Sh. Pramod Mittal,, New Delhi v. ACIT,, New Delhi

ITA 2019/DEL/2009 | 2006-2007
Pronouncement Date: 15-07-2011 | Result: Partly Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 201920114 RSA 2009
Assessee PAN AAKPM5145L
Bench Delhi
Appeal Number ITA 2019/DEL/2009
Duration Of Justice 2 year(s) 2 month(s) 2 day(s)
Appellant Sh. Pramod Mittal,, New Delhi
Respondent ACIT,, New Delhi
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 15-07-2011
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Partly Allowed
Bench Allotted F
Tribunal Order Date 15-07-2011
Date Of Final Hearing 12-07-2011
Next Hearing Date 12-07-2011
Assessment Year 2006-2007
Appeal Filed On 13-05-2009
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL (DELHI BENCH F : NEW DELHI) BEFORE SHRI RAJPAL YADAV JUDICIAL MEMBER AND SHRI K.D. RANJAN ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA NOS.884/DEL./08; ITANO.2019/DEL./2009; & ITA NO.718/DEL./2010 (ASSESSMENT YEARS : 2005-06 & 06-07) SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL VS. ACIT CIRCLE 38(1) PROP. M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. NEW DELHI. A-24B KAILASH COLONY NEW DELHI. (PAN/GIR NO.AAKPM5145L) (APPELLANT) RESPONDENT) ASSESSEE BY : SHRI K. SAMPATH ADV. REVENUE BY : SMT. PRATIMA KAUSHIK SR.DR ORDER PER K.D. RANJAN: AM THESE APPEALS BY THE ASSESSEE FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR S 2005-06 & 2006-07 ARISE OUT OF SEPARATE ORDERS OF CIT(A)-XXVIII NEW DELHI. 2. IN ITA NO.884/DEL./2008 AND ITA NO.2019/DEL./200 9 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2005- 06 & 2006-07 ARE DIRECTED AGAINST THE QUANTUM APPE AL WHEREAS IN ITA NO.818/DEL./2010 IS DIRECTED AGAINST CONFIRMING THE PENALTY U/S 271( 1)(C) OF THE I.T. ACT 1961 FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06. THESE APPEALS WERE HEARD TOGETHER AND FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE ARE DISPOSED OF BY THIS CONSOLIDATED OR DER. 3. FIRST WE WILL TAKE UP THE QUANTUM APPEALS FOR AS SESSMENT YEARS 2005-06 AND 2006-07. THE RELEVANT GROUNDS OF APPEALS FOR BOTH THE YEARS ARE REPRODUCED AS UNDER: ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2005-06 1. THE ORDER IS BAD IN LAW AS IT HAS BEEN PASSED IN GROSS VIOLATION OF PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL JUSTICE. I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 2 2 2. UNDER THE GIVEN FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES ASSESSIN G OFFICER HAS ERRED IN ALLOWING THE LOSS OF FIRM AMOUNTING TO RS. 22 40 19 3/- PRIOR TO DISSOLUTION IN THE HANDS OF THE ASSESSEE. 3. THE CIT HAS ERRED IN CONFIRMING THE HIRE CHARGES OF RS.1 11 500/- PAID TO MS. NEENA CHADHA IN THE HANDS OF THE ASSESSEE WHICH IS THE BUSINESS EXPENDITURE. ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2006-07 ON THE FACTS AND IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE CIT(A) ERRED:- 1. IN MAKING AN ADDITION OF `2 04 000/- ON AC COUNT OF HIRE CHARGES. 2. IN MAKING THE FOLLOWING ADDITIONS TO THE RET URNED INCOME: (I) LATE DEPOSIT OF PF & ESI EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION - `75 466/- (II) DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF WATER & ELECTRICITY CHARGES - `54 832/- (III) DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF TELEPHONE EXPENSES - `13 056/- (IV) DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF VEHICLE EXPENSES - `58 815/- 3. THAT THE APPELLANT MAY BE ALLOWED TO ADD ALTER DELETE OR AMEND ANY GROUND OF APPEAL IF CONSIDERED NECESSARY AT THE TIME OF HEARING. 4. THAT THE APPELLANT PRAYS THAT THE DEMAND CREATED BY THE ASSTT. COMMISSIONER MAY KINDLY BE DELETED. 4. THE FIRST ISSUE FOR CONSIDERATION IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06 IS AGAINST THE CONFIRMING THE DISALLOWANCE OF LOSS OF FIRM AMOUNTI NG TO RS. 22 40 193/- IN THE HANDS OF THE ASSESSEE. THE FACTS OF THE CASE STATED IN BRIE F ARE THAT M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. WAS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN THE STATUS OF FIRM. SH RI PRAMOD MITTAL AND SHRI MUKESH MITTAL WERE TWO PARTNERS. ON 18.9.2004 SHRI MUKES H MITTAL RETIRED FROM PARTNERSHIP AND SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL BECAME PROPRIETOR OF M/S GUPTA C ONSTRUCTION CO. THE ASSESSEE IN THE RETURN OF INCOME FOR THE PERIOD FROM 18.9.2004 TO 31.3.2005 HAD SHOWN PROFIT OF RS. 34 32 042/-. FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1.4.2004 TO 17.9. 2004 WHEN THE BUSINESS WAS CARRIED OUT IN THE STATUS OF FIRM THE ASSESSEE SUFFERED A LOSS OF RS. 22 40 193/-. THE LOSS OF PROFIT I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 3 3 FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1.4.2004 TO 17.9.2004 WAS SET O FF AGAINST THE INCOME EARNED IN THE INDIVIDUAL STATUS AT RS. 34 32 042/-. SINCE THERE W AS NO PROVISION UNDER THE ACT VIDE WHICH LOSS OF FIRM COULD BE SET OFF AGAINST THE PRO FIT OF PROPRIETARY CONCERN THE ASSESSING OFFICER REQUIRED THE ASSESSEE TO EXPLAIN AS TO WHY THE LOSS OF FIRM AMOUNTING TO RS. 22 40 193/- SHOULD NOT BE DISALLOWED AS THE SAME CO ULD NOT BE SET OFF AGAINST THE PROFIT OF THE PROPRIETARY CONCERN. 5. IN RESPONSE TO THE QUERY IT WAS SUBMITTED BY TH E ASSESSEE THAT UNDER A FAMILY SETTLEMENT SHRI MUKESH MITTAL DECIDED TO RELINQUIS H HIS SHARE IN THE PARTNERSHIP TO HIS OWN BROTHER SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL. AS PER MUTUAL UNDE RSTANDING SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL BECAME SOLD PROPRIETOR OF M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO . ALL ASSETS AND LIABILITIES OF THE FIRM BELONGED TO SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL. THE BUSINESS O F PROPRIETARY CONCERN WAS CARRIED ON IN THE EXITING NAME I.E. M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. IT WAS ALSO AGREED BETWEEN TWO PARTNERS THAT THERE WILL NOT BE ANY BREAK IN THE BU SINESS AND ALL PROFIT AND LOSS TILL THE DATE OF SEPARATION WILL BE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF NEW FIR M. ACCORDINGLY A NET PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT WAS PREPARED TILL THE DATE OF SEPARATION JU ST FOR RECORD PURPOSES AND THE ENTIRE PROFIT/LOSS HAS BEEN ACCOUNTED IN THE HANDS OF PROP RIETARY CONCERN M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. IN VIEW OF THESE FACTS IT WAS SU BMITTED THAT LOSS OCCURRED IN THE BUSINESS TILL THE DATE OF RETIREMENT OF SHRI MUKESH GUPTA WAS TO BE SET OFF AGAINST THE PROFIT EARNED DURING THE PERIOD OF PROPRIETARY CONC ERN. THE ASSESSING OFFICER EXAMINED THE CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE. HE WAS OF THE OPIN ION THAT THERE WAS NO PROVISION UNDER I.T. ACT 1961 UNDER WHICH A LOSS OF FIRM COULD BE SET OFF AGAINST INCOME OF INDIVIDUAL. M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. WITH TWO PARTNERS WAS AS SESSABLE IN THE STATUS OF FIRM AND FROM 18.9.2004 TO 31.3.2005 SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL WAS TO BE ASSESSED IN THE CAPACITY OF INDIVIDUAL AS PROPRIETOR OF M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. SINCE BOTH THE ASSESSEES WERE DIFFERENT THE INCOME FOR BOTH THE PERIOD WAS ASSES SABLE IN THEIR RESPECTIVE HANDS. CLAUSE 12 OF PARTNERSHIP DEED WHICH PROVIDED THAT IN CASE A PARTNER WISHED TO RETIRE FROM THE FIRM HE COULD DO SO WITH THE CONSENT OF OTHER PARTN ERS BY GIVING AT LEAST ONE MONTHS NOTICE IN WRITING AND THE BUSINESS IN THAT CASE COU LD BE CARRIED ON BY THE REMAINING PARTNERS IN THE NAME OF THE FIRM THE ASSESSING OFF ICER IN THIS RESPECT OBSERVED THAT SPECIFIC CLAUSE 12 OF PARTNERSHIP DEED WAS ONLY TO TAKE CARE OF THE INTEREST OF REMAINING I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 4 4 PARTNER. THE PARTNERSHIP FIRM CEASED TO EXIST ON 1 8.9.2004. THEREFORE AS PER PROVISIONS OF SECTION 78(2) OF THE I.T. ACT 1961 THERE WAS N O INHERITANCE OF BUSINESS WHICH WOULD ENTITLE THE ASSESSEE TO SET OFF THE PROFITS WITH TH E LOSS OF PREDECESSOR FIRM. HE THEREFORE CONCLUDED THAT THE LOSS SUFFERED BY PARTNERSHIP FIR M COULD NOT BE SET OFF AGAINST PROFIT OF PROPRIETORSHIP CONCERN. 6. ON APPEAL SIMILAR ARGUMENTS WERE MADE. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE FIRM M/S GUPTA CONSTRUCTION CO. WAS ENGAGED IN RESURFACING O F ROAD AND WAS WORKING IN CPWD MCD NDMC ETC. THERE WERE RUNNING UNFINISHED JOBS ON THE DATE OF DISSOLUTION OF FIRM THE INCOME OF WHICH HAD NOT BEEN BOOKED WHEN IT WAS AGREED TO CHANGE THE CONSTITUTION. THIS RESULTED IN THE LOSS IN THE PERIOD PRIOR TO DI SSOLUTION. MOREOVER GOVERNMENT BILLING GENERALLY TAKES PLACE TOWARDS THE END OF THE FISCAL YEAR. THIS ADDED TO THE LOSS DURING THE INITIAL PART OF THE YEAR. THE GOVT. AGENCY ISSUED SINGLE TDS CERTIFICATE FOR THE ENTIRE PERIOD. THEREFORE IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE TO GET TDS CERTIFICATE SEPARATELY FOR THE WORK DONE DURING THE YEAR. ALL THESE FACTORS FORCED THE ASSE SSEE TO TREAT THE FIRM AS A SINGLE ENTITY AND DECLARED THE ENTIRE PROFITS IN THE HANDS OF THE ASSESSEE. ACCORDINGLY THE RETURN WAS SUBMITTED ADJUSTING THE PRE DISSOLUTION LOSS AGAINS T THE POST DISSOLUTION PROFIT. IN VIEW OF THESE FACTS IT WAS SUBMITTED BEFORE CIT(A) THAT TH E LOSS INCURRED BY THE FIRM SHOULD BE ADJUSTED AGAINST PROFIT OF THE ASSESSEE. 7. THE CIT(A) CONSIDERED THE SUBMISSIONS OF THE ASS ESSEE. HE OBSERVED THAT SECTION 78 PROVIDES THE METHOD OF CARRY FORWARD OF LOSS IN THE CASE OF CHANGE OF CONSTITUTION OF A FIRM OR ON SUCCESSION. IN THE PRESENT CASE THERE WAS NEITHER CHANGE OF CONSTITUTION OF THE FIRM NOR OF SUCCESSION. IT WAS A CASE WHERE THE FI RM HAD CEASED TO EXIST AND A NEW ASSESSEE HAD TAKEN ITS PLACE. THEREFORE THE RIGHT TO CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF OF LOSSES BELONGING TO PERSON WHO SUFFERED LOSS COULD NOT BE SET OFF. THE CIT(A) THEREFORE UPHELD THE STAND TAKEN BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER. 8. BEFORE US LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE REITERATED THE SIMILAR ARGUMENTS AS WERE TAKEN BEFORE LOWER AUTHORITIES. HE SUBMITTED THAT SINCE THERE WAS CONTINUANCE OF BUSINESS THE LOSS SUFFERED IN THE STATUS OF PARTNERSHIP FIRM COU LD BE SET OFF AGAINST THE INCOME OF I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 5 5 PROPRIETARY CONCERN. HE PLACED RELIANCE ON THE TER MS AND CONDITIONS SPECIFIED UNDER THE PARTNERSHIP DEED PERMITTING THE REMAINING PARTNERS TO CARRY ON BUSINESS OF THAT OF THE PARTNERSHIP CONCERN. ON THE OTHER HAND LD. SR. DR SUPPORTED THE ORDER OF CIT(A). 9. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES AND GONE THROUGH THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON RECORD. THERE IS NO DISPUTE ABOUT THE FACTS THAT PARTNERSHI P FIRM CEASED TO EXIST W.E.F. 18.9.2004 AND FROM 18.9.2004 THE BUSINESS WAS CARRIED ON BY SHRI PRAMOD MITTAL IN THE STATUS OF INDIVIDUAL. SECTION 78 OF I.T. ACT 1961 PROVIDES THE METHOD FOR CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF OF LOSS IN CASE OF CHANGE IN CONSTITUTION OF FI RM OR ON SUCCESSION. SUB-SECTION (2) OF SECTION78 PROVIDES THAT WHERE PERSON CARRYING ON AN Y BUSINESS OR PROFESSION HAS BEEN SUCCEEDED IN SUCH CAPACITY BY ANOTHER PERSON OTHERW ISE THAN BY INHERITANCE NOTHING IN CHAPTER-VI SHALL ENTITLE ANY PERSON OTHER THAN THE PERSON INCURRING THE LOSS TO HAVE IT CARRIED FORWARD AND SET OFF AGAINST HIS INCOME. FR OM THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 78(2) IT IS CLEAR THAT LOSS SUFFERED BY ANY PERSON CANNOT BE SE T OFF BY ANOTHER PERSON. ADMITTEDLY IT IS NOT A CASE OF INHERITANCE OF BUSINESS. THE P ROPRIETORSHIP CONCERN HAS SUFFERED LOSS AND THEREFORE THE LOSS OF THE PARTNERSHIP FIRM CA NNOT BE SET OFF AGAINST BUSINESS INCOME OF INDIVIDUAL CARRIED ON IN THE CAPACITY OF PROPRIE TORSHIP CONCERN. IN A CASE WHERE TRADER GOES OUT OF BUSINESS HIS RIGHT TO CARRY FORWARD LO SS IS LOST. THE RIGHT TO CARRY FORWARD LOSS IS NOT ONLY PERSONAL BUT IS A RIGHT WHICH CAN ONLY BE ASSERTED IN RELATION TO THE TAX PAYABLE BY THE PREDECESSOR IN RESPECT OF PROFITS OF THE TRADE CARRIED ON BY HIM. IT CANNOT DEVOLVE UPON THE SUCCESSOR MERELY BECAUSE OF THE AS SIGNMENT OR THE TRANSFER OF THE BUSINESS THE SUCCESSOR IN FACT WOULD BE REGARDED A S COMMENCEMENT OR SETTING UP A NEW BUSINESS FROM THE DATE OF HIS SUCCESSION. SUCH TRA DE OF THE SUCCESSOR FOR THE PURPOSES OF TAXATION WOULD BE TREATED AS A DIFFERENT TRADE ALTO GETHER. HENCE THE RESTRICTION THAT THE PARTICULAR PERSON PREDECESSOR OR SUCCESSOR INCURR ED THE LOSS SHOULD ALONE BE ENTITLED TO CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF AGAINST HIS FUTURE INCOME . THE PROVISION OF SECTION 78(2) OF THE ACT ARE UNAMBIGUOUS AND THEREFORE THE LOSS SUFFER ED BY THE PARTNERSHIP CONCERN CANNOT BE SET OFF AGAINST THE PROFIT EARNED BY PROPRIETORS HIP CONCERN. OUR VIEW IS SUPPORTED BY THE DECISION OF HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN THE CA SE OF SMT. S. PARVATHAMMAL VS. CIT 163 ITR 171 (MAD.). IN THIS CASE THE FIRM CONSTITU TED BY TWO PARTNERS AND WAS DISSOLVED I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 6 6 ON THE DEATH OF ONE OF THE PARTNERS. A NEW FIRM WA S CONSTITUTED BY THE SURVIVING PARTNERS AND WIDOW OF THE DECEASED PARTNERS. IT WAS HELD THA T IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES THERE WAS NO SUCCESSION BY INHERITANCE TO THE BUSINESS OF THE DE CEASED PARTNERS SO AS TO ENTITLE THE WIDOW OF THE DECEASED PARTNERS TO CARRY FORWARD AND SET OFF OF LOSS OF DECEASED PARTNER. ACCORDINGLY IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION THE CIT(A) WAS JUSTIFIED IN CONFIRMING THE ORDER OF ASSESSING OFFICER. 10. THE NEXT ISSUE FOR CONSIDERATION WHICH IS COMMO N IN BOTH THE YEARS RELATES TO CONFIRMING THE HIRE CHARGES IN RESPECT OF ROAD ROLL ER. IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06 THE ASSESSING OFFICER DISALLOWED THE HIRE CHARGES OF RS 1 11 500/- ON THE GROUND THAT HIRE CHARGES WERE PAID TO MS. NEENA CHADDHA WHO WAS AN E MPLOYEE OF THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE COULD NOT PROVIDE EVIDENCE OF OWNERSHIP OF ROAD ROLLER BY MS. NEENA CHADDHA. SINCE THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE REGARDING THE OWNERSHIP OF ROAD ROLLER THE ASSESSING OFFICER CAME TO CONCLUSION THAT GENUINENESS OF TRANSACTION WAS NOT PROVED. HE ACCORDINGLY DISALLOWED THE AMOUNT OF RS. 1 67 220/-. IN ASSESS MENT YEAR 2006-07 ON IDENTICAL FACTS DISALLOWANCE OF RS. 2 04 000/- WAS MADE ON ACCOUNT OF HIRE CHARGES PAID TO TWO PERSONS NAMELY MS. NEENA CHADHA AT RS. 1 44 000/- AND SHRI SUNIL CHADHA AT RS.60 000/-. BOTH THE PERSONS WERE EMPLOYEES OF THE ASSESSEE. 11. ON APPEAL THE CIT(A) CONFIRMED THE DISALLOWANC E ON THE GROUND THAT MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SUNIL CHADHA WERE EMPLOYEES OF THE ASSESSEE. THEY COULD NOT PROVIDE ANY EVIDENCE IN SUPPORT OF OWNERSHIP OF ROAD ROLLER . THEREFORE THE GENUINENESS OF TRANSACTION WAS NOT PROVED. THE CIT(A) CONFIRMED T HE DISALLOWANCE OF RS.1 11 500/- IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06 AND RS. 2 04 000/- IN ASSES SMENT YEAR 2006-07. 12. BEFORE US LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT WITHOUT ROAD ROLLER THE ROAD CARPETING WORK CANNOT BE COMPLETED. THE ASSESSEE H AD TAKEN THE ROAD ROLLER FROM MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SUNIL CHADHA ON HIRE AND HAD PAID HIRE CHARGES TO THEM. MERELY BECAUSE THEY ARE EMPLOYEES OF THE ASSESSEE DISALLO WANCE CANNOT BE MADE IN THE HANDS OF THE ASSESSEE. HE FURTHER SUBMITTED THAT OWNERSHIP PROOF WILL BE REQUIRED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER OF MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SUJI L CHADHA AND NOT BY THE ASSESSING I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 7 7 OFFICER OF THE ASSESSEE. THEREFORE THE DISALLOWAN CE MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER AND CONFIRMED BY THE CIT(A) IN BOTH THE YEARS DESERVES TO BE DELETED. 13. ON THE OTHER HAND LD.SR.DR SUBMITTED THAT ASSE SSEE COULD NOT PROVE THE GENUINENESS OF TRANSACTION AS MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SUNIL CHADHA COULD NOT PRODUCE ANY EVIDENCE THAT THEY OWNED ROAD ROLLERS. IN THE ABSENCE OF EXISTENCE OF ROAD ROLLER THE PAYMENT OF HIRE CHARGES CANNOT BE TREAT ED AS GENUINE. THEREFORE THE CIT(A) WAS JUSTIFIED IN CONFIRMING THE DISALLOWANCE MADE B Y THE ASSESSING OFFICER IN BOTH THE YEARS. 14. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES. IN THE CASE BE FORE US THE ASSESSEE HAD PAID ROAD ROLLER HIRE CHARGES TO MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SU NIL CHADHA WHO WERE THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ASSESSEE IN THE RELEVANT PERIOD. MS. NEENA CHADHA AND SHRI SUNIL CHADHA COULD NOT PRODUCE ANY EVIDENCE THAT THEY HAD OWNED ROAD R OLLERS. IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY OWNERSHIP THE PAYMENT MADE TO THEM CANNOT BE TREAT ED AS GENUINE. THEREFORE IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION THE CIT(A) WAS JUSTIFIED IN CON FIRMING THE DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF ROAD ROLLER HIRE CHARGES IN BOTH THE YEARS. 15. THE NEXT ISSUE FOR CONSIDERATION IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2006-07 RELATES TO DISALLOWANCE OF THE FOLLOWING AMOUNTS: 1.LATE DEPOSIT OF PF & ESI EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION RS.75 00 466 2.DISALLOWANCE OF WATER AND ELECTRICITY CHARGES RS . 54 832 3.DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF TELEPHONE EXPENSES RS. 13 056 4.DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF VEHICLE EXPENSES RS. 58 815 16. LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT ASSESSING OFFICER HAD MADE DISALLOWANCE ON AD HOC BASIS. IN RESPECT OF LATE DEPOSIT OF PF & ESI HE SUBMITTED THAT THE PAYMENT HAD BEEN MADE BEFORE THE DUE DATE FOR FILING OF THE RETURN OF INCOME. THE LATE DEPOSIT OF EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS PF & ESI IS ALLOWABL E IN VIEW OF DECISION OF HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. P.M. ELECTR ONICS LTD. 220 CTR 635(DEL) IF THE PAYMENT IS MADE BEFORE DUE DATE OF FILING OF THE RE TURN OF INCOME. FROM THE ASSESSMENT I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 8 8 ORDER AS WELL AS FROM THE ORDER OF CIT(A) IT IS NO T CLEAR WHETHER ASSESSEE HAD PAID THE EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION BEFORE DUE DATE OF FILING O F THE RETURN OF INCOME EXCEPT IN RESPECT OF APRIL TO JULY 2005. IN RESPECT OF THE BALANCE AMOUNT THERE IS NOTHING ON RECORD TO SUGGEST WHETHER THE PAYMENTS WERE MADE BE FORE DUE DATE OF FILING OF THE RETURN OF INCOME. HOWEVER AS PER STATEMENT OF LD.AR OF T HE ASSESSEE THE PAYMENT HAS BEEN MADE BEFORE DUE DATE FOR FILING OF THE RETURN. WE THEREFORE SET ASIDE THE MATTER TO THE FILE OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER WITH THE DIRECTIONS T O VERIFY THE PAYMENTS RECEIVED FROM EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION IN AUGUST 2005 TO MARCH 2 006 WHETHER THE SAME HAVE BEEN PAID BEFORE DUE DATE OF FILING OF THE RETURN. IF I T IS FOUND THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD MADE PAYMENTS BEFORE THE DUE DATE OF FILING OF THE RETUR N THE SAME WILL BE ALLOWABLE AS DEDUCTION. WE ORDER ACCORDINGLY. AS REGARDS EMPLOYE ES CONTRIBUTION FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL TO JULY 2005 AS PER ASSESSMENT ORDER THE A CTUAL DATE OF DEPOSIT IS 16 TH AND 20 TH MARCH 2006. THEREFORE THE ASSESSEE HAD MADE PAYM ENT BEFORE THE DUE DATE OF FILING OF THE RETURN. IN RESPECT OF THESE PAYMENTS THE ASSE SSEE IS ENTITLED FOR RELIEF. 17. THE NEXT DISALLOWANCE IS IN RESPECT OF WATER AN D ELECTRICITY CHARGES. THE ASSESSING OFFICER NOTED THAT ASSESSEE HAD MAINTAINE D HIS HOUSE IN THE SAME BUILDING FROM WHERE HE RUNS THE SHOP. HE HAS THEREFORE DISALLO WED 50% OF THE ELECTRICITY AND WATER CHARGES. THE CIT(A) HAS UPHELD THE DISALLOWANCE. BEFORE US LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE COULD NOT PRODUCE ANY EVIDENCE THAT EXPENDITURE INC URRED ON ELECTRICITY AND WATER CHARGES IN RESPECT OF HIS RESIDENCE WAS LOWER THAN 50% OF THE TOTAL EXPENSES. IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY SUCH MATERIAL WE DO NOT FIND ANY INFIRMITY IN THE DISALLOWANCE OF 50% OF SUCH EXPENSES. NOW COMING TO TELEPHONE EXPENSES THE AS SESSING OFFICER HAD DISALLOWED 1/10 TH OF THE TELEPHONE EXPENSES IN RESPECT OF HIS RESIDE NCE OUT OF TOTAL EXPENSES INCURRED AT RS.1 30 562/-. SINCE THE ASSESSEE OPERATES HIS BUSINESS FROM HIS RESIDENCE 10% DISALLOWANCE OF TELEPHONE EXPENSES IS JUSTIFIED. A CCORDINGLY WE DO NOT FIND ANY INFIRMITY IN THE ORDER PASSED BY THE CIT(A) CONFIRM ING THE DISALLOWANCE. AS REGARDS THE DISALLOWANCE ON VEHICLE EXPENSES THE ASSESSEE INCU RRED AN EXPENDITURE OF RS.5 88 158/-. DURING THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS THE AS SESSEE WAS ASKED TO EXPLAIN THE JUSTIFICATION OF THESE EXPENSES. THE LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE SIMPLY STATED THAT EXPENDITURE I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 9 9 WAS INCURRED ONLY FOR BUSINESS PURPOSES. HOWEVER ASSESSING OFFICER DISALLOWED 10% OF EXPENSES FOR THE PERSONAL USE OF THE PROPRIETOR AND FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE ASSESSEE. 18. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES. THE ASSESSEE H AS NOT MAINTAINED ANY LOG BOOK AND THEREFORE POSSIBILITY OF INCURRING EXPENDITUR E FOR NON-BUSINESS PURPOSES CANNOT BE RULED OUT. HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN THE CASE O F KANTHIMATI PLANTATIONS PVT. LTD. VS. STATE OF TAMIL NADU 215 ITR 203 .HAS HELD THAT IN ABSENCE OF A LOG BOOK THE DISALLOWANCE MADE ON ACCOUNT OF PERSONAL USE WILL B E JUSTIFIED. RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IT IS HE LD THAT ASSESSING OFFICER WAS JUSTIFIED IN DISALLOWING 10% OF THE VEHICLE MAINTENANCE EXPEN SES. 19. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2005-06 IS DISMISSED AND FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 2006-07 IS PARTLY ALLOWED. 20. NOW COMING TO APPEAL IN I.TA NO.718/DEL./2010 THE ONLY ISSUE FOR CONSIDERATION RELATES TO CONFIRMING THE PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) OF THE I.T. ACT 1961. 21. THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAS IMPOSED PENALTY IN RE SPECT OF SET OFF OF LOSS OF FIRM AMOUNTING TO RS. 22 40 193/- AGAINST INDIVIDUAL INC OME THE DISALLOWANCES IN RESPECT OF PF & ESI CONTRIBUTIONS MADE BY EMPLOYEES AND DISALL OWANCE ON ESTIMATE BASIS IN RESPECT OF ELECTRICITY AND WATER CHARGES ROAD ROLLER HIRE CHARGES CAR DISALLOWANCE. 22. THE ASSESSING OFFICER IMPOSED PENALTY IN RES PECT OF DISALLOWANCE OF RS.24 65 641/- WHICH CONSISTS OF SET OFF OF PARTNE RSHIP FIRM LOSS OF RS.22 40 193/-; EMPLOYEES CONTRIBUTION TO PF & ESI AT RS.65 542/- AND EMPLOYERS CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS PF & ESI AT RS.22 402/-; DISALLOWANCE OF WATER AND ELECTRICITY CHARGES OF RS.26 000/- AND HIRE CHARGES OF RS1 11 500/-. 23. ON APPEAL THE CIT(A) NOTED THAT ASSESSEE HAD N OT SUBMITTED ANY REPLY AS TO WHY PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT SHOULD NOT BE IMP OSED. HE HAD ONLY REQUESTED THAT PENALTY PROCEEDINGS MAY BE KEPT IN ABEYANCE TILL TH E DISPOSAL OF QUANTUM APPEAL. EVEN IN APPELLATE PROCEEDINGS THE ASSESSEE HAD NOT MADE ANY SUBMISSION REGARDING MERITS OF PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT. THE CIT(A) FURTH ER NOTED THAT WHILE DECIDING THE I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 10 10 QUANTUM APPEAL THE CIT(A) HAD CLEARLY HELD THAT AS SESSEE WAS NOT ENTITLED TO SET OFF OF LOSS INCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE FIRM AGAINST HIS INCO ME. IN RESPECT OF ADDITION TOWARDS HIRE CHARGES HE CONFIRMED THE ADDITION TO THE EXTENT OF RS1 11 500/- BY OBSERVING THAT PAYMENT WAS MADE TO AN EMPLOYEE OF THE ASSESSEE AND ASSESSEE COULD HAVE EASILY OBTAINED PROOF OF OWNERSHIP FROM HER. THE CIT(A) F URTHER NOTED THAT IN APPEAL GROUND NOS.4 & 5 CHALLENGING THE DISALLOWANCE ON LATE DEPO SIT OF EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYERS CONTRIBUTION TO PF & ESI WERE WITHDRAWN BY ASSESSEE . SINCE ASSESSEE HAD CHOSEN NOT TO MAKE ANY SUBMISSIONS REGARDING LEVY OF PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) HE CONFIRMED THE PENALTY. 24. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES AND GONE THROUGH THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON RECORD. WHILE DECIDING THE ISSUE ON MERITS WE HAVE UPHELD THE DISALLOWANCE OF RS22 40 193/- ON ACCOUNT OF LOSS SUFFERED BY FIRM WHICH WAS ADJUSTED AGAINST INDIVIDUAL INCOME. DURING THE COURSE OF HEARING LD.AR OF THE ASSESSEE SUBMIT TED THAT ASSESSEE HAS MADE FULL DISCLOSURE. FURNISHING OF INACCURATE PARTICULARS OF INCOME WOULD ARISE WHEN FALSE STATEMENT IS GIVEN. NOTHING WAS SUPPRESSED. ALL T HE EXPENSES WERE ALLOWABLE. THE LOSS INCURRED BY THE PARTNERSHIP FIRM WAS ALLOWABLE AS S ET OFF AGAINST INCOME OF PROPRIETORSHIP CONCERN AS ASSESSEE IS CONTINUING THE BUSINESS AS P ROVIDED IN PARTNERSHIP DEED. THEREFORE PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT IS NOT IMPOSABLE. HE PLACED RELIANCE ON THE DECISION OF HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CI T VS. RELIANCE PETRO PRODUCTS P. LTD. 322 IT.R 158. 25. ON THE OTHER HAND LD.SR.DR SUBMITTED THAT ASSE SSEE HAD NOT SUBMITTED ANY REPLY BEFORE THE ASSESSING OFFICER AND CIT(A). FURTHER ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED BOGUS HIRE CHARGES AND HAS SET OFF THE LOSS OF PARTNERSHIP CON CERN WHICH IS NOT PERMISSIBLE AS PER PROVISIONS OF LAW. THEREFORE PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C ) OF THE ACT IS IMPOSSIBLE. 26. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES AND GONE THROUGH THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON RECORD. AS REGARDS LEVY OF PENALTY IN RESPECT OF EMPLOYEES/ EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION TO PF & ESI THE DEDUCTION IS ALLOWABLE IF PAYMENT HAS BEEN MADE BEFORE FILING OF THE RETURN OF INCOME. MOREOVER THE ISSUE WAS DEBATABLE. THEREF ORE THE PENALTY U/S 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT CANNOT BE IMPOSED IN RESPECT OF ADDITION ON ACC OUNT OF EMPLOYEES/EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION TO PF & ESI. I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 11 11 27. NOW COMING TO PENALTY IMPOSED IN RESPECT OF HI RE CHARGES OF RS1 11 500/- PAID TO MS. NEENA CHADHA THE GENUINENESS OF TRANSACTION WAS NOT PROVED. MS. NEENA CHADHA WAS AN EMPLOYEE OF THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE ALLE GED TO HAVE MADE PAYMENT ON ACCOUNT OF HIRE CHARGES OF ROAD ROLLER BUT THE OWNERSHIP O F THE SAME WAS NOT PROVED BY THE ASSESSEE. IT IS NOT A CASE WHERE THE PARTY IS NOT COOPERATING WITH THE ASSESSEE. SHE IS IN THE EMPLOYMENT OF THE ASSESSEE AND THEREFORE THER E COULD NOT HAVE BEEN ANY DIFFICULTY IN FURNISHING THE DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE OWNERSHIP OF THE ROAD ROLLERS. FROM THESE FACTS IT IS EVIDENT THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD NOT PROVED THE GENUINENESS OF THE TRANSACTIONS. THEREFORE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED EXPENDITURE WHICH W AS NOT ALLOWABLE AS DEDUCTION. AS REGARDS SETTING OFF OF LOSS OF THE FIRM AGAINST THE INDIVIDUAL INCOME THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 78(2) ARE CLEAR AND UNAMBIGUOUS. THE LOSS INCURRED BY AN ASSESSEE CANNOT BE SET OFF AGAINST THE PROFIT EARNED BY ANOTHER ASSESSEE. A FIRM AND AN INDIVIDUAL ARE TWO DIFFERENT ASSESSEES. THEREFORE THE CLAIM MADE BY THE ASSESSEE SETTING OFF OF THE LOSS OF ERSTWHILE PARTNERSHIP FIRM AGAINST THE INCOME OF TH E ASSESSEE WAS NOT ALLOWABLE AS DEDUCTION. WE HAVE UPHELD THE DISALLOWANCE MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER AND UPHELD BY THE CIT(A). IN VIEW OF THESE FACTS IT IS CLEAR THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD MADE A FALSE CLAIM WHICH WAS NOT ALLOWABLE AS DEDUCTION. EXPLANATION (1) TO SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT PROVIDES FOR TWO SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH THE ADDITIO NS MADE WILL BE DEEMED TO REPRESENT THE INCOME IN RESPECT OF WHICH PARTICULARS HAVE BEE N CONCEALED. CLAUSE (A) OF THE EXPLANATION(1) TO SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT TAKE S INTO THE AMBIT THE CASES WHERE A PERSON FAILS TO OFFER AN EXPLANATION OR OFFERS AN E XPLANATION WHICH IS FOUND BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER OR CIT(A) OR COMMISSIONER TO BE F ALSE WHEREAS UNDER CLAUSE (B) A PERSON OFFERS AN EXPLANATION WHICH HE IS NOT ABLE T O SUBSTANTIATE AND FAILS TO PROVE THAT SUCH EXPLANATION IS BONA FIDE AND ALL THE MATERIAL FACTS RELATING TO THE SAME AND MATERIAL TO THE COMPUTATION OF HIS TOTAL INCOME HAVE BEEN DI SCLOSED BY HIM. IN ASSESSEES CASE THE CLAIM OF SET OFF OF PARTNERSHIP FIRMS LOSS AGA INST THE INDIVIDUAL INCOME IS BLATANTLY WRONG. IT IS NOT A CASE OF BONA FIDE EXPLANATION T HAT THE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED SET OFF OF LOSS UNDER BONA FIDE BELIEF THAT SET OFF OF BROUGHT FORWARD LOSS WAS ALLOWABLE. THEREFORE THE ADDITION MADE BY ASSESSING OFFICER WILL AMOUNT TO REPRESENT THE INCOME IN RESPECT OF WHICH PARTICULARS HAVE BEEN CONCEALED. I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 12 12 28. HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN CIT VS. HAR PRASA D & CO. LTD. 328 ITR 53 (DEL.) HAS HELD THAT FINDINGS GIVEN IN ASSESSMENT PROCEEDI NGS ARE RELEVANT AND HAVE PROBATIVE VALUE. WHERE THE ASSESSEE PRODUCES NO FRESH EVIDENC E OR PRESENTS ANY ADDITIONAL OR FRESH CIRCUMSTANCES IN PENALTY PROCEEDINGS HE WOULD BE DE EMED TO HAVE FAILED TO DISCHARGE ONUS PLACED ON HIM AND THE LEVY OF PENALTY WOULD BE JUSTIFIED. EVEN IF THERE IS NO CONCEALMENT OF INCOME OR FURNISHING OF INACCURATE P ARTICULARS BUT ON THE BASIS THEREOF THE CLAIM WHICH IS MADE IS EX FACIE BOGUS IT MAY STILL ATTRACT PENALTY PROVISIONS. THE EXPLANATION APPENDED TO SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE AC T ENTIRELY INDICATE THE ELEMENT OF STRICT LIABILITY ON THE ASSESSEE FOR CONCEALMENT OR FOR GIVING INACCURATE PARTICULARS WHILE FILING RETURN. THE OBJECT BEHIND ENACTMENT OF SECTI ON 271(1)(C) READ WITH THE EXPLANATIONS INDICATE THAT SECTION HAD BEEN ENACTED TO PROVIDE FOR REMEDY FOR LOSS OF REVENUE. THE PENALTY UNDER THAT PROVISION IS A CIV IL LIABILITY. WILLFUL CONCEALMENT IS NOT AN ESSENTIAL INGREDIENT FOR ATTRACTING CIVIL LIABIL ITY AS IT IS THE CASE IN THE MATTER OF PROSECUTION UNDER SECTION 276C OF THE ACT. 29. THE DECISION RELIED UPON BY THE LD. AR OF THE A SSESSEE IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. RELIANCE PETRO PRODUCTS (SUPRA) IS NOT APPLICABLE T O THE FACTS OF THE ASSESSEES CASE AS THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE RETURN OF INCOME HAS BEEN FOUND TO BE INCORRECT. IT IS NOT A CASE MERELY OF MAKING INCORRECT CLAIM FOR DEDUCTION BUT IT IS A CASE OF BOGUS CLAIM FOR SET OFF OF LOSS OF FIRM AGAINST INCOME OF INDIVIDUAL. IT I S ALSO A CASE OF BOGUS CLAIM IN RESPECT OF ROAD ROLLER HIRE CHARGES. THEREFORE THE ISSUE IS SQUARELY COVERED BY THE DECISION OF HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF HAR PARSHAD & CO. LTD. (SUPRA). RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IT IS HELD THAT PENALTY UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) IS LEVIABLE IN RESPECT OF SET OFF OF LOSS OF RS.22 40 193/- AND BOGUS CLAIM FOR PAYMENT OF ROAD ROLLER HIRE CHARGES TO MS. NEENA CH ADHA. WE THEREFORE UPHOLD THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT (APPEALS). I.T.A. NOS.884/D/08 2019/D/09 & 718/D/10 (A.YS. 2005-06 & 2006-07) 13 13 30. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE IN ITA. NO. 718 (DEL) OF 2010 IN RESPECT OF ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06 IS PARTLY ALLOWE D. PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON : _15.07. 2011. SD/- SD/- [RAJPAL YADAV] [K.D. RANJAN] JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNTANT MEMBER DATE: 15 TH JULY 2011 SKB COPY FORWARDED TO: - 1. APPELLANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT (A)-XXVIII NEW DELHI. 5. CIT( ITAT) BY ORDER DEPUTY REGISTRAR ITAT DELHI BENCHES