MSSV & Co.,, Bangalore v. Deputy Commissioner Of Income Tax, CPC, Bangalore

ITA 429/BANG/2021 | 2019-2020
Pronouncement Date: 10-11-2021 | Result: Allowed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 42921114 RSA 2021
Assessee PAN AABFM1529R
Bench Bangalore
Appeal Number ITA 429/BANG/2021
Duration Of Justice 1 month(s) 25 day(s)
Appellant MSSV & Co.,, Bangalore
Respondent Deputy Commissioner Of Income Tax, CPC, Bangalore
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 10-11-2021
Appeal Filed By Assessee
Order Result Allowed
Bench Allotted B
Assessment Year 2019-2020
Appeal Filed On 15-09-2021
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL “B” BENCH : BANGALORE BEFORE SHRI N.V. VASUDEVAN VICE PRESIDENTAND SHRI CHANDRA POOJARI ACCOUNTANT MEMBER ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Assessment Years: 2018-19 and2019-20 M/s. MSSV & Co. No.63/2 2 nd Floor Above Canara Bank Railway Parallel Road Kumara Park West Bengaluru – 560 020. PAN : AABFM 1529 R Vs. DCIT Central Processing Centre Bengaluru. Assessee by :Shri.V. Srinivasan Advocate Revenue by:Shri. Priyadarshi Mishra Addl. CIT(DR)(ITAT) Bengaluru Date of hearing:11.11.2021 Date of Pronouncement:11.11.2021 O R D E R Per N. V. Vasudevan Vice President These are appeals filed by the assessee against 2 orders dated 14.9.2021 and 20.08.2021 of CIT(A) National Faceless Appeal Centre (NFAC) Delhi relating to Assessment Years 2018-19 2019-20. 2. The assessee is a firm. The assesse filed return of income for AY 2018-19 declaring income of Rs.1 71 13 360/-. In an intimation dated 19.10.2019 issued u/s.143(1) of the Act the Centralized Processing Centre (CPC) assessed the ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Page 2 of 6 assessee total income at Rs.1 72 78 370/- by making addition a sum of Rs. 1 65 010/- as income representing employees share of contribution to Provident Fund (PF) to the extent not paid on or before the due date as mentioned in Sec 36(1)(va) of the Income Tax Act 1961. 3. The assessee filed appeal before the CIT(A) against the aforesaid addition made to the total income. It was submitted by the assessee that Employee’s share of PF contribution has been paid before the due date for filing of return u/s.139(1) of the Act and (this fact is not in dispute) hence has to be considered allowable on the basis of decision of Supreme Court in CIT vs. Alom Extrusions Ltd (2009) 319 ITR 306 (SC) and other cases such as CIT Vs Magus Customers Dialog (P) Ltd (Kar) CIT Vs Sabri Enterprises (2008) 298 ITR 141 (Kar) M/s Essae Teraoka (P.) Ltd vs DCIT - [2014] 43 taxmann.com 33 (Karnataka) Consultants India P Ltd Vs CIT Bangalore III (2013) 597/34 Taxman.com 20 (Kar). 4. However the CPC by the impugned order dismissed the appeal of the Assessee. In so far as the disallowance of employee share of PF is concerned the CIT(A) referred to the amendment made to section 36(1)(va) and 43B of the Act by the Finance Act 2021. The Finance Act 2021 has amended section 36 sub- section (1) in clause (va) by inserting Explanation-2 which reads thus: “Explanation 2.—For the removal of doubts it is hereby clarified that the provisions of section 43B shall not apply and shall be deemed never to have been applied for the purposes of determining the due date under this clause;'. The finance Act 2021 also amended section 43B by inserting Explantion-5 thereto which reads thus: Explanation 5.—For the removal of doubts it is hereby clarified that the provisions of this section shall not apply and shall be deemed never to have been applied to a sum received by the assessee from any ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Page 3 of 6 of his employees to which the provisions of sub-clause (x) of clause (24) of section 2 applies. According to the CIT(A) by virtue of newly inserted Explanation 2 to clause (va) of sub-section (1) of the said section the provisions of section 43B shall not apply and shall be deemed never to have been applied for the purposes of determining the due date under the said clause. The CIT(A) also held that Section 43B of the Income-tax Act relates to allowing certain deductions only on actual payments. Clause (b) of the said section provides that any sum payable by the assessee as an employer by way of contribution to any provident fund or superannuation fund or gratuity fund or any other fund for the welfare of employees shall be allowed (irrespective of the previous year in which the liability to pay such sum was incurred by the assessee according to the method of accounting regularly employed by him) only in computing the income referred to in section 28 of that previous year in which such sum is actually paid by him. Proviso to the said section provides that nothing contained in this section shall apply in relation to any sum which is actually paid by the assessee on or before the due date applicable in his case for furnishing the return of income under sub-section (1) of section 139 in respect of the previous year in which the liability to pay such sum was incurred as aforesaid and the evidence of such payment is furnished by the assessee along with such return. By virtue of insertion of Explanation 5 to this section the provisions of the said section shall not apply and shall be deemed never to have been applied to a sum received by the assessee from any of his employees to which the provisions of subclause (x) of clause (24) of section 2 applies. 5. The CIT(A) was of the view that Section 36(1)(va) and section 43B(b) operate on totally different footings and have different parameters for due dates i.e. employee's contribution is linked to payment before the due ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Page 4 of 6 dates specified in the respective Acts or Funds and employer's contribution is linked to the payment before the prescribed due date for filing of return u/s.139(1) Income Tax Act 1961. The result of any failure to pay within the prescribed dates also leads to different results. In the case of employee's contribution any failure to pay within the prescribed due date under the respective PF Act or Scheme will result in negating employer's claim for deduction permanently forever u/s.36(1)(va). On the other hand delay in payment of employer's contribution is visited with deferment of deduction on payment basis u/s.43B and is therefore not lost totally. This legal distinction between employees' contribution and employer's contribution under the Act was duly recognised by the Courts also. 6. The CIT(A) thereafter held that the amendment to section 36(1)(va) by insertion of explanation 2 and the amendment to section 43B by insertion to explanation 5 by the Finance Bill 2021 was only declaratory / clarificatory in nature and there therefore was applicable with retrospective effect by necessary intendment of deeming nature expressly stated therein. 7. In Assessment Year 2019-2020 the facts are identical except that the facts in that year disputed addition is employee’s share of contribution to PF and the addition made in this regard is a sum of Rs.67 152/-. Otherwise the discussion on the issue in the intimation under section 143(1) as well as the appellate order is identical. 8. Aggrieved by the orders of the CIT(A) the assessee is in appeals before the Tribunal. We have heard the rival submissions. We find that identical issue has been dealt with in the following decisions in which it has been held that the ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Page 5 of 6 amendment to the provisions of Sec.36(1)(va) and Sec.43B of the Act by the Finance Act 2021 is prospective. M/s Mahadev Cold Storage vs Jurisdictional AO - ITA.No.41 & 42/Agra/2021 M/s Essae Teraoka (P.) Ltd vs DCIT - [2014] 43 taxmann.com 33 (Karnataka) Anand Kumar Jain vs ITO - ITA NO 4192/MUM/2012 ValueMomentum Software Services Private Limited vs. DCIT I.T.A. No. 2197/HYD/2017 [Assessment Year: 2013-14] dated19.05.2021 Mohan Ram Chaudhary vs. ITO ITA No. 51&54-55/Jodh/2021 [Assessment Year: 2018-19} dated 28.09.2021 9. The Hon’ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Essae Teraoka Pvt. Ltd. (supra) has taken the view that employee’s contribution under section 36(1)(va) of the Act would also be covered under section 43B of the Act and therefore if the share of the employee’s share of contribution is made on or before due date for furnishing the return of income under section 139(1) of the Act then the assessee would be entitled to claim deduction. Therefore the issue is covered by the decision of the Hon’ble Karnataka High Court. The next aspect to be considered is whether the amendment to the provisions to section 43B and 36(1)(va) of the Act by the Finance Act 2021 has to be construed as retrospective and applicable for the period prior to 01.04.2021 also. On this aspect we find that the explanatory memorandum to the Finance Act 2021 proposing amendment in section 36(1)(va) as well as section 43B is applicable only from 01.04.2021. These provisions impose a liability on an assessee and therefore cannot be construed as applicable with retrospective effect unless the legislature specifically says so. In the decisions referred to by us in the earlier paragraph of this order on identical issue the tribunal has taken a view that the aforesaid amendment is ITA Nos.428 and 429/Bang/2021 Page 6 of 6 applicable only prospectively i.e. from 1.4.2021. We are therefore of the view that the impugned additions made under section 36(1)(va) of the Act in both the Assessment Years deserves to be deleted. 10. In the result both the appeals of the assessee are allowed. Pronounced in the open court on the date mentioned on the caption page. Sd/- Sd/- Bangalore. Dated: 11.11.2021. /NS/* Copy to: 1.Appellants2.Respondent 3.CIT4.CIT(A) 5.DR6.Guard file By order Assistant Registrar ITAT Bangalore. (CHANDRA POOJARI)(N. V. VASUDEVAN) Accountant MemberVice President