Shri Bharatkumar T. Patel,, Surat v. The ITO, Ward-3(3)(1),, Surat

ITA 266/SRT/2017 | 2011-2012
Pronouncement Date: 19-05-2021 | Result: Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 26625614 RSA 2017
Assessee PAN BAFPP1490M
Bench Surat
Appeal Number ITA 266/SRT/2017
Duration Of Justice 3 year(s) 5 month(s) 22 day(s)
Appellant Shri Bharatkumar T. Patel,, Surat
Respondent The ITO, Ward-3(3)(1),, Surat
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 19-05-2021
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted SMC
Tribunal Order Date 19-05-2021
Assessment Year 2011-2012
Appeal Filed On 27-11-2017
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL SURAT BENCH SURAT BEFORE SHRI PAWAN SINGH JM & DR. A. L. SAINI AM ./ITA NO.266/SRT/2017 ( [ [ / ASSESSMENT YEARS: (2011-12) (VIRTUAL COURT HEARING) BHARATKUMAR TULSIBHAI PATEL 13 B/2 SHANTI NIKETAN APPARTMENT SUMUL DAIRY ROAD KATARGAM SURAT. VS. THE ITO WARD-3(3)(1) SURAT. ./ ./ PAN/GIR NO.: BAFPP1490M (ASSESSEE) (RESPONDENT) ASSESSEE BY : NONE. REVENUE BY : MS ANUPAMA SINGHLA SR. DR / DATE OF HEARING : 27/04/2021 /DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 19/05/2021 / O R D E R PER DR. A. L. SAINI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER: CAPTIONED APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE PERTAINING TO ASSESSMENT YEAR (AY) 2011-12 IS DIRECTED AGAINST THE ORDER PASSED BY THE LEARNED COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX(APPEALS)-3 [IN SHORT THE LD. CIT(A)] SURAT IN APPEAL NO.CAS-3/260/2015-16 DATED 27.09.2017 WHICH IN TURN ARISES OUT OF PENALTY ORDER PASSED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE ACT). GRIEVANCES RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1. THE LEARNED CIT (A) ERRED IN CONFIRMING LEVY OF PENALTY OF RS.6 18 760/- U/S.271(1)(C) OF THE ACT. 2. THE APPELLANT RESERVES RIGHT TO ADD ALTER AND WITHDRAW OF ANY GROUNDS OF APPEAL. 2. BRIEF FACTS QUA THE ISSUE ARE THAT DURING THE ASSESSMENT YEAR UNDER REFERENCE THE ASSESSEE HAD SHOWN GROSS RECEIPTS FROM CIVIL CONTRACT JOB WORK AT RS.12 CRORE AND NET PROFIT FROM IT AT RS.4 06 433/-. THE INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM THE DDIT(LNV.) GURGAON DATED 09.09.2013 REVEALED THAT M/S. PACL LTD. (PACL INDIA LTD.) NEW DELHI HAS CLAIMED FICTITIOUS LAND DEVELOPMENT PAGE | 2 ITA NO.266/SRT/201 7 ASSESSMENT YEARS.2011-12 BHARATKUMAR TULSIBHAI PATEL EXPENDITURE THROUGH THE SO-CALLED CONTRACTORS AND OUT OF WHICH THE ASSESSEE IS ONE OF THEM. ON THE BASIS OF THIS INFORMATION THE AO HAD RECORDED THE STATEMENT ON OATH OF THE ASSESSEE U/S.131 OF THE ACT IN WHICH -THE-ASSESSEE HAD ADMITTED THAT HE HAD NOT UNDERTAKEN ANY CONTRACT WORK FOR M/S. PACL LTD. AND EVEN NO BUSINESS ACTIVITY CARRIED OUT DURING THE YEAR UNDER REFERENCE. FURTHER THE ASSESSEE HAD STATED THAT HE HAD EARNED COMMISSION @RS.0.30 PER RS.100/- ON THE SAID FICTITIOUS TRANSACTIONS RECORDED IN HIS BOOKS OF ACCOUNT AND RECEIVED TOTAL AMOUNT OF COMMISSION OF RS.3 50 000/-. DURING THE ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS THE ASSESSEE WAS REQUESTED TO FURNISH THE DETAILS OF LABOUR EXPENSES PAID TO VARIOUS PARTIES ALONGWITH THEIR CONFIRMATION. HOWEVER THE ASSESSEE DID NOT SUBMIT THE DETAILS LIKE PRESENT ADDRESS OF PARTIES TDS DETAILS CONFIRMATION AND RETURN OF INCOME FILED BY THE SAID PARTIES FOR VERIFICATION OF THE SAID LABOUR EXPENSES. THEREFORE TO VERIFY THE GENUINENESS OF SAID LABOUR EXPENSES AO HAD ISSUED NOTICE U/S.133(6) OF THE PARTIES BUT WERE RECEIVED RETURNED. THE AO HAD REJECTED THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE IN RESPECT OF COMMISSION RECEIVED @ 0.30% AND HAD ESTIMATED THE COMMISSION INCOME @10% WHICH WAS RS.1 20 00 000/- BEING COMMISSION EARNED FOR PROVIDING BOOK ENTRY OF RS.12 CRORE TO M/S. PACL LTD. AND ADDED TO THE TOTAL INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE. FOR THIS ADDITION PENALTY PROCEEDINGS U/S.271(1)(C) WERE ALSO INITIATED. FOR WHICH PENALTY SHOW CAUSE NOTICE U/S.274 R.W.S. 271(1)(C) WAS ISSUED ON 26.03.2014 AND WAS DULY SERVED UPON THE ASSESSEE ON 29.03.2014 ALONG WITH ASSESSMENT ORDER PASSED U/S. 143(3) OF THE ACT. 3. AGGRIEVED BY THE ASSESSMENT ORDER THE ASSESSEE HAD PREFERRED AN APPEAL BEFORE THE CIT(A). THE CIT(A) HAS SUSTAINED ADDITION OF RS.20 46 592/- AS AGAINST THE ADDITION OF RS.1 20 00 000/- MADE BY THE AO ON ACCOUNT OF COMMISSION INCOME AND BALANCE AMOUNT OF COMMISSION AMOUNTING OF RS.99 53 408/- HAS BEEN DELETED. SINCE THE CIT(A) HAS SUSTAINED THE ADDITION OF RS.20 46 592/- MADE ON ACCOUNT OF COMMISSION INCOME THEREFORE ASSESSING OFFICER HELD THAT PENALTY REQUIRED TO BE LEVIED U/S.271(1)(C) OF THE ACT ON SAID SUSTAINED ADDITION. THEREFORE THE ASSESSING OFFICER WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS CONCEALED HIS INCOME TO THE EXTENT OF RS.20 46 592/- THEREFORE HE LEVIED PENALTY UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) AT RS.6 18 760/-. PAGE | 3 ITA NO.266/SRT/201 7 ASSESSMENT YEARS.2011-12 BHARATKUMAR TULSIBHAI PATEL 4. AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER THE ASSESSEE CARRIED THE MATTER IN APPEAL BEFORE THE LD. CIT(A) WHO HAS CONFIRMED THE PENALTY IMPOSED BY ASSESSING OFFICER UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT OBSERVING AS FOLLOWS: 7. DECISION 7.1 I HAVE PERUSED THE PENALTY ORDER CIT ( A) ORDER IN QUANTUM APPEAL AND THE AR RIVAL CONTENTIONS AND VERBAL ARGUMENTS .THE LD.CIT(A) HAS GIVEN PARTIAL RELIEF IN THE QUANTUM APPEAL. 7.2 THE OPERATIVE PORTION OF THE APPELLATE ORDER OF MY PREDECESSOR IN APPELLANT'S OWN CASE IN QUANTUM APPEAL DECIDED ON 07.05.2015 IS REPRODUCED BELOW:- '7.2 AT THE OUTSET IT NEEDS TO BE MENTIONED THAT ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES CAN BE OF DIFFERENT TYPES AND THE QUANTUM OF COMMISSION WILL DEPEND ON THE NATURE OF ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES PROVIDED THE BENEFIT DERIVED THEREFROM AND THE LOGISTICS/ INVOLVED. ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES ARE PROVIDED FOR BOGUS PROFIT IN THE FORM OF FICTITIOUS CAPITAL GAIN. ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES ARE ALSO PROVIDED FOR BOGUS SHARE CAPITAL BOGUS SHARE CAPITAL BOGUS UNSECURED LOAN NON-EXISTENT SALES NON- EXISTENT PURCHASES AND BOGUS EXPENSES. IN THE PRESENT APPEAL IT IS FOR BOGUS EXPENSES. THE BENEFIT DERIVED THEREFROM IS TAX AVOIDANCE OF' APPROXIMATELY 30% OF THE AMOUNT OF ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES. THEREFORE THE BENEFIT DERIVED FROM ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES BY M/S PACL INDIA LTD IS APPROXIMATELY 30% OF RS.12 00 00 000/-. THE ESTIMATION OF COMMISSION @10 % BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER IS 1/3 RD OF THE SAID BENEFIT WHICH IS EXCESSIVE AND CANNOT BE CONSIDERED A REASONABLE ESTIMATE. 7.3 ON THE OTHER HAND THE ESTIMATE BY THE APPELLANT AT 3% TRANSLATES TO 1% OF THE BENEFIT DERIVED WHICH IS TOO LOW TO JUSTIFY THE NATURE OF ACTIVITIES AND THE RISK UNDERTAKEN BY THE APPELLANT. CONSIDERING THE SAME THE COMMISSION IN THE CASE OF THE APPELLANT FOR GIVING ACCOMMODATION ENTRIES IS ESTIMATED AT 2% ON RS.1 20 00 000/-. THIS TRANSLATE TO ABOUT 6.7% OF THE BENEFIT DERIVED BY M/S PACL INDIA LTD AND THEREFORE IS A REASONABLE ESTIMATE. AS A RESULT THE ESTIMATE MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER AT RS.1 20 00 000/- IS REDUCED TO RS.24 00 000/- SUBJECT TO PARA 8 OF THIS ORDER.' 7.3 FROM THE ABOVE THE UNDERREPORTING OR CONCEALMENT OF COMMISSION INCOME TO THE EXTENT OF RS.20 46 592 IS CONFIRMED. THE ID. CIT(A) HAS GIVEN A CLEAR FINDING THAT THE RATE OF COMMISSION SHOWN (0.3%) IS TOO LOW AND IT DOES NOT JUSTIFY THE NATURE OF ACTIVITIES & RISK UNDERTAKEN. I HAVE PERUSED THE EXPLANATION/SUBMISSION OF ASSESSEE REPRODUCED IN PARA 6 ABOVE AND I FIND NO MERIT IN THE SAME. THE EXPLANATION NEITHER ESTABLISHES THAT THERE WAS NO CONCEALMENT NOR DOES IT FURNISH ANY REASONABLE CAUSE. I VIEW OF THIS THE APPEAL OF ASSESSEE FAILS. THE PENALTY IS CONFIRMED TO THE EXTENT LEVIABLE ON RS.20 46 952/- WHICH IS THE CONCEALMENT IN THIS CASE. 8. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL IS DISMISSED. PAGE | 4 ITA NO.266/SRT/201 7 ASSESSMENT YEARS.2011-12 BHARATKUMAR TULSIBHAI PATEL 5. AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT(A) THE ASSESSEE IS IN APPEAL BEFORE US. 6. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES AND CAREFULLY GONE THROUGH THE SUBMISSIONS PUT FORTH ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE ALONG WITH THE DOCUMENTS FURNISHED AND THE CASE LAWS RELIED UPON AND PERUSED THE FACTS OF THE CASE INCLUDING THE FINDINGS OF THE LD. CIT(A) AND OTHER MATERIAL BROUGHT ON RECORD. WE NOTE THAT ASSESSING OFFICER HAS LEVIED THE PENALTY ON THE ESTIMATED ADDITION MADE BY HIM. FROM THE ABOVE ORDER OF LD. CIT(A) AS MENTIONED IN PARA NO.4 OF THIS ORDER IT IS ABUNDANTLY CLEAR THAT LD. CIT(A) HAS ALSO CONFIRMED THE PENALTY LEVIED BY ASSESSING OFFICER UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT BASED ON ESTIMATE ONLY. WE NOTE THAT PENALTY ON ESTIMATED ADDITION ARE NOT SUSTAINABLE IN THE EYE OF LAW. FOR THAT WE RELY ON THE JUDGMENT OF THE COORDINATE BENCH OF SURAT IN ITA NO.293 & 294/AHD/2005 FOR AY.1988-89 & 1989-90 ORDER DATED 13.04.2021 WHEREIN IT WAS HELD THAT PENALTY UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) CANNOT BE LEVIED ON ADDITIONS MADE ON ESTIMATION. THE OBSERVATIONS OF THE COORDINATE BENCH ARE AS FOLLOWS: 11. WE HAVE NOTED THAT THE ASSESSEE WHILE FILING RETURN OF INCOME FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 1988-89 ON 20.06.1988 DECLARED LOSS IN THE FORM UNABSORBED DEPRECIATION OF RS.22 48 941/-. THE ASSESSMENT WAS COMPLETED UNDER SECTION 143(3) ON 29.05.1992. THE ASSESSING OFFICER WHILE PASSING THE ASSESSMENT ORDER ASSESSED TOTAL INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE AT RS. NIL AND ALSO ALLOWED CARRY FORWARD OF UNABSORBED DEPRECIATION. IT IS AN ADMITTED FACT THAT THE ASSESSING OFFICER WHILE PASSING THE ASSESSMENT ORDER REJECTED THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS AND ESTIMATED THE GROSS PROFIT @10% TURNOVER BY PASSING THE FLOWING ORDER: THE ASSESSEE FAILED TO PRODUCE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS FROM WHICH THE G.P. POSITION CAN BE VERIFIED. THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT MAINTAIN QUANTITATIVE TALLY STOCK AS IS EVIDENT FROM THE REPORT OF THE AUDITORS IN FORM NO.3CD. THEREFORE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 145(1) ARE APPLICABLE AND THE G.P. IS REQUIRED TO BE ESTIMATED. I THEREFORE WORKED OUT AT RS.29 16 850/- AS AGAINST THIS G.P. SHOWN WAS RS.10 29 291/-. THE DIFFERENCE OF RS.18 87 559/- IS THEREFORE ADDED IN THE TOTAL INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE FOR LOW G.P. 12. ON SECOND APPEAL BEFORE THE TRIBUNAL IN ITA NO.186/AHD/1998 DATED 08.03.2004 THE ADDITIONS RESTRICTED THE ADDITION @ 5% OF GROSS PROFIT. CONSIDERING THE FACT THAT ADDITION IN THE ASSESSMENT ORDER ON THE BASIS OF WHICH THE PENALTY WAS LEVIED IS PURELY AN ESTIMATED ADDITION. IT IS SETTLED POSITION IN LAW THAT NO PENALTY UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) CAN BE LEVIED ON ADDITIONS MADE ON ESTIMATION. THE SIMILAR VIEW WAS TAKEN BY THE HON'BLE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT IN MANISH DHIRAJLAL MEHTA VS. ACIT VIJAY PROTEINS LTD. VS. CIT (SUPRA) IN VIJAY PROTEINS VS CIT (SUPRA) AND OTHER CASE LAWS RELIED BY LD. AR PAGE | 5 ITA NO.266/SRT/201 7 ASSESSMENT YEARS.2011-12 BHARATKUMAR TULSIBHAI PATEL FOR THE ASSESSEE. NO CONTRARY FACTS OR LAW IS BROUGHT TO OUR NOTICE. IN THE RESULT GROUND NO.1 OF APPEAL IS ALLOWED. 13.IN THE RESULT APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE IS ALLOWED ON GROUND NO.1 ITSELF. ITA NO.294/AHD/2005 FOR A.Y. 1989-90: 14. AS NOTED BY THE ASSESSEE HAS RAISED IDENTICAL GROUNDS OF APPEAL IN 293/AHD/2005 FOR A.Y. 1988-89 WHICH WE HAVE ALLOWED THEREFORE FOLLOWING THE PRINCIPLE OF CONSISTENCY THE APPEAL FOR A.Y.1989-90 IS ALSO ALLOWED WITH SIMILAR OBSERVATION. ITAS NO.2141/AHD/2013 & 2142/AHD/2013 FOR A.Y. 1988-89 AND 1989-90: 15. CONSIDERING THE FACT THAT WHILE ADJUDICATING THE APPEAL IN ITA NO. 293 & 294/AHD/2005 DELETED THE PENALTY LEVIED BY THE AO UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT GRANTING FULL RELIEF TO THE ASSESSEE. THEREFORE THE APPEALS IN ITAS NO.2141/ AHD/2013 FOR A.Y. 1988-89 & 2142/AHD/2013 FOR A.Y.1989-90 HAVE BECOME INFRUCTUOUS AND ACCORDINGLY DISMISSED. 7. NONE APPEARED ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE. WE HAVE HEARD LD. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE (IN SHORT THE LD. DR) OF THE REVENUE AND NOTED THAT THE ISSUE UNDER CONSIDERATION IS NO LONGER RES INTEGRA PENALTY IMPOSED BY ASSESSING OFFICER ON ESTIMATED ADDITION IS NOT SUSTAINABLE IN THE EYE OF THE LAW THEREFORE RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF THE COORDINATE BENCH (SUPRA) WE DELETE THE PENALTY UNDER SECTION 271(1)(C) OF THE ACT. 8. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL FILED BY THE ASSESSEE IS ALLOWED. ORDER IS PRONOUNCED ON 19/05/2021 BY PLACING RESULT ON NOTICE BOARD. SD/- SD/- (PAWAN SINGH) (DR. A.L. SAINI) JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNTANT MEMBER LWJR /SURAT / DATE:19/05/2021 SAMANTA COPY OF THE ORDER FORWARDED TO 1. THE ASSESSEE 2. THE RESPONDENT 3. THE CIT(A) 4. CIT 5. DR/AR ITAT SURAT 6. GUARD FILE BY ORDER // TRUE COPY // ASSISTANT REGISTRAR/SR. PS/PS ITAT SURAT