KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA P. LATD FORMERLY KNOWN M.S, KOCH GLITSCH INDIA P. LTD, MUMBAI v. DCIT 10(2), MUMBAI

ITA 2680/MUM/2009 | 2004-2005
Pronouncement Date: 28-01-2011 | Result: Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 268019914 RSA 2009
Bench Mumbai
Appeal Number ITA 2680/MUM/2009
Duration Of Justice 1 year(s) 9 month(s)
Appellant KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA P. LATD FORMERLY KNOWN M.S, KOCH GLITSCH INDIA P. LTD, MUMBAI
Respondent DCIT 10(2), MUMBAI
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 28-01-2011
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted A
Tribunal Order Date 28-01-2011
Assessment Year 2004-2005
Appeal Filed On 27-04-2009
Judgment Text
ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 1 IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL MUMBAI G BENCH MUMBAI [BEFORE SHRI D MANOMHAN VICE PRESIDENT AND SHRI PRAMOD KUMAR ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ] ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/09 ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2009-10 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD .. APPELLANT (FORMERLY KOCH GLITSCH INDIA PVT LTD) 10 TH FLOOR CORPORATE PARK II SION TROMBAY ROAD CHEMBUR MUMBAI 400 071 VS. DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CIRCLE 10(2) MUMBAI RESPONDENT APPEARANCES: MILIN K MEHTA FOR THE APPELLANT S B SINGH FOR THE RESPONDENT O R D E R PER PRAMOD KUMAR AM 1. BY WAY OF THIS APPEAL THE ASSESSEE APPELLANT HAS CALL ED INTO QUESTION CORRECTNESS OF COMMISSIONERS ORDER DATED 26 TH MARCH 2009 PASSED UNDER SECTION 263 OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 INVOKING REVISION POWERS IN RESPECT OF ASSESSMENT UNDER SECTION 143(3) FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004-05. 2. GRIEVANCES RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1. THE LD CIT -10 ERRED IN FACT AND IN LAW IN REVI SING THE ASSESSMENT BY INVOKING POWERS U/S.263 OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 W HICH WAS COMPLETED BY WAY OF ASSESSMENT MADE U/S.143(3) OF THE AC T BY THE AO DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE CONDITIONS STIPULATED FOR I NVOKING SUCH EXTRA- ORDINARY JURISDICTION WERE NOT SATISFIED. 2. THE LEARNED CIT ERRED IN FACT AND IN LAW IN SETT ING ASIDE THE ASSESSMENT ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 2 FRAMED BY THE AO DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE AO HAS CON SIDERED EACH AND EVERY ASPECT OF THE CASE AND HAS FRAMED THE ASSESSMENT ON LY AFTER MAKING PROPER INQUIRIES AND AFTER CONSIDERING THE SUBMISSIONS MA DE BY THE APPELLANT. 3. THE LD CIT ERRED IN FACT AND IN LAW IN DIRECTING THE AO TO DISALLOW DEPRECIATION OF RS 1 27 53 830 ON GOODWILL BEING BO UGHT GOODWILL ON THE GROUND THAT THE SAID ITEM IS NOT COVERED UNDER THE HE AD INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND THEREFORE NOT ELIGIBLE FOR DEPRECIATION. 3. THE MATERIAL FACTS OF THE CASE SO FAR AS RELEVANT T O THE ISSUE IN APPEAL BEFORE US ARE AS FOLLOWS. IN THIS CASE THE ASSESSMENT UNDER SECTION 143 (3) WAS COMPLETED ON 28 TH DECEMBER 2006. HOWEVER WHEN COMMISSIONER PERUSED TH E ASSESSMENT RECORD HE NOTED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS BEEN GRANTED DEPRECIATION OF RS 127.54 LAKHS IN RESPECT OF GOODWILL BUT AS JUDICIALLY HELD BY AHM EDABAD AND DELHI BENCHES OF THE TRIBUNAL DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL IS NOT ALLOWABLE AS IT IS NOT COVERED UNDER THE ITEMS SPECIFIED FOR THE PURPOSE OF ALLOWANCE OF DEPRE CIATION. ACCORDINGLY LEARNED COMMISSIONER REQUIRED THE ASSESSEE TO SHOW CAUSE AS TO WHY T HE ASSESSMENT FRAMED UNDER SECTION 143(3) NOT BE SUBJECTED TO REVISI ON PROCEEDINGS ON THE GROUND THAT THE DEPRECIATION HAS BEEN WRONGLY ALLOWED. IT W AS SUBMITTED BY THE ASSESSEE THAT THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD EXAMINED THE MATTER ON M ERITS AND THEN COME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THE DEPRECIATION IS ADMISSIBLE AND THA T THE POWERS UNDER SECTION 263 CANNOT BE INVOKED TO SUBSTITUTE ONE POSSIBLE VIEW BY TH E VIEW AS HELD BY THE COMMISSIONER. ELABORATE ARGUMENTS WERE SUBMITTED IN SUPP ORT OF THE FACTUAL AND LEGAL ELEMENTS EMBEDDED IN THE SAID PROPOSITION. IT W AS POINTED OUT THAT THERE WAS NO CHANGE IN THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE(WDV) IN THE C URRENT YEAR AND THE SAME WAS MERELY CARRIED FORWARD FROM THE EARLIER PERIODS. IT WAS ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL WAS ALLOWED ALONGWITH EARL IER YEARS AS WELL. THE ASSESSEE FURTHER INVITED THE ATTENTION OF THE COMMISSIONER TO THE FACT THAT A SPECIFIC QUERY WAS RAISED IN THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2003-04 REGARDING ADMI SSIBILITY OF DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL. THE ASSESSEE HAD POINTED OUT THAT THE GOO DWILL ON THIS DEPRECIATION CLAIMED IS PURCHASED AND IS NOT SELF GENERATED ASSETS. IT WAS UPON BEING SO SATISFIED THAT THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE DEPRECIATION O N GOODWILL WAS ALLOWED FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2003-04 AND BY ALLOWING DEPRECIATION I N THE PRESENT YEAR THE AO HAS MERELY REPEATED HIS CONSCIOUS DECISION OF THE IMMEDI ATELY PRECEDING YEAR. ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 3 REFERENCE WAS ALSO MADE TO HONBLE SUPREME COURTS JUD GMENT IN THE CASE OF CIT V. MAX INDIA LTD. (295 ITR 282) AND MALBAR INDUSTRIES CO .( 243 ITR 83 ). THE ASSESSEE ALSO REFERRED TO THE HONBLE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COUR TS JUDGMENT IN THE CASE OF CIT V. GABRIEL INDIA (203 ITR 108) IN SUPPORT OF THE PRO POSITION THAT THE COMMISSIONER CANNOT REVISE ASSESSMENT ORDER BECAUSE HE DISAGREES THE DEC ISION OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER. ON MERITS IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE ASSESSEE HA D ACQUIRED THE RUNNING BUSINESS OF SAVLI UNIT FROM TOPACK INDUSTRIES ON 24 TH OCTOBER 1999 AND OUT OF TOTAL CONSIDERATION AN AMOUNT OF RS 13 30 31 000 WAS ATTRI BUTABLE TOWARDS THE GOODWILL ACQUIRED. IT WAS IN CONNECTION WITH THE GOODWILL SO A CQUIRED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED DEPRECIATION IN THE PRESENT YEAR. THE ASSESSEE THEREAFTER SUBMITTED THAT THE DEPRECIATION OF GOODWILL WAS ADMISSIBLE AS IT WAS IN CLUDED IN THE BLOCK OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS ALLOWABLE FOR DEPRECIATION @ 25% AND SINCE THERE IS NO DISPUTE THAT THE AMOUNT OF DEPRECIATION CLAIMED CONSTITUTES THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE OF THE RELEVANT BLOCK OF ASSETS. ELABORATE SUBMISSION WAS MADE ON THE MERITS ON ADMISSIBILITY OF CLAIM OF DEDUCTION. A REFERENCE WAS ALSO MADE TO THE DECISION OF THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF SKYLINE CATERERS PVT LTD V IT O 306 ITR (AT) 369 WHICH POINTS OUT THAT THE NOMENCLATURE GIVEN TO THE ENTRI ES IN BOOKS OF ACCOUNT IS NOT RELEVANT FOR ASCERTAINING THE REAL NATURE OF THE TRA NSACTIONS AS WAS HELD BY HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF KEDARNATH JUTE MFG. CO. LTD. V CIT (82 ITR363). IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT IN THE SAID CASE THE TRIBUNAL HAD COME TO THE CONCLUSION INTANGIBLE ASSETS SPECIFIED IN SECTION 32 ARE TOOLS OF THE TRADE WH ICH FACILITATE THE ASSESSEES CARRYING ON THE BUSINESS. NONE OF THESE SUBMISSIONS IMPR ESSED THE COMMISSIONER. IT WAS OBSERVED BY THE COMMISSIONER THAT THE AO HAD NOT RAISED ANY SPECIFIC QUERY WITH REGARD TO THE ADMISSIBILITY OF DEPRECIATION OF G OODWILL SO FAR AS THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004-05 WAS CONCERNED AND A QUERY TO THAT EFFEC T HAVING NOT BEEN MADE IN THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2003-04 IS NOT RELEVANT FOR THE PURPOSE O F REVISION PROCEEDINGS IN THE PRESENT ASSESSMENT YEAR. THE COMMISSIONER ALSO NOTED TH AT THERE IS NO EVIDENCE TO SHOW THAT THE AO HAD MADE ANY ENQUIRY ON THIS ISSUE IN THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004-05. ON THE QUESTION OF JURISDICTION THE COMMI SSIONER WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE AMOUNT OF RS 13.30 CRORES ARE ALLOCATED. ON THE QUEST ION OF JURISDICTION THE COMMISSIONER WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE AMOUNT OF RS.13.3 0 CRORES ARE ALLOCATED TO GOODWILL ITEMS FOR PURCHASE OF UNITS FROM TOPACK INDU STRIES AND THAT THERE WAS NO ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 4 SPECIFICATION OF ASSETS SUCH AS KNOW-HOW PATENTS COPY RIGHTS TRADEMARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES OR ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE WHICH IS REPRESENTING BY THE SAID GOODWILL. THE COMMISSIONER WA S ALSO OF THE VIEW THAT A MISTAKE IN FACT OR LEGAL INTERPRETATION WHICH IS FOLL OWED FROM YEAR TO YEAR DOES NOT PROHIBIT THE INCOME TAX DEPARTMENT FROM CORRECTING IT WHEN IT IS DETECTED. A LOT OF EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON THE FACT THAT THE AGREEMENT FOR TAKEOVER DID NOT SPECIFY ANY SPECIFIC ITEM OF INTANGIBLE WHICH WAS ALLOWABLE FOR D EPRECIATION. THE DECISION OF THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF SKYLINE CATERERS (P)LTD. V IT O(306 ITR (AT) 369 AND GURUJI ENTERTAINMENT NETWORK LTD V ACIT 108 TTJ (DEL)180 WERE DISTINGUISHED ON THE GROUND THAT IN THOSE DECISIONS THE SPECIFIC ASSETS WHICH WERE IN THE NATURE OF INTANGIBLE ASSET WAS POINTED OUT WHEREAS ON THE FACTS OF THE PRESENT CASE NO SUCH SPECIFIC KNOWHOW OR ASSET IS IDENTIFIED. IN VIEW OF TH ESE DISCUSSIONS THE COMMISSIONER WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE AO HAS ERRED IN G RANTING DEPRECIATION OF RS.1.28 CRORES ON GOODWILL AND THEREFORE THE ORDER O F THE AO WAS SET ASIDE WITH THE DIRECTION TO REFRAME THE ASSESSMENT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE OBSERVATIONS AND FINDINGS GIVEN ABOVE AFTER GIVING AN OPPORTUNITY OF HARING TO THE ASSESSEE. THE ASSESSEE IS AGGRIEVED AND IS IN APPEAL BEFORE US. 4. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL CONTENTIONS PERUSED THE MATERIAL ON RECORD AND DULY CONSIDERED FACTUAL MATRIX OF THE CASE AS ALSO THE APPLICABLE LEGAL POSITION 5. WE FIND THAT THE ABOVE ISSUE IS COVERED BY THE HON BLE DELHI HIGH COURTS JUDGMENT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS HINDUSTAN COCA COLA BE VERAGES PVT LTD 2011-TIOL- 33-HC-DEL-IT. IN THIS CASE HONBLE HIGH COURT FIRST D ISCUSSED THE SCOPE OF REVISION POWERS AT LENGTH AND GUIDED BY HONBLE SUPREME COUR TS JUDGMENT IN THE CASE OF MALABAR INDUSTRIAL CO LTD VS CIT (SUPRA) AND CIT VS MAX INDIA LTD (SUPRA) CONCLUDED THAT THE SCHEME OF SECTION 263 DOES NOT PER MIT SUBSTITUTION OF VIEWS OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER BY ANOTHER POSSIBLE VIEW OF THE CO MMISSIONER. THEREAFTER ON THE QUESTION WHETHER DEPRECIATION BEING GRANTED ON G OODWILL CONSTITUTES A POSSIBLE VIEW OF THE MATTER THEIR LORDSHIPS OBSERVED AS UNDER : 17. THE PRESENT FACTUAL MATRIX IS TO BE TESTED ON T HE ANVIL OF THE AFORESAID ENUNCIATION OF LAW. AS IS DISCERNIBLE DURING THE RELEVANT ASSE SSMENT YEAR THE RESPONDENT ASSESSEE CLAIMED RS.70 63 93 292/- AS DEPRECIATION ON GOODWI LL TREATING THE SAME AS AN ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 5 INTANGIBLE ASSET AND HENCE DEPRECIABLE UNDER SECT ION 32(1)(II) OF THE ACT. THE ASSESSEE HAD PROFERRED COMPLETE JUSTIFICATION FOR T HE CLAIM OF DEPRECIATION AT THE TIME OF FILING OF RETURN. IN THE NOTES TO THE INCOME-TAX RETURN IT HAS BEEN MENTIONED AS FOLLOWS: GOODWILL OF THE COMPANY COMPRISES OF (A) PAYMENT M ADE TO BOTTLERS AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION OF THEIR BUSINESS AND (B) THE DIFFERENC E BETWEEN THE CONSIDERATION PAID FOR BUSINESS AND THE VALUE OF TANGIBLE ASSETS DETERMINE D BY A REPUTED VALUER. THE SPECIFIC PAYMENT FOR GOODWILL REFERRED TO IN (A ) ABOVE REPRESENTS THE CONSIDERATION FOR THE MARKETING AND TRADING REPUTATION TRADING S TYLE AND NAME MARKETING AND DISTRIBUTION TERRITORIAL KNOW HOW AND INFORMATION O F THE TERRITORY. AND THE AMOUNT REFERRED TO IN (B) ABOVE HAS BEEN PAID FOR CERTAIN CONTRACTS RIGHTS ETC. OWNED BY THE SELLER. IN THE VALUATION REPORT THESE CONTRACTS RI GHTS ETC. HAVE NOT BEEN ASSIGNED ANY VALUE. THEREFORE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TOTAL CONSIDERATION AND THE VALUE OF AS THE TANGIBLE ASSETS HAS BEEN ACCOUNTED FOR AS GOODWILL. GOODWILL IN THE ASSESSEE'S CASE IS IN SUBSTANCE SIM ILAR TO THE TANGIBLE ASSETS. IT INCLUDES INDUSTRIAL INFORMATION RELATING TO THE ACQUIRED BUS INESS LIKE DATA BASE OF THE TERRITORY RELATING TO CONSUMER PREFERENCES OF DIFFERENT FLAVO URS SEASON CURVES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK POPULATION RELATED STATISTICS ETC. THESE I NFORMATION ASSIST IN THE MANUFACTURE OF THE PRODUCT OF THE ASSESSEE IN THE SENSE THAT BA SED ON THIS ONLY THE ASSESSEE PLANS ITS MANUFACTURING SCHEDULES. HENCE IT IS IN EFFECT KNO W-HOW. FURTHER THE PAYMENT ON ACCOUNT OF GOODWILL IS SIMI LAR TO ASSETS LIKE PATENTS COPYRIGHTS TRADEMARKS; LICENCES REFERRED TO IN THE DEFINITION OF THE BLOCK OF ASSETS IN THE SENSE THAT THE FUNCTION OF ALL THESE ASSETS IS TO RESTRICT THEIR MISUSE AND TO EARN MAXIMUM PROFITS IN THE BUSINESS. THE FUNCTION OF GO ODWILL ACQUIRED BY THE ASSESSEE ALSO IS SAME IN VIEW OF THE FACT THAT IT MAXIMIZES THE PROFITS OF THE COMPANY. SINCE THE FUNCTION OF INTANGIBLES DEFINED IN THE ACT AND THE INTANGIBLE ACQUIRED BY THE ASSESSEE IS SAME THE ASSETS ARE SIMILAR. THEREFORE THE ASSESSEE'S GOODWILL BEING A VALUABLE COMMERCIAL ASSET SIMILAR TO OTHER INTANGIBLES SPECIFIED IN THE DEFINITION OF BLOCK AS SETS IS ELIGIBLE TO DEPRECIATION. 18. A SCHEDULE ANNEXED TO THE BALANCE SHEET AS ON 3 1.3.2002 DEPICTING THE BREAKDOWN OF THE CLAIM OF DEPRECIATION WAS ALSO FILED. ANNEXU RE IV TO THE TAX AUDIT REPORT IN FORM 3CA WAS FILED ALONGWITH THE RETURN OF INCOME Q UANTIFYING THE AMOUNT OF DEPRECIATION ADMISSIBLE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT. THE ASSESSING OFFICER DURING THE ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS UNDER SECTION 143(3) OF THE ACT VIDE COMMUNICATION DATED 15.9.2003 HAD RAISED SPECIFIC QUERIES REGARDING THE ADMISSIBILITY OF THE CLAIM OF DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL. THE ASSESSEE BY LETTER DA TED 8.1.2004 HAD OFFERED JUSTIFICATION FOR DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL WHICH IS AS FOLLOWS: GOODWILL IS THE CONSIDERATION PAID TO VARIOUS BOTT LERS FOR MARKETING AND TRADING REPUTATION TRADING STYLE AND NAME MARKETING AND D ISTRIBUTION TERRITORIAL KNOW-HOW AND INFORMATION OF TERRITORY. IT INCLUDES KNOW-HOW RELATED TO ACQUIRED BUSINESS CUSTOMER DATA BASE DISTRIBUTION NET WORK CONTRACT AND OTHER COMMERCIAL RIGHTS. INTANGIBLE ASSETS LIKE KNOW-HOW PATENT COPYRIGHTS TRADEMARK LICENSES FRANCHISEE OR ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE ACQUIRED AFTER 1.4.1998 ARE ELIGIBLE FOR DEPRECIATION. ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 6 19. THE ASSESSING OFFICER AFTER EXAMINATION OF THE ANNUAL ACCOUNTS AUDIT REPORT IN FORM 3CA NOTES TO THE RETURN AND REPLY DATED 8.1.2 004 TOOK THE VIEW THAT THE ASSESSEE'S CLAIM FOR DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL WAS A LLOWABLE MORE SO CONSIDERING THAT SIMILAR CLAIM OF DEPRECIATION HAD BEEN ALLOWED FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEARS 1999-2000 AND 2000-2001. THE COMMISSIONER WHILE EXERCISING T HE POWER UNDER SECTION 263 OF THE ACT HAS HELD THAT THE ASSESSMENT ORDER FRAMED UNDER SECTION 143(3) OF THE ACT WAS ERRONEOUS AS THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD ALLOWED DEPR ECIATION THOUGH THE SAME HAD BEEN WRONGLY CLAIMED AND ALLOWED INASMUCH AS EXPLANATION 3 TO SECTION 32 OF THE ACT NEVER REGARDS GOODWILL AS AN INTANGIBLE ASSET. THE TRIBUN AL IN ITS ORDER REFERRED TO THE AUDIT REPORT WHEREIN THE ASSESSEE HAD MADE THE DISCLOSURE ABOUT THE COMPUTATION OF DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL AND ADDRESSED ITSELF WHETH ER OR NOT A CLAIM OF DEPRECIATION ON GOODWILL IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT IS FINAL OR IT IS OTHERWISE ADMISSIBLE. IN THAT BACKDROP THE TRIBUNAL REFERRED TO THE CONCEPT OF A NY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE I.E. KNOW-HOW PATENT C OPYRIGHTS TRADEMARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES AND REFERRED TO ITS DECISION RENDERED IN SKYLINE CATERERS PVT. LTD. (SUPRA) WHEREIN IT HAD HELD THAT NOMENCLATURE GIVEN TO THE ENTRIES IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS IS NOT RELEVANT FOR ASCERTAINING THE REAL NATURE OF TH E TRANSACTION. TO ARRIVE AT THE SAID CONCLUSION IN THE EARLIER CASE THE TRIBUNAL HAD PL ACED RELIANCE ON THE DECISION RENDERED IN KEDARNATH JUTE MFG. CO. LTD. (SUPRA). A FTER SO STATING THE TRIBUNAL OPINED THAT IT WAS DIFFICULT TO ACCEPT THE VIEW OF THE COM MISSIONER THAT ONCE AN AMOUNT IS DESCRIBED AS GOODWILL IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS DEP RECIATION THEREON AS AN INTANGIBLE ASSET CANNOT BE ADMISSIBLE ON THE SAME. 20. IN THIS REGARD WE MAY REFER WITH PROFIT TO THE RELEVANT PART OF SECTION 32 OF THE ACT WHICH READS AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 32 - DEPRECIATION (1) [IN RESPECT OF DEPRECIATION OF (I) BUILDINGS MACHINERY PLANT OR FURNITURE BEIN G TANGIBLE ASSETS; (II) KNOW-HOW PATENTS COPYRIGHTS TRADE MARKS LI CENCES FRANCHISES OR ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE BE ING INTANGIBLE ASSETS ACQUIRED ON OR AFTER THE 1ST DAY OF APRIL 1998 OWNED WHOLLY OR PARTLY BY THE ASSESSEE AND USED FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION THE FOL LOWING DEDUCTIONS SHALL BE ALLOWED] [(I) IN THE CASE OF ASSETS OF AN UNDERTAKING ENGAGE D IN GENERATION OR GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF POWER SUCH PERCENTAGE ON THE ACTUA L COST THEREOF TO THE ASSESSEE AS MAY BE PRESCRIBED;] (II) [IN THE CASE OF ANY BLOCK OF ASSETS SUCH PERC ENTAGE ON THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE THEREOF AS MAY BE PRESCRIBED:] [***] PROVIDED THAT NO DEDUCTION SHALL BE ALLOWED UNDER T HIS CLAUSE IN RESPECT OF (A) ANY MOTOR CAR MANUFACTURED OUTSIDE INDIA WHERE SUCH MOTOR CAR IS ACQUIRED BY THE ASSESSEE AFTER THE 28TH DAY OF FEBRUARY 1975 [ BUT BEFORE THE 1ST DAY OF APRIL 2001] UNLESS IT IS USED ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 7 (I) IN A BUSINESS OF RUNNING IT ON HIRE FOR TOURIST S; OR (II) OUTSIDE INDIA IN HIS BUSINESS OR PROFESSION IN ANOTHER COUNTRY; AND (B) ANY MACHINERY OR PLANT IF THE ACTUAL COST THERE OF IS ALLOWED AS A DEDUCTION IN ONE OR MORE YEARS UNDER AN AGREEMENT ENTERED INTO BY THE C ENTRAL GOVERNMENT UNDER SECTION 42:] [PROVIDED FURTHER THAT WHERE AN ASSET REFERRED TO I N CLAUSE (I) [OR CLAUSE (II) OR CLAUSE (IIA)] AS THE CASE MAY BE IS ACQUIRED BY THE ASSE SSEE DURING THE PREVIOUS YEAR AND IS PUT TO USE FOR THE PURPOSES OF BUSINESS OR PROFESSI ON FOR A PERIOD OF LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY DAYS IN THAT PREVIOUS YEAR THE DEDUCTION UNDER THIS SUB-SECTION IN RESPECT OF SUCH ASSET SHALL BE RESTRICTED TO FIFTY PER CENT OF THE AMOUNT CALCULATED AT THE PERCENTAGE PRESCRIBED FOR AN ASSET UNDER CLAUSE (I) [OR CLAUSE (II) OR CLAUSE (IIA)] AS THE CASE MAY BE:] [PROVIDED ALSO THAT WHERE AN ASSET BEING COMMERCIAL VEHICLE IS ACQUIRED BY THE ASSESSEE ON OR AFTER THE 1ST DAY OF OCTOBER 1998 BUT BEFORE THE 1ST DAY OF APRIL 1999 AND IS PUT TO USE BEFORE THE 1ST DAY OF APRIL 1999 FOR THE PURPOSES OF BUSINESS OR PROFESSION THE DEDUCTION IN RESPECT OF SUCH ASSET SHALL BE ALLOWED ON SUCH PERCENTAGE ON THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE THEREOF AS MAY BE PRESCRI BED: EXPLANATION: FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS PROVISO (A) THE EXPRESSION COMMERCIAL VEHICLE MEANS HEAV Y GOODS VEHICLE HEAVY PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLE LIGHT MOTOR VEHICLE M EDIUM GOODS VEHICLE AND MEDIUM PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLE BUT DOES NOT INCLUDE MAXI -CAB MOTOR-CAB TRACTOR AND ROAD-ROLLER; (B) THE EXPRESSIONS HEAVY GOODS VEHICLE HEAVY P ASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLE LIGHT MOTOR VEHICLE MEDIUM GOODS VEHICLE MEDIUM PAS SENGER MOTOR VEHICLE MAXI- CAB MOTOR-CAB TRACTOR AND ROAD-ROLLER SHAL L HAVE THE MEANINGS RESPECTIVELY AS ASSIGNED TO THEM IN SECTION 2 OF THE MOTOR VEHICLES ACT 1988 (59 OF 1988):] [PROVIDED ALSO THAT IN RESPECT OF THE PREVIOUS YEAR RELEVANT TO THE ASSESSMENT YEAR COMMENCING ON THE 1ST DAY OF APRIL 1991 THE DEDUC TION IN RELATION TO ANY BLOCK OF ASSETS UNDER THIS CLAUSE SHALL IN THE CASE OF A CO MPANY BE RESTRICTED TO SEVENTY-FIVE PER CENT OF THE AMOUNT CALCULATED AT THE PERCENTAGE ON THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE OF SUCH ASSETS PRESCRIBED UNDER THIS ACT IMMEDIATELY BEFOR E THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE TAXATION LAWS (AMENDMENT) ACT 1991:] [PROVIDED ALSO THAT THE AGGREGATE DEDUCTION IN RES PECT OF DEPRECIATION OF BUILDINGS MACHINERY PLANT OR FURNITURE BEING TANGIBLE ASSET S OR KNOW-HOW PATENTS COPYRIGHTS TRADE MARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES OR ANY OTHER BUSI NESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE BEING INTANGIBLE ASSETS ALLOWABLE TO THE PR EDECESSOR AND THE SUCCESSOR IN THE CASE OF SUCCESSION REFERRED TO IN [CLAUSE (XIII) C LAUSE (XIIIB) AND CLAUSE (XIV)] OF SECTION 47 OR SECTION 170 OR TO THE AMALGAMATING COMPANY AN D THE AMALGAMATED COMPANY IN THE CASE OF AMALGAMATION OR TO THE DEMERGED COMPAN Y AND THE RESULTING COMPANY IN THE CASE OF DEMERGER AS THE CASE MAY BE SHALL NOT EXCEED IN ANY PREVIOUS YEAR THE DEDUCTION CALCULATED AT THE PRESCRIBED RATES AS IF THE SUCCESSION OR THE AMALGAMATION OR THE DEMERGER AS THE CASE MAY BE HAD NOT TAKEN PLACE AND SUCH DEDUCTION SHALL BE APPORTIONED BETWEEN THE PREDECESSOR AND THE SUCCESS OR OR THE AMALGAMATING ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 8 COMPANY AND THE AMALGAMATED COMPANY OR THE DEMERGE D COMPANY AND THE RESULTING COMPANY AS THE CASE MAY BE IN THE RATIO OF THE NU MBER OF DAYS FOR WHICH THE ASSETS WERE USED BY THEM:] [EXPLANATION 1. WHERE THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION OF THE ASSESSEE IS CARRIED ON IN A BUILDING NOT OWNED BY HIM BUT IN RESPECT OF WHICH T HE ASSESSEE HOLDS A LEASE OR OTHER RIGHT OF OCCUPANCY AND ANY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE IS I NCURRED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE BUSINESS OR PROFESSION ON THE CONST RUCTION OF ANY STRUCTURE OR DOING OF ANY WORK IN OR IN RELATION TO AND BY WAY OF RENOV ATION OR EXTENSION OF OR IMPROVEMENT TO THE BUILDING THEN THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CLAUSE SHALL APPLY AS IF THE SAID STRUCTURE OF WORK IS A BUILDING OWNED BY THE A SSESSEE.] [EXPLANATION 2 .- [FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUB-SEC TION] WRITTEN DOWN VALUE OF THE BLOCK OF ASSETS SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS IN CLAUSE (C)* OF SUB-SECTION (6) OF SECTION 43:] [EXPLANATION 3.- FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUB-SECTI ON [THE EXPRESSIONS ASSETS] SHALL MEAN - (A) TANGIBLE ASSETS BEING BUILDINGS MACHINERY PL ANT OR FURNITURE; (B) INTANGIBLE ASSETS BEING KNOW-HOW PATENTS COP YRIGHTS TRADE MARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES OR ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGH TS OF SIMILAR NATURE.] [EXPLANATION 4.- FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUB-SECTI ON THE EXPRESSION KNOW-HOW MEANS ANY INDUSTRIAL INFORMATION OR TECHNIQUE LIKEL Y TO ASSIST IN THE MANUFACTURE OR PROCESSING OF GOODS OR IN THE WORKING OF A MINE OI L-WELL OR OTHER SOURCES OF MINERAL DEPOSITS (INCLUDING SEARCHING FOR DISCOVERY OR TEST ING OF DEPOSITS FOR THE WINNING OF ACCESS THERETO);] [EXPLANATION 5: FOR THE REMOVAL OF DOUBTS IT IS HE REBY DECLARED THAT THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SUB-SECTION SHALL APPLY WHETHER OR NOT THE ASS ESSEE HAS CLAIMED THE DEDUCTION IN RESPECT OF DEPRECIATION IN COMPUTING HIS TOTAL INCO ME;] 21. IT IS WORTH NOTING THE SCOPE OF SECTION 32 HAS BEEN WIDENED BY THE FINANCE (NO.2) ACT 1998 WHEREBY DEPRECIATION IS NOW ALLOWED ON IN TANGIBLE ASSETS ACQUIRED ON OR AFTER 1ST APRIL 1998. AS PER SECTION 32(1)(II) DE PRECIATION IS ALLOWABLE IN RESPECT OF KNOW-HOW PATENT COPYRIGHTS TRADEMARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES OR ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE BEING INTANG IBLE ASSETS. SCANNING THE ANATOMY OF THE SECTION IT CAN SAFELY BE STATED THAT THE PR OVISION ALLOWS DEPRECIATION ON BOTH TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND CLAUSE (II) AS HAS BEEN INDICATED HEREINBEFORE ENUMERATES THE INTANGIBLE ASSETS ON WHICH DEPRECIAT ION IS ALLOWABLE. THE ASSETS WHICH ARE INCLUDED IN THE DEFINITION OF 'INTANGIBLE ASSET S' INCLUDES ALONG WITH OTHER THINGS ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE. THE TERM 'SIMILAR' HAS BEEN DEALT WITH BY THE APEX COURT IN NAT STEEL EQUIPMENT PVT. LTD. V. COLLECTOR OF CENTRAL EXCISE AIR 1988 SC 631 WHEREIN THE APEX COURT HAS OPINED THAT THE TERM 'SIMILAR' MEANS CORRESPONDING TO OR RESEMBLING TO IN MANY ASP ECTS. IN THIS REGARD IT WOULD NOT BE OUT OF PLACE TO REFER TO THE DECISION IN COMMISS IONER OF INCOME TAX V. B.C. SRINIVASA SETTY [1981] 128 ITR 294 (SC) WHEREIN THE CONCEPT OF GOODWILL HAS BEEN UNDERSTOOD IN THE FOLLOWING TERMS: ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 9 GOODWILL DENOTES THE BENEFIT ARISING FROM CONNECTI ON AND REPUTATION. THE ORIGINAL DEFINITION BY LORD ELDON IN CRUTTWELL V. LYE 1810 1 7 VES 335 THAT GOODWILL WAS NOTHING MORE THAN 'THE PROBABILITY THAT THE OLD CUSTOMERS W OULD RESORT TO THE OLD PLACES' WAS EXPANDED BY WOOD V.C. IN CHURTON V. DOUGLAS 1859 JO HN 174 TO ENCOMPASS EVERY POSITIVE ADVANTAGE 'THAT HAS BEEN ACQUIRED BY THE O LD FIRM IN CARRYING ON ITS BUSINESS WHETHER CONNECTED WITH THE PREMISES IN WHICH THE BU SINESS WAS PREVIOUSLY CARRIED ON OR WITH THE NAME OF THE OLD FIRM OR WITH ANY OTHER MATTER CARRYING WITH IT THE BENEFIT OF THE BUSINESS'. IN TREGO V. HUNT 1896 A.C. 7 (HL) LORD HERSCHELL DESCRIBED GOODWILL AS A CONNECTION WHICH TENDED TO BECOME PERMANENT BECAU SE OF HABIT OR OTHERWISE. THE BENEFIT TO THE BUSINESS VARIES WITH THE NATURE OF T HE BUSINESS AND ALSO FROM ONE BUSINESS TO ANOTHER. NO BUSINESS COMMENCED FOR THE FIRST TIME POSSESSES GOODWILL FROM THE START. IT IS GENERATED AS THE BUSINESS IS CARRI ED ON AND MAY BE AUGMENTED WITH THE PASSAGE OF TIME. LAWSON IN HIS INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW OF PROPERTY DESCRIBES IT AS PROPERTY OF A HIGHLY PECULIAR KIND. IN CIT V. CHUNI LAL PRABHUDAS & CO. [1970] 76 ITR 566 THE CALCUTTA HIGH COURT REVIEWED THE DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO THE CONCEPT (PP.577 578): IT HAS BEEN HORTICULTURALLY AND BOTANICALLY VIEWED AS 'A SEED SPROUTING' OR AN 'ACORN GROWING INTO THE MIGHTY OAK OF GOODWILL'. IT HAS BE EN GEOGRAPHICALLY DESCRIBED BY LOCALITY. IT HAS BEEN HISTORICALLY DESCRIBED BY LOC ALITY. IT HAS BEEN HISTORICALLY EXPLAINED AS GROWING AND CRYSTALLIZING TRADITIONS IN THE BUSI NESS. IT HAS BEEN DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF A MAGNET AS THE 'ATTRACTING FORCE'. IN TERMS OF COMPARATIVE DYNAMICS GOODWILL HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS THE 'DIFFERENTIAL RETURN OF PROFI T'. PHILOSOPHICALLY IT HAS BEEN HELD TO BE INTANGIBLE. THOUGH IMMATERIAL IT IS MATERIALLY VALUED. PHYSICALLY AND PSYCHOLOGICALLY IT IS A 'HA BIT' AND SOCIOLOGICALLY IT IS A 'CUSTOM'. BIOLOGICALLY IT HAS BEEN DESCRIBED BY LORD MACNAGH TEN IN TREGO V. HUNT [1896] AC 7(HL) AS THE 'SAP AND LIFE' OF THE BUSINESS. ARCHIT ECTURALLY IT HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS THE 'CEMENT' BINDING TOGETHER THE BUSINESS AND ITS ASSE TS AS A WHOLE AND A GOING AND DEVELOPING CONCERN. A VARIETY OF ELEMENTS GOES INTO ITS MAKING AND ITS COMPOSITION VARIES IN DIFFERENT TRADES AND IN DIFFERENT BUSINESSES IN THE SAME TRAD E AND WHILE ONE ELEMENT MAY PREPONDERATE IN ONE BUSINESS ANOTHER MAY DOMINATE IN ANOTHER BUSINESS. AND YET BECAUSE OF ITS INTANGIBLE NATURE IT REMAINS INSUBS TANTIAL IN FORM AND NEBULOUS IN CHARACTER. THOSE FEATURES PROMPTED LORD MACNAGHTEN TO REMARK IN IRC V. MULLER & CO.'S MARGARINE LIMITED [1901] A.C. 217(HL) THAT AL THOUGH GOODWILL WAS EASY TO DESCRIBE IT WAS NONETHELESS DIFFICULT TO DEFINE. I N A PROGRESSING BUSINESS GOODWILL TENDS TO SHOW PROGRESSIVE INCREASE. AND IN A FAILING BUSI NESS IT MAY BEGIN TO WANE. ITS VALUE MAY FLUCTUATE FROM ONE MOMENT TO ANOTHER DEPENDING ON CHANGES IN THE REPUTATION OF THE BUSINESS. IT IS AFFECTED BY EVERYTHING RELATING TO THE BUSINESS THE PERSONALITY AND BUSINESS RECTITUDE OF THE OWNERS THE NATURE AND CH ARACTER OF THE BUSINESS ITS NAME AND REPUTATION ITS LOCATION ITS IMPACT ON THE CON TEMPORARY MARKET THE PREVAILING SOCIO-ECONOMIC ECOLOGY INTRODUCTION TO OLD CUSTOME RS AND AGREED ABSENCE OF COMPETITION. THERE CAN BE NO ACCOUNT IN VALUE OF TH E FACTORS PRODUCING IT. IT IS ALSO IMPOSSIBLE TO PREDICATE THE MOMENT OF ITS BIRTH. IT COMES SILENTLY INTO THE WORLD UNHERALDED AND UNPROCLAIMED AND ITS IMPACT MAY NOT BE VISIBLY FELT FOR AN UNDEFINED PERIOD. IMPERCEPTIBLE AT BIRTH IT EXISTS ENWRAPPED IN A CONCEPT GROWING OR FLUCTUATING WITH THE NUMEROUS IMPONDERABLES POURING INTO AND A FFECTING THE BUSINESS. 22. REGARD BEING HAD TO THE CONCEPT OF 'GOODWILL' A ND THE STATUTORY SCHEME THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE AND THE DELINEATION THEREON BY THE TRIBUNAL ARE TO BE SCANNED AND ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 10 APPRECIATED. THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE-RESPONDENT AS IS DISCERNIBLE IS THAT THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD TREATED THE TRANSACTIONS KEEP ING IN VIEW THE CONCEPT OF BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE AND PUT IT I N THE COMPARTMENT OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS. TO EFFECTIVELY UNDERSTAND WHAT WOULD CONSTI TUTE AN INTANGIBLE ASSET CERTAIN ASPECTS LIKE THE NATURE OF GOODWILL INVOLVED HOW THE GOODWILL HAS BEEN GENERATED HOW IT HAS BEEN VALUED AGREEMENT UNDER WHICH IT HA S BEEN ACQUIRED WHAT INTANGIBLE ASSET IT REPRESENTS NAMELY TRADEMARK RIGHT PATE NT ETC. AND FURTHER WHETHER IT WOULD COME WITHIN THE CLAUSE NAMELY 'ANY OTHER BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS WHICH ARE OF SIMILAR NATURE' ARE TO BE BORNE IN MIND. 23. ON A SCRUTINY OF THE ORDER PASSED BY THE TRIBUN AL IT IS CLEAR AS CRYSTAL THAT THE DEPRECIATION WAS CLAIMED ON GOODWILL BY THE ASSESSE E ON ACCOUNT OF PAYMENT MADE FOR THE MARKETING AND TRADING REPUTATION TRADE STYLE A ND NAME MARKETING AND DISTRIBUTION TERRITORIAL KNOW-HOW INCLUDING INFOR MATION OR CONSUMPTION PATTERNS AND HABITS OF CONSUMERS IN THE TERRITORY AND THE DIFFER ENCE BETWEEN THE CONSIDERATION PAID FOR BUSINESS AND VALUE OF TANGIBLE ASSETS. THE TRIB UNAL HAS TREATED THE SAME TO BE VALUABLE COMMERCIAL ASSET SIMILAR TO OTHER INTANGIB LES MENTIONED IN THE DEFINITION OF THE BLOCK OF ASSETS AND HENCE ELIGIBLE TO DEPRECI ATION. IT HAS ALSO BEEN NOTED BY THE TRIBUNAL THAT THE SAID FACTS WERE STATED BY THE ASS ESSEE IN THE AUDIT REPORT AND THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD EXAMINED THE AUDIT REPORT AND ALSO MADE QUERIES AND ACCEPTED THE EXPLANATION PREFERRED BY THE ASSESSEE. THE ACCE PTANCE OF THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER WOULD COME IN THE COMPARTM ENT OF TAKING A PLAUSIBLE VIEW INASMUCH AS BASICALLY INTANGIBLE ASSETS ARE IDENTIF IABLE NON-MONETARY ASSETS THAT CANNOT BE SEEN OR TOUCHED OR PHYSICAL MEASURES WHIC H ARE CREATED THROUGH TIME AND / OR EFFORT AND THAT ARE IDENTIFIABLE AS A SEPARATE A SSET. THEY CAN BE IN THE FORM OF COPYRIGHTS PATENTS TRADEMARKS GOODWILL TRADE SE CRETS CUSTOMER LISTS MARKETING RIGHTS FRANCHISES ETC. WHICH EITHER ARISE ON ACQU ISITION OR ARE INTERNALLY GENERATED. 24. IT IS WORTH NOTING THAT THE MEANING OF BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS OF SIMILAR NATURE HAS TO BE UNDERSTOOD IN THE BACKDROP OF SECT ION 32(1)(II) OF THE ACT. COMMERCIAL RIGHTS ARE SUCH RIGHTS WHICH ARE OBTAINE D FOR EFFECTIVELY CARRYING ON THE BUSINESS AND COMMERCE AND COMMERCE AS IS UNDERSTO OD IS A WIDER TERM WHICH ENCOMPASSES IN ITS FOLD MANY A FACET. STUDIED IN TH IS BACKGROUND ANY RIGHT WHICH IS OBTAINED FOR CARRYING ON THE BUSINESS WITH EFFECTIV ENESS IS LIKELY TO FALL OR COME WITHIN THE SWEEP OF MEANING OF INTANGIBLE ASSET. THE DICTI ONARY CLAUSE CLEARLY STIPULATES THAT BUSINESS OR COMMERCIAL RIGHTS SHOULD BE OF SIMILAR NATURE AS KNOW-HOW PATENTS COPYRIGHTS TRADEMARKS LICENCES FRANCHISES ETC. AND ALL THESE ASSETS WHICH ARE NOT MANUFACTURED OR PRODUCED OVERNIGHT BUT ARE BROUGHT INTO EXISTENCE BY EXPERIENCE AND REPUTATION. THEY GAIN SIGNIFICANCE IN THE COMMERCIA L WORLD AS THEY REPRESENT A PARTICULAR BENEFIT OR ADVANTAGE OR REPUTATION BUILT OVER A CERTAIN SPAN OF TIME AND THE CUSTOMERS ASSOCIATE WITH SUCH ASSETS. GOODWILL WHE N APPOSITELY UNDERSTOOD DOES CONVEY A POSITIVE REPUTATION BUILT BY A PERSON / CO MPANY / BUSINESS CONCERN OVER A PERIOD OF TIME. REGARD BEING HAD TO THE WIDER EXPAN SION OF THE DEFINITION AFTER THE AMENDMENT OF SECTION 32 BY THE FINANCE ACT (2) 1998 AND THE AUDITOR'S REPORT AND THE EXPLANATION OFFERED BEFORE THE ASSESSING OFFICER W E ARE OF THE CONSIDERED OPINION THAT THE TRIBUNAL IS JUSTIFIED IN HOLDING THAT IF TWO VI EWS WERE POSSIBLE AND WHEN THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD ACCEPTED ONE VIEW WHICH IS A PLAUSIBLE ONE IT WAS NOT APPROPRIATE ON THE PART OF THE COMMISSIONER TO EXER CISE HIS POWER UNDER SECTION 263 SOLELY ON THE GROUND THAT IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS IT WAS MENTIONED AS 'GOODWILL' AND NOTHING ELSE. AS HAS BEEN HELD BY THE APEX COURT IN MALABAR INDUSTRIAL CO. LTD. (SUPRA) MAX INDIA LTD. (SUPRA) AND COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-T AX V. VIMGI INVESTMENT P. LTD. ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 11 [2007] 290 ITR 505 (DELHI) ONCE A PLAUSIBLE VIEW IS TAKEN IT IS NOT OPEN TO THE COMMISSIONER TO EXERCISE THE POWER UNDER SECTION 26 3 OF THE ACT. 25. IN VIEW OF THE AFORESAID ANALYSIS WE ARE OF TH E CONSIDERED OPINION THAT THE ORDER PASSED BY THE TRIBUNAL IS JUSTIFIED IN THE FACTS AN D CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AND THE QUESTIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN RAISED BY THE REVENUE AS SUBSTANTIAL QUESTIONS OF LAW REALLY DO NOT ARISE. RESULTANTLY THE APPEALS HAVE TO PAVE THE PATH OF DISMISSAL WHICH WE DIRECT. THERE SHALL BE NO ORDER AS TO COSTS. 6. NO CONTRARY DECISION BY THE HONBLE JURISDICTION AL HIGH COURT OR FOR THAT PURPOSE BY ANY OTHER HONBLE HIGH COURTS HAS BEEN C ITED BEFORE US. TO THE BEST OF OUR UNDERSTANDING THAT IS THE ONLY HIGH CO URT DECISION ON THE ISSUE. THE ONLY POINT OF DIFFERENCE IN THE CASE BEFORE US VIS--VIS THE HINDUSTAN COCA COLAS CASE (SUPRA) IS THAT WHEREAS NO SPECIFI C QUESTIONS WERE ASKED IN THE COURSE OF THE ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS IN THIS CA SE IN COCA COLAS CASE THE ASSESSING OFFICER DID ASK THE SPECIFIC QUESTIONS IN THE ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS. THAT HOWEVER DOES NOT MAKE ANY MATER IAL DIFFERENCE FOR THE REASON THAT IN THE PRESENT CASE GOODWILL WAS MEREL Y AN OPENING BALANCE THERE WERE NO ADDITIONS TO THE GOODWILL IN THE CURR ENT YEAR AND THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAD ASKED SPECIFIC QUESTIONS IN THE EARLIER YEARS AND WAS SATISFIED BY THE REPLIED FILED BY THE ASSESSE. ON THESE FACTS T HE ASSESSING OFFICERS CONDUCT CANNOT BE FAULTED PARTICULARLY AS ENTIRE ASSESSMENT RECORD INCLUDING ASKING OF QUESTION IN THE PRECEDING YEAR WHICH WERE SATISFACTORILY REPLIED BY THE ASSESSE WAS BEFORE HIM. RESPECTFUL LY FOLLOWING THE ESTEEMED VIEW OF THE HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF HINDUSTAN COCA COLA BEVERAGES PVT LTD (SUPRA) BY WHICH THE MATTER IS S QUARELY COVERED WE UPHOLD THE PLEA OF THE ASSESSEE AND SET ASIDE THE R EVISION ORDER. 7. IN THE RESULT APPEAL IS ALLOWED. PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 28 TH JANUARY 2011. SD/- SD/- (D MANMOHAN) (PRAMOD KUMAR) VICE PRESIDENT ACCOUNTANT MEMBER MUMBAI; 28 TH _ DAY OF JANUARY 2011 . ITA NO.: 2680/MUM/07 KOCH CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP INDIA PVT LTD 12 COPY FORWARDED TO : 1. THE APPELLANT 2. THE RESPONDENT 3. COMMISSIONER -10 MUMBAI 4. COMMISSIONER (APPEALS) MUMBAI 5. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE G BENCH MUMBAI 6. GUARD FILE TRUE COPY BY O RDER ETC. ASSISTANT REGISTRAR INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL MUMBAI BENCHES MUMBAI