ITO, New Delhi v. Sh. Lekh Raj, Delhi

ITA 3674/DEL/2015 | 2010-2011
Pronouncement Date: 29-11-2019 | Result: Partly Allowed

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Appeal Details

RSA Number 367420114 RSA 2015
Assessee PAN AWMPR5686D
Bench Delhi
Appeal Number ITA 3674/DEL/2015
Duration Of Justice 4 year(s) 5 month(s) 23 day(s)
Appellant ITO, New Delhi
Respondent Sh. Lekh Raj, Delhi
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 29-11-2019
Appeal Filed By Department
Order Result Partly Allowed
Bench Allotted B
Tribunal Order Date 29-11-2019
Assessment Year 2010-2011
Appeal Filed On 05-06-2015
Judgment Text
INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL DELHI BENCH B: NEW DELHI BEFORE SHRI SUDHANSHU SRIVASTAVA JUDICIAL MEMBER AND SHRI PRASHANT MAHARISHI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ASSTT. YEAR: 2011-12 O R D E R PER SUDHANSHU SRIVASTAVA JM: THE APPEAL IS FILED BY THE DEPARTMENT AGAINST THE ORDER PASSED BY THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) 13 NEW DELHI VIDE ORDER DATED 23.3.2015 AND PERTAINS TO ASSESSMENT YEAR 2011-12. ITO WARD-37 (1) NEW DELHI. VS. LEKH RAJ H.NO. 207-210 RAMAYAN PANA POOTH KURDH DELHI -39 PAN AWMPR5686D (APPELLANT) (RESPONDENT) DEPARTMENT BY: SH. S.N. MEENA SR. DR ASSESSEE BY : NONE DATE OF HEARING 0 7/11 /201 9 DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT 29 /11/2019 ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 2 2.0 BRIEF FACTS OF THE CASE ARE THAT FOR THE YEAR RETURN DECLARING AN INCOME OF RS. 15 83 437/- WAS FILED. SUBSEQUENTLY THE CASE WAS SELECTED FOR SCRUTINY AND DURING THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS THE ASSESSING OFFICER (AO) NOTICED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS DEPOSITED AN AMOUNT OF RS. 12 647 000/- IN CASH IN HIS SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT WITH STATE BANK OF INDIA. ASSESSEE WAS REQUIRED TO EXPLAIN THE SOURCE OF CASH DEPOSITS AND TO FILE EVIDENCES IN SUPPORT THEREOF. IT WAS THE CONTENTION OF THE ASSESSEE BEFORE THE AO THAT HE HAD RECEIVED AN ADVANCE OF RS. 12 452 000/- IN CASH IN RESPECT OF AGREEMENTS FOR SALE OF HIS AGRICULTURAL LAND FROM EIGHT PARTIES. THE ASSESSEE FILED COPIES OF AGREEMENTS TO SALE WITH THE PARTIES. THE STATEMENT OF THE ASSESSEE WAS ALSO RECORDED U/S 131 OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961 (HEREINAFTER CALLED THE ACT). THEREAFTER THE AO ISSUED SUMMONS U/S 131 OF THE ACT TO ALL THE PARTIES. ALL THE SUMMONSES WERE RECEIVED BACK UNDELIVERED WITH THE REMARK THAT NO SUCH PERSON EXISTED AT THE ADDRESS OR THAT THE ADDRESS WAS INCOMPLETE. THE AO ALSO NOTED THAT THE ASSESSEE COULD NOT FILE DETAILS OF REPAYMENT OF ADVANCES AND EVIDENCES IN SUPPORT THEREOF. ACCORDINGLY AN AMOUNT OF RS. 12 452 000/- WAS ADDED U/S 69A OF THE ACT AS INCOME FROM UNDISCLOSED SOURCES. FURTHER THE AO ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 3 ALSO NOTED THAT ALTHOUGH THE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED THAT HE HAD SOLD AGRICULTURAL LAND WHICH WAS NOT LIABLE TO CAPITAL GAINS THE AGRICULTURAL LAND SOLD BY HIM FELL WITHIN THE LIMITS OF THE MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF DELHI AND WAS THEREFORE LIABLE TO CAPITAL GAIN TAX. ACCORDINGLY AN AMOUNT OF RS. 15 135 271/- WAS ADDED TO THE INCOME OF THE ASSESSEE AS LONG TERM CAPITAL GAINS. APART FROM THIS THE AO ALSO MADE AN ADDITION OF RS. 615 188/- BEING INTEREST INCOME LESS DECLARED IN THE INCOME TAX RETURN. THE ASSESSMENT WAS COMPLETED AT AN INCOME OF RS. 28 458 650/-. 2.1 THE ASSESSEES APPEAL BEFORE LD. CIT (APPEALS) WAS PARTLY ALLOWED WHEREIN THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) DELETED THE ADDITION ON ACCOUNT OF LONG TERM CAPITAL GAIN TO THE TUNE OF RS. 15 135 271/- BY NOTING THAT THE AO HAD NOT CONSIDERED THE FACT THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD PURCHASED ANOTHER PLOT THEREBY ENTITLING HIM FOR EXEMPTION U/S 54F OF THE ACT. THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) ALSO NOTED THAT REGARDING THE COST OF ACQUISITION THE AO HAD APPLIED THE RATE ARBITRARILY WITHOUT ANY BASIS. WITH RESPECT TO ADDITION OF RS. 12 452 000/- U/S 69A OF THE ACT THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) NOTED THAT ALTHOUGH THE SUMMONS ISSUED BY THE AO HAVE COME BACK UN-SERVED THE ASSESSEE HAD FILED COPIES OF AGREEMENT ALONG WITH COMPLETE ADDRESSES AND PAN NUMBERS AND THEREFORE IT WAS NOT ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 4 A FIT CASE FOR MAKING ADDITION SOLELY ON THE BASIS OF SUMMONS BEING RETURNED UN-SERVED. 2.2 AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) THE DEPARTMENT IS NOW IN APPEAL BEFORE THE ITAT. 3.0 NONE WAS PRESENT ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE/RESPONDENT WHEN THE APPEAL WAS CALLED OUT FOR HEARING. NO APPLICATION FOR ADJOURNMENT HAS ALSO BEEN RECEIVED. A PERUSAL OF THE ORDER SHEET ENTRIES SHOWS THAT THE APPEAL WAS FIRST FIXED FOR HEARING ON 13.9.2018 THEN ON 11.12.2018 AND THEREAFTER ON 27.2.2019. ON ALL THESE THREE OCCASIONS NONE WAS PRESENT ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE. SUBSEQUENTLY ON 22.5.2019 ONE SHRI RAJ KARAN CA WAS PRESENT BEFORE THE COURT WHO SOUGHT AN ADJOURNMENT. THE CASE WAS ADJOURNED TO 5.9.2019. ON 5.9.2019 THE ASSESSEE WAS AGAIN UNREPRESENTED AND THE CASE WAS ADJOURNED FOR HEARING TO 7.11.2019 I.E. FOR TODAY. TODAY ALSO THE ASSESSEE/RESPONDENT REMAINS UNREPRESENTED. IT IS APPARENT THAT THE ASSESSEE/ RESPONDENT DOES NOT WISH TO EXERCISE HIS RIGHT OF BEING REPRESENTED BEFORE THIS TRIBUNAL AND THEREFORE WE HAVE NO OPTION BUT TO PROCEED EX PARTE HEARING OF THE CASE QUA THE ASSESSEE / RESPONDENT. ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 5 4.0 THE LD. SR. DR READ OUT THE RELEVANT PORTIONS FROM THE IMPUGNED ORDER AND SUBMITTED THAT THE ADDITION WITH RESPECT TO LONG TERM CAPITAL GAINS OF RS. 15 135 271/- HAS BEEN DELETED BY THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) BY OBSERVING THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS INVESTED RS. 22 246 563/- ON PURCHASE OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AND CONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL HOUSE ENTITLING HIM FOR EXEMPTION U/S 54 F. IT WAS SUBMITTED BY THE LD. SR. DR THAT THIS FACT WAS NOT AVAILABLE BEFORE THE AO AND IF THIS ISSUE WAS RAISED FOR THE FIRST TIME BEFORE THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) AND DOCUMENTS HAVE BEEN SUBMITTED IN THIS REGARD THE AO SHOULD HAVE BEEN GIVEN AN OPPORTUNITY TO EXAMINE AND COMMENT ON THE SAME. SIMILARLY WITH RESPECT TO THE ADDITION ON ACCOUNT OF CASH DEPOSITS OF RS. 12 647 000/- WHICH HAD BEEN DELETED BY THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) THE LD. SR. DR SUBMITTED THAT THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) HAD SHIFTED THE ONUS ON THE AO TO HAVE MADE DUE INQUIRIES WITHOUT APPRECIATING THE FACT THAT ALL THE SUMMONS ISSUED HAD BEEN RETURNED UN-SERVED AND ONLY THE COPIES OF AGREEMENTS AND PAN NUMBERS HAVE BEEN FURNISHED BEFORE THE AO. THE LD. SR. DR PRAYED THAT THE APPEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT DESERVED TO BE ALLOWED ON BOTH THE GROUNDS. ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 6 5.0 WE HAVE HEARD THE SUBMISSIONS OF THE LD. SR. DR AND HAVE ALSO PERUSED THE IMPUGNED ORDER. IT IS SEEN THAT IN PARA 5.3 THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) HAS MADE AN OBSERVATION THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD INVESTED RS. 22 246 563/- ON PURCHASE OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AND CONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL HOUSE AND WAS THEREFORE ENTITLED TO EXEMPTION FROM CAPITAL GAIN U/S 54F. HOWEVER IT IS APPARENT THAT THIS ISSUE HAD NEVER BEEN RAISED BEFORE THE AO AS IS EVIDENT FROM THE ASSESSMENT ORDER. THUS APPARENTLY THIS CLAIM HAS BEEN RAISED FOR THE FIRST TIME BEFORE THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) AND APPARENTLY THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) HAS ALLOWED ADMISSION OF ADDITIONAL EVIDENCES WITHOUT FOLLOWING THE RIGORS OF RULE 46A OF THE INCOME TAX RULE 1962. THIS IS NOT A PERMISSIBLE IN LAW AND THIS ACTION OF THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) CANNOT BE UPHELD. THE LD. FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IS BOUND TO SEEK A REMAND REPORT FROM THE AO IF HE DECIDES TO ADJUDICATE THE ISSUE BY GIVING BENEFIT OF ADMITTING FRESH EVIDENCES BEFORE HIM. THIS HAS APPARENTLY HAS NOT BEEN DONE IN THIS CASE. SIMILARLY WE FIND THAT THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) HAS DELETED THE ADDITION PERTAINING TO CASH DEPOSITS IN THE BANK BY SIMPLY RELYING ON THE COPIES OF AGREEMENTS AND THE PAN NUMBERS FURNISHED BY THE ASSESSEE DURING THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS. THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) HAS COMPLETELY ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 7 IGNORED THE FACT THAT SUMMONS ISSUED U/S 131 TO THE EIGHT PARTIES FROM WHOM THE ASSESSEE HAS CLAIMED TO HAVE RECEIVED THE ADVANCES WERE RECEIVED BACK UN-SERVED. IT IS WORTHWHILE MENTIONING THAT THESE SUMMONSES WERE RECEIVED BACK UNDELIVERED WITH THE REMARK THAT NO SUCH PERSON EXISTED AT THE ADDRESSES OR THE ADDRESS WAS INCOMPLETE. THUS UNDISPUTEDLY THE ASSESSEE HAD FAILED TO DISCHARGE THE ONUS CAST UPON HIM BUT THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) DID NOT GIVE ANY IMPORTANCE TO THIS FAILURE IN THE DISCHARGE OF THE ONUS BY THE ASSESSEE BUT PROCEEDED TO GIVE RELIEF ONLY ON THE GROUND THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS PROVIDED THE COPIES OF SALES AGREEMENTS AND PAN NOS. THIS IN OUR OPINION DOES NOT ABSOLVE THE ASSESSEE FROM THE ONUS CAST UPON HIM AND ON THIS ISSUE ALSO WE ARE NOT IN AGREEMENT WITH THE COURSE OF ACTION TAKEN BY THE LD. CIT (APPEALS). THEREFORE ON AN OVERALL VIEW OF THE MATTER AND CONSIDERING THE BASIC FALLACIES IN THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT (APPEALS) IT IS OUR CONSIDERED OPINION THAT BOTH THE ISSUES NEED TO BE RE-EXAMINED IN DETAIL. WE RESTORE BOTH THE ISSUES TO THE FILE OF THE AO WITH THE DIRECTION TO ADJUDICATE THE ISSUES DE NOVO AFTER GIVING PROPER OPPORTUNITY TO THE ASSESSEE TO PRESENT ITS CASE. IN CASE THE ASSESSEE FAILS TO RESPOND TO THE NOTICES ISSUED BY THE AO THE AO SHALL BE AT LIBERTY TO PROCEED EX ITA NO. 3674/DEL/2015 ITO VS. LEKH RAJ 8 PARTE QUA THE ASSESSEE AND PASS A FRESH ASSESSMENT ORDER ON THESE TWO ISSUES IN ACCORDANCE WITH LAW. 6. IN THE FINAL RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT STANDS ALLOWED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES. ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 29 TH NOVEMBER 2019. SD/- SD/- (PRASHANT MAHARISHI) (SUDHANSHU SRIVASTAVA) ACCOUNTANT MEMBER JUDICIAL MEMBER DATED: 29/11/2019 VEENA COPY FORWARDED TO 1. APPLICANT 2. RESPONDENT 3. CIT 4. CIT (A) 5. DR:ITAT ASSISTANT REGISTRAR ITAT NEW DELHI