M/s Shindengen India Private Limited , Bangalore v. Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Circle-6(1)(1), Bangalore

ITA 3343/BANG/2018 | 2014-2015
Pronouncement Date: 31-08-2021 | Result: Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 334321114 RSA 2018
Assessee PAN AARCS8947E
Bench Bangalore
Appeal Number ITA 3343/BANG/2018
Duration Of Justice 2 year(s) 8 month(s) 13 day(s)
Appellant M/s Shindengen India Private Limited , Bangalore
Respondent Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Circle-6(1)(1), Bangalore
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 31-08-2021
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted C
Tribunal Order Date 31-08-2021
Date Of Final Hearing 30-08-2021
Next Hearing Date 30-08-2021
Last Hearing Date 22-06-2020
First Hearing Date 05-11-2019
Assessment Year 2014-2015
Appeal Filed On 18-12-2018
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL C BENCH : BANGALORE BEFORE SHRI N.V. VASUDEVAN VICE PRESIDENT AND SHRI CHANDRA POOJARI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER IT (TP) A NO. 33 4 3 /BANG/20 18 ASSESSMENT Y EAR : 20 1 4 - 1 5 M/S. SHINDENGEN INDIA PVT. LTD. PLOT NO.283/2 BOMMASANDRA JIGANI LINK ROAD BENGALURU 560 105. PAN : A A RCS 8947 E VS. THE DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CIRCLE -6(1)(1) BENGALURU. APPELLANT RESPONDENT APPELLANT BY : SHRI. S. D. KAPILA ADVOCATE RESPONDENT BY : SHRI. PRADEEP KUMAR CIT(DR)(ITAT) BENGALURU DATE OF HEARING : 30.08.2021 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 31.08.2021 O R D E R PER CHANDRA POOJARI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER THIS IS AN APPEAL BY THE ASSESSEE AGAINST THE ORDER DATED 16.10.2018 PASSED BY THE DCIT CIRCLE 6-(1)(1) BENGALURU U/S.143(3) READ WITH SEC.144C (13) OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 (ACT) IN RELATION TO AY 2014-15. 2. THE FIRST ISSUE THAT ARISES FOR CONSIDERATION IN THIS APPEAL IS WITH REGARD TO THE ADDITION MADE TO THE TOTAL INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE OF A SUM OF RS.21 61 37 271 BEING AN ADDITION MADE CONSEQUENT TO DETERMINATION OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE (ALP) U/S.92 OF THE ACT IN RESPECT OF AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION ENTERED INTO BY THE ASSESSEE WITH ITS ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISE (AE). THE ASSESSEE IS A WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF SHINDENGEN ELECTRIC MFG CO. LTD JAPAN. IT WAS INCORPORATED IN INDIA ON AUGUST 21 2012 UNDER THE INDIAN IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 2 OF 20 COMPANIES ACT 1956 TO CARRY ON THE BUSINESS OF MANUFACTURING OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS FOR TWO WHEELERS AND TRADING OF POWER SYSTEM PRODUCTS. DURING THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THE ASSESSEE WAS ENGAGED IN THE TRADING OF POWER SYSTEM PRODUCTS & ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS FOR TWO WHEELERS. THE ASSESSEE WAS IN THE PROCESS OF SETTING UP A MANUFACTURING FACILITY AT BANGALORE FOR MANUFACTURE OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS LIKE CAPACITOR DISCHARGE IGNITOR (CDI) ALONG WITH REGULATOR RECTIFIERS FOR TWO WHEELERS. A RETURN OF INCOME IN RESPECT OF AY 2014-15 WAS FILED BY THE ASSESSEE ON NOVEMBER 26 2014 DECLARING A TOTAL LOSS OF RS.3 58 98 221/-. DURING THE RELEVANT YEAR THE ASSESSEE HAD ENTERED INTO THE FOLLOWING INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS WITH ITS AES; TABLE 1- LIST OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS SL.NO NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION AMOUNT IN (INR) MAM USED 1 PURCHASE OF CONSUMABLES 77 189 CO ST PLUS METHOD 2 PURCHASE OF RAW MATERIALS 1 69 25 073 COST PLUS METHOD 3 PURCHASE OF STOCK-IN- TRADE 86 01 64 421 COST PLUS METHOD 4 PURCHASE OF CAPITAL ASSETS 10 79 29 930 COST PLUS METHOD 5 ISSUE OF SHARE CAPITAL 87 00 00 000 ANY OTHER METHOD 6 RE IM BURSEMENT OF EXPENSES 1 86 32 752 CUP METHOD TOTAL 1 87 37 29 365 3. THE DISPUTE IN THIS APPEAL IS WITH REGARD TO THE DETERMINATION OF ALP IN RESPECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION OF PURCHASE OF STOCK- IN-TRADE BY THE ASSESSEE FROM ITS AE. IN THE TP STUDY THE ASSESSEE AGGREGATED AND BENCHMARKED THE TRANSACTIONS OF PURCHASE OF CONSUMABLES RAW MATERIALS STOCK-IN-TRADE AND CAPITAL ASSETS BY SELECTING COST PLUS METHOD (CPM) AS MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD (`MAM') AND THE IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 3 OF 20 OVERSEAS AE AS TESTED PARTY. THE GROSS PROFIT (`GP/COST OF GOODS SOLD') MARGIN EARNED BY THE COMPARABLE COMPANIES WERE HIGHER THAN THE GROSS MARGINS OF TESTED PARTY IN ITS RESPECTIVE REGION AND ACCORDINGLY THOSE TRANSACTIONS WERE CONCLUDED TO BE AT ARM'S LENGTH. THE RESULTS OF THE COMPARABLE SEARCH AND THE FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ARE AS BELOW:- COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPARABLE SEARCH PARTICULARS DETAILS NUMBER OF COMPANIES ARITHMETIC MEAN OF GROSS PROFIT MARGINS OF COMPARABLE COMPANIES GROSS PROFIT MARGINS OF TESTED PARTY 10 21.31% 19.90% 4. THE AO MADE A REFERENCE TO THE LEARNED DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX [TRANSFER PRICING 2(2)(1)) BANGALORE (`TPO') FOR COMPUTATION OF ARM'S LENGTH PRICE (`ALP') U/S 92CA(1) OF THE ACT. SUBSEQUENTLY THE TPO INITIATED VERIFICATION PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE TRANSACTIONS UNDERTAKEN BY THE ASSESSEE COMPANY ADHERE TO THE ARM'S LENGTH STANDARD PRESCRIBED IN THE INDIAN TRANSFER PRICING REGULATIONS. INFORMATION/EXPLANATIONS WERE SOUGHT AT VARIOUS INSTANCES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SHOW-CAUSE PROCEEDINGS AND AN ORDER DATED OCTOBER 31 2017 WAS PASSED (HEREINAFTER REFERRED TO AS `TP ORDER'). 5. THROUGH THE SAID TP ORDER TPO HAS CONDUCTED A FRESH BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS IN RESPECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION OF PURCHASE OF STOCK-IN- TRADE (INR 86 01 64 421) USING COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED PRICE METHOD (CUPM) DISREGARDING THE BENCHMARKING ANALYSIS CARRIED OUT BY THE ASSESSEE IN RESPECT OF PURCHASE OF CONSUMABLES RAW MATERIALS STOCK-IN-TRADE AND CAPITAL ASSETS BY SELECTING COST PLUS METHOD (CPM') AS MOST IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 4 OF 20 APPROPRIATE METHOD (MAM') AND THE OVERSEAS AE AS TESTED PARTY. IN THIS PROCESS THE TPO COMPARED THE PRICES AT WHICH STOCK-IN-TRADE WERE PURCHASED BY SIPL WITH THE PRICES AT WHICH THEY WERE SOLD TO THIRD PARTIES AND CONSIDERED THE DIFFERENTIAL GROSS MARGINS FOR APPLICATION OF CUPM. THOSE GROSS MARGINS WERE APPLIED ON THE SALE PRICES OF SIPL TO ARRIVE AT THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE (ALP') OF PURCHASE OF STOCK- IN-TRADE EFFECTIVELY USING RESALE PRICE METHOD (RPM) WHILE CLAIMING TO HAVE APPLIED THE CUPM. UPON COMPARISON OF SUCH ALP DETERMINED BY THE LD TPO WITH THE PURCHASE PRICE OF SIPL THE TPO COMPUTED AN ADJUSTMENT OF INR 21 61 37 271/- TO THE VALUE OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION OF PURCHASE OF STOCK-IN-TRADE. 6. THE ASSESSEE IN A LETTER DATED 3.6.2017 SUBMITTED BEFORE THE TPO THAT IT HAD CHOSEN THE FOREIGN AE AS A TESTED PARTY BECAUSE IT WAS LEAST COMPLEX (AMONGST THE PARTIES TO THE TRANSACTION) RELIABLE AND ACCURATE DATE WAS AVAILABLE FOR COMPARISON AND AVAILABLE DATA CAN BE USED WITH MINIMAL ADJUSTMENTS. 7. THE TRANSFER PRICING OFFICER TO WHOM A REFERENCE WAS MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER (AO) U/S.92CA OF THE ACT REJECTED THE TRANSFER PRICING ANALYSIS OF THE ASSESSEE FOR THE FOLLOWING REASONS: BASED ON THE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS MENTIONED ABOVE IT IS NOTED THAT SHINDENGEN JAPAN IS ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF MANUFACTURING AND SALE OF SEMICONDUCTORS ELECTRIC EQUIPMENTS AND POWER SUPPLY PRODUCTS. FROM THE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF SIPL IT IS ROUND THAT THE TAXPAYER IS SIMPLER PARTY AND HAVING LESSER RISKS AS COMPARED TO THE AE. FURTHER DUE TO AVAILABILITY OF THE RELIABLE DATA OF THE COMPARABLES IN THE CASE OF TAXPAYER SIPL IS CONSIDERED AS TESTED PARTY. BASED ON THE ABOVE DISCUSSION TP REPORT IS REJECTED AND THE TP0 PROCEEDS TO DETERMINE THE ARMS LENGTH PRICE BY CONDUCTING AN INDEPENDENT SEARCH FOR COMPARABLES CONSIDERING THE FUNCTIONS PERFORMED AND THE RESULT OF THE SEARCH IS GIVEN IN THE FOLLOWING PARAS. IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 5 OF 20 8. THEREAFTER THE TPO PROPOSED TO ADOPT RESALE PRICE METHOD (RPM) AS THE MAM BUT GAVE UP THE PROPOSAL WITH THE OBSERVATION IN PARAGRAPH 8.2 OF HER ORDER U/S.92CA OF THE ACT THAT RPM METHOD IS REJECTED DUE TO NON- AVAILABILITY OF SUFFICIENT NUMBER OF COMPARABLES. THEREAFTER THE TPO OBSERVED IN PARAGRAPH 8.3 TO 8.5 OF HER ORDER THAT THE PURCHASE PRICE FROM THE AE WAS HIGHER THAN THE PRICE AT WHICH THE ASSESSEE SOLD THE PRODUCTS IN INDIA AND THAT ADOPTING 10% MARGIN ON SALES AND BY ADOPTING COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED PRICE (CUP) METHOD FOR DETERMINING ALP. THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THE PROPOSAL OF THE TPO TO APPLY 10% MARGIN ON SALES AND ADOPT CUP METHOD IS ALIEN TO THE RELEVANT STATUTORY PROVISIONS. THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT CUPM COMPARES THE PRICE CHARGED FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED IN A CONTROLLED TRANSACTION TO THE PRICE CHARGED FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION IN COMPARABLE CIRCUMSTANCES. CUPM IS A MORE DIRECT MEASURE OF THE ALP THAN THE OTHER METHODS ALL OF WHICH INDIRECTLY DETERMINE ALP THROUGH EVALUATION OF THE ARM'S LENGTH PROFITS. IT COMPARES THE CONSIDERATION FOR A COMPARABLE PRODUCT IN COMPARABLE CIRCUMSTANCES INSTEAD OF SEEKING TO COMPUTE THE MARGIN THE ENTERPRISE MIGHT BE EXPECTED TO ACHIEVE FOR FUNCTIONS UNDERTAKEN ASSETS UTILIZED AND RISKS ASSUMED. THE ASSESSEE POINTED OUT THAT CONTRARY TO BE ABOVE PROCESS ADOPTED IN CUPM THE ADOPTION OF PROFIT MARGIN PERCENTAGE TO BENCHMARK THE PURCHASE TRANSACTION PRICE IS IN VIOLATION OF THE CUPM THOUGH CUPM ONLY CONSIDERS THE PRICE CHARGED FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION WHICH CAN BE COMPARED TO THE PRICE CHARGED FOR THE PROPERTY IN THE CONTROLLED TRANSACTION. 9. THE TPO ACCEPTED IN PARAGRAPH 9.2.1 OF HER ORDER THAT IN CUP METHOD MARGIN AT 10% ON SALES TO THIRD PARTIES CANNOT BE ASSUMED. THE TPO HOWEVER GOT THE DETAILS OF PURCHASE PRICE OF EACH ITEM OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION OF PURCHASE OF STOCK IN TRADE FROM AE AND THE PRICE AT WHICH THE ASSESSEE SOLD EACH OF THE ITEMS TO THIRD PARTIES. THEREAFTER THE IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 6 OF 20 TPO COMPUTED ALP OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION OF PURCHASE OF STOCK IN TRADE AS FOLLOWS: 9.2.3 DETERMINATION OF ALP: 9.2.3.1 METHOD :CUP AS MAM 9.2.3.2 DATA: CURRENT YEAR DATA F.Y 2013-14. 9.2.3.3 THE AVERAGE PRICE OF THE PURCHASE AND SALE WERE TAKEN TO BENCHMARK THE TRANSACTION. FEW PRODUCTS WERE PURCHASED AT LOWER THAN SALES MADE TO THE THIRD PARTIES. TAXPAYER HAS SUBMITTED COMPARISON CHART FOR 3 PRODUCTS I.E. FILTER SUB NOICE UNIT ASSY GENERATOR CONTROL UNIT COMP INVERTER. THE AVERAGE GROSS MARGIN ON THESE PRODUCTS IS CONSIDERED SAME AS TAXPAYER CALCULATED WHERE AS IN OTHER 2 PRODUCTS I.E REG RECT COM & UNIT ASSY SPARK-3 LOWEST PURCHASE PRICE IS CONSIDERED TO ARRIVE THE AVERAGE MARGIN. 9.2.3.4 AVERAGE MARGIN IS CALCULATION AS FOLLOWS: S.NO. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION PURCHASE PRICE (INR) SALE PRICE (INR) GROSS MARGIN GROSS MARGIN % 1 FILTER SUB NOISE (AC) 88.82 93.39 4.57 5.15 2 REG RECT COM 252 285 33 13.10 3 UNIT ASSY SPARK 392 453 61 15.56 4 UNIT ASSY GENERATOR CONTROL 6903 7409 506 7.33 5 UNIT COMP INVERTER 14443 16142 1699 11.77 9.2.3.5 THE GROSS MARGIN ARRIVED WITH THOSE RESPECTIVE PRODUCTS IS CONSIDERED TO CALCULATE THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE IN THIS PURCHASE TRANSACTION. HENCE THERE IS NO QUESTION OF ASSUMING THE MARGIN BUT MARGIN IS TAKEN FROM THEIR OWN TRANSACTION APPLYING CUP METHOD. 9.2.3.6 COMPUTATION: THE DETAILS OF COMPUTATION IS AS UNDER: IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 7 OF 20 SI. NO PRODUCT DESCRIPTION PURCHASE PRICE (INR) (A) SALE PRICE (INR) (B) ALP MARGIN ON GP (%) (C) MARGIN PRICE PER PRODUCT (1))=(B)*(C) ALP PRICE FOR PURCHASE (E) = (B)- (D) DIFFERENCE OF PURCHASE PRICE &ALP (F) QUANTITY PURCHASED (G) ADJUSTMENT (H)=(F)*(G) 1 FILTER SUB NOISE (AC) 87 90 5.15 4.64 85.37 1.64 25123 41076 2 REG RECT CORN 317 285 13.1 37.34 247.67 69.34 948068 65734295 3 UNIT ASSY SPARK 491 453 15.56 70.49 382.51 108.49 874949 94920417 4 UNIT ASSY GENERATOR CONTROL 6569 6241 7.33 457.47 5783.53 785.47 13008 10217333 5 UNIT COMP INVERTER 14483 13078 11.77 1539.28 11538.72 2944.28 15360 45224150 TOTAL 216137271 ACCORDINGLY AN AMOUNT OF RS. 21 61 37 271/- IS THE TP ADJUSTMENT U/S 92CA OF IT ACT. 10. THE ADDITION SUGGESTED BY THE TPO IN HIS ORDER IN HER ORDER DATED 31.10.2017 WAS INCORPORATED BY THE AO IN HIS DRAFT ORDER OF ASSESSMENT. AGAINST THE SAID ADDITION THE ASSESSEE PREFERRED OBJECTIONS BEFORE THE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PANEL (DRP) U/S.144C OF THE ACT. THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIONS RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE BEFORE THE DRP WERE (I) CORRECTNESS OF THE REJECTION OF THE TRANSFER PRICING STUDY OF THE ASSESSEE BY ADOPTING THE FOREIGN AE AS A TESTED PARTY; (II) CORRECTNESS OF ADOPTING CUP AS MAM; (III) CORRECTNESS OF METHOD OF COMPUTATION OF ALP BY APPLYING CUP AS MAM; (IV) ACTION OF THE TPO IN APPLYING MARGINS UNDER CUP METHOD BASED ON DIFFERENCE IN PURCHASE ANDS SALE PRICE OF THE ASSESSEE; (V) NOT ACCEPTING THE PURCHASE PRICE AT ALP WHEN THE VERY SAME PURCHASES WERE HELD TO BE NOT INFLUENCED BY THE RELATIONSHIP EXISTING BETWEEN THE ASSESSEE AND AE BY THE SPECIAL VALUATION BRANCH OF CUSTOMS. DETAILED SUBMISSIONS WERE MADE FROM PAGE-1 TO 75 OF FORM NO. 35A BESIDES SUBMISSIONS DATED IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 8 OF 20 4.7.2018 COPY OF WHICH ARE AT PAGES 483 TO 517 OF ASSESSEES PAPER BOOK. THE ARGUMENT OF THE ASSESSEE ON APPLICATION OF CUP METHOD BY THE TPO WAS THAT CUP M COMPARES THE PRICE CHARGED' PROPERTY TRANSFERRED IN A CONTROLLED TRANSACTION TO THE PRICE CHARGED FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION IN COMPARABLE CIRCUMSTANCES. BUT THE TPO HAS SELECTED VARIOUS MARGINS AS STATED IN PARA 9.2.3.4 OF THE TP ORDER TO BENCHMARK THE SALES OF THE ASSESSEE BASED ON WHICH THE TPO IS EXPECTING THE PURCHASES OF THE ASSESSEE TO BE AT SUCH PRICES WHICH WOULD FETCH UPON SALE THE . MARGINS SATED IN THE SAID PARAGRAPH. THUS THE TPO ERRED IN ADOPTING THE MARGINS UNDER CUPM FUNDAMENTALLY IN VIOLATION OF THE CUPM AS THERE WERE NEITHER INTERNAL COMPARABLE NOR EXTERNAL COMPARABLE IN CASE OF SIPL. THE ASSESSEE DREW ATTENTION OF THE DRP TO RULE 10B(1)(A) OF THE INCOME TAX RULES 1962 WHICH EXPLAINS HOW ALP IN RELATION TO AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION IS DETERMINED BY APPLYING CUP METHOD A) COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED PRICE METHOD BY WHICH (I) THE PRICE CHARGED OR PAID FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED OR SERVICES PROVIDED IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION OR A NUMBER OF SUCH TRANSACTIONS IS IDENTIFIED; (II) SUCH PRICE IS ADJUSTED TO ACCOUNT FOR DIFFERENCES IF ANY BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION AND THE COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS OR BETWEEN THE ENTERPRISES ENTERING INTO SUCH TRANSACTIONS WHICH COULD MATERIALLY AFFECT THE PRICE IN THE OPEN MARKET; (III)THE ADJUSTED PRICE ARRIVED AT UNDER SUB-CLAUSE (II) IS TAKEN TO BE AN ARM'S LENGTH PRICE IN RESPECT OF THE PROPERTY TRANSFERRED OR SERVICES PROVIDED IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION; THE ASSESSEE SUMMARIZED THE STEPS INVOLVED IN APPLYING CUPM AS GIVEN BELOW: 1. IDENTIFICATION OF COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 9 OF 20 2. IDENTIFICATION OF PRICE CHARGED IN SUCH COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION 3. IDENTIFICATION OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CONTROLLED AND UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION 4. ADJUSTMENT OF PRICE TO ACCOUNT FOR THE DIFFERENCES IT WAS POINTED OUT THAT THE CUP METHOD EVALUATES THE ARM'S-LENGTH CHARACTER OF CONTROLLED TRANSACTION BY COMPARING ITS PRICE AND CONDITIONS TO THE PRICE AND CONDITIONS OF COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION. THIS PRINCIPLE IS ALREADY SETTLED AND WELL AGREED BY JUDICIARY ALSO. FURTHERMORE AN UNCONTROLLED PRICE IS THE PRICE AGREED BETWEEN UNRELATED/ INDEPENDENT PARTIES FOR THE TRANSFER OF GOODS/ SERVICES. THOUGH NO DISTINCTION IS RECOGNIZED IN THE ACT OR RULES A CUP HOWEVER CAN BE EITHER (A) INTERNAL CUP - IS AVAILABLE IF EITHER OF THE PARTY TO A CONTROLLED TRANSACTION ENTERS INTO TRANSACTION WITH UNRELATED PARTY AND THE GOODS OR SERVICES UNDER CONSIDERATION OTHER TERMS AND CIRCUMSTANCES ARE COMPARABLE OR (B) EXTERNAL CUP - IS AVAILABLE IF A TRANSACTION BETWEEN TWO INDEPENDENT ENTERPRISES INVOLVES COMPARABLE GOODS OR SERVICES UNDER COMPARABLE CONDITIONS THE ASSESSEE POINTED OUT THAT IN THE CASE OF THE ASSESSEE CUP METHOD IN RESPECT OF 'PURCHASE OF STOCK-IN-TRADE' FROM AE MAY BE APPLICABLE ONLY UNDER FOLLOWING SITUATIONS: 1. THE ASSESSEE BUYS SIMILAR STOCK-IN-TRADE IN SIMILAR QUANTITIES AND UNDER SIMILAR TERMS FROM AN INDEPENDENT ENTERPRISE IN A SIMILAR MARKET (INTERNAL CUP-1) 2. THE AE I.E. SHINDENGEN JAPAN OR ANOTHER MEMBER OF THE GROUP SELLS SIMILAR STOCK-IN-TRADE IN SIMILAR QUANTITIES AND UNDER SIMILAR TERMS TO AN INDEPENDENT ENTERPRISE IN A SIMILAR MARKET (INTERNAL CUP-2) . 3. AN INDEPENDENT ENTERPRISE SELLS/BUYS SAME PRODUCTS IN SIMILAR QUANTITIES AND UNDER SIMILAR TERMS TO ANOTHER INDEPENDENT ENTERPRISE IN A SIMILAR MARKET (EXTERNAL CUP) IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 10 OF 20 THE ASSESSEE REITERATED SUBMISSION THAT A) INTERNAL CUP IS NOT AVAILABLE: THE ASSESSEE HAS NOT PURCHASED SIMILAR GOODS FROM AN INDEPENDENT PARTY. FURTHERMORE SHINDENGEN JAPAN HAS NOT SOLD SIMILAR GOODS TO AN INDEPENDENT PARTY. SINCE THESE GOODS HAVE SPECIFICALLY BEEN MANUFACTURED BY THE SHINDENGEN JAPAN FOR ASSESSEE. ACCORDINGLY THERE WAS NO SUCH INTERNAL COMPARABLE WAS AVAILABLE TO INVOKE THE CUP. B) EXTERNAL CUP IS NOT AVAILABLE: THE PRODUCTS IDENTICAL TO THOSE SUPPLIED BY SHINDENGEN JAPAN DO NOT EXIST AS THEY ARE MANUFACTURED BASED ON THE SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS OF ONLY ONE CUSTOMER OF THE ASSESSEE. HENCE THERE IS NO UNCONTROLLED EXTERNAL COMPARABLE WITH WHICH THE PRICES CHARGED IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION CAN BE COMPARED. IT WAS THUS SUBMITTED THAT THE TPO HAS FAILED TO APPLY THE CUPM AS CONTEMPLATED IN RULE 10B(1)(A) IN ARRIVING AT ALP WITHOUT IDENTIFICATION OF ANY UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS AGAINST THE COMPARABILITY ANALYSIS EMBODIED IN THE INDIAN TP REGULATIONS. IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY COMPARABLE THERE IS NO BENCHMARK AGAINST WHICH THE TRANSACTION CAN BE EXAMINED. 11. THE DRP IN ITS DIRECTIONS DATED 28.9.2018 HAS REPRODUCED THE GROUNDS OF OBJECTION 1 TO 6 AND HAS EXTRACTED THE RELEVANT OBSERVATIONS OF THE TPO AND CONCLUDED AS FOLLOWS IN PARA 3.3: 3.3 HAVING CONSIDERED THE SUBMISSIONS OF THE ASSESSEE MADE BEFORE THE DRP AND ALSO THE TPO WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT IN THE PECULIAR FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AS EXTRACTED ABOVE THE TPO HAS CORRECTLY MADE COMPUTATION OF ARM'S LENGTH PRICE (ALP). ACCORDINGLY WE FIND NO REASON TO INTERFERE WITH THE APPROACH AND METHOD ADOPTED BY THE TPO. GROUNDS OF OBJECTION 2 TO 6 ARE REJECTED ACCORDINGLY. IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 11 OF 20 12. IT IS CLEAR FROM A PERUSAL OF THE ORDER OF THE DRP THAT THE DRP HAS NOT DEALT WITH THE OBJECTIONS OF THE ASSESSEE AS TO WHY ITS TP STUDY CHOOSING THE FOREIGN AE AS TESTED PARTY WAS NOT ACCEPTED BY THE AO AND AS TO HOW THE CHOICE OF FOREIGN AE AS A TESTED PARTY WAS NOT CORRECT BECAUSE IT WAS NOT THE LEAST COMPLEX (AMONGST THE PARTIES TO THE TRANSACTION) RELIABLE AND ACCURATE DATE WAS NOT AVAILABLE FOR COMPARISON AND HOW THE AVAILABLE DATA CANNOT BE USED WITH MINIMAL ADJUSTMENTS. SO ALSO THE DRP HAS NOT DEALT WITH THE CORRECTNESS OF ADOPTION OF CUP AS THE MAM AND OTHER OBJECTIONS WITH REGARD TO METHOD OF COMPUTATION OF ALP UNDER CUP METHOD. 13. THE ADDITION SUGGESTED BY THE TPO IN THE ORDER DATED 31.10.2017 BY THE TPO AT RS.21 61 37 271/- WAS REDUCED BY THE TPO IN AN ORDER U/S.154 OF THE ACT DATED 16.10.2018 TO RS.16 97 85 298 AS THEREFORE WAS SOME COMPUTATION ERRORS WHICH WAS RECTIFIED BY THE TPO/AO. THEREFORE THE ADDITION THAT IS IMPUGNED IN THE APPEAL BY THE ASSESSEE IS ONLY THE SUM OF RS.16 97 85 298/-. 14. THE LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THE TPO OUGHT NOT TO HAVE REJECTED THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE THAT RPM WAS THE MAM FOR DETERMINATION OF ALP. HE SUBMITTED THAT IF RPM AND ADOPTION OF THE FOREIGN AE AS A TESTED PARTY IS ACCEPTED THAN THE PRICE PAID IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION WOULD BE AT ARMS LENGTH. HE REITERATED SUBMISSIONS MADE BEFORE THE DRP IN THIS REGARD. IT WAS ARGUED THAT ADOPTION OF CUP METHOD WAS CONTRARY TO THE RELEVANT STATUTORY PROVISIONS AND THEREFORE THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE IN ITS TP STUDY THAT THE PRICE PAID TO THE AE IS AT ARMS LENGTH SHOULD BE ACCEPTED. HE ALSO MADE REFERENCE TO SEVERAL DECISIONS IN THIS REGARD. THE SUBMISSIONS MADE IN THIS REGARD WERE THAT THE METHODOLOGY ADOPTED BY THE TPO WAS FLAWED IN AS MUCH AS IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 12 OF 20 THE TPO COLLECTED COMPLETE LIST OF PRODUCTS PURCHASED BY THE ASSESSEE FROM AE AND SOLD TO THIRD PARTIES. THE AVERAGE PRICE FOR PURCHASE AND SALE WERE TAKEN TO BENCHMARK THE SAME. THE GROSS MARGIN ARRIVED WITH THESE RESPECTIVE PRODUCTS WAS CONSIDERED TO CALCULATE THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE IN THIS PURCHASE TRANSACTION. IN OTHER WORDS THE TPO HAS COMPARED THE ASSESSEE'S OWN PURCHASES WITH ITS SALES. THE TPO CALCULATES PERCENTAGE OF GROSS MARGIN FOR EACH COMPONENT AND AFTER REDUCING THE PURCHASE PRICE BY THE GROSS PROFIT MARGIN SO CALCULATED TO ARRIVE AT THE SO-CALLED ARM'S LENGTH PRICE OF THE PURCHASES FROM THE AE. 15. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE METHODOLOGY ADOPTED BY THE TPO IS A DISTORTED VERSION OF RPM THOUGH WITHOUT BRINGING ANY COMPARABLE ON RECORD. A COMPARISON OF PURCHASE PRICE PAID BY THE TESTED PARTY WITH THE SALE PRICE CHARGED BY IT FROM ITS CUSTOMERS IS UNKNOWN TO ANY METHOD PRESCRIBED IN RULE 10(1)(A). THE TPO HAS NOT FOLLOWED ANY METHOD PRESCRIBED BY RULE 10B OF THE RULES. THE LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE RELIED ON DECISION OF ITAT HYDERABAD BENCH IN THE CASE OF TRINITY ADVANCED SOFTWARE LABS (P) LTD. [2015] 55 TAXMANN.COM 210 (HYD.) EXPLAINING CUPM AS FOLLOWS: 'RULE 10B(1)(A) OF IT RULES PRESCRIBES THE METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF ALP UNDER CUP. AS PER THE SAID PROVISION TPO AT FIRST HAS TO FIND OUT THE PRICE CHARGED OR PAID FOR PROPERTY TRANSFERRED OR SERVICES PROVIDED IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION OR A NUMBER OF SUCH TRANSACTIONS AND THEREAFTER MAKING NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS OF SUCH PRICE ON ACCOUNT OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS AND COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS OR BETWEEN THE ENTERPRISES ENTERING INTO SUCH TRANSACTIONS WHICH COULD MATERIALLY AFFECT THE PRICE IN THE OPEN MARKET TPO WILL HAVE TO DETERMINE ALP. THEREFORE UNLESS COMPARABLES ARE BROUGHT ON TO BENCHMARK THE PRICE CHARGED BY A PARTICULAR ASSESSEE IT CANNOT BE SAID THAT THE PRICE CHARGED BY ASSESSEE IS NOT WITHIN THE ARM'S LENGTH. HOWEVER ON A PERUSAL OF THE ORDER DATED 23/05/2013 OF THE TPO PASSED IN PURSUANCE TO THE DIRECTION OF THE TRIBUNAL IT IS VERY MUCH CLEAR TPO HAS EXPRESSED HIS INABILITY IN FINDING A COMPARABLE UNDER CUP METHOD. IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES THERE WAS NO OTHER CHOICE LEFT TO TPO BUT TO ACCEPT THE PRICE CHARGED BY ASSESSEE AS ALP.' IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 13 OF 20 (PG. 732 AT 737/VOL- VI) 'THUS IT IS PRE-REQUISITE ESSENTIAL CONDITION FOR DETERMINATION OF ALP APPLYING CUP METHOD IN RELATION TO THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION THAT THE PRICE PAID IN A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION HAS TO BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION. IN OTHER WORDS FOR THE PURPOSE OF COMPUTATION OF ALP IN RELATION TO AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION THE PRICE CHARGED OR PAID FOR A UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION WHICH IS COMPARABLE WITH THE NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION; BUT AT THE SAME TIME AN UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION. THEREFORE BOTH THESE CONDITIONS I.E. COMPARABLE AND UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS MUST EXIST FOR TAKING A PRICE AS ALP FOR AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION. [PARA 12.51 AS IT IS EVIDENT FROM THE RECORD THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD BEEN TAKING ROYALTY PAID TO AE AS COMPARABLE FOR PURPOSE OF DETERMINATION OF ALP WHICH WAS ABSOLUTELY CONTRARY TO THE VERY BASIC AND FUNDAMENTAL REQUIREMENT OF THE PROVISIONS OF CHAPTER X AS WELL AS RULE JOB; WHEN THE MOST ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OFA COMPARABLE BEING UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION WAS NOT SATISFIED THEN THE METHOD ADOPTED BY THE ASSESSEE CANNOT BE ACCEPTED...... ' 16. THE LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THE METHOD ADOPTED BY THE TPO FLOUTS THE PRINCIPLE THAT THE TWO METHODS CANNOT BE COMBINED FOR DETERMINING THE ALP OF PURCHASES FROM AE. IN THIS REGARD REFERENCE WAS MADE TO DECISION IN THE CASE OF SONY ERICSSON MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS INDIA (2015) 374 ITR 118 (DEL.) THE DELHI HIGH COURT OBSERVED: '(VII) WHEN THE ASSESSING OFFICER/TRANSFER PRICING OFFICER REJECTS THE METHOD ADOPTED BY THE ASSESSEE HE IS ENTITLED TO SELECT THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD AND UNDERTAKE A COMPARABILITY ANALYSIS. SELECTION OF THE METHOD AND COMPARABLES SHOULD BE AS PER THE COMMAND AND DIRECTIVE OF THE ACT AND RULES AND JUSTIFIED BY GIVING REASONS.' REFERENCE WAS ALSO MADE TO DECISION IN THE CASE OF L. G. ELECTRONICS INDIA (2013) 22 1TR (TRIB) (DEL. SB) WHEREIN IT WAS HELD: '(XXIX) SUB-SECTION (1) OF SECTION 92C PROVIDES THAT THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE OF AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION SHALL BE DETERMINED BY 'ANY' OF THE FIVE PRESCRIBED METHODS BEING THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD. THE WORD 'ANY' USED UNDER SECTION 92C(1) WOULD IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 14 OF 20 ORDINARILY IMPLY THAT ANY SPECIFIC OR NON-SPECIFIC METHOD OR EVEN A COMBINATION OF ONE OR MORE PRESCRIBED METHODS IS SUFFICIENT. HOWEVER THE AMBIT OF THE WORD 'ANY' IN SUB-SECTION (1) HAS BEEN RESTRICTED BY THE `FOLLOWING' FIVE SPECIFIC METHODS GIVEN IN THE LATER PART OF THE PROVISION. THERE CANNOT BE A COMBINATION OF ONE OR MORE OF THE FIVE METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE. THE TRANSFER PRICING OFFICER OR FOR THAT MATTER ANY OTHER AUTHORITY CANNOT APPLY OR DIRECT TO APPLY ANY OTHER METHOD. IT IS EQUALLY NOT PERMISSIBLE TO INVENT A NEW PROCEDURE AND TRY TO FIT SUCH PROCEDURE WITHIN ANY OF THE EXISTING PROCEDURES PRESCRIBED UNDER THESE METHODS. HOWEVER ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO EXPRESS REFERENCE TO ANY METHOD EMPLOYED FOR DETERMINING THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION THIS FACTOR IN ITSELF WOULD NOT BE DETRIMENTAL TO THE COMPUTATION OF THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE IF IN SUBSTANCE IT HAS ACTUALLY BEEN COMPUTED BY ANY OF THE PRESCRIBED METHODS. (XXX) A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION TO BE CONSIDERED FOR BENCHMARKING THE NORMAL GROSS PROFIT MARK-UP HAS TO BE SIMILAR TO THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION UNDER CONSIDERATION. CONSEQUENTLY THE PROFIT MARK-UP SHOULD BE THE RATE WHICH AN INDEPENDENT THIRD PARTY EARNS FOR CREATING MARKETING INTANGIBLE FOR AND ON BEHALF OF THE FOREIGN ENTERPRISE. THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE IS A PRICE WHICH IS APPLIED IN A TRANSACTION BETWEEN NON-ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES IN UNCONTROLLED CONDITIONS. WHAT IS REQUIRED TO BE DONE IS TO FIRST FIND OUT SOME COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION ; THEN ASCERTAIN THE PROFIT MARK-UP OF SUCH COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION ; AND THEN ADJUST IT TO BRING IT AT PAR WITH THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION UNDER CONSIDERATION BY REMOVING THE EFFECT OF FACTORS OF NON-COMPARABILITY. THE COST PLUS METHOD UNDER RULE 10B(1)(C) DOES NOT PROVIDE FOR ASSUMING A HYPOTHETICAL PROFIT MARK-UP FOR DETERMINING THE ARM'S LENGTH PRICE. IT HAS TO BE A PROFIT MARK-UP OF A COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION. WHEN THE RULE PRESCRIBES A PARTICULAR METHOD TO BE FOLLOWED AND THE STEPS SO GIVEN ARE UNAMBIGUOUS IT IS IMPERMISSIBLE TO SUBSTITUTE SUCH STEPS WITH ANY OTHER MODE.' 17. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE DRP APART FROM REPRODUCING GROUNDS OF OBJECTIONS AND THE TPO'S ORDER THE DRP PASSES A LACONIC AND NON SPEAKING ORDER UPHOLDING THE TPO'S ORDER. THE DRP HAS TOTALLY IGNORED AND FAILED TO CONSIDER THE ASSESSEE'S DETAILED GROUND-WISE SUBMISSIONS FILED ON 31.1.2018. NO COGENT REASON WHATEVER HAVE BEEN GIVEN FOR NOT CONSIDERING OR FOR REJECTING THE ASSESSEE'S OBJECTIONS. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT AN ORDER HAS TO BE A REASONED OR SPEAKING ORDER. THE FAILURE TO GIVE IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 15 OF 20 REASONS COULD LEAD TO A VERY JUSTIFIABLE COMPLAINT THAT THERE WAS A BREACH OF NATURAL JUSTICE. REASONS IF GIVEN WOULD SUBSTITUTE OBJECTIVITY FOR SUBJECTIVITY. (MA RUTI UDYOG LTD. VS. ITAT (2000) 244 ITR 303 DELHI.) 18. THE LEARNED DR RELIED ON THE ORDER OF THE DRP. WE HAVE CAREFULLY CONSIDERED THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS AND ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THE ISSUE NEEDS TO BE REMANDED TO THE DRP FOR CONSIDERATION AFRESH AS THE DRP AS A FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY HAS NOT GIVEN ANY FINDINGS ON THE FACTUAL AND LEGAL SUBMISSIONS MADE BY THE ASSESSEE BEFORE IT. SINCE THE ORDER OF THE DRP IS COMPLETELY NON-SPEAKING ORDER WE CANNOT ON THAT BASIS UPHOLD THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE PRICE PAID IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION IS AT ARMS LENGTH. AS PROVIDED IN SECTION 92C OF THE ACT SUCH ARMSS LENGTH PRICE IS TO BE DETERMINED BY ONE OF THE METHODS PRESCRIBED WHICH IS FOUND TO BE THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD HAVING REGARD TO THE NATURE OF TRANSACTION OR CLASS OF TRANSACTION OR CLASS OF ASSOCIATED PERSONS OR FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY SUCH PERSONS OR SUCH OTHER RELEVANT FACTORS AS MAY BE PRESCRIBED. THE MANNER IN WHICH SUCH MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD IS TO BE APPLIED FOR DETERMINATION OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE IS PRESCRIBED IN RULE 10B OF INCOME-TAX RULES 1962. WHILE RULE 10B(1) OF THE INCOME TAX RULES 1962 PROVIDES THAT ARMS LENGTH PRICE IN RELATION TO AN INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION SHALL BE DETERMINED BY ANY OF THE METHODS ' BEING THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD' SET OUT THEREIN RULE 10 C(1) PROVIDES THE MECHANISM FOR SELECTING THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD ' WHICH IS BEST SUITED TO THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF EACH PARTICULAR TRANSACTION' AND 'WHICH PROVIDES THE MOST RELIABLE MEASURE OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION' . RULE 10C (2) FURTHER PROVIDES THAT IN SELECTING THE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD AS SPECIFIED IN RULE 10C(1) CERTAIN FACTORS ARE TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT: IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 16 OF 20 (A) THE NATURE AND CLASS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION; (B) THE CLASS OR CLASSES OF ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES ENTERING INTO THE TRANSACTION AND THE FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY THEM TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ASSETS EMPLOYED OR TO BE EMPLOYED AND RISKS ASSUMED BY SUCH ENTERPRISES; (C) THE AVAILABILITY COVERAGE AND RELIABILITY OF DATA NECESSARY FOR APPLICATION OF THE METHOD; (D) THE DEGREE OF COMPARABILITY EXISTING BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION AND THE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION AND BETWEEN THE ENTERPRISES ENTERING INTO SUCH TRANSACTIONS; (E) THE EXTENT TO WHICH RELIABLE AND ACCURATE ADJUSTMENTS CAN BE MADE TO ACCOUNT FOR DIFFERENCES IF ANY BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION AND THE COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTION OR BETWEEN THE ENTERPRISES ENTERING INTO SUCH TRANSACTIONS; (F) THE NATURE EXTENT AND RELIABILITY OF ASSUMPTIONS REQUIRED TO BE MADE IN APPLICATION OF A METHOD 19. WHAT IS CLEAR FROM THE ABOVE ANALYSIS IS THAT A METHOD FOR DETERMINING ARMS LENGTH PRICE TO BE HELD AS A MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD (MAM) SHOULD BE AS PROVIDED IN RULE 10C(1) . A METHOD 'WHICH IS BEST SUITED TO THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF EACH PARTICULAR TRANSACTION' AND A METHOD AND 'WHICH PROVIDES THE MOST RELIABLE MEASURE OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTION' UNDER RULE 10C(2)(C) 'THE AVAILABILITY COVERAGE AND RELIABILITY OF DATA NECESSARY FOR APPLICATION OF THE METHOD' IS ONE OF THE CRUCIAL FACTORS DETERMINING SUITABILITY OF A METHOD OF DETERMINATION OF ARMS LENGTH PRICE IN A PARTICULAR FACT SITUATION. SIMILARLY IT IS ALSO IMPORTANT TO DETERMINE WHETHER ACCURATE ADJUSTMENTS CAN BE MADE FOR THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS AND THE COMPARABLE UNCONTROLLED TRANSACTIONS AND UNLESS SUCH ADJUSTMENTS CAN BE MADE THE RELATED METHOD CANNOT BE SAID TO BE MOST APPROPRIATE METHOD. DETERMINATION OF ALP ON THE BASIS OF FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES AND AS PER THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE RELEVANT STATUTORY PROVISION IS MANDATORY AND CANNOT BE ACCEPTED OWING TO DEFAULT. WE THEREFORE SET ASIDE THE ORDER OF THE AO/TPO ON THE ISSUE AND THE DIRECTIONS OF THE DRP ON THE ISSUE AND REMAND THE ISSUE TO THE IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 17 OF 20 DRP FOR PASSING A SPEAKING ORDER AFTER MEETING THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIONS RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE. THE RELEVANT GROUNDS OF APPEAL BEING GR.NO.1 TO 12 ARE ACCORDINGLY TREATED AS ALLOWED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSE. 20. IN GROUND NO.13 THE ASSESSEE HAS RAISED GROUND WITH REGARD TO DISALLOWANCE OF REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES AMOUNTING TO RS.20 81 884/- BY INVOKING THE PROVISIONS OF SEC.40(A)(IA) OF THE ACT. THE SUBMISSION OF THE ASSESSEE ON THE AFORESAID DISALLOWANCE WAS THAT THE REIMBURSEMENTS WERE PURELY ON A COST TO COST BASIS AND THERE WAS NO MARGIN WHATSOEVER AND THEREFORE THERE WAS NO QUESTION OF DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE ON SUCH REIMBURSEMENTS. IT WAS THE PLEA OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE REIMBURSEMENTS WERE WRONGLY TREATED AS FEES FOR SERVICES RENDERED. IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT THE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS TO PROVE THAT THE PAYMENTS WERE PURELY REIMBURSEMENTS WERE GIVEN BEFORE THE AO AND IN THIS REGARD OUR ATTENTION WAS DRAWN TO PAGES 545 TO 616 OF THE PAPER BOOK. THE DRP ON THIS ISSUE DID NOT ALLOW ANY RELIEF TO THE ASSESSEE BY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF TRANSMISSION CORPORATION OF AP LTD. 239 ITR 589 (SC) WHEREIN IT WAS HELD THAT THE PAYEE CANNOT DECIDE TAXABILITY OR OTHERWISE OF A PAYMENT IN THE HANDS OF THE RECIPIENT AND CHOOSE NOT TO DEDUCT TAX AT SOURCE. IT WAS SUBMITTED BY THE LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE THAT THE DECISION IN THE CASE OF TRANSMISSION CORPORATION (SUPRA) HAS BEEN EXPLAINED BY THE SUPREME COURT IN G E TECHNOLOGIES (327 ITR 456) WHEREIN IT IS HELD THAT IN A CASE WHERE THE AMOUNT REMITTED IS NOT SUBJECT TO TAX NO TAX U/S 195 NEED TO DEDUCTED. IT WAS REITERATED THAT REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES IS NOT TAXABLE AS INCOME AND IN THIS REGARD REFERENCE WAS MADE TO THE FOLLOWING DECISIONS: I. MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA LTD. V. DY. CIT TDS. MUMBAI 122 ITD 216. (SB) IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 18 OF 20 II. GOLDRATT CONSULTING LTD. V. ADIT CIRCLE-1(2) N. DELHI I. T.A .NO.- 4586/DEL/2011 1111/D/12 A. Y. 2006-07 & 2008-09 ORDER DATED 24.01.2017 III. HONDA MOTOR CO. LTD. V. ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF INCOME-TAX 120181 92 TAXMANN.COM 353 (SC) IV. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING PROJECTS PVT. LTD. 202 ITR 1014 (DEL.) THE LEARNED DR RELIED ON THE ORDER OF THE DRP. 21. AFTER CONSIDERING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS WE ARE OF THE VIEW THAT THE DRP FELL INTO AN ERROR IN REFUSING TO EXAMINE THE PLEA OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE SUM PAID WERE MERE REIMBURSEMENT WITH NO ELEMENT OF INCOME BY FOLLOWING THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF TRANSMISSION CORPORATION AP LTD. (SUPRA). THE SAID DECISION HAS BEEN EXPLAINED IN A LATER DECISION IN THE CASE OF GE TECHNOLOGIES (SUPRA) AND IN TERMS OF THE SAID JUDGMENT THE CHARGEABILITY OF THE SUM PAID IN THE HANDS OF THE RECIPIENT HAS TO BE GONE INTO. IF THE PAYMENTS WERE MERE REIMBURSEMENT THEN THERE WOULD NOT NO INCOME CHARGEABLE IN THE HANDS OF THE RECIPIENT AND HENCE NO REQUIREMENT OF DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE. SINCE THIS EXERCISE IS REQUIRED TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE DRP WE DEEM IT PROPER TO REMIT THIS ISSUE ALSO TO THE DRP. 22. THE ASSESSEE RAISED AN ADDITIONAL GROUND OF APPEAL WHICH READS THUS: IN THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD. ASSESSING OFFICER ERRED IN LAW IN COMPUTING TOTAL INCOME OF RS.21 82 19 160/- WITHOUT ADJUSTING THE DECLARED LOSS OF RS.3 59 98 221/-. 23. THE REASONS FOR RAISING THE ADDITIONAL GROUND OF APPEAL ARE THAT VIDE ORDER DT. 16.10.2018 THE AO WHILE GIVING EFFECT TO THE DIRECTIONS U/S 144C OF THE DRP DT. 28.9.2018 DETERMINED THE TOTAL INCOME OF RS. 21 82 19 160/- IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 19 OF 20 AND RAISED TAX DEMAND 11 46 26 360/-. THE ASSESSEE HAD FILED RETURN ON 26.11.2014 DECLARING LOSS OF RS. 3 58 98 221/-. THIS FACTUAL POSITION IS ADMITTED BY THE AO IN THE VERY FIRST PARAGRAPH OF THE IMPUGNED ASSESSMENT ORDER. HOWEVER THE DECLARED LOSS HAS NOT BEEN ADJUSTED WHILE COMPUTING TOTAL INCOME. HENCE THE ASSESSEE HAS RAISED THE AFORESAID ADDITIONAL GROUND. 24. THE AFORESAID ADDITIONAL GROUNDS OF APPEAL RAISE QUESTIONS OF LAW WHICH CAN BE DECIDED ON THE BASIS OF MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON RECORD. THE OMISSION TO RAISE THE AFORESAID GROUNDS OF APPEAL IS BONAFIDE. IN VIEW OF THE DECISION OF THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CO LTD VS CIT (229 ITR 383) AND JUTE CORPORATION OF INDIA VS CIT (187 ITR 688) AND THE DISCRETION VESTED IN YOUR HONOURS UNDER RULE 11 OF THE INCOME-TAX (APPELLATE TRIBUNAL) RULES 1963 THE ADDITIONAL GROUNDS OF APPEAL IS ADMITTED FOR ADJUDICATED ON MERITS. 25. AS FAR AS THE MERITS OF THE CLAIM MADE IN THE ADDITIONAL GROUND IS CONCERNED THE ISSUE REQUIRES EXAMINATION BY THE AO WHEN HE GIVES EFFECT TO THE ORDER. ENDS OF JUSTICE WILL BE MET IF THE AO IS DIRECTED TO CONSIDER THE CLAIM OF THE ASSESSEE AND IF FOUND CORRECT GIVE APPROPRIATE ADJUSTMENT TO THE TOTAL INCOME. 26. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL IS TREATED AS ALLOWED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSE. PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON THE DATE MENTIONED ON THE CAPTION PAGE. SD/- SD/- (N. V. VASUDEVAN) (CHANDRA POOJARI) VICE PRESIDENT ACCOUNTANT MEMBER BANGALORE DATED : 31.08.2021. /NS/* IT(TP)A NO.3343/BANG/2018 PAGE 20 OF 20 COPY TO: 1. APPELLANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT(A) 5. DR ITAT BANGALORE. BY ORDER ASSISTANT REGISTRAR ITAT BANGALORE.