Manoj Kumar Jaiswal , Bangalore v. The Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax CPC TDS , Ghaziabad

ITA 2658/BANG/2018 | 2013-2014
Pronouncement Date: 01-05-2019 | Result: Allowed
Expert Summary: No power is conferred under any provisions of Act to declare return of TDS filed under section 200(3) as non-est and, thus, treating payee as assessee-in-default and exposing him to other consequences as assessee-in-default.

Appeal Details

RSA Number 265821117 RSA 2018
Assessee PAN ABPPJ6922J
Bench Bangalore
Appeal Number ITA 2658/BANG/2018
Duration Of Justice 7 month(s) 6 day(s)
Appellant Manoj Kumar Jaiswal , Bangalore
Respondent The Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax CPC TDS , Ghaziabad
Appeal Type Income Tax (Transfer Pricing) Appeal
Pronouncement Date 01-05-2019
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Tags No record found
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted C
Tribunal Order Date 22-03-2019
Last Hearing Date 19-03-2019
First Hearing Date 19-03-2019
Assessment Year 2013-2014
Appeal Filed On 25-09-2018
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL C BENCH : BANGALORE BEFORE SHRI N.V. VASUDEVAN VICE PRESIDENT AND SHRI JASON P. BOAZ ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA NOS. A.Y. APPELLANT(S) VS. RESPONDENT 2658/BANG/2018 2013-14 MANOJ KUMAR JAISWAL NO.4 1 ST FLOOR 5 TH CROSS ABOVE PARAMOUNT H SIDDAIAH ROAD BENGALURU 560 027. PAN: ABPPJ 6922J THE ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CPC-TDS GHAZIABAD. 2660/BANG/2018 20 13 - 14 LALIT KUMAR DOSI NO.31 1 ST FLOOR RPG COMPLEX HOSPITAL ROAD BENGALURU 560 053. PAN: ACMPK 0499B 2675/BANG/2018 2014-15 2676/BANG/2018 2014 - 15 2666/BANG/2018 2013 - 14 PACHISIA PLASTICS PVT. LTD. PLOT NO.6-C KIADB INDUSTRIAL AREA 1 ST STAGE HAROHALLI KANAKAPURA TALUK-562112. PAN: AAFCP 0392L 2667/BANG/2018 201 3 - 14 2668/BANG/2018 2014 - 15 2669/BANG/2018 2014 - 15 2670/BANG/2018 2014-15 APPELLANT S BY : SHRI H.N. KHINCHA CA RESPONDENT BY : DR. P .V. PRADEEP KUMAR A DDL.CIT(DR)(ITAT) DATE OF HEARING : 19.03 .2019 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 22 .0 3 .2019 ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 2 OF 11 O R D E R PER BENCH THESE ARE APPEALS FILED BY THREE DIFFERENT ASSESS EES AGAINST THE ORDERS OF THE CIT(APPEALS)-9 BANGALORE DATED 19.07 .2018 23.07.2018 AND 25.07.2018 RELATING TO ASSESSMENT YEARS 2013-14 & 2014-15 RESPECTIVELY. SINCE COMMON ISSUE IS INVOLVED IN ALL THESE APPEALS THEY WERE HEARD TOGETHER AND WE DEEM IT CONVENIENT TO PASS A CONSOL IDATED ORDER. 2. WE TAKE UP AND REFER TO FACTS OF THE CASE IN APP EAL IN ITA NO.2658/BANG/2018 FOR ADJUDICATION. THE ASSESSEE F ILED STATEMENT OF TAX DEDUCTED AT SOURCE (TDS) IN FORM 26Q FOR QUARTER II OF FINANCIAL YEAR 2012-13 ON 09.03.2017. THE STATEMENT WAS PROCESSED BY CPC TDS GHAZIABAD. THERE WAS A DELAY IN FILING THE ABOVE T DS STATEMENT AND THEREFORE THE AO BY INTIMATION U/S. 154 R.W.S. 200A OF THE ACT DATED 10.3.2017 LEVIED LATE FEE OF RS.6 900 U/S. 234E OF THE INCOME-TAX ACT 1961 [THE ACT]. UNDER SEC.234E OF THE ACT IF TH ERE IS A DELAY IN FILING STATEMENT OF TDS WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME THEN TH E PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR MAKING PAYMENT AND FILING RETURN OF TDS IS LIAB LE TO PAY BY WAY OF FEE A SUM OF RS.200/- PER DAY DURING WHICH THE FAILURE CO NTINUES. SECTION 234E OF THE ACT INSERTED BY THE FINANCE ACT 2012 W.E.F. 1.7.2012. READS AS FOLLOWS:- FEE FOR DEFAULT IN FURNISHING STATEMENTS. 234E. (1) WITHOUT PREJUDICE TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT WHERE A PERSON FAILS TO DELIVER OR CAUSE TO BE DELIVERED A STATEMENT WITHIN THE TIME PRESCRIBED IN SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 200 OR THE PROVISO TO SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 206C HE SHALL BE LIABLE TO PAY BY WAY OF FEE A SUM OF TWO HUNDRED RUPEES FOR EVERY DAY DURING WHICH THE FAILURE CONTINUES. ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 3 OF 11 (2) THE AMOUNT OF FEE REFERRED TO IN SUB-SECTION (1 ) SHALL NOT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF TAX DEDUCTIBLE OR COLLECTIBLE AS THE CASE MAY BE. (3) THE AMOUNT OF FEE REFERRED TO IN SUB-SECTION (1 ) SHALL BE PAID BEFORE DELIVERING OR CAUSING TO BE DELIVERED A STAT EMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 200 OR THE PROVISO TO SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 206C . (4) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL APPLY TO A STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 200 OR THE PROVISO TO SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 206C WHICH IS TO BE DELIVERED OR CAUSED TO BE DELIVERED FOR TAX DEDUCTED AT SOURCE O R TAX COLLECTED AT SOURCE AS THE CASE MAY BE ON OR AFTER THE 1ST DAY OF JULY 2012. 3. AGGRIEVED BY THE AFORESAID ORDER OF THE AO THE ASSESSEE FILED AN APPEAL BEFORE THE CIT(A). THE ASSESSEES CONTENTIO N BEFORE CIT(A) WAS THAT THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 234E OF THE ACT WAS INSERTED BY THE FINANCE ACT 2012 W.E.F. 1.7.2012. SECTION 200A OF THE AC T IS A PROVISION WHICH DEALS WITH HOW A RETURN OF TDS FILED U/S.200(3) OF THE ACT HAS TO BE PROCESSED AND IT READS AS FOLLOWS:- PROCESSING OF STATEMENTS OF TAX DEDUCTED AT SOURCE . 200A. (1) WHERE A STATEMENT OF TAX DEDUCTION AT SOURCE O R A CORRECTION STATEMENT HAS BEEN MADE BY A PERSON DEDUCTING ANY S UM (HEREAFTER REFERRED TO IN THIS SECTION AS DEDUCTOR) UNDER SECT ION 200 SUCH STATEMENT SHALL BE PROCESSED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNE R NAMELY: ( A ) THE SUMS DEDUCTIBLE UNDER THIS CHAPTER SHALL BE COMPUTED AFTER MAKING THE FOLLOWING ADJUSTMENTS NAMELY: ( I ) ANY ARITHMETICAL ERROR IN THE STATEMENT; OR ( II ) AN INCORRECT CLAIM APPARENT FROM ANY INFORMATION IN THE STATEMENT; ( B ) THE INTEREST IF ANY SHALL BE COMPUTED ON THE B ASIS OF THE SUMS DEDUCTIBLE AS COMPUTED IN THE STATEMENT; ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 4 OF 11 ( C ) THE FEE IF ANY SHALL BE COMPUTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 234E; ( D ) THE SUM PAYABLE BY OR THE AMOUNT OF REFUND DUE TO THE DEDUCTOR SHALL BE DETERMINED AFTER ADJUSTMENT OF THE AMOUNT COMPUTED UNDER CLAUSE ( B ) AND CLAUSE ( C ) AGAINST ANY AMOUNT PAID UNDER SECTION 200 OR SECTION 201 OR SECTION 234E AN D ANY AMOUNT PAID OTHERWISE BY WAY OF TAX OR INTEREST OR FEE; ( E ) AN INTIMATION SHALL BE PREPARED OR GENERATED AND SENT TO THE DEDUCTOR SPECIFYING THE SUM DETERMINED TO BE PAYABL E BY OR THE AMOUNT OF REFUND DUE TO HIM UNDER CLAUSE ( D ); AND ( F ) THE AMOUNT OF REFUND DUE TO THE DEDUCTOR IN PURS UANCE OF THE DETERMINATION UNDER CLAUSE ( D ) SHALL BE GRANTED TO THE DEDUCTOR: PROVIDED THAT NO INTIMATION UNDER THIS SUB-SECTION SHALL BE SENT AFTER THE EXPIRY OF ONE YEAR FROM THE END OF THE FINANCIA L YEAR IN WHICH THE STATEMENT IS FILED. EXPLANATION. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUB-SECTION 'AN INCORRE CT CLAIM APPARENT FROM ANY INFORMATION IN THE STATEMEN T' SHALL MEAN A CLAIM ON THE BASIS OF AN ENTRY IN THE STATEMENT ( I ) OF AN ITEM WHICH IS INCONSISTENT WITH ANOTHER ENTRY OF THE SAME OR SOME OTHER ITEM IN SUCH STATEMENT; ( II ) IN RESPECT OF RATE OF DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE WHERE SUCH RATE IS NOT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF TH IS ACT. (2) FOR THE PURPOSES OF PROCESSING OF STATEMENTS UN DER SUB-SECTION (1) THE BOARD MAY MAKE A SCHEME FOR CENTRALISED PROCESS ING OF STATEMENTS OF TAX DEDUCTED AT SOURCE TO EXPEDITIOUSLY DETERMIN E THE TAX PAYABLE BY OR THE REFUND DUE TO THE DEDUCTOR AS REQUIRED UNDER THE SAID SUB- SECTION. 4. CLAUSE (C) TO (F) OF SECTION 200A(1) WAS SUBSTIT UTED BY THE FINANCE ACT 2015 W.E.F. 1.6.2015. THE ASSESSEE CONTENDED THAT AO COULD LEVY FEE U/S.234E OF THE ACT WHILE PROCESSING A RETURN OF TD S FILED U/S.200(3) OF THE ACT ONLY BY VIRTUE OF THE PROVISIONS OF SEC.200A(1) (C) (D) & (F) OF THE ACT AND THOSE PROVISIONS CAME INTO FORCE ONLY FROM 1.6. 2015 AND THEREFORE THE AUTHORITY ISSUING INTIMATION U/S. 200A OF THE ACT W HILE PROCESSING RETURN OF ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 5 OF 11 TDS FILED U/S.200(3) OF THE ACT COULD NOT LEVY FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT IN RESPECT OF STATEMENT OF TDS FILED PRIOR TO 1.6.2015 . THE ASSESSEE THUS CHALLENGED THE VALIDITY OF CHARGING OF FEE U/S. 234 E OF THE ACT. THE ASSESSEE RELIED ON THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE HIGH COURT OF KARNATAKA IN THE CASE OF FATEHRAJ SINGHVI V. UOI [2016] 73 TAXMANN.COM 252 WHEREIN THE HONBLE KARNATAKA HIGH COURT HELD THAT AMENDMEN T MADE U/S. 200A PROVIDING THAT FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT COULD BE CO MPUTED AT THE TIME OF PROCESSING OF RETURN AND ISSUE OF INTIMATION HAS CO ME INTO EFFECT ONLY FROM 1.6.2015 AND HAD ONLY PROSPECTIVE EFFECT AND THEREF ORE NO COMPUTATION OF FEE U/S.234E OF THE ACT FOR DELAYED FILING OF RETUR N OF TDS WHILE PROCESSING A RETURN OF TDS U/S.234E OF THE ACT COULD HAVE BEEN MADE FOR TAX DEDUCTED AT SOURCE FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEARS PRIOR TO 1.6.201 5. 5. THE CIT(APPEALS) ACCEPTED THE CLAIM OF THE ASSES SEE AND HE HELD THAT IN VIEW OF THE JUDGMENT OF THE HONBLE HIGH CO URT OF KARNATAKA CITED BY THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE FEE U/S. 234E CAN NOT BE CHARGED AND CANCELLED THE INTIMATION U/S. 200A R.W.S. 154 OF TH E ACT IN SO FAR AS IT RELATES TO LEVY OF FEE U/S.234E OF THE ACT. 6. THE CIT(APPEALS) HOWEVER IN PURPORTED EXERCISE OF HIS POWERS OF ENHANCEMENT PROPOSED TO HOLD THAT THE STATEMENT OF TDS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE WAS NON EST IN LAW BECAUSE IT WAS FILED BEYOND THE TIME PRESCRIBED U/S. 200(3) OF THE ACT. TO THIS PROPOSA L OF ENHANCEMENT BY THE CIT(A) THE ASSESSEE FILED A REPLY IN WHICH HE TOOK A STAND THAT TDS STATEMENT FILED WITHOUT PAYMENT OF FEE IS A VALID S TATEMENT. THE CIT(A) HOWEVER REFERRED TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 234E OF THE ACT WHICH LAYS DOWN THE AMOUNT OF FEE REFERRED TO SUB-SECTION (1) OF SECTION 234E SHALL BE PAID BEFORE DELIVERING OR CAUSING TO BE DELIVERED A STATEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SUB-SECTION (3) OF SECTION 2 00. THE CIT(A) ALSO TOOK A STAND THAT TDS STATEMENT FILED WITHOUT PAYMENT OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT IS NOT A VALID STATEMENT. ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 6 OF 11 7. ANOTHER ARGUMENT OF ASSESSEE BEFORE THE CIT(A) W AS THAT IF A RETURN OF INCOME IS INVALID OR DEFECTIVE THE AO U/S. 139( 9) OF THE ACT HAS TO CALL UPON THE ASSESSEE TO RECTIFY THE DEFECT AND ONLY IF THE DEFECT SO POINTED OUT IS NOT RECTIFIED CAN A RETURN OF INCOME FILED U/S. 139(1) OF THE ACT BE TREATED AS INVALID. SINCE THERE IS NO SUCH PROVISION FOR R ETURN OF TDS U/S. 200(3) OF THE ACT THE AO CANNOT TREAT THE STATEMENT OF TDS F ILED AS INVALID. TO THIS ARGUMENT THE CIT(APPEALS) HELD THAT THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 139 AND SECTION 200(3) CANNOT BE COMPARED. HE ALSO TOOK TH E FOLLOWING VIEW:- 20. HOWEVER SINCE THE AO HAD ALSO NOT INTIMATED THE DEFECT TO THE APPELLANT; THE APPELLANT WAS ISSUED A SHOW C AUSE BY ME FOLLOWING THE PRINCIPLE OF NATURAL JUSTICE. IT WAS INFORMED TO THE APPELLANT THAT IN ABSENCE OF PAYMENT OF FEE THE RET URN SHALL BE TREATED AS NON-EST. HOWEVER EVEN NOW NO FEE IS PAI D BY THE APPELLANT. 21. THE ONLY PROVISION WHICH PROVIDES FOR FILING OF BELATED TDS RETURN IS SECTION 234E. CONSIDERING THIS THE HO N. BOMBAY HIGH COURT HAD HELD (ALREADY DISCUSSED SUPRA) THAT THIS IS NOTHING BUT A PRIVILEGE AND A SPECIAL SERVICE TO THE DEDUC TOR ALLOWING HIM TO FILE THE TDS RETURN/STATEMENTS BEYOND THE TIME P RESCRIBED BY THE ACT AND/OR THE RULES. THUS THIS ARGUMENT NO. 3 IS ALSO REJECTED. 8. THE NEXT ARGUMENT OF THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASS ESSEE WAS THAT U/S. 251(1)(C) OF THE ACT WHICH IS APPLICABLE IN THE PRE SENT CASE THE CIT(A) HAS NO POWER TO ENHANCE AND THEREFORE IN AN APPEAL CHAL LENGING THE VALIDITY OF LEVY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT BY THE ASSESSEE H E CANNOT GO INTO THE QUESTION WHETHER TDS RETURN FILED BY THE ASSESSEE HAS TO BE TREATED AS NON EST . THE CIT(APPEALS) HOWEVER HELD THAT THE CIT(A) HAS PLENARY POWERS IN DISPOSING OF AN APPEAL AND THAT THE CIT(A ) WAS DUTY BOUND TO CORRECT ERRORS IN THE ORDERS OF LOWER AUTHORITIES. THE CIT(A) THEREFORE REJECTED THIS CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE ALSO. ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 7 OF 11 9. AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF CIT(APPEALS) IN DECLA RING THE RETURN FILED BY THE ASSESSEE AS NON EST THE ASSESSEE HAS PREFERRED THE PRESENT APPEAL BEFORE THE TRIBUNAL BECAUSE IF THE RETURN OF TDS FI LED BY THE ASSESSEE IS TREATED AS NON EST THE OTHER CONSEQUENCES UNDER THE ACT FOR NON- DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE MIGHT FOLLOW AND HENCE T HESE APPEALS BY THE ASSESSEES. 10. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS. THE LD. D R RELIED ON THE ORDER OF CIT(APPEALS) AND FURTHER PLACED RELIANCE ON THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF RAJESH KOURANI V. UOI [2017] 83 TAXMANN.COM 137 (GUJ) WHEREIN THE HONBLE HIGH COURT TOOK A VIEW THAT LEVY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT IS POSSIBLE EVEN W ITHOUT A REGULATORY PROVISION U/S. 200A OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE THE LE VY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT W.E.F.1.7.2012 WHEN THOSE PROVISIONS WERE INTR ODUCED WAS VALID. WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THIS TRIBUNAL IS BOUND TO FOLL OW THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE HIGH COURT OF KARNATAKA WHICH IS THE JURISD ICTIONAL HIGH COURT AND THEREFORE THIS ARGUMENT ADVANCED BY THE LD. DR CANN OT BE ACCEPTED. EVEN OTHERWISE THE ISSUE BEFORE THE TRIBUNAL IS WITH RE GARD TO ACTION OF THE CIT(A) IN TREATING THE RETURN OF TDS FILED BY THE A SSESSEE AS NON EST AND THEREFORE THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE GUJARAT HIGH COURT WITH RESPECT IS NOT RELEVANT FOR ADJUDICATING ON THE ISSUE INVOLVED IN THE PRESENT APPEAL. IN ALL OTHER RESPECTS THE LD. DR RELIED ON THE ORDER OF CIT(APPEALS). 11. THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE REITERATED THE STAND AS WAS PUT FORTH BEFORE THE CIT(APPEALS) AND FURTHER PLACED RE LIANCE ON THE FOLLOWING DECISIONS FOR THE PROPOSITION THAT EXERCISE OF POWE RS OF ENHANCEMENT BY THE CIT(APPEALS) IS RESTRICTED ONLY TO MATTERS WHIC H ARE SUBJECT MATTER WHICH AROSE FOR CONSIDERATION BEFORE THE AO AND HE CANNOT INTRODUCE A NEW SOURCE IN AN APPEAL:- ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 8 OF 11 1. THE COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX V. SHAPOORJI PAL LONJI MISTRY [1962] 44 ITR 891 (SC). 2. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX V. RAI BAHADUR HARDUT ROY MOTILAL CHAMARIA [1967] 66 ITR 443 (SC) 3. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX V. NATIONAL CO. LTD. [1993] 199 ITR 445 (CALCUTTA). 12. ON THE PARITY OF RATIO LAID DOWN IN THE AFORESA ID DECISION IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE ACTION OF THE CIT(APPEALS) IN DE CLARING RETURN OF TDS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE AS NON EST WAS NOT THE SUBJECT MATTER OF APPEAL AND THE SUBJECT MATTER OF APPEAL WAS ONLY WITH REGARD T O CORRECTNESS OF LEVY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT. IN THAT VIEW OF THE MATT ER IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE CIT(APPEALS) ERRED IN GOING INTO AN ISSUE WHICH WAS NOT SUBJECT MATTER OF APPEAL BEFORE HIM. THIS SUBMISSION WAS MADE WIT HOUT PREJUDICE TO THE ARGUMENT THAT U/S. 251(1)(C) THE CIT(A) DOES NOT H AVE POWERS OF ENHANCEMENT. U/S. 251(1)(C) WHICH IS APPLICABLE IN THE PRESENT CASE THE CIT(A) MAY PASS SUCH ORDERS IN THE APPEAL AS HE THI NKS FIT. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE WORDS IN THE APPEAL IN SECTION 251(1)(C) MAKES IT CLEAR THAT THE CIT(APPEALS) CANNOT TRAVEL BEYOND THE SUBJ ECT MATTER OF THE APPEAL WHICH IN THE CASE OF ASSESSEE WAS VALIDITY OF LEVY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT. IT WAS THEREFORE SUBMITTED THAT THE ORDER O F CIT(APPEALS) TO THE EXTENT THAT IT DECLARES THE RETURN OF INCOME AS NON EST SHOULD BE HELD TO BE BAD IN LAW AND QUASHED. 13. WE HAVE GIVEN A VERY CAREFUL CONSIDERATION TO T HE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS. THE FIRST ASPECT IS AS TO WHETHER THE TDS RETURN F ILED U/S. 200(3) OF THE ACT CAN BE DECLARED AS NON EST . WE HAVE ALREADY EXTRACTED THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 200(3) OF THE ACT. THERE IS NO SUCH POWER CONFERRED EITHER UNDER THOSE PROVISIONS OR UNDER ANY OTHER PROVISIONS OF T HE ACT TO DECLARE THE RETURN OF TDS FILED U/S. 200(3) AS NON EST . AS RIGHTLY CONTENDED BY THE ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 9 OF 11 LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE THE ACT CONTAINS PROVISION FOR DECLARING A RETURN OF INCOME FILED AS INVALID U/SEC.139(9) OF T HE ACT. THERE IS NO SUCH PROVISION FOR DECLARING A RETURN OF TDS AS INVALID. THIS IS A CLEAR INDICATION IN THE ACT THAT RETURN OF TDS CANNOT BE DECLARED AS NON EST. A RETURN OF TDS ONLY EVIDENCES PAYMENT OF TAXES WHICH ARE WITHH ELD BY A PAYEE WHO UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT IS BOUND TO DEDUCT TAX AT SOURCE. DECLARING A RETURN OF TDS AS NON EST CANNOT HAVE THE EFFECT OF TREATING THE PAYEE AS AN ASSESSEE IN DEFAULT AND EXPOSE HIM TO OTHER CONS EQUENCES UNDER THE ACT AS AN ASSESSEE IN DEFAULT. SECTION 234E(3) LAY S DOWN THAT THE FEE TO BE PAID U/S. 234E OF THE ACT SHALL BE PAID BEFORE T HE RETURN OF TDS IS FILED U/S. 200(3) OF THE ACT. THIS PROVISION IN OUR VIE W DOES NOT CONFER POWER ON THE CIT(A) TO DECLARE THE RETURN OF TDS AS NON EST IN LAW IN A CASE WHERE THE RETURN OF TDS IS FILED WITHOUT PAYMENT OF FEE U/S.234E OF THE ACT. BESIDES THE ABOVE IN THE PRESENT CASE THE LEVY OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT HAS ALREADY BEEN DELETED BY THE CIT(A) AND THEREFOR E THESE PROVISIONS CANNOT BE OF ANY HELP TO THE CONCLUSIONS OF THE CIT (APPEALS) THAT THE RETURN FILED WITHOUT PAYMENT OF FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT I S INVALID AND CAN BE DECLARED AS NON EST IN LAW. 14. AS FAR AS THE POWER OF ENHANCEMENT UNDER EXPLAN ATION TO SECTION 251(1) WHICH WAS RELIED ON BY THE LD. DR IS CONCERN ED THE EXPLANATION IS ONLY WITH REGARD TO CLAUSES (A) (AA) AND (B) OF SE CTION 251(1) OF THE ACT AND IS NOT APPLICABLE TO CLAUSE (C). THE PROVISIONS OF SEC.251 OF THE ACT READS THUS:- POWERS OF THE COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) . 251. (1) IN DISPOSING OF AN APPEAL THE COMMISSIONER (AP PEALS) SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING POWERS ( A ) IN AN APPEAL AGAINST AN ORDER OF ASSESSMENT HE M AY CONFIRM REDUCE ENHANCE OR ANNUL THE ASSESSMENT; ( AA ) IN AN APPEAL AGAINST THE ORDER OF ASSESSMENT IN R ESPECT OF WHICH THE PROCEEDING BEFORE THE SETTLEMENT COMMISSION ABA TES ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 10 OF 11 UNDER SECTION 245HA HE MAY AFTER TAKING INTO CONS IDERATION ALL THE MATERIAL AND OTHER INFORMATION PRODUCED BY THE ASSE SSEE BEFORE OR THE RESULTS OF THE INQUIRY HELD OR EVIDENCE RECORDE D BY THE SETTLEMENT COMMISSION IN THE COURSE OF THE PROCEEDING BEFORE IT AND SUCH OTHER MATERIAL AS MAY BE BROUGHT ON HIS RECORD CONFIRM REDUCE ENHANCE OR ANNUL THE ASSESSMENT; ( B ) IN AN APPEAL AGAINST AN ORDER IMPOSING A PENALTY HE MAY CONFIRM OR CANCEL SUCH ORDER OR VARY IT SO AS EITHER TO ENH ANCE OR TO REDUCE THE PENALTY; ( C ) IN ANY OTHER CASE HE MAY PASS SUCH ORDERS IN THE APPEAL AS HE THINKS FIT. (2) THE COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) SHALL NOT ENHANCE AN ASSESSMENT OR A PENALTY OR REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF REFUND UNLESS THE APPELLANT HAS HAD A REASONABLE OPPORTUNITY OF SHOWING CAUSE AGAINST S UCH ENHANCEMENT OR REDUCTION. EXPLANATION .IN DISPOSING OF AN APPEAL THE COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) MAY CONSIDER AND DECIDE ANY MATTER ARISIN G OUT OF THE PROCEEDINGS IN WHICH THE ORDER APPEALED AGAINST WAS PASSED NOTWITHSTANDING THAT SUCH MATTER WAS NOT RAISED BEF ORE THE COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) BY THE APPELLANT. 15. IT IS NOT IN DISPUTE BEFORE US THAT CLAUSE (C) OF SECTION 251 IS THE CLAUSE APPLICABLE IN THE PRESENT CASE. A READING O F THIS CLAUSE SHOWS THAT THE CIT(APPEALS) IN THE CASES TO WHICH THE SAID CLA USE APPLIES CAN PASS SUCH ORDERS AS HE THINKS FIT BUT THAT POWER IS CIR CUMSCRIBED BY THE WORDS IN THE APPEAL. THEREFORE THE CIT(APPEALS) CANNO T TRAVEL BEYOND THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THE APPEAL WHICH IN THE PRESENT CASE IS AS TO WHETHER FEE U/S. 234E OF THE ACT CAN BE LEVIED OR NOT; AND NOT THE QUESTION WHETHER THE RETURN OF TDS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE IS NON EST IN LAW? WE ARE THEREFORE OF THE VIEW THAT THE CIT(APPEALS) HAD NO POWER IN T HE APPEAL IN THE PRESENT CASE TO DECLARE THE RETURN OF TDS FILED BY THE ASSE SSEE AS NON EST IN LAW. IN THAT VIEW OF THE MATTER WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THE CONCLUSION OF THE CIT(APPEALS) HOLDING THAT RETURN OF TDS FILED BY TH E ASSESSEE IS NON EST IN LAW IS NOT VALID IN THE EYES OF LAW AND THE SAID DI RECTION IS DIRECTED TO BE ITA NOS.2658 2660 2675 TO 2676 2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 PAGE 11 OF 11 DELETED AND THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A) TO THIS EXTENT IS HELD TO BE BAD IN LAW. CONSEQUENTLY THE APPEAL BY THE ASSESSEE IN ITA NO. 2658/BANG/2018 IS ALLOWED. 16. SINCE THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE I N OTHERS APPEALS VIZ. ITA NO.2660/BANG/2018 AND ITA NOS.2675 &O 2676/BANG /2018 AND ITA NOS.2666 TO 2670/BANG/2018 IS IDENTICAL TO ITA NO.2 658/BANG/2018 FOLLOWING THE DECISION IN THAT APPEAL ALL OTHER AP PEALS BY THE ASSESSEES ARE ALSO ALLOWED. 17. IN THE RESULT ALL THE APPEALS BY THE ASSESSEES ARE ALLOWED. PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON THIS 22 ND DAY OF MARCH 2019. SD/- SD/- ( JASON P. BOAZ ) ( N V VASUDEVAN ) ACCOUNTANT MEMBER V ICE PRESI DENT BANGALORE DATED THE 22 ND MARCH 2019. / D ESAI S MURTHY / COPY TO: 1. APPELLANT S (3) 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT(A) 5. DR ITAT BANGALORE. 6. GUARD FILE BY ORDER ASSISTANT REGISTRAR ITAT BANGALORE.