ACIT, Circle-1,, Kolhapur v. Shri Warana Sahakari Bank Ltd.,, Kolhapur

ITA 347/PUN/2013 | 2009-2010
Pronouncement Date: 16-04-2014 | Result: Dismissed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 34724514 RSA 2013
Assessee PAN AAAAS1033L
Bench Pune
Appeal Number ITA 347/PUN/2013
Duration Of Justice 1 year(s) 2 month(s) 11 day(s)
Appellant ACIT, Circle-1,, Kolhapur
Respondent Shri Warana Sahakari Bank Ltd.,, Kolhapur
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 16-04-2014
Appeal Filed By Department
Order Result Dismissed
Bench Allotted B
Tribunal Order Date 16-04-2014
Assessment Year 2009-2010
Appeal Filed On 04-02-2013
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL PUNE BENCHE B PUNE BEFORE SHRI SHAILENDRA KUMAR YADAV JUDICIAL MEMBER AND SHRI G.S. PANNU ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 (ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2009-10) SHRI WARANA SAH. BANK LTD. WARANANAGAR TAL. PANHALA DIST. KOLHAPUR. C/O S.V. PHADNIS C.A./SUSHANT S. PHADNIS 613 E WARD PHADNIS CHAMBERS SHAHUPURI 1 ST LANE KOLHAPUR. PAN : AAAAS1033L . APPELLANT VS. ASSTT. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CIRCLE 1 KOLHAPUR. . RESPONDENT ITA NO.347/PN/2013 (ASSESSMENT YEARS : 2009-10) DY. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX CIRCLE-1 KOLHAPUR. . APPELLANT VS. SHRI WARANA SAHAKARI BANK LTD. WARANANAGAR TAL. PANHALA DIST. KOLHAPUR. PAN : AAAAS1033L . RESPONDENT ASSESSEE BY : NONE DEPARTMENT BY : MR. S. P. WALIMBE DATE OF HEARING : 13-03-2014 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 16-04-2014 ORDER PER G. S. PANNU AM THE CAPTIONED CROSS-APPEALS EACH BY THE ASSESSEE A ND THE REVENUE PERTAINING TO THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2009-10 WERE HEA RD TOGETHER AND ARE BEING DISPOSED-OFF BY WAY OF A CONSOLIDATED ORDER F OR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE AND BREVITY. BOTH THE CAPTIONED CROSS-APPEALS ARE DIRECTED AGAINST THE ORDER OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS) KOLHAP UR DATED 02.11.2012 ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 WHICH IN TURN HAS ARISEN FROM AN ORDER DATED 28.1 2.2011 PASSED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER U/S 143(3) OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 (IN SHORT THE ACT). 2. AT THE TIME OF HEARING IT WAS NOTED THAT NONE A PPEARED ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE IN SPITE OF ISSUANCE OF NOTICE OF HEARING AND THE DEPARTMENT WAS REPRESENTED BY THE LD. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE. ACCORDINGLY THE APPEALS ARE HEARD EX-PARTE QUA THE ASSESSEE AND AFT ER HEARING THE LD. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE ON MERITS AS PER RULES 24 AND 25 OF THE APPELLATE TRIBUNAL RULES 1963. 3. FIRST WE SHALL TAKE-UP THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESS EE IN ITA NO.2508/PN/2012. IN THIS APPEAL THE ISSUE RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE IS WITH REGARD TO THE ACTION OF THE LOWER AUTHORITIES IN RE STRICTING THE DEDUCTION ALLOWABLE U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT TO THE ACTUAL AMOUNT OF PROVISION MADE IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS OF RS.1 00 000/- AS AGAINST THE ASSESSEES CLAIM FOR DEDUCTION OF RS.2 91 14 15 8/-. 4. IN BRIEF THE RELEVANT FACTS ARE THAT ASSESSEE I S A CO-OPERATIVE BANK ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF BANKING. IN TERMS OF SE CTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT ASSESSEE IS ENTITLED TO CLAIM AS A DEDUCTION IN RES PECT OF ANY PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS MADE ON ACCOUNT OF AGGREGATE AVE RAGE ADVANCES MADE BY THE RURAL BRANCHES OF SUCH BANK. THE SECTION PROVI DES THAT SUCH DEDUCTION SHALL NOT EXCEED 7.5% OF THE TOTAL INCOME (COMPUTED BEFORE MAKING ANY DEDUCTION UNDER THIS CLAUSE AND CHAPTER VI-A OF THE ACT) AND AN AMOUNT NOT EXCEEDING 10% OF THE AGGREGATE AVERAGE ADVANCES MAD E BY THE RURAL BRANCHES OF SUCH BANK. IN TERMS OF THE SAID SECTIO N 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT ASSESSEE BEING A CO-OPERATIVE BANK WORKED OUT THE DEDUCTION AT RS.2 91 14 158/- AND CLAIMED THE SAME IN THE RETURN OF INCOME. IN THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS THE ASSESSING OFFICER NO TED THAT AS AGAINST THE CLAIM OF RS.2 91 14 158/- MADE ASSESSEE HAD MADE A PROVISION FOR BAD AND ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 DOUBTFUL DEBTS OF RS.1 00 000/- ONLY IN THE BOOKS O F ACCOUNT. FOR THE SAID REASON THE ASSESSING OFFICER RESTRICTED THE DEDUCT ION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT TO THE EXTENT OF THE PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS MADE IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT I.E. RS.1 00 000/- AND THE BALANCE OF RS.2 90 14 158/- WAS DISALLOWED. THE CIT(A) HAS ALSO SUSTAINED THE ACTI ON OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER AGAINST WHICH THE ASSESSEE IS IN FURTHER APPEAL BEF ORE US. 5. IN THE ABOVE BACKGROUND THE SHORT CONTROVERSY IN THE PRESENT CASE IS TO THE EFFECT AS TO WHETHER MAKING OF A PROVISION EQUA L TO THE AMOUNT CLAIMED AS DEDUCTION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT IS NECESSARY TO BE MADE IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT OR NOT SO AS TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE CLAIM O F DEDUCTION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT. THE STAND OF THE ASSESSEE IS THAT THE DED UCTION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT DOES NOT DEPEND ON MAKING OF A PROVISION FOR BA D AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS IN THE ACCOUNT BOOKS WHILE THE STAND OF THE REVENUE IS TO THE CONTRARY I.E. MAKING OF A PROVISION EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT CLAIMED A S DEDUCTION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT IS NECESSARY TO BE MADE IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT. 6. AT THE TIME OF HEARING THE LD. DEPARTMENTAL REP RESENTATIVE POINTED OUT THAT A SIMILAR ISSUE HAS BEEN DECIDED AGAINST THE A SSESSEE BY THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF SHRI MAHALAXMI CO-OP BANK LTD. VS. ITO WARD 1(1) KOLHAPUR VIDE ITA NO.1658/PN/2011 DATED 29.10.2013 FOR ASSES SMENT YEAR 2008-09. A COPY OF THE SAID PRECEDENT HAS ALSO BEEN PLACED ON RECORD. THE RELEVANT DISCUSSION CONTAINED IN THE ORDER OF THE TRIBUNAL D ATED 29.10.2013 (SUPRA) IS REPRODUCED HEREINAFTER:- 9. WE HAVE CAREFULLY CONSIDERED THE RIVAL SUBMISSI ONS. WE HAVE ALSO ANXIOUSLY PERUSED THE AUTHORITIES CITED AT BAR IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE CONTROVERSY ON HAND. THE RELEVANT PORTION OF SE CTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AS APPLICABLE FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR UNDE R CONSIDERATION I.E. A.Y. 2008-09 READS AS UNDER : - [(VIIA) [IN RESPECT OF ANY PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS MADE BY (A) A SCHEDULED BANK [NOT BEING [* * *] A BANK INCO RPORATED BY OR UNDER THE LAWS OF A COUNTRY OUTSIDE INDIA] OR A NON -SCHEDULED BANK [OR A CO-OPERATIVE BANK OTHER THAN A PRIMARY AGRICULTUR AL CREDIT SOCIETY OR A PRIMARY CO-OPERATIVE AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOP MENT BANK] AN ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 AMOUNT [NOT EXCEEDING SEVEN AND ONE-HALF PER CENT] OF THE TOTAL INCOME (COMPUTED BEFORE MAKING ANY DEDUCTION UNDER THIS CLAUSE AND CHAPTER VIA) AND AN AMOUNT NOT EXCEEDING [TEN] PER CENT OF THE AGGREGATE AVERAGE ADVANCES MADE BY THE RURAL BRANCH ES OF SUCH BANK COMPUTED IN THE PRESCRIBED MANNER : 10. A BARE PERUSAL OF AFORESAID SECTION CLEARLY BR INGS OUT THAT THE DEDUCTION SPECIFIED THEREIN IS IN RESPECT OF ANY P ROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS MADE BY.. AN ELIGIBLE ASSESSEE. T HE PRESENCE OF THE AFORESAID EXPRESSION IN THE SECTION SUPPORTS TH E PLEA OF THE REVENUE WHICH IS TO THE EFFECT THAT THE DEDUCTION ALLOWABLE UNDER SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT IS IN RESPECT OF THE PROVISION MADE BY THE ASSESSEE. IN OUR CONSIDERED OPINION THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF STATE BA NK OF PATIALA (SUPRA) CLEARLY COVERS THE CONTROVERSY IN FAVOUR OF THE REVENUE AND BELIES THE INTERPRETATION SOUGHT TO BE CANVASSED BY THE ASSESSEE. IN THE CASE BEFORE THE HONBLE HIGH COURT ASSESSEE-BANK H AD ORIGINALLY FILED ITS RETURN OF INCOME FOR ASSESSMENT YEAR 1985-86 CL AIMING DEDUCTION UNDER SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AT RS.1 90 36 000/-. AFTER FILING OF THE RETURN THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT WERE AMENDED BY FINANCE ACT 1985 WHEREBY DEDUCTION WAS ENHANCED TO 10% OF THE PROFIT OR 2% OF THE AGGREGATE AVERAGE ADVANCES MADE BY RURAL BRANCHES OF THE BANK WHICHEVER WAS HIGHER. ON ACCO UNT OF THE AMENDED PROVISIONS ASSESSEE FILED A REVISED RETURN OF INCOME ON 24.04.1986 ENHANCING THE CLAIM FOR DEDUCTION FROM R S.1 90 36 000/- TO RS.1 94 21 000/-. THE ASSESSING OFFICER RESTRICTED THE DEDUCTION UNDER SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT TO RS.1 90 36 000/- ONLY AND DISALLOWED THE BALANCE ON THE GROUND THAT IN THE BOOKS OF ACCO UNT PERTAINING TO THE RELEVANT ASSESSMENT YEAR ASSESSEE HAD MADE A PROVI SION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS OF RS.1 90 36 000/- ONLY. THE ASSESS EE ARGUED THAT THE PROVISION OF RS.1 90 36 000/- WAS MADE IN THE BALAN CE-SHEET FINALIZED ON 14.02.1985 WHICH WAS AS PER THE UNAMENDED PROVIS IONS OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AND THAT IN VIEW OF THE AMEN DMENT OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT PERMITTING HIGHER CLAIM OF D EDUCTION THE ASSESSEE COULD NOT HAVE POSSIBLY MADE THE HIGHER PROVISION I N THE BALANCE- SHEET FINALIZED ON A PRIOR DATE BUT IT MADE UP THE SHORTFALL BY MAKING AN ADEQUATE PROVISION IN THE BALANCE-SHEET OF THE S UBSEQUENT ASSESSMENT YEAR. ON THIS BASIS IT WAS SOUGHT TO BE MADE OUT THAT THERE WAS SUBSTANTIAL COMPLIANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENT OF LAW OF MAKING PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS AND THEREFORE ASSESSEE JUSTIFIED THE CLAIM OF DEDUCTION FOR THE COMPLETE AMOUNT OF R S.1 94 21 000/- AND NOT RESTRICTED TO RS.1 90 36 000/-. THE CIT(A) AS W ELL AS THE TRIBUNAL NEGATED THE PLEA OF THE ASSESSEE AND ACCORDINGLY T HE MATTER WAS CARRIED BEFORE THE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH CO URT. THE HONBLE HIGH COURT REFERRED TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 36 (1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AND OBSERVED THAT ..THE DEDUCTION ALLOWABLE UNDER THE ABOVE PROVISIONS IS IN RESPECT OF THE PROVISION MADE AND FURTHER WENT ON TO HOLD THAT ..MAKING OF A PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOU BTFUL DEBTS EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT MENTIONED IN THIS SECTION IS MUST FOR CL AIMING SUCH DEDUCTION. IN VIEW OF THE AFORESAID JUDGEMENT OF T HE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH COURT IN OUR VIEW THE POSITION SOUGH T TO BE CANVASSED BY THE ASSESSEE DESERVES TO BE REPELLED. WE REPRODU CE HEREINAFTER THE RELEVANT PORTION OF THE ORDER OF THE HONBLE HIGH C OURT WHICH READS AS UNDER :- 5. SEC.36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AS APPLICABLE TO THE ASST. YR. 1985-86 READS AS UNDER : IN RESPECT OF ANY PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL D EBTS MADE BY A SCHEDULED BANK [NOT BEING A BANK APPROVED BY THE CE NTRAL GOVERNMENT FOR THE PURPOSES OF CL.(VIIIA) OR A BANK INCORPORATED BY OR ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 UNDER THE LAWS OF A COUNTRY OUTSIDE INDIA] OR A NON -SCHEDULED BANK AN AMOUNT NOT EXCEEDING TEN PER CENT OF THE TOTAL INCO ME (COMPUTED BEFORE MAKING ANY DEDUCTION UNDER THIS CLAUSE AND C HAPTER VI-A) OR AN AMOUNT NOT EXCEEDING TWO PER CENT OF THE AGGREGA TE AVERAGE ADVANCES MADE BY THE RURAL BRANCHES OF SUCH BANK C OMPUTED IN THE PRESCRIBED MANNER WHICHEVER IS HIGHER. 6. A BARE PERUSAL OF THE ABOVE SHOWS THAT THE DEDUC TION ALLOWABLE UNDER THE ABOVE PROVISIONS IS IN RESPECT OF THE PRO VISION MADE. THEREFORE MAKING OF A PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTF UL DEBTS EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT MENTIONED IN THIS SECTION IS A MUST FOR CLAIMING SUCH DEDUCTION. THE TRIBUNAL HAS RIGHTLY POINTED OUT THA T THIS ISSUE STANDS FURTHER CLARIFIED FROM THE PROVISO TO CL.(VII) OF S .36(1) OF THE ACT WHICH READS AS UNDER : PROVIDED THAT IN THE CASE OF AN ASSESSEE TO WHICH CL.(VIIA) APPLIES THE AMOUNT OF THE DEDUCTION RELATING TO ANY SUCH DEBT O R PART THEREOF SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT BY WHICH SUCH DEBT OR PART THEREOF EXCEEDS THE CREDIT BALANCE IN THE PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOU BTFUL DEBTS ACCOUNT MADE UNDER THAT CLAUSE. 7. THIS ALSO CLEARLY SHOWS THAT MAKING OF PROVISION EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT CLAIMED AS DEDUCTION IN THE ACCOUNT BOOKS IS NECESSARY FOR CLAIMING DEDUCTION UNDER S. 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT. THE TRIBUNAL HAS DISTINGUISHED VARIOUS AUTHORITIES RELIED UPON BY TH E ASSESSEE WHEREIN DEDUCTIONS HAD BEEN ALLOWED UNDER VARIOUS PROVISION S WHICH ALSO REQUIRED CREATION OF RESERVE AFTER THE ASSESSEE HAD CREATED SUCH RESERVE IN THE ACCOUNT BOOKS BEFORE THE COMPLETION OF THE ASSESSMENT. IT HAS BEEN CORRECTLY POINTED OUT THAT IN ALL THOSE CASES RESERVES/PROVISIONS HAD BEEN MADE IN THE BOOKS OF A CCOUNT OF THE SAME ASSESSMENT YEAR AND NOT OF THE SUBSEQUENT ASSE SSMENT YEAR. 8. IN THE PRESENT CASE THE ASSESSEE HAS NOT MADE A NY PROVISION IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR UND ER CONSIDERATION I.E. 1985-86 BY MAKING SUPPLEMENTARY ENTRIES AND BY REVISING ITS BALANCE SHEET. THE PROVISION HAS BEEN MADE IN THE B OOKS OF ACCOUNT OF THE SUBSEQUENT YEAR. 9. WE ARE THEREFORE SATISFIED THAT THE TRIBUNAL W AS RIGHT IN HOLDING THAT SINCE THE ASSESSEE HAD MADE A PROVISIO N OF RS.1 19 36 000 FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS ITS CLAI M FOR DEDUCTION UNDER S. 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT HAD TO BE RESTRICTE D TO THAT AMOUNT ONLY. SINCE THE LANGUAGE OF THE STATUTE IS CLEAR AND IS N OT CAPABLE OF ANY OTHER INTERPRETATION WE ARE SATISFIED THAT NO SUBS TANTIAL QUESTION OF LAW ARISES IN THIS APPEAL FOR CONSIDERATION BY THIS COU RT. 11. IN VIEW OF THE AFORESAID INTERPRETATION OF SECT ION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT BY THE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH COURT THE ORDERS OF THE LOWER AUTHORITIES DESERVE TO BE UPHELD INASMUCH AS THE ASSESSEE HAS NOT MADE A PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT OF DEDUCTION SOUGHT TO BE CLAIMED UNDER SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE IN O UR VIEW THE LOWER AUTHORITIES WERE JUSTIFIED IN RESTRICTING THE DEDUC TION TO RS.50 00 000/- BEING THE AMOUNT OF PROVISION ACTUALLY MADE IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNT. 12. THE LEARNED COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE HAS CITED CERTAIN DECISION IN SUPPORT OF HIS PROPOSITION THAT THE CLAIM OF DED UCTION UNDER SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT IS NOT LINKED TO MAKING OF A PROVISION IN THE ACCOUNT BOOKS. AT THE OUTSET WE MAY OBSERVE THAT T HE DECISIONS RELIED UPON BY THE ASSESSEE ARE OF VARIOUS BENCHES OF THE TRIBUNAL AND NOT OF ANY HIGH COURT. THEREFORE THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HON BLE HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF STATE BANK OF PATIALA (SUPRA) WHICH IS CONTRARY TO THE DECISIONS OF THE TRIBUNAL RELIED UPON BY THE ASSESS EE; AND BEING SOLITARY JUDGEMENT OF A HIGH COURT IS REQUIRED TO BE APPLIED HAVING REGARD TO THE ESTABLISHED NORMS OF JUDICIAL DISCIPL INE. FOR THE SAID ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 REASON WE REFRAIN FROM DISCUSSING EACH OF THE DECI SIONS OF THE TRIBUNAL RELIED BY THE ASSESSEE BEFORE US. 13. THE OTHER PLEA OF THE ASSESSEE WAS THAT THE CON TENTS OF THE CBDT CIRCULAR DATED 26.11.2008 (SUPRA) IS CONTRARY TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE THE SA ME SHOULD BE DISREGARDED. IN OUR VIEW THE FOLLOWING EXPLANATION IN RESPECT OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT RENDERED BY THE CBDT IN CIRC ULAR DATED 26.11.2008 (SUPRA) BY WAY OF PARA 2(III)(B) AS UNDE R :- (B) THE DEDUCTION FOR PROVISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTF UL DEBTS SHOULD BE RESTRICTED TO THE AMOUNT OF SUCH PROVISIO N ACTUALLY CREATED IN THE BOOKS OF THE ASSESSEE IN THE RELEVANT YEAR OR T HE AMOUNT CALCULATED AS PER PROVISIONS OF SECTION 36(1)(VIIA) WHICHEVER IS LESS. IS IN LINE WITH THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SECTION R ENDERED BY THE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH COURT AND CANNOT BE SAID TO B E CONTRARY TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT. THEREFORE THE RELIANCE PLAC ED BY THE LOWER AUTHORITIES ON THE CBDT CIRCULAR DATED 26.11.2008 ( SUPRA) CANNOT BE FAULTED. 14. BEFORE PARTING WE MAY REFER TO THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CATHOLIC SYRIAN BANK L TD. (SUPRA) RELIED UPON BY THE ASSESSEE AND ALSO THE DECISION OF OUR C O-ORDINATE BENCH IN THE CASE OF JAYSINGPUR UDGAON SAHAKARI BANK LTD. (S UPRA). WE HAVE CAREFULLY PERUSED THE SAID DECISION AND FOUND THAT THE ISSUE BEFORE THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CATHOLIC SYRIA N BANK LTD. (SUPRA) WAS QUITE DIFFERENT; AND IN ANY CASE NONE OF THE O BSERVATIONS OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT RUN CONTRARY TO THE PRONOUNCE MENT OF THE HONBLE PUNJAB & HARYANA HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF STATE BANK OF PATIALA (SUPRA) TO THE EFFECT THAT MAKING OF A PROV ISION FOR BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS EQUAL TO THE AMOUNT MENTIONED IN SEC TION 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT IS MUST FOR CLAIMING SUCH DEDUCTION. THEREF ORE THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CATHOLI C SYRIAN BANK LTD. (SUPRA) DOES NOT HELP THE ASSESSEE IN THE PRESENT C ONTROVERSY BEFORE US. FURTHER EVEN IN THE CASE OF JAYSINGPUR UDGAON SAHAKARI BANK LTD. (SUPRA) THE TRIBUNAL HAS MERELY SET-ASIDE THE MATT ER FOR ADJUDICATION AFRESH BACK TO THE FILE OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER AN D IT DOES NOT CONTAIN ANY POSITIVE FINDING WITH RESPECT TO THE CONTROVERS Y BEFORE US. 15. IN THE RESULT CONSIDERING THE AFORESAID DISCUS SION IN OUR VIEW THE ORDERS OF THE AUTHORITIES BELOW ON THIS ASPECT ARE LIABLE TO BE UPHELD. WE HOLD SO. 7. FOLLOWING THE AFORESAID PRECEDENT WHICH FULLY C OVERS THE CONTROVERSY BEFORE US WE HEREBY UPHOLD THE ORDER OF THE AUTHOR ITIES BELOW IN RESTRICTING THE DEDUCTION U/S 36(1)(VIIA) OF THE ACT TO RS.1 00 000 /- AS AGAINST RS.2 91 14 158/- CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE. ACCORDIN GLY THE ASSESSEE FAILS ON THIS ASPECT. 8. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE IS DIS MISSED. ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 9. NOW WE TAKE-UP THE APPEAL OF THE REVENUE. IN T HIS APPEAL THE SOLITARY DISPUTE RAISED IS WITH REGARD TO THE ACTION OF THE CIT(A) IN DELETING AN ADDITION OF RS.2 98 62 143/- MADE BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER O N ACCOUNT OF INTEREST INCOME RELATING TO NON PERFORMING ASSETS (IN SHOR T NPAS). 10. BRIEFLY PUT THE CONTROVERSY IN THIS APPEAL CAN BE SUMMARIZED AS FOLLOWS. THE ASSESSEE IS A CO-OPERATIVE BANK CARRYING ON BAN KING BUSINESS IN TERMS OF A LICENSE ISSUED BY RESERVE BANK OF INDIA (RBI). TH E ASSESSEE BEING A CO- OPERATIVE BANK OPERATING UNDER LICENSE FROM RBI IS GOVERNED BY CIRCULARS OF RBI RELATING TO PRUDENTIAL NORMS INCOME RECOGNITIO N ASSET CLASSIFICATION PROVISIONING AND OTHER RELATED MATTERS. IN TERMS OF SUCH PRUDENTIAL NORMS OF RBI ASSESSEE DID NOT ACCOUNT FOR INTEREST RELATABL E TO NPAS I.E. ADVANCES TO CUSTOMERS WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS NPAS IN TERMS OF THE PRUDENTIAL NORMS OF RBI. THE ASSESSING OFFICER WAS OF THE OPINION THAT INTEREST INCOME EVEN IN RELATION TO SUCH NPAS WAS LIABLE TO BE INCLUDED HAV ING REGARD TO THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING FOLLOWED BY THE ASS ESSEE. AS PER THE ASSESSING OFFICER THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 43D OF THE ACT WHICH PROVIDES THAT INTEREST INCOME RELATABLE TO NPAS CLASSIFIED AS PER THE RBI GUIDELINES SHALL BE CHARGED TO TAX IN THE YEAR IN WHICH IT IS CREDITED OR RECEIVED BY THE ASSESSEE WHICHEVER IS EARLIER WAS NOT APPLICABLE TO THE ASS ESSEE SINCE THE ASSESSEE WAS NOT A SCHEDULED BANK. NOTABLY SECTION 43D OF T HE ACT PRESCRIBES THAT IN CASE OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL INSTITUTION OR A SCHEDULE D BANK OR A STATE FINANCIAL CORPORATION OR A STATE INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENT CORPOR ATION INCOME BY WAY OF INTEREST IN RELATION TO SUCH CATEGORIES OF BAD OR D OUBTFUL DEBTS AS MAY BE PRESCRIBED HAVING REGARD TO THE GUIDELINES ISSUED B Y THE RBI OR IN CASES OF PUBLIC COMPANIES INCOME BAY WAY OF INTEREST IN REL ATION TO SUCH CATEGORIES OF DEBTS AS MAY BE HAVING REGARD TO THE GUIDELINES ISS UED BY THE NATIONAL HOUSING BANK SHALL BE CHARGEABLE TO TAX IN THE PREV IOUS YEAR IN WHICH SUCH INCOME IS CREDITED BY THE AFORESAID PRESCRIBED ENTI TIES TO THEIR PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT OR IN THE YEAR WHEN IT IS ACTUALLY RECEIVED WHICHEVER IS EARLIER. THE ASSESSING OFFICER NOTED THAT ASSESSEE WAS NOT AN EN TITY PRESCRIBED IN SECTION ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 43D OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE THE ASSESSEE HAVING FO LLOWED THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING DID NOT HAVE THE OPTION OF ACC OUNTING FOR INTEREST INCOME RELATING TO NPAS ADVANCES ON RECEIPT BASIS. THEREFO RE ACCORDING TO THE ASSESSING OFFICER INTEREST OF NPAS ACCRUED TO THE ASSESSEE AND ACCORDINGLY HE BROUGHT TO TAX SUCH INTEREST INCOME OF RS.2 98 6 2 143/-. 11. THE LEARNED CIT(A) DISAGREED WITH THE ASSESSING OFFICER AND THUS THE REVENUE IS IN APPEAL BEFORE US. AT THE TIME OF HEA RING THE LD. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE CONCEDED THAT AN IDENTICAL CONTROVER SY HAS BEEN CONSIDERED BY THE PUNE BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF AC IT VS. THE OMERGA JANTA SAHAKARI BANK LTD. VIDE ORDER IN ITA NO.350/PN/2013 DATED 31.10.2013. IN THE SAID PRECEDENT THE PUNE BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL C ONSIDERED THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF M/S VAS ISTH CHAY VYAPAR LTD. 330 ITR 440 (DEL) AS WELL AS THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONB LE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. SAKTHI FINANCE LTD. (2013) 31 TAXMANN.COM 305 (MADRAS) WHICH WERE DIVERGENT WITH RESPECT TO THE ISSUE OF A CCRUAL OF INTEREST INCOME ON NPA ADVANCES AND FOLLOWING THE PROPOSITION THAT IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY JUDGEMENT OF THE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT THERE B EING TWO CONTRARY JUDGEMENTS OF THE NON-JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURTS A DECISION WHICH WAS FAVOURABLE TO THE ASSESSEE WAS TO BE FOLLOWED IN VI EW OF THE PARITY OF REASONING LAID DOWN BY THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. VEGETABLE PRODUCTS LTD. (1973) 88 ITR 192 (SC) TH E ISSUE WAS DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE. THE RELEVANT DISCUSSION IN THE ORDER OF THE TRIBUNAL DATED 31.10.2013 (SUPRA) IS REPRODUCED AS UNDER :- 8. WE HAVE CAREFULLY CONSIDERED THE RIVAL SUBMISSIO NS. IN SO FAR AS THE APPLICABILITY OF SECTION 43D OF THE ACT TO T HE ASSESSEE IS CONCERNED THERE IS A CONVERGENCE OF OPINION BETWEEN THE ASSES SEE AND THE REVENUE TO THE EFFECT THAT THE SAME IS NOT APPLICABLE TO THE A SSESSEE. OSTENSIBLY ASSESSEE IS A CO-OPERATIVE BANK CARRYING ON BANKING BUSINESS IN TERMS OF A LICENSE GRANTED BY RBI AND IS NOT A SCHEDULED BANK INCLUDED IN SECOND SCHEDULE OF RBI SO AS TO FALL WITHIN THE SCOPE OF S ECTION 43D OF THE ACT. NOTABLY SECTION 43D OF THE ACT PRESCRIBES THAT INT EREST INCOME ON SUCH CATEGORIES OF BAD AND DOUBTFUL DEBTS AS PRESCRIBED BY THE RBI GUIDELINES SHALL BE CHARGEABLE TO TAX IN THE YEAR IN WHICH SUCH INTE REST INCOME IS CREDITED BY THE ASSESSEE IN THE PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT OR IN T HE YEAR OF ACTUAL RECEIPT ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 WHICHEVER IS EARLIER. SINCE ASSESSEE IS NOT AN ENT ITY COVERED WITHIN THE SCOPE OF SECTION 43D OF THE ACT THE PRESENT CONTROVERSY CANNOT BE ADJUDICATED IN THE LIGHT OF SECTION 43D OF THE ACT AND IT IS LIABLE T O BE DECIDED ON GENERAL PRINCIPLES AS TO WHETHER THE IMPUGNED INCOME HAS AC CRUED TO THE ASSESSEE DURING THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION. 9. IN THIS CONNECTION WE FIND THAT THE VISAKHAPATN AM BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF THE DURGA COOPERATIVE U RBAN BANK LTD. (SUPRA) HAS CONSIDERED AN IDENTICAL CONTROVERSY. THE ASSES SEE BEFORE THE VISAKHAPATNAM BENCH WAS A CO-OPERATIVE BANK OPERATI NG UNDER A LICENSE ISSUED BY RBI BUT WAS NOT A SCHEDULED BANK SO AS TO FALL WITHIN THE SCOPE OF SECTION 43D OF THE ACT. THE ISSUE RELATED TO TAXAB ILITY OF INTEREST INCOME RELATING TO NPAS WHICH AS PER THE REVENUE WAS LIAB LE TO BE TAXED ON ACCRUAL BASIS IN LINE WITH MERCANTILE SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING ADOPTED BY THE ASSESSEE THEREIN. THE ASSESSEE ON THE OTHER HAND CONTENDE D THAT HAVING REGARD TO THE GUIDELINES ISSUED BY RBI REGARDING ACCOUNTING O F INTEREST ON NPAS NO INTEREST INCOME ACCRUED IN RESPECT OF NPAS AND THAT THE SAME WAS TO BE TAXED ONLY ON RECEIPT BASIS. THE TRIBUNAL OBSERVED THAT THE QUESTION OF TAXABILITY OF INTEREST ON NPAS CLASSIFIED BY RBI W AS CONSIDERED BY THE HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF M/S VASISTH CHAY VY APAR LTD. (SUPRA) WHEREIN AFTER CONSIDERING THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE SUPRE ME COURT IN THE CASE OF SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD. (SUPRA) IT WAS HELD THAT INTEREST INCOME RELATABLE TO NPAS WAS NOT INCLUDIBLE IN TOTAL INCOME ON ACCRU AL BASIS SINCE THE SAME DID NOT ACCRUE TO THE ASSESSEE. THE FOLLOWING DISCUSSI ON BY THE VISAKHAPATNAM BENCH OF THE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF THE DURGA COOP ERATIVE URBAN BANK LTD. (SUPRA) IS WORTHY OF NOTICE :- 8. WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL CONTENTIONS AND CAREFUL LY PERUSED THE RECORD. THE QUESTION OF TAXABILITY OF I NTEREST ON NPAS HAS BEEN CONSIDERED BY THE HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF M/S VASISTH CHAY VYAPAR LTD (SUPRA); WHEREIN THE HON'BL E DELHI HIGH COURT TOOK INTO ACCOUNT THE DECISION RENDERED BY TH E HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD (SUP RA). IN THE CASE OF M/S VASISTH CHAY VYAPAR LTD THE ASSESSEE THEREIN W AS A NON BANKING FINANCIAL COMPANY AND IT WAS ALSO BOUND BY THE PRU DENTIAL NORMS DIRECTIONS ISSUED BY THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA FOR INCOME RECOGNITION AND ASSET CLASSIFICATION. THE ASSESSEE DID NOT INCL UDE THE INTEREST INCOME RELATABLE TO NPA ASSETS IN ITS TOTAL INCOME. THE ASSESSING OFFICER HOWEVER ADDED THE SAID INTEREST AS THE IN COME OF THE ASSESSEE BY HOLDING THAT IT HAD ACCRUED TO THE AS SESSEE EVEN IT WAS NOT REALIZED AS THE ASSESSEE WAS FOLLOWING MERCANTI LE SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING. THE LEARNED CIT (A) AFFIRMED THE ORDER OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER. HOWEVER THE ITAT DELETED THE AFORESAID IN COME. HENCE THE REVENUE PREFERRED APPEAL BEFORE THE HON'BLE DELHI H IGH COURT. 8.1 AFTER HEARING THE RIVAL SUBMISSIONS THE HON'BL E DELHI HIGH COURT TOOK NOTE OF SEC.45Q OF RESERVE BANK OF INDIA ACT WHICH READS AS UNDER: CHAPTER IIIB TO OVERRIDE OTHER LAWS. 45Q. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CHAPTER SHALL HAVE EFFE CT NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING INCONSISTENT THEREWITH CONTAINED IN ANY OTHER LAW FOR THE TIME BEING IN FO RCE OR ANY INSTRUMENT HAVING EFFECT BY VIRTUE OF ANY SUCH LAW. THE HIGH COURT TOOK NOTE OF THE FACT THAT THE PROVI SION OF 45Q OF RESERVE BANK OF INDIA HAS OVERRIDING EFFECT OVER AN Y OTHER LAW. THEN THE HON'BLE HIGH COURT ALSO CONSIDERED ACCOUNTING S TANDARD AS-9 ON REVENUE RECOGNITION AND ALSO EXTRACTED FOLLOWING RELEVANT PORTION FROM THE SAID ACCOUNTING STANDARD: ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 9. EFFECT OF UNCERTAINTIES ON REVENUE RECOGNITION 9.1 RECOGNITION OF REVENUE REQUIRES THAT REVENUE IS A MEASURABLE AND THAT AT THE TIME OF SALE OR THE REND ERING OF THE SERVICE IT WOULD NOT BE UNREASONABLE TO EXPECT ULT IMATE COLLECTION. 9.2 WHERE THE ABILITY TO ASSESS THE ULTIMATE COLLEC TION WITH REASONABLE CERTAINTY IS LACKING AT THE TIME OF RAIS ING ANY CLAIM E.G. FOR ESCALATION OF PRICE EXPORT INCENTIVES I NTEREST ETC. REVENUE RECOGNITION IS POSTPONED TO THE EXTENT OF U NCERTAINTY INVOLVED. IN SUCH CASES IT MAY BE APPROPRIATE TO R ECOGNIZE REVENUE ONLY WHEN IT IS REASONABLY CERTAIN THAT THE ULTIMATE COLLECTION WILL BE MADE. WHERE THERE IS NO UNCERTAI NTY AS TO ULTIMATE COLLECTION REVENUE IS RECOGNIZED AT THE T IME OF SALE OR RENDERING OF SERVICE EVEN THOUGH PAYMENTS ARE MADE BY INSTALMENTS. 9.3 WHEN THE UNCERTAINTY RELATING TO COLLECTABILITY ARISES SUBSEQUENT TO THE TIME OF SALE OR THE RENDERING OF THE SERVICE IT IS MORE APPROPRIATE TO MAKE A SEPARATE PROVISION TO REFLECT THE UNCERTAINTY RATHER THAN TO ADJUST THE AMOUNT OF REV ENUE ORIGINALLY RECORDED. 9.4 AN ESSENTIAL CRITERION FOR THE RECOGNITION OF R EVENUE IS THAT THE CONSIDERATION RECEIVABLE FOR THE SALE OF G OODS THE RENDERING OF SERVICES OR FROM THE USE OF OTHERS OF ENTERPRISE RESOURCES IS REASONABLY DETERMINABLE. WHEN SUCH CONSIDERATION IS NOT DETERMINABLE WITHIN REASONABLE LIMITS THE RECOGNITION OF REVENUE IS POSTPONED. 9.5 WHEN RECOGNITION OF REVENUE IS POSTPONED DUE TO THE EFFECT OF UNCERTAINTIES IT IS CONSIDERED AS REVENU E OF THE PERIOD IN WHICH IT IS PROPERLY RECOGNIZED. 8.2 THE DELHI HIGH COURT ALSO CONSIDERED THE DECISI ON RENDERED IN THE FOLLOWING CASES: I) CIT VS. ELGI FINANCE LTD. 293 ITR 357 (MAD) II) CIT VS. KKM INVESTMENTS (CAL) SLP DISMISSED B Y SUPREME COURT (310 ITR 4) III) CIT VS. MOTOR CREDIT CO (P) LTD. 127 ITR 572 (MAD) IV) UCO BANK VS. CIT 237 ITR 889 (SC) V) CIT VS. SHOORJI VALLABHDAS & CO 46 ITR 144 (SC) VI) GODHRA ELECTRICITY CO. LTD. VS.CIT 225 ITR 746 VII) CIT VS. GOYAL M G GASES (P) LTD. 303 ITR 159 (DEL) VIII) CIT VS. EICHER LTD. ITA NO.431/2009 DATED 15 .7.2009 (DEL) 8.3 AFTER CONSIDERING THE ACCOUNTING STANDARD 9 AND THE VARIOUS CASE LAW LISTED ABOVE THE HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT HELD THAT THE INTEREST ON NPA ADVANCE CANNOT BE TREATED AS ACCRU ED TO THE ASSESSEE. 8.4 BEFORE THE DELHI HIGH COURT THE REVENUE TOOK S UPPORT OF THE DECISION OF THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE O F SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD (SUPRA). THE DELHI HIGH COURT CONS IDERED THE SAID DECISION OF HON'BLE APEX COURT AND EXPLAINED THE SA ME AS UNDER: WE HAVE ALREADY HELD THAT EVEN UNDER THE INCOME TA X ACT INTEREST INCOME HAD NOT ACCRUED. MOREOVER THIS SUB MISSION OF MR. SABHARWAL IS BASED ENTIRELY ON THE JUDGMENT OF THE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGY (S UPRA). NO DOUBT IN FIRST BLUSH READING OF THE JUDGMENT G IVES AN ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 INDICATION THAT THE COURT HAS HELD THAT RESERVE BAN K OF INDIA ACT DOES NOT OVERRIDE THE PROVISIONS OF THE I NCOME TAX ACT. HOWEVER WHEN WE EXAMINE THE ISSUE INVOLVED THEREIN MINUTELY AND DEEPLY IN THE CONTEXT IN WHICH THAT HAD ARISEN AND CERTAIN OBSERVATIONS OF THE APEX COURT C ONTAINED IN THAT VERY JUDGMENT WE FIND THAT THE PROPOSITION AD VANCED BY MR.SABHARWAL MAY NOT BE ENTIRELY CORRECT. IN THE CASE BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT THE ASSESSEE A NBFC DEBITED RS.81 68 516 AS PROVISION AGAINST NPA IN THE PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT WHICH WAS CLAIMED AS DEDUCTION IN TER MS OF SECTION 36(1) (VII) OF THE ACT. THE ASSESSING OFFICER DID NOT ALLOW THE DEDUCTION CLAIMED AS AFORESAID ON THE GRO UND THAT THE PROVISION OF NPA WAS NOT IN THE NATURE OF EXPENDITU RE OR LOSS BUT MORE IN THE NATURE OF A RESERVE AND THUS NOT D EDUCTIBLE UNDER SECTION 36(I)(VII) OF THE ACT. THE ASSESSING OFFICER HOWEVER DID NOT BRING TO TAX RS.20 34 605/- AS INC OME (BEING INCOME ACCRUED UNDER THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM O F ACCOUNTING). THE DISPUTE BEFORE THE APEX COURT CENTERED AROUND DEDUCTIBILITY OF PROVISION FOR NPA. AFTER ANALYZING THE PROVISIONS OF THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA ACT THEIR LORDSHIPS OF THE APEX COURT OBSERVED THAT IN SO FAR AS THE PERMISSIBLE DEDUCTIONS OR EXCLUSIONS UNDER THE ACT ARE CONCERNED THE SAME ARE ADMISSIBLE ONLY IF SUCH DEDUCTIONS/EXCLUSIONS SATISFY THE RELEVANT CONDITIO NS STIPULATED THEREFORE UNDER THE ACT. TO THAT EXTENT IT WAS OBSERVED THAT THE PRUDENTIAL NORMS DO NOT OVERRIDE THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT. HOWEVER THE APEX COURT MADE A DISTINCTION WITH REGARD TO INCOME RECOGNITION AND HELD THAT INCOME HAD TO BE RECOGNIZED IN TERMS OF THE PRUDENT IAL NORMS EVEN THOUGH THE SAME DEVIATED FROM MERCANTIL E SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING AND/OR SECTION 45 (SIC. 145) O F THE INCOME TAX ACT. IT CAN BE SAID THEREFORE THAT THE APEX COURT APPROVED THE REAL INCOME THEORY WHICH IS ENGRAINE D IN THE PRUDENTIAL NORMS FOR RECOGNITION OF REVENUE BY NBFC . 9. THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF M/S SOU THERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD (SUPRA) DISSECTED THE MATTER INTO TWO PARTS VIZ. A) INCOME RECOGNITION AND B) PERMISSIBLE DEDUCTION/EXC LUSIONS UNDER THE INCOME TAX ACT. IN SO FAR AS INCOME RECOGNITION IS CONCERNED THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT HELD THAT SECTION 145 OF THE INCOME TAX ACT HAS NO ROLE TO PLAY AND THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAS T O FOLLOW RESERVE BANK OF INDIA DIRECTIONS 1998 SINCE BY VIRTUE OF 4 5Q OF THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA ACT AN OVERRIDING EFFECT IS GIVEN TO THE DIRECTIONS OF RESERVE BANK OF INDIA VIS--VIS INCOME RECOGNITION PRINCIPLES IN THE COMPANIES ACT 1956. IN SO FAR AS COMPUTATION OF INC OME UNDER THE INCOME TAX ACT IS CONCERNED (WHICH INVOLVES DEDUCT ION OF PERMISSIBLE DEDUCTIONS AND EXCLUSIONS) THE ADMISSIBILITY OF SUC H DEDUCTIONS SHALL BE GOVERNED BY THE PROVISIONS OF THE INCOME TAX ACT . THE RELEVANT OBSERVATIONS OF THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT ARE EXTRA CTED BELOW: APPLICABILITY OF SECTION 145 40. AT THE OUTSET WE MAY STATE THAT IN ESSENCE RBI DIRECTIONS 1998 ARE PRUDENTIAL/PROVISIONING NORMS ISSUED BY RB I UNDER CHAPTER IIIB OF THE RBI ACT 1934. THESE NORMS DEAL ESSENTIALLY WITH INCOME RECOGNITION. THEY FORCE THE NBFCS TO DISCLOSE THE AMOUNT OF NPA IN THEIR FINANCIAL ACCOU NTS. THEY FORCE THE NBFCS TO REFLECT TRUE AND CORRECT PROFI TS. BY VIRTUE OF SECTION 45Q AN OVERRIDING EFFECT IS GIVEN TO TH E DIRECTIONS 1998 VIS--VIS INCOME RECOGNITION PRIN CIPLES IN THE COMPANIES ACT 1956. THESE DIRECTIONS CONSTITUTE A CODE BY ITSELF. HOWEVER THESE DIRECTIONS 1998 AND THE IT ACT OPERATE IN DIFFERENT AREAS. THESE DIRECTIONS 1998 H AVE NOTHING TO DO WITH COMPUTATION OF TAXABLE INCOME. THESE DIRECTIONS CANNOT OVERRULE THE PERMISSIBLE DEDUCTIONS OR TH EIR ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 EXCLUSION UNDER THE IT ACT. THE INCONSISTENCY BETWEEN THESE DIRECTIONS AND COMPANIES ACT IS ONLY IN THE M ATTER OF INCOME RECOGNITION AND PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL ST ATEMENTS. THE ACCOUNTING POLICIES ADOPTED BY AN NBFC CANNOT DETERMINE THE TAXABLE INCOME. IT IS WELL SETTLED TH AT THE ACCOUNTING POLICIES FOLLOWED BY A COMPANY CAN BE CH ANGED UNLESS THE AO COMES TO THE CONCLUSION THAT SUCH CHA NGE WOULD RESULT IN UNDERSTATEMENT OF PROFITS. HOWEVER HERE IS THE CASE WHERE THE AO HAS TO FOLLOW THE RESERVE BANK OF INDI A DIRECTIONS 1998 IN VIEW OF SECTION 45Q OF THE RESER VE BANK OF INDIA ACT. HENCE AS FAR AS INCOME RECOGNIT ION IS CONCERNED SECTION 145 OF THE IT ACT HAS NO ROLE TO PLAY IN THE PRESENT DISPUTE. 10. TURNING TO THE FACTS OF THE CASE BEFORE US THE ASSESSEE HEREIN IS A COOPERATIVE BANK AND IT IS NOT IN DISPUTE THAT IT IS ALSO GOVERNED BY THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA. HENCE THE DIRECTIONS WIT H REGARD TO THE PRUDENTIAL NORMS ISSUED BY THE RESERVE BANK OF INDI A ARE EQUALLY APPLICABLE TO THE ASSESSEE AS IT IS APPLICABLE TO T HE COMPANIES REGISTERED UNDER THE COMPANIES ACT. THE HON'BLE SUP REME COURT HAS HELD IN THE CASE OF SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD (SUPR A) THAT THE PROVISION OF 45Q OF RESERVE BANK OF INDIA ACT HAS A N OVERRIDING EFFECT VIS--VIS INCOME RECOGNITION PRINCIPLE UNDER THE CO MPANIES ACT. HENCE SEC.45 Q OF THE RBI ACT SHALL HAVE OVERRIDING EFFEC T OVER THE INCOME RECOGNITION PRINCIPLE FOLLOWED BY COOPERATIVE BANKS ALSO. HENCE THE ASSESSING OFFICER HAS TO FOLLOW THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA DIRECTIONS 1998 AS HELD BY THE HON'BLE SUPREME COURT. 10.1 BASED ON THE PRUDENTIAL NORMS THE ASSESSEE HE REIN DID NOT ADMIT THE INTEREST RELATABLE TO NPA ADVANCES IN ITS TOTAL INCOME. THE HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF VASISTH CHA Y VYAPAR LTD (SUPRA) HAS HELD THAT THE INTEREST ON NPA ASSETS CA NNOT BE SAID TO HAVE ACCRUED TO THE ASSESSEE. IN THIS REGARD THE F OLLOWING OBSERVATIONS OF HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE ABO VE CITED CASE ARE RELEVANT: WHAT TO TALK OF INTEREST EVEN THE PRINCIPLE AMOUN T ITSELF HAD BECOME DOUBTFUL TO RECOVER. IN THIS SCENARIO IT WAS LEGITIMATE MOVE TO INFER THAT INTEREST INCOME THEREUPON HAS NO T ACCRUED. THE SAID DECISION OF THE HON'BLE DELHI HIGH COURT I S EQUALLY APPLICABLE TO THE ISSUE IN OUR HANDS. ACCORDINGLY WE DO NOT FI ND ANY INFIRMITY WITH THE DECISION OF THE LEARNED CIT (A) IN HOLDING THAT THE INTEREST INCOME RELATABLE ON NPA ADVANCES DID NOT ACCRUE TO THE ASS ESSEE. ACCORDINGLY WE UPHOLD HIS ORDER. 10. FOLLOWING THE AFORESAID DISCUSSION WHICH HAS BEEN RENDERED ON AN IDENTICAL ISSUE UNDER SIMILAR CIRCUMSTANCES WE FIND NO REASONS TO INTERFERE WITH THE ULTIMATE CONCLUSION OF THE CIT(A ) IN DELETING THE IMPUGNED ADDITION RELATING TO INTEREST INCOME IN RESPECT OF NPAS. 11. SO HOWEVER THE LEARNED DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENT ATIVE HAS SUBMITTED THAT THE HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. SAKTHI FINANCE LTD. (2013) 31 TAXMANN.COM 305 (MADRAS) HA S DIFFERED WITH THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CA SE OF M/S VASISTH CHAY VYAPAR LTD. (SUPRA) ON A SIMILAR ISSUE I.E. RELATI NG TO INTEREST INCOME ON NPAS. THE LEARNED DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE FURTHER POI NTED OUT THAT THE HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT FOLLOWED THE DECISION OF THE HON BLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD. (SUPRA) IN HOLDI NG THAT INTEREST ON NPAS WAS ASSESSABLE TO TAX ON ACCRUAL BASIS. WE HAVE CA REFULLY CONSIDERED THE SUBMISSIONS PUT-FORTH BY THE LEARNED DEPARTMENTAL R EPRESENTATIVE BASED ON THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN T HE CASE OF SAKTHI FINANCE LTD. (SUPRA). THE CONTROVERSY BEFORE THE HONBLE M ADRAS HIGH COURT RELATED TO NON-RECOGNITION OF INTEREST INCOME ON NPAS BY THE A SSESSEE FOLLOWING THE RBI ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 GUIDELINES. THE HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT TOOK THE VIEW THAT THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF SOUTHER N TECHNOLOGIES LTD. (SUPRA) ALSO APPLIED TO THE INCOME RECOGNITION NORM S PROVIDED BY RBI AND THEREFORE IT HELD THE INTEREST INCOME ON NPAS IS LI ABLE TO BE TAXED ON ACCRUAL BASIS AND NOT IN TERMS OF RBIS GUIDELINES. BUT TH E HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT IN THE CASE OF M/S VASISTH CHAY VYAPAR LTD. (SUPRA) HA S TAKEN A VIEW THAT SOUTHERN TECHNOLOGIES LTD. (SUPRA) CASE DID NOT APP LY TO THE INCOME RECOGNITION NORMS PRESCRIBED BY RBI. OSTENSIBLY T HERE IS DIVERGENCE OF OPINION BETWEEN THE HONBLE DELHI HIGH COURT AND TH E HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT AS NOTED BY THE HONBLE MADRAS HIGH COURT IN ITS ORDER. 12. IN SO FAR AS PRESENT CASE IS CONCERNED THERE I S NO JUDGMENT OF THE JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT. WE ARE FACED WITH T WO CONTRARY JUDGMENTS OF THE NON-JURISDICTIONAL HIGH COURT. IN SUCH A SITUA TION WE ARE INCLINED TO PREFER A VIEW WHICH IS FAVOURABLE OF THE ASSESSEE FOLLOWIN G THE JUDGEMENT OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. VEGETA BLE PRODUCTS LTD. (1973) 88 ITR 192 (SC). 13. THEREFORE IN VIEW OF THE AFORESAID DISCUSSION WE ARE INCLINED TO FOLLOW THE DECISION OF OUR CO-ORDINATE BENCH IN THE CASE OF THE DURGA COOPERATIVE URBAN BANK LTD. (SUPRA) AND ACCORDINGLY THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A) IS LIABLE TO THE AFFIRMED. WE HOLD SO. 14. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE REVENUE IS DIS MISSED. 12. SINCE THE LD. DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVE SUBMI TTED THAT THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES IN THE PRESENT CASE ARE IDENTICAL TO THOSE CONSIDERED BY US IN THE CASE OF THE OMERGA JANTA SAHAKARI BANK LTD. (SU PRA) FOLLOWING THE AFORESAID PRECEDENT THE PRESENT CLAIM OF THE ASSESS EE DESERVES TO BE UPHELD AND ACCORDINGLY WE UPHOLD THE ULTIMATE DECISION OF THE CIT(A) ALBEIT ON DIFFERENT GROUNDS AS DISCUSSED ABOVE. THUS THE RE VENUE HAS TO FAIL ON THIS ASPECT. 13. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE REVENUE IS DIS MISSED. 14. RESULTANTLY THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE AS WELL AS OF THE REVENUE IS DISMISSED ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 16 TH APRIL 2014. SD/- SD/- (SHAILENDRA KUMAR YADAV) (G . S. PANNU) JUDICIAL MEMBER ACCOUNT ANT MEMBER PUNE DATED : 16 TH APRIL 2014 SUJEET/GCVSR ITA NO.2508/PN/2012 ITA NO.347/PN/2013 COPY OF THE ORDER IS FORWARDED TO : - 1) THE ASSESSEE; 2) THE DEPARTMENT; 3) THE CIT(A) KOLHAPUR; 4) THE CIT KOLHAPUR; 5) THE DR B BENCH I.T.A.T. PUNE; 6) GUARD FILE. BY ORDER //TRUE COPY// SR. PRIVATE SECRETARY I.T.A.T. PUNE