MAGOXY INFRASTRUCTURE P. LTD, MUMBAI v. DCIT 10(3), MUMBAI

ITA 2172/MUM/2014 | 2010-2011
Pronouncement Date: 05-10-2016

Appeal Details

RSA Number 217219914 RSA 2014
Assessee PAN AAECM7914L
Bench Mumbai
Appeal Number ITA 2172/MUM/2014
Duration Of Justice 2 year(s) 6 month(s) 3 day(s)
Appellant MAGOXY INFRASTRUCTURE P. LTD, MUMBAI
Respondent DCIT 10(3), MUMBAI
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 05-10-2016
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Bench Allotted B
Tribunal Order Date 05-10-2016
Assessment Year 2010-2011
Appeal Filed On 01-04-2014
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL B BENCH MUMBAI BEFORE SHRI JOGINGER SINGH JUDICIAL MEMBER AND SHRI D. KARUNAKARA RAO ACCOUNTANT MEMBER I.T.A. NO.2172/M/2014 (ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2010 - 2011 ) M/S. MAGOXY INFRASTRUCTURE PVT LTD. 105 SAGAR PALLAZIO SAKINAKA MUMBAI 400072. / VS. DCIT CIRCLE 10(3) MUMBAI. ./ PAN : AAECM7914L ( / APPELLANT) .. ( / RESPONDENT ) / APPELLANT BY : SHRI RISHABH SHAH / RESPONDENT BY : SHRI AARSI PRASAD DR / DATE OF HEARING : 14.09 .2016 / DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 05.10 .2016 / O R D E R PER D. KARUNAKARA RAO AM: THIS APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE ON 1.4.2014 IS AGAINST THE ORDER OF THE CIT (A) - 22 MUMBAI DATED 4.2.2014 FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2010 - 2011. IN THIS APPEAL ASSESSEE RAISED THE FOLLOWING GROUNDS WHICH READ AS UNDER: - 1. ON THE FACTS AND IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD CIT (A) HAS ERRED IN CONFIRMING THE ACTION OF ASSESSING OFFICER IN MAKING AN ADDITION OF RS. 16 00 561/ - ON ACCOUNT OF ALLEGED BOGUS PURCHASES OF BRICKS AND KADAPPA FROM M/S. TOP BRICKS & SAND SUPPLIER AND M/S. RAJ TRADERS WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE FACTS & CIRCUMSTANCE S OF THE CASE. 2. ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AS WELL AS IN LAW THE LD CIT (A) HAS ERRED IN CONFIRMING THE ACTION OF THE AO IN TREATING THE GENUINE PURCHASES AS ALLEGED BOGUS PURCHASES ON THE BASIS OF THE STATEMENT OF THIRD PARTY WITHOUT P ROVIDING THE OPPORTUNITY TO CROSS EXAMINATION OF SUCH PARTIES AS REQUESTED BY THE APPELLANT WITHOUT ALLOWING CROSS EXAMINATION IS IN VIOLATION OF PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL JUSTICE AND THUS VOID IN LAW AND NEEDS TO BE QUASHED. 3. ON THE FACTS AND IN THE CIRCUM STANCES OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD CIT (A) AS WELL AS LD AO HAS ERRED IN NOT APPRECIATING THE FACT THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS MAINTAINED THE STOCK REGISTER SHOWING ONE TO ONE CO - RELATION OF SALE AND PURCHASE. 2. BRIEFLY STATED RELEVANT FACTS OF THE CASE ARE THAT THE ASSESSEE IS ENGAGED IN THE EXCAVATION WORK FLOORING AND CIVIL CONSTRUCTION . ASSESSEE FILED THE RETURN OF INCOME DECLARING THE TOTAL INCOME OF RS. 1 00 85 380/ - . IN THE ASSESSMENT 2 PROCEEDINGS AN ISSUE RELATING TO BOGUS PURCHASES (BP) CAME UP WHICH HAS THE EFFECT OF RS. 16 00 561/ - OF ADDITION. BILLS ARE OBTAINED FROM M/S. TOP BRICKS & SAND SUPPLIERS AND M/S. RAJ TRADERS AND THERE ARE HAWALA OPERATORS. IN RESPONSE TO SHOW CAUSE NOTICE O F AO ASSESSEE DENIED THE ALLEGATION OF BP. HOWEVER FOR THE REASONS DISCUSSED IN PARA 4.2 OF THE ASSESSMENT ORDER AO MADE ADDITION OF ENTIRE SUCH PURCHASES. ASSESSED INCOME IS DETERMINED AT RS. 1 16 85 940/ - UNDER NORMAL PROVISIONS. MATTER TRAVELLED TO THE FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY. 3. DURING THE PROCE EDINGS BEFORE THE FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY ASSESSEE PLEADED FOR DELETION OF ENTIRE ADDITION OF RS. 16 00 561/ - . ASSESSEE FILED COPIES OF THE RELEVANT PURCHASE INVOICES AND DEMONSTRATED THE FACTS RELATING TO THE BANK TRANSACTIONS OF THESE B O G U S PURCHASES. ASS ESSEE ALSO RELIED ON THE GUJARAT HIGH COURT JUDGMENT IN THE CASE OF SIMIT P. SHETH (356 ITR 451) FOR THE PROPOSITION OF RESTRICTING THE ADDITION TO THE GP ON THE SAID SUSPICIOUS PURCHASES. HOWEVER CIT (A) REJECTED THE SAME AND PROCEEDED TO CONFIRM THE AD DITION AS PER THE DECISION GIVEN IN PARA 2.7 OF THE IMPUGNED ORDER. CIT (A) OPINED THAT ASSESSEE FAILED TO PROVE THE PURCHASES FROM GREY MARKET WITH EVIDENCES AND THEREFORE THE REQUEST FOR RESTRINGING THE GP WAS DISMISSED. AGGRIEVED ASSESSEE FILED THE PRESENT APPEAL BEFORE US. 4. DURING THE PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE TRIBUNAL LD COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE NARRATED THE ABOVE FACTS OF THE CASE AND EXPLAINED AS TO WHY THE GP ADDITION IS APPROPRIATE IN THIS KIND OF CASES. ACCORDING TO THE LD COUNSEL FOR THE ASS ESSEE WHEN THE BILL PROVIDERS FOR COMMISSION ARE INVOLVED AND WHEN THE SALES ARE UNDISTURBED THE LOGICAL PRESUMPTION IS THAT THE ASSESSEE MUST HAVE PURCHASED THE MATCHING PRODUCTS IN THE OPEN MARKET WITHOUT BILLS AND THEREFORE THERE IS NEED FOR BUYING THE BILLS FOR COMMISSION. THE RATIO IN THE SAID CASE OF SIMIT P SHETH SHOULD BE APPLICABLE. 5. PER CONTRA LD DR FOR THE REVENUE RELIED ON THE ORDERS OF THE REVENUE AUTHORITIES. 6. ON HEARING BOTH THE PARTIES AND PERUSAL OF THE ORDERS OF THE REVENUE AUTHO RITIES AS WELL AS THE RELEVANT MATERIAL (PAPER BOOK) PLACED BEFORE US WE FIND 3 THAT THE ARGUMENT OF THE LD AR HAS MERITS. WE HAVE ALSO PERUSED THE SAID JUDGMENT OF THE HONBLE GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF SIMIT P SHETH (SUPRA) AND FIND THE SAME IS RE LEVANT FOR THE PROPOSITION THAT THE ONLY PROFIT ELEMENT EMBEDDED IN SUCH PURCHASES CAN BE ADDED TO THE INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE WHEN THE ASSESSEE PURCHASED GOODS IN GREY MARKET WITHOUT BILLS AND MADE UP THE SAME WITH THE ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES / BILLS . CONSI DERING THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SAID GUJARAT HIGH COURT JUDGMENT (SUPRA) FOR THE SAKE OF COMPLETENESS OF THIS ORDER RELEVANT PARAS FROM THE SAID JUDGMENT ARE EXTRACTED AS UNDER: - W E ARE BROADLY IN AGREEMENT WITH THE REASONING ADOPTED BY THE COMMISSIONER ( APPEALS) WITH RESPECT TO THE NATURE OF DISPUTED PURCHASES OF STEEL. IT MAY BE THAT THE THREE SUPPLIERS FROM WHOM THE ASSESSEE CLAIMED TO HAVE PURCHASED THE STEEL DID NOT OWN UP TO SUCH SALES. HOWEVER VITAL QUESTION WHILE CONSIDERING WHETHER THE ENTIRE AMO UNT OF PURCHASES SHOULD BE ADDED BACK TO THE INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE OR ONLY THE PROFIT ELEMENT EMBEDDED THEREIN WAS TO ASCERTAIN WHETHER THE PURCHASES THEMSELVES WERE COMPLETELY BOGUS AND NON EXISTENT OR THAT THE PURCHASES WERE ACTUALLY MADE BUT NOT FROM T HE PARTIES FROM WHOM IT WAS CLAIMED TO HAVE BEEN MADE AND INSTEAD MAY HAVE BEEN PURCHASED FROM GREY MARKET WITHOUT PROPER BILLING OR DOCUMENTATION. IN THE PRESENT CASE CIT BELIEVED THAT WHEN AS A TRADER IN STEEL THE ASSESSEE SOLD CERTAIN QUANTITY OF STEEL HE WOULD HAVE PURCHASED THE SAME QUANTITY FROM SOME SOURCE. WHEN THE TOTAL SALE IS ACCEPTED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER HE COULD NOT HAVE QUESTIONED THE VERY BASIS OF THE PURCHASES. IN ESSENCE THEREFORE THE COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) BELIEVED ASSESSEE S THEORY THAT THE PURCHASES WERE NOT BOGUS BUT WERE MADE FROM THE PARTIES OTHER THAN THOSE MENTIONED IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS. THAT BEING THE POSITION NOT THE ENTIRE PURCHASE PRICE BUT ONLY PROFIT ELEMENT EMBEDDED IN SUCH PURCHASES CAN BE ADDED TO THE INCOM E OF THE ASSESSEE. SO MUCH IS CLEAR BY DECISION OF THIS COURT. IN PARTICULAR COURT HAS ALSO TAKEN A SIMILAR VIEW IN CASE OF COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX - IV VS. VIJAY M MISTRY CONSTRUCTION LTD. VIDE ORDER DATED 10.01.2011 PASSED IN TAX APPEAL NO. 1090 OF 200 9 AND IN CASE OF COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX - I VS. BHOLANATH POLY FAB PVT. LTD. VIDE ORDER DATED 23.10.2012 PASSED IN TAX APPEAL NO. 63 OF 2012. THE VIEW TAKEN BY THE TRIBUNAL IN CASE OF VIJAY PROTEINS PVT. LTD. VS. CIT REPORTED IN 58 ITD 428 CAME TO BE APP ROVED. IF THE ENTIRE PURCHASES WERE WHOLLY BOGUS AND THERE WAS FINDING OF FACT ON RECORD THAT NO PURCHASE WERE MADE AT ALL COUNSEL FOR THE REVENUE WOULD BE JUSTIFIED IN ARGUING THAT THE ENTIRE AMOUNT OF SUCH BOGUS PURCHASES SHOULD BE ADDED BACK TO THE INC OME OF THE ASSESSEE. SUCH WERE THE FACTS IN CASE OF ACIT (OSC) WARD 5(3) NADIAD VS. PAWANRAJ B BOKADIA (SUPRA). THIS BEING THE POSITION THE ONLY QUESTION THAT SURVIVES IS WHAT SHOULD BE THE FAIR PROFIT RATE OUT OF THE BOGUS PURCHASES WHICH SHOULD BE ADDED BACK TO THE INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE. THE COMMISSIONER ADOPTED RATIO OF 30% OF SUCH TOTAL SALES. THE TRIBUNAL HOWEVER SCALED DOWN TO 12.5%. WE MAY NOTICE THAT IN THE IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING YEAR TO THE ASSESSMENT YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THE ASSESSEE HAD DE CLARED GROSS PROFIT @ 3.56% OF THE TOTAL TURNOVER. IF THE YARDSTICK OF 30% AS ADOPTED BY THE COMMISSIONER IS ACCEPTED GP RATE WILL BE MUCH HIGHER. IN ESSENCE THE TRIBUNAL ONLY ESTIMATED THE POSSIBLE PROFIT OUT OF PURCHASES MADE THROUGH NON - GENUINE PARTI ES. NO QUESTION OF LAW IN SUCH ESTIMATION WOULD ARISE. THE ESTIMATION OF RATE OF PROFIT RETURN MUST NECESSARILY VARY WITH THE NATURE OF BUSINESS AND NO UNIFORM YARDSTICK CAN BE ADOPTED. 4 7. CONSIDERING THE ABOVE WE ARE OF THE CONSIDERED OPINION THE SAI D RATIO IN THE CASE OF SIMIT P SHETH (SUPRA) HAS RELEVANCE TO THE FACTS OF THIS CASE. DURING THE PROCEEDINGS BEFORE US LD AR SUBMITTED THAT THE WEIGHTED AVERAGE GP OF THE ASSESSEE WORKS OUT TO 10.91%. IF THE SAID JUDGMENT IS FOLLOWED WHEREIN THE GP OF 1 2.5% WAS APPROVED WHEN THE REPORTED PROFIT RATE IS ONLY 3.56% GP AS APPLICABLE TO THE INDUSTRY WAS REQUIRED TO BE CONSIDERED. THEREFORE INSTEAD OF DIRECTING THE AO TO APPLY THE NORMAL GP OF 7.9% WE DIRECT THE AO TO CONSIDER WEIGHTED GP OF 10.91% ON THE SAID SUSPICIOUS PURCHASES OF RS. 16 00 651/ - . WITH THESE DIRECTIONS THE GROUNDS RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE ARE PARTLY ALLOWED. 8. IN THE RESULT APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE IS PARTLY ALLOWED. ORDER PRONO UNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 0 5 T H O C T O B E R 2016. S D / - S D / - ( JOGINER SINGH ) (D. KARUNAKARA RAO) JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNTANT MEMBER MUMBAI ; 0 5 . 1 0 .2016 . . ./ OKK SR. PS / COPY OF THE ORDER FORWARDED TO : 1. / THE APPELLANT 2. / THE RESPONDENT. 3. ( ) / THE CIT(A) - 4. / CIT 5. / DR ITAT MUMBAI 6. / GUARD FILE . //TRUE COPY// / BY ORDER / (DY./ASSTT. REGISTRAR) / ITAT MUMBAI