ACIT, New Delhi v. M/s Pasadensa Foods Ltd., New Delhi

ITA 3002/DEL/2011 | 2005-2006
Pronouncement Date: 23-11-2017 | Result: Partly Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 300220114 RSA 2011
Bench Delhi
Appeal Number ITA 3002/DEL/2011
Duration Of Justice 6 year(s) 5 month(s) 15 day(s)
Appellant ACIT, New Delhi
Respondent M/s Pasadensa Foods Ltd., New Delhi
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 23-11-2017
Appeal Filed By Department
Tags No record found
Order Result Partly Allowed
Bench Allotted F
Tribunal Order Date 23-11-2017
Date Of Final Hearing 03-07-2017
Next Hearing Date 03-07-2017
First Hearing Date 03-07-2017
Assessment Year 2005-2006
Appeal Filed On 07-06-2011
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL DELHI BENCHES : F : NEW DELHI BEFORE SHRI R.S. SYAL VICE PRESIDENT AND SMT BEENA PILLAI JUDICIAL MEMBER ITA NO.3002/DEL/2011 ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2005-06 ACIT CIRCLE-10(1) NEW DELHI. VS. PASADENSA FOODS LTD. (NOW KNOWN AS DABUR FOODS LTD.) 4 TH FLOOR PUNJABI BHAWAN 10 ROUSE AVENUE NEW DELHI. ITA NO.2731/DEL/2011 ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2005-06 PASADENSA FOODS LTD. (NOW KNOWN AS DABUR FOODS LTD.) 4 TH FLOOR PUNJABI BHAWAN 10 ROUSE AVENUE NEW DELHI. VS. ACIT CIRCLE-10(1) NEW DELHI. (APPELLANT) (RESPONDENT) ASSESSEE BY : SHRI M.P. RASTOGI ADVOCATE DEPARTMENT BY : SHRI ATIQ AHMAD SR. DR DATE OF HEARING : 22.11.2017 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 23.11.2017 ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 2 ORDER PER R.S. SYAL VP: THESE TWO CROSS APPEALS ONE BY THE ASSESSEE AND THE OTHER BY THE REVENUE ARISE OUT OF THE ORDER PASSED BY THE CIT(A) ON 10.03.2011 IN RELATION TO THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-06. 2. FIRST GROUND OF THE REVENUES APPEAL IS AGAINST THE TREATMENT OF SUBSIDY OF RS.2.5 CRORE AS CAPITAL IN NATURE. 3. BRIEFLY STATED THE FACTS OF THE CASE ARE THAT T HE ASSESSEE DECLARED RECEIPT OF RS.2.5 CRORE AS CAPITAL IN NATURE BEIN G THE AMOUNT SUBSIDY FROM WEST BENGAL GOVERNMENT UNDER WEST BENGAL INCEN TIVE SCHEME 2000. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT SAME WAS CAPITAL INVE STMENT SUBSIDY GIVEN TO INCENTIVIZE THE SETTING UP OF UNITS IN WES T BENGAL AND HENCE NOT A REVENUE RECEIPT. THE ASSESSING OFFICER TREATE D THE SAME AS REVENUE. THE LD. CIT(A) OVERTURNED THE ASSESSMENT ORDER ON THIS POINT. 4. HAVING HEARD BOTH THE SIDES AND PERUSED THE RELE VANT MATERIAL ON RECORD IT IS SEEN AS AN ADMITTED POSITION THAT T HE SUBSIDY OF RS.2.50 CRORE WAS GIVEN FOR SETTING UP OF UNIT IN WEST BENG AL AND THE SAME HAS ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 3 BEEN CHARACTERIZED AS `CAPITAL INVESTMENT SUBSIDY. THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN SAHNEY STEEL AND PRESS WORKS VS. CIT (1997) 228 ITR 253 (SC) HAS HELD THAT THE OPERATIONAL SUBSIDY WHICH IS REC EIVED AFTER COMMENCING THE BUSINESS IS TAXABLE INCOME. THE HO N'BLE APEX COURT HAS FURTHER LAID DOWN IN THIS CASE THAT THE PURPOSE OF SUBSIDY SHOULD BE EXAMINED. IF SUCH SUBSIDY IS FOR ENCOURAGING THE E STABLISHMENT OF NEW UNITS THEN IT IS CAPITAL BUT THE OPERATIONAL SU BSIDIES ALLOWED AFTER COMMENCING OF BUSINESS ARE TAXABLE IN NATURE. THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN CIT VS. PONNI SUGAR & CHEMICALS LTD. (2008) 306 ITR 392 (SC) HAS AGAIN LAID DOWN THAT THE PURPOSE TEST SHOULD BE APPLIED FOR DETERMINING THE CHARACTER OF SUBSIDY. IF THE SUBSID Y IS GIVEN FOR EXPANSION ETC. THEN IT IS A CAPITAL RECEIPT IRRE SPECTIVE OF THE FACT THAT IT IS GIVEN IN THE FORM OF MORE OPEN QUOTAS ETC. TURN ING TO THE FACTS OF THE INSTANT CASE WE FIND IT AS AN ADMITTED POSITION TH AT THE ASSESSEE RECEIVED THIS AMOUNT AS A QUID PRO QUO FOR SETTING UP OF ITS UNIT IN WEST BENGAL. THE SAME BEING ALLOWED FOR SETTING UP OF INDUSTRY HAS BEEN RIGHTLY HELD BY THE LD. CIT(A) TO BE CAPITAL RECEIPT. THE IMPUGN ED ORDER IS CONFIRMED. THIS GROUND FAILS. ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 4 5. SECOND GROUND OF THE DEPARTMENTAL APPEAL IS AGAI NST THE DELETION OF ADDITION OF RS.1 68 33 194/- MADE BY THE ASSESSI NG OFFICER ON ACCOUNT OF CAPITALIZATION OF INTEREST. THE ASSESSE E PAID CERTAIN INTEREST. ON PERUSAL OF THE DETAILS OF FIXED ASSETS AS HAVE BEEN TABULATED ON PAGES 19 ONWARDS OF THE ASSESSMENT ORDER THE ASSESSING O FFICER OBSERVED THAT THE BUSINESS DID NOT COMMENCE DURING THE YEAR AND HENCE INTEREST SHOULD BE CAPITALIZED. THIS LED TO THE ADDITION OF RS.1 68 33 194/-. THE LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT THE BUSINESS OF THE ASSESS EE STARTED IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004-05 WHICH FACT WAS DULY ADMITT ED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER WHILE FRAMING ASSESSMENT FOR SUCH PRECEDING YEAR. THAT BEING THE POSITION IT WAS HELD THAT THE DISALLOWANCE OF INTEREST WAS NOT CALLED FOR. THE REVENUE IS AGGRIEVED AGAINST THE DELETION OF DISALLOWANCE. 6. WE HAVE HEARD BOTH THE SIDES AND PERUSED THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RECORD. CASE OF THE AO IS THAT SINCE THE BUSINESS W AS NOT SET UP HENCE INTEREST RELATABLE TO SUCH ASSETS SHOULD NOT BE ALL OWED AS DEDUCTION. THERE IS NO DOUBT ON THE FACT THAT THE ASSESSMENT F OR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004-05 WAS COMPLETED U/S 143(3) IN WHICH THE ASSES SING OFFICER ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 5 ACCEPTED THE BUSINESS TO HAVE STARTED. IN THAT VIE W OF THE MATTER NO DISALLOWANCE OF INTEREST CAN BE MADE FOR THE ASSETS WHICH HAVE BEEN ALREADY PUT TO USE. 7. ON PERUSAL OF THE ANNUAL ACCOUNTS OF THE AS SESSEE FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION IT WAS OBSERVED FROM THE SCHED ULE OF FIXED ASSETS A COPY OF WHICH IS AVAILABLE ON PAGE 78 OF THE PAPER BOOK THAT HEAVY ADDITIONS HAVE BEEN SHOWN DURING THE YEAR TOTALING TO RS.8 08 09 000/-. ADDITION TO PLANT & MACHINERY STANDS AT RS.5.61 CRO RE AND ADDITION TO THE BUILDING AT RS.2.19 CRORE. OPENING GROSS FIGUR ES SHOW TOTAL OF ASSETS AT RS.14.47 CRORE WITH BUILDING AT RS.2.98 CRORE AN D PLANT & MACHINERY AT RS.10.99 CRORE. ON A POINTED QUERY FROM THE BEN CH THE LD. AR SUBMITTED THAT THE MANGO PULP PLANT STARTED IN THE PRECEDING YEAR AND THAT IS THE REASON FOR WHICH THE ASSESSING OFFICER TREATED THE BUSINESS AS COMMENCED IN HIS ORDER FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2004 -05. AS REGARDS HEAVY ADDITIONS MADE TO PLANT & MACHINERY AND BUILD ING DURING THE YEAR THE LD. AR CANDIDLY ADMITTED THAT PINEAPPLE U NIT WAS BEING SET UP AND IT COMMENCED DURING THE YEAR RELEVANT TO THE AS SESSMENT YEAR UNDER ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 6 CONSIDERATION. IT IS THEREFORE CLEAR THAT ALL THE ASSETS OF THE ASSESSEE WERE NOT PUT TO USE AFTER INSTALLATION THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. PROVISO TO SECTION 36(1)(III) PROVIDES THAT: ANY AMOUNT OF TH E INTEREST PAID IN RESPECT OF CAPITAL BORROWED FOR ACQUISITION OF AN A SSET (WHETHER CAPITALIZED IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT OR NOT) FOR ANY PERIOD BEGINNING FROM THE DATE ON WHICH THE CAPITAL WAS BORROWED FOR ACQU ISITION OF THE ASSET TILL THE DATE ON WHICH SUCH ASSET WAS FIRST PUT TO USE SHALL NOT BE DEDUCTED AS ALLOWED. IN VIEW OF THIS CLEAR PROVISO SET OUT IN SECTION 36(1)(III) IT BECOMES ABUNDANTLY CLEAR THAT ANY IN TEREST PAID IN RESPECT OF CAPITAL BORROWED FOR ACQUISITION OF ASSET SHALL NOT BE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION FOR THE PERIOD TILL SUCH ASSET IS FIRST P UT TO USE. SINCE THE PINEAPPLE UNIT OF THE ASSESSEE WAS NOT ADMITTEDLY O PERATIONAL THROUGHOUT THE YEAR INTEREST ON CAPITAL BORROWED FOR ACQUISIT ION OF ASSETS MEANT FOR THE PINEAPPLE UNIT CANNOT BE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION T ILL SUCH ASSETS ARE PUT TO USE. NO SUCH DETAILS ARE AVAILABLE WITH THE LD. AR. IN THE GIVEN CIRCUMSTANCES WE SET ASIDE THE IMPUGNED ORDER TO T HIS EXTENT AND REMIT THE MATTER TO THE FILE OF ASSESSING OFFICER FOR EXA MINING THE AMOUNT OF INTEREST PAID BY THE ASSESSEE ON CAPITAL BORROWED F OR ACQUISITION OF FIXED ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 7 ASSETS. AMOUNT OF INTEREST PERTAINING TO THE PERIO D UP TO THE WHICH SUCH ASSETS OF PINEAPPLE UNIT WERE NOT FIRST PUT TO USE SHALL NOT BE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION. NEEDLESS TO SAY THE ASSESSEE WILL BE A LLOWED A REASONABLE OPPORTUNITY OF HEARING IN THIS CASE. 8. LAST GROUND OF THE REVENUES APPEAL IS AGAINST D ELETION OF ADDITION OF RS.41 18 347/- MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER ON ACCOUNT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. FOLLOWING THE VIEW TAKEN FOR DISALLOWING INTEREST THE ASSESSING OFFICER OPINED THAT NO BUSI NESS ACTIVITY TOOK PLACE TILL AUGUST 2004 AND HENCE 2/3 RD OF THE SELLING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES WERE TO BE CAPITALIZED ON PRO-RATA BASIS. THIS LED TO THE ADDITION OF RS.41 18 347/-. THE LD. CIT(A) ALSO F OLLOWING HIS VIEW OF THE ASSESSEE HAVING COMMENCED THE BUSINESS IN PRECE DING YEAR OVERTURNED THE ASSESSMENT ORDER ON THIS SCORE. WHIL E DISPOSING OFF GROUND NO. 2 OF THE REVENUES APPEAL WE HAVE MODIF IED THE FINDING OF THE LD. CIT(A) REGARDING SETTING UP OF THE BUSINESS IN THE PRECEDING YEAR BY HOLDING THAT ONLY THE MANGO PULP BUSINESS WAS SE T UP AND THE PINEAPPLE BUSINESS WAS IN THE PROCESS OF BEING SETT ING UP WHICH THE ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 8 ASSESSEE CLAIMS TO HAVE BEEN ACTUALLY SET UP IN JUL Y 2004. IN VIEW OF THIS FACT THE EXPENSES RELATING TO PINEAPPLE UNIT ARE REQUIRED TO BE CAPITALIZED AND THOSE RELATING TO MANGO PULP UNIT S HOULD BE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTION. 9. THE ONLY ISSUE RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE IN ITS APP EAL IS AGAINST THE REDUCTION OF THE AMOUNT OF SUBSIDY UNDER WEST BENGA L INCENTIVE SCHEME 2000 FROM THE VALUE OF FIXED ASSETS FOR THE PURPOSES OF GRANTING DEDUCTION. THE LD. AR CONTENDED THAT THE AMOUNT OF SUBSIDY OF RS.2.50 CRORE SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN REDUCED FROM THE VALUE O F FIXED ASSETS. HE RELIED ON THE JUDGMENT OF THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. P.J. CHEMICALS (1994) 210 ITR 830 (SC) IN WHICH IT HAS BEEN HELD THAT THE AMOUNT OF SUBSIDY RECEIVED UNDER CENTRAL SCHEME SHOULD NOT BE REDUCED FROM COST OF ASSETS FOR DEPRECIATION. 10. HAVING GONE THROUGH THE RELEVANT MATERIAL ON RE CORD IT IS FOUND THAT THE ASSESSEE IN FACT RECEIVED CAPITAL INVEST MENT SUBSIDY OF RS.2.50 CRORE WHICH RELATES TO THE SETTING UP OF ITS UNIT I N WEST BENGAL. THE MOOT QUESTION IS WHETHER THE AMOUNT OF SUCH SUBSIDY OF RS.2.50 CRORE ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 9 SHOULD BE REDUCED FROM THE COST OF FIXED ASSETS. I T IS NO DOUBT TRUE THAT THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN P.J. CHEMICALS (SUPRA) HAS HELD THAT SUBSIDY RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT UNDER CENTRAL SUBS IDY SCHEME IS AN INCENTIVE AND NOT FOR THE SPECIFIC PURPOSE OF MEETI NG A PORTION OF COST OF ASSETS AND THE SAME IS THEREFORE NOT DEDUCTIBLE F ROM ACTUAL COST FOR THE PURPOSES OF CALCULATION OF DEPRECIATION. HOWEV ER IT IS RELEVANT TO NOTE THAT THE PARLIAMENT HAS NEUTRALIZED THE EFFECT OF THE JUDGMENT IN P.J. CHEMICALS (SUPRA) BY INSERTING EXPLANATION 10 TO SECTION 43(1) W.E.F. 01.04.1999 WHICH READS AS UNDER:- EXPLANATION 10.WHERE A PORTION OF THE COST OF AN A SSET ACQUIRED BY THE ASSESSEE HAS BEEN MET DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OR A STATE GOVERNMENT OR ANY AUTHORITY E STABLISHED UNDER ANY LAW OR BY ANY OTHER PERSON IN THE FORM OF A SU BSIDY OR GRANT OR REIMBURSEMENT (BY WHATEVER NAME CALLED) THEN SO M UCH OF THE COST AS IS RELATABLE TO SUCH SUBSIDY OR GRANT OR REIMBURSEM ENT SHALL NOT BE INCLUDED IN THE ACTUAL COST OF THE ASSET TO THE ASS ESSEE : PROVIDED THAT WHERE SUCH SUBSIDY OR GRANT OR REIMBU RSEMENT IS OF SUCH NATURE THAT IT CANNOT BE DIRECTLY RELATABLE TO THE ASSET ACQUIRED SO MUCH OF THE AMOUNT WHICH BEARS TO THE TOTAL SUBSIDY OR R EIMBURSEMENT OR GRANT THE SAME PROPORTION AS SUCH ASSET BEARS TO AL L THE ASSETS IN RESPECT OF OR WITH REFERENCE TO WHICH THE SUBSIDY OR GRANT OR REIMBURSEMENT IS SO RECEIVED SHALL NOT BE INCLUDED IN THE ACTUAL CO ST OF THE ASSET TO THE ASSESSEE. ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 10 11. IT IS OBVIOUS FROM A PERUSAL OF THE EXPLANATION THAT WHERE A PORTION OF THE COST OF AN ASSET HAS BEEN MET EVEN INDIRECTL Y BY THE GOVERNMENT OR ANY OTHER PERSON IN THE FORM OF A SUBSIDY SUC H AN AMOUNT OF SUBSIDY OR REIMBURSEMENTS ETC. SHALL NOT BE INCLUDE D IN THE ACTUAL COST OF THE ASSET TO THE ASSESSEE. THUS IT IS CLEAR THAT THE JUDGMENT IN THE CASE OF P.J. CHEMICALS (SUPRA) THEREFORE NO MORE HOLDS THE FIELD W.E.F. ASSESSMENT YEAR 1999-2000 ONWARDS. 12. THE LD. AR ALSO RELIED ON THE JUDGMENT OF TH E HON'BLE GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN BANCO PRODUCTS (I) LTD. VS. DCIT (2015) 379 ITR 1 ( GUJ) TO CONTEND THAT THE AMOUNT OF SUBSIDY SHOULD NOT BE REDUCED FROM THE ACTUAL COST FOR THE PURPOSES OF DEPRECIATION. THE H ONBLE GUJARAT HIGH COURT IN BANCO PRODUCTS (SUPRA) HAS HELD THAT WHERE PORTION OF COST OF ASSET ACQUIRED BY ASSESSEE HAD BEEN MET DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OR STATE GOVERNMENT OR ANY AUTHORITY EST ABLISHED UNDER ANY LAW OR BY ANY PERSON IN FORM OF A SUBSIDY THEN C OST AS WAS RELATABLE TO SUCH SUBSIDY SHALL NOT BE INCLUDED IN ACTUAL COST OF ASSET TO ASSESSEE. HOWEVER WHAT IS MATERIAL FOR CONSIDERATION IS THAT IN THAT CASE ASSETS ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 11 WERE ACQUIRED IN 1993-94 AND EXPLANATION 10 TO SECT ION 43(1) CAME TO BE INSERTED W.E.F. A.Y. 1999-2000 ONWARDS. THE HON BLE HIGH COURT HAS RECOGNIZED THIS POSITION IN PARA 10 BY OBSERVING TH AT : `ANOTHER ASPECT OF THE MATTER IS THAT ON THE DATE WHEN THE ASSESSEE HA D INVESTED IN FIXED CAPITAL ASSETS EXPLANATION 10 TO SUB-SECTION (1) O F SECTION 43 OF THE ACT WAS NOT ON THE STATUTE BOOK AND HENCE THE ACTUAL C OST CAME TO BE COMPUTED IN TERMS OF THE LAW AS EXISTING AT THE REL EVANT TIME. NOTHING HAPPENED IN THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION SO AS TO J USTIFY THE ACTION OF REDUCTION FROM THE WRITTEN DOWN VALUE OF THE BLOCK OF ASSETS. EXPLANATION 10 TO SUB-SECTION (1) OF SECTION 43 OF THE ACT CAME INTO EFFECT ONLY FROM 1.4.1999 THAT TOO PROSPECTIVELY AN D THEREFORE HAS NO APPLICATION MORE SO WHEN PLANT ITSELF WAS SET-UP IN ASSESSMENT YEAR 1993-94. SINCE IN THE INSTANT CASE THE ASSETS RELATING TO T HE PINEAPPLE UNIT WERE ACQUIRED/SET UP MUCH LATER THAN THE DATE OF APPLICABILITY OF EXPLANATION 10 AND AS PER THE VERSION OF THE LD. AR THE PROJECT BECAME READY FOR OPERATIONS IN JULY 2005 WE FIND THAT TH E MANDATE OF EXPLANATION 10 TO SECTION 43(1) GETS FULLY ATTRACTE D. THE DECISION IN BANCO PRODUCTS (SUPRA) THEREFORE SUPPORTS THE REVENUES STAND POINT ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 12 INSTEAD OF THE ASSESSEE. IT IS ERGO HELD THAT THE A MOUNT OF SUBSIDY RECEIVED BY THE ASSESSEE TO THE TUNE OF RS.2.50 CRO RE WILL REQUIRE REDUCTION FROM THE COST OF ACQUISITION OF THE ASSET S AND WOULD CONSEQUENTLY LOWER THE AMOUNT OF DEPRECIATION AS HA S BEEN HELD BY THE LOWER AUTHORITIES. THE IMPUGNED ORDER IS COUNTENAN CED ON THIS SCORE. THE GROUND OF THE ASSESSEE FAILS. 13. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE REVENUE IS PARTLY ALLOWED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES AND THAT OF THE ASSESSEE IS DI SMISSED. ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 23 RD NOVEMBER 2017. SD/- SD/- [BEENA PILLAI] [R.S. SYAL] JUDICIAL MEMBER VICE PRESIDENT DATED 23 RD NOVEMBER 2017. DK ITA NOS.3002 & 2731/DEL/2011 13 COPY FORWARDED TO: 1. APPELLANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT (A) 5. DR ITAT AR ITAT NEW DELHI.