN IT HAS BEEN HELD THAT IF A COMPANY IS FUNCTIONALLY COMPARABLE IT CANNOT BE REJECTED MERELY ON THE GROUND THAT DATA FOR THE ENTIRE FINANCIAL YEAR WAS UNAVAILABLE IF THE DATA CAN BE REASONABLY EXTRAPOLATED. HON BLE T RIBUNAL FURTHER OBSERVED THAT RULE 10 B (4) CANNOT BE INTERPRETED IN SUCH A RIGID MANNER SO AS TO DEFEAT THE BASIC OBJECTIVE OF THE RULE. THE RELEVANT EXTRACT OF THE RULING ARE REPRODUCED BELOW: 23. .. HOWEVER IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION IF A COMPARABLE IS FUNCTIONALLY SAME AS THAT OF THE TESTED PARTY THEN THE SAME CANNOT BE R EJECTED MERELY ON THE GROUND THAT DATA FOR ENTIRE FINANCIAL YEAR IS NOT AVAILABLE. IF FROM THE AVAILABLE DATA ON RECORD THE RESULTS WERE FINANCIAL YEAR CAN BE REASONABLY EXTRAPOLATED THEN THE COMPARABLE CANNOT BE EXCLUDED SOLELY ON THIS GROUND. THE LEARN ADR AS REFERRED TO RULE 10 B (4) WHICH ONLY MANDATES THAT THE DATA WHICH IS TO BE UTILISED FOR ANALYSING THE COMPARABILITY OF UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS WITH AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION HAS TO BE FINANCIAL YEAR ONLY IN WHICH THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION HAS BEEN ENTERED INTO. THIS RULE IS BASED ON MATCHING PRINCIPLE BUT THIS ROLE CANNOT BE INTERPRETED IN SUCH A RIGID MANNER SO AS TO DEFEAT THE BASIC OBJECT OF RULE VIZ. SELECTION OF THE 24 COMPARABLE FOR DETERMINATION OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE OF AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION (EMPHASIS SUPPLIED) 7.7. IN ANY CASE THE LD.TPO HAS NOT CITED ANY INSTANCES OF FUNCTIONAL DISSIMILARITY OF THIS COMPARABLE COMPANY WITH THAT OF ASSESSEE. WE THEREFORE DIRECT THE LD. AO/TPO TO CONSIDER THIS COMPANY IN THE FINAL LIST OF COMPARABLE. 8.6. ON THE OTHER HAND LD.COUNSEL PLACED RELIANCE UPON THE ORDERS OF AUTHORITIES BELOW. 8.7. WE HAVE PERUSED THE SUBMISSIONS ADVANCED IN THE LIGHT OF THE RECORDS PLACED BEFORE US. 8.8. LD.COUNSEL SUBMITTED THAT THERE IS NO CHANGE IN THE FUNCTI ONS OF ASSESSEE AS WELL AS THIS COMPARABLE FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION. ALSO THAT LD. DR HAS BROUGHT NO DISTINGUISHING FEATURE EITHER IN THE FACTS/PROFILE OF THE ASSESSEE OR IN THE CASE OF THIS COMPARABLE COMPANY FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION VIS - A - VIS ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12. UNDER SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES WE DO NOT FIND ANY REASON TO DIFFER WITH THE VIEW TAKEN BY THIS T RIBUNAL IN RESPECT OF THIS COMPARABLE ON IDENTICAL FACTS FOR PRECEDING ASSESSMENT YEAR IN ASSESSEE S OWN CASE. R ESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF THIS T RIBUNAL IN ASSESSEE S OWN CASE FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011 - 12 WE DIRECT LD.TPO TO CONSIDER THIS COMPANY AS A COMPARABLE IN FINAL LIST. ACCORDINGLY G ROUND NUMBER 7 - 11 STANDS DISPOSED OFF. 25 GROUND NO. 14 9. T HE LD. COUNSEL SUBMITTED TH AT LD. AO HAS NOT GRANTED WORKING CAPITAL ADJUSTMEN T. IT IS SUBMITTED BY LD. COUNSEL THAT ASSESSEE BEFORE US IS NOT SUBJECTED TO MUCH RISK AND ALLOWABILITY OF WORKING CAPITAL ADJUSTMENT HAS TO BE MADE IN THE CASE OF THE COMPARABLES WHICH HAS BEEN UPHELD IN VARIOUS JUDICIAL RULINGS BY COORDINATE BENCHES OF THIS T RIBUNAL WHICH ARE AS UNDER: MENTOR G RAPHICS NOIDA PVT. LTD. REPORTED IN 109 ITD 101 SONY INDIA REPORTED IN 288 ITR 52 PHILIPS SOFTWARE REPORTED IN 25 SOT 226 AND MERCER C ONSULTING INDIA PVT. L TD. REPORTED IN 150 ITD 1. 9.1. ON THE CONTRARY LD.CIT DR PLACED RELIANCE UPON THE ORDERS OF AUTHORITIES BELOW 9.2. WE HAVE PERUSED THE SUBMISSIONS ADVANCED BY BOTH THE SIDES AND THE LIGHT OF THE RECORDS PLACED BEFORE US AND THE DECISIONS RELIED UPON BY LD. COUNSEL. 9.3. RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE RATIO S LAID DOWN IN THE ABOVE JUDGMENTS W E ARE IN AGREEMENT WITH THE LD. COUNSEL THAT WHILE COMPARING THE MARGINS EARNED BY THE COMPARABLE COMPANIES THERE IS ALWAYS THE ASSESSEE THE DIFFERENCE ON ACCOUNT OF W ORKING CAPITAL EMPLOYED SHOULD ALSO BE FACTORED INTO. IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE RELIABILITY OF RESULTS THE FINANCIAL DATA OF COMPARABLE COMPANIES ARE REQUIRED TO BE ADJUSTED. THE ABOVE STATED DECISIONS OF 26 THIS T RIBUNAL HAS HELD THAT IN PRACTICE SUCH ADJUST MENTS USUALLY INCLUDE ADJUSTMENTS FOR ACCOUNTS PAYABLE ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE AND INVENTORY. 9 . 2 . WE ACCORDINGLY ALLOW THIS GROUND OF APPEAL RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE . 10 . G ROUND NO. 16 DEALS WITH THE INITIATION OF PENALTY PROCEEDINGS UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C ) OF THE ACT . AS THIS IS PREMATURE WE ARE NOT INCLINED TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION . 11 . G ROUND NO. 1 7 DEALS WITH CHARGING OF INTEREST UNDER SECTION 234B OF THE A CT. THIS GROUND RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE IS CONSEQUENTIAL IN NATURE AND WE ARE NOT INCLINED TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION. 12 . IN THE RESULT APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE STANDS ALLOWED AS DISCUSSED ABOVE. ORDER PRONOUNCE D IN THE OPEN COURT ON 30.11.2017. SD/ - SD/ - ( NK SAINI ) ( BEENA A. PILLAI ) ACCOUNTANT MEMBER JUDICIAL MEMBER DATE: 30.11.2017 MV . 27 COPY FORWARDED TO: - 1 . THE APPELLANT 2 . THE RESPONDENT 3 . THE CIT 4 . THE CIT (A) - NEW DELHI. 5 . THE DR ITAT LOKNAYAK BHAWAN KHAN MARKET NEW DELHI. TRUE COPY. BY ORDER (ITAT NEW DELHI) S.NO. DETAILS DATE INITIALS DESIGNATION 1 DRAFT DICTATED ON DRAGON 29/11/17 SR. PS/ PS 2 DRAFT PLACED BEFORE AUTHOR 30/11/17 SR. PS/PS 3 DRAFT PROPOSED & PLACED BEFORE THE SECOND MEMBER JM/AM 4 DRAFT DISCUSSED/APPROVED BY SECOND MEMBER AM/AM 5 APPROVED DRAFT COMES TO THE SR. PS/PS SR. PS/PS 6 KEPT FOR PRONOUNCEMENT SR. PS/P S 7 FILE SENT TO BENCH CLERK SR. PS/PS 8 DATE ON WHICH THE FILE GOES TO HEAD CLERK 9 DATE ON WHICH FILE GOES TO A.R. 10 DATE OF DISPATCH OF ORDER