DCIT Circle, Panchkula v. Haryana Power Generation Corp. Ltd., Panchkula

ITA 431/CHANDI/2019 | 2015-2016
Pronouncement Date: 18-11-2019 | Result: Dismissed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 43121514 RSA 2019
Assessee PAN AABCH4536J
Bench Chandigarh
Appeal Number ITA 431/CHANDI/2019
Duration Of Justice 7 month(s) 9 day(s)
Appellant DCIT Circle, Panchkula
Respondent Haryana Power Generation Corp. Ltd., Panchkula
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 18-11-2019
Appeal Filed By Department
Order Result Dismissed
Bench Allotted A
Tribunal Order Date 18-11-2019
Date Of Final Hearing 14-11-2019
Next Hearing Date 14-11-2019
Last Hearing Date 14-11-2019
First Hearing Date 17-09-2019
Assessment Year 2015-2016
Appeal Filed On 08-04-2019
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL CHANDIGARH BE NCH A CHANDIGARH .. !' '# $ % &' BEFORE: SHRI. N.K.SAINI VP & SHRI SANJAY GARG J M ITA NO. 741 TO 743/CHD/2018 ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2009-10 TO 2011-12 ASST. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX PANCHKULA CIRCLE PANCHKULA M/S HARYANA POWER GENERATION CORP. LTD. SECTOR-06 PANCHKULA PAN NO: AABCH4536J APPELLANT RESPONDENT ITA NO. 1476 TO 1477/CHD/2018 ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2013-14 TO 2014-15 ASST. COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX PANCHKULA CIRCLE PANCHKULA M/S HARYANA POWER GENERATION CORP. LTD. SECTOR-06 PANCHKULA PAN NO: AABCH4536J APPELLANT RESPONDENT ITA NO. 431 & 452/CHD/2019 ASSESSMENT YEAR : 2015-16 & 2012-13 DCIT CIRCLE BAY NO. 41-43 AAYAKAR BHAWAN SECTOR-2 PANCHKULA M/S HARYANA POWER GENERATION CORP. LTD. C-7 URJA BHAWAN SECTOR-6 PANCHKULA HARYANA PAN NO: AABCH4536J APPELLANT RESPONDENT !' ASSESSEE BY : SHRI HARISH NAYYAR ADVOCATE #!' REVENUE BY : SHRI KRISHAN KUMAR CIT SMT. POONAM SHARMA JCIT (ITA NO. 1477/CHD/201 8) $ %! & DATE OF HEARING : 14/11/2019 '()*! & DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 18/11/2019 2 &(/ ORDER PER BENCH: THESE APPEALS HAVE BEEN FILED BY THE DEPARTMENT AGA INST THE SEPARATE ORDERS OF THE LD. CIT(A) PANCHKULA AS PER FOLLOWIN G DETAILS: APPEAL NUMBER & ASSESSMENT YEAR DATE OF CIT/ CIT(A) ORDER OFFICE OF CIT/ CIT(A) ITA NO. 741/CHD/2018 A.Y. 2009-10 05/03/2018 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 742/ASR/2018 A.Y. 2010-11 06/03/2018 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 743/CHD/2018 A.Y. 2014-15 06/03/2018 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 1476/CHD/2018 A.Y. 2013-14 24/09/2018 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 1477/CHD/2018 A.Y. 2014-15 24/09/2018 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 431/CHD/2019 A.Y. 2015-16 22/01/2019 CIT(A) PANCHKULA ITA NO. 452/CHD/2019 A.Y. 2012-13 06/03/2018 CIT(A)-2 GURGAON 2. SINCE THE ISSUES INVOLVED ARE COMMON AND THE APP EALS WERE HEARD TOGETHER SO THESE ARE BEING DISPOSED OFF BY WAY OF THIS CONSOLIDATED ORDER FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE AND BREVITY. 3. AT THE FIRST INSTANCE WE WILL DEAL WITH THE APPE AL IN ITA NO. 741/CHD/2018 FOR THE ASSESSMENT YEAR 2009-10. FOLLOWING GROUNDS HAVE BEEN RAISED IN THIS APPEAL: 1. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD. CIT(A) HAS ERRED TO ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE AND TO DELETE THE ADDITION O F RS. 21 67 62 978/- MADE ACCOUNT OF FUEL RELATED LOSSES BY HOLDING THE SAME BEING LEGITIMATE LY CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE . 2. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE THE LD. CIT(A) HAS ERRED TO ALLOW THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE AND TO DELETE THE ADDITION O F RS. 4 97 25 987/-MADE ON ACCOUNT OF RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATION OF PROJECTS WHICH IS I NCORRECT AS THE SAID EXPENDITURE IS CAPITAL IN NATURE AND THE BENEFIT IS SPREAD OVER THE YEARS AND THEREFORE NOT ALLOWABLE EXPENDITURE TO THE ASSESSEE. 3. IT IS PRAYED THAT THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT(A) BE SE T-ASIDE AND THAT OF THE A.O. BE RESTORED. 4. THE APPELLANT CRAVES LEAVE TO ADD OR AMEND THE GROU NDS OF APPEAL BEFORE THE APPEAL IS HEARD AND DISPOSED OFF. 3 4. VIDE GROUND NO. 1 THE GRIEVANCE OF THE DEPARTMEN T RELATES TO THE DELETION OF ADDITION OF RS. 21 67 62 978/- MADE BY THE A.O. ON ACCOUNT OF FUEL RELATED LOSSES. 5. THE FACTS RELATED TO THIS ISSUE IN BRIEF ARE THA T THE ASSESSEE FILED RETURN OF INCOME ON 30/09/2009 DECLARING LOSSES AT RS. 114 11 92 656/- WHICH WAS REVISED ON 21/03/2011 DECLARING LOSSES AT RS. 1 20 04 22 51 8 THE SAME WAS PROCESSED UNDER SECTION 143(1) OF THE INCOME TAX ACT (HERE-IN -AFTER REFERRED AS 'ACT'). LATER ON THE CASE WAS SELECTED FOR SCRUTINY. 6. DURING THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS THE A.O. NOTICED THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED FUEL RELATED LOSSES AT RS. 43 35 25 957/- AS PER THE SCHEDULE 18 OF THE P&L ACCOUNT. HE WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE SAID LOSSES APPEARED TO BE EXCESSIVE AND UNREASONABLE AND ASKE D THE ASSESSEE TO EXPLAIN AS UNDER: (I) HOW THE FUEL LOSS WAS CALCULATED. WHETHER ANY W EIGHMENT WAS DONE AT THE RECEIPT SIDE. (II) WHETHER ANY TRANSIT INSURANCE WAS DONE IN RESP ECT OF COAL (III) WHETHER ANY FIR WAS LODGED IN RESPECT OF LOSS (IV) WHAT STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN BY THE CORPORATION TO AVOID SUCH LOSS. (V) WHETHER ANY CLAIM WAS FILED WITH THE RAILWAY AU THORITIES. (VI) WHETHER THE DEDUCTION WAS MADE FROM THE SELLER PARTY IF NOT REASONS THEREOF. 7. IN RESPONSE THE ASSESSEE VIDE WRITTEN SUBMISSIO N DT. 07/12/2011 SUBMITTED AS UNDER: '1. COAL LOSS WAS CALCULATED ON THE BASIS OF WEIGHM ENT MADE AT PANIPAT THERMAL POWER STATION WEIGHBRIDGES INSTALLED IN CHP-I CHP-II & C HP-III. 2. NO FIR WERE LODGED BY THIS OFFICE AND NO TRANSIT INSURANCE WAS GOT DONE. 3. THE REGULAR CORRESPONDENCE IS BEING MADE WITH RAILW AY AUTHORITIES AND OTHER CONCERNED AUTHORITIES FOR MINIMIZING TRANSIT LOSSES . HOWEVER SINCE THE COAL IS TRANSPORTED FROM FAR OF PLACES AND THEREFORE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE T O AVOID TRANSIT LOSS. 4. NO CLAIM WAS FILED WITH RAILWAY AUTHORITIES. 5. THE COAL IS HANDED OVER BY THE COAL COMPANY AT THE TIME OF DISPATCH FROM THE LOADING END AND IS A LOSS DURING TRANSIT OF COAL AN D HENCE QUESTION OF DEDUCTION OF FUEL LOSS FROM THE BILLS OF SUPPLIER DOES NOT ARISE.' 4 7.1 THE A.O. THEREAFTER ASKED THE ASSESSEE TO FURNI SH THE EVIDENCE ON THE BASIS OF WHICH THE SAID LOSS WAS CLAIMED. 7.2 IN RESPONSE THE ASSESSEE VIDE WRITTEN SUBMISSIO N DT. 20/12/2011 SUBMITTED AS UNDER: FURTHER TO THE PERSONAL ATTENDANCE OF THE UNDERSIG NED AND SUBMISSIONS MADE EARLIER AND EXPLANATION GIVEN REGARDING FUEL RELATED COAL L OSSES BY THE CONCERNED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ASSESSEE WE BRING OUT AS UND ER FOR YOUR KIND CONSIDERATION AND TAKING NECESSARY ACTION IN THE MATTER: FTPS IS GETTING COAL FROM SUBSIDIARIES COAL COMPANI ES OF COAL INDIA LIMITED. THE ASSESSE IS GETTING SUPPLY OF COAL FROM FAR OFF PLACES. THE COA L GENERALLY TRAVELS THE DISTANCE OF 1100 KM TO 1350KM BEFORE IT IS UNLOADED AT THE PLACE OF THE ASSESSEE. THE DIFFERENCE IN WEIGHT OF COAL AT LOADING POINT VIZ-A VIZ. UNLOADING POINT IS CALLED TRANSIT LOSSES. THE MAIN REASON OF TRANSIT LOSSES ARE AS UNDER: 1. EVAPORATION OF SURFACE MOISTURE 2. WINDAGE LOSSES DURING TRANSPORTATION THE DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCES IN RESPECT OF TRANSIT LOS SES SUCH AS INVOICE OF THE SUPPLIER DEPICTING QUANTITY OF COAL SUPPLIED BY THE SUPPLIER AND WEIGHBRIDGES SLIPS DEPICTING QUANTITY RECEIVED BY THE ASSESSSEE AND WORKING IN R ESPECT OF TRANSIT LOSSES FOR THE COAL LOSS IN TRANSIT ARE ENCLOSED FOR OUR KIND REFERENCE . 7.3 HOWEVER THE A.O. DID NOT FIND MERIT IN THE SUBM ISSIONS OF THE ASSESSEE AND DISALLOWED 50% OF THE LOSSES CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSE E AMOUNTING TO RS. 21 67 62 978/- BY OBSERVING IN PARA 2.4 OF THE ASSE SSMENT ORDER DT. 29/12/2011 AS UNDER: (I) THE ASSESSEE HAS NOT DEDUCTED THE LOSS ON ACC OUNT OF WEIGHT OF COAL FROM THE SELLER PARTY. (II) THE ASSESSEE HAS NOT FILED ANY CLAIM FOR THE L OSS OF COAL WITH THE RAILWAY AUTHORITIES. (III) ANY INDEPENDENT EVIDENCE WHICH CAN SAID TO BE RELIABLE AND COGENT HAS NOT SUPPLIED RATHER RELIANCE HAS BEEN PLACED ON THE SELF SERVING WEIGHING SLIPS. TO SUM UP THE INITIAL BURDEN ON PROOF ON THE ASSES SEE HAS NOT BEEN DISCHARGED WHICH COULD SATISFY A PRUDENT PERSON SUCH AS INSURA NCE CLAIM CLAIM FROM RAILWAYS BEING A CONSUMER OF TRANSPORT SERVICES AND CLAIM WI TH THE SUPPLIERS. HOWEVER KEEPING IN VIEW THE LOSS ON ACCOUNT OF HUMIDITY DUR ING TRANSIT CAN ALONE BE THE CAUSE OF REDUCTION IN WEIGHT DURING TRANSIT THEREF ORE BEING REASONABLE AND PRACTICAL APPROACH THE LOSS DUE TO EVAPORATION/TRA NSIT LOSS IS ALLOWED AT 50% I.E. 21 67 62 978/- OF THE TOTAL LOSS CLAIMED. THUS BAL ANCE 50% OF LOSS CLAIMED I.E. 21 67 62 978/- IS DISALLOWED AND ADDED TO THE RETUR NED INCOME. 5 8. BEING AGGRIEVED THE ASSESSEE CARRIED THE MATTER TO THE LD. CIT(A) AND SUBMITTED AS UNDER: 'AS REGARDS FUEL RELATED LOSSES THE APPELLANT CORP ORATION IS GETTING COAL FROM SUBSIDIARIES COAL COMPANIES OF COAL INDIA LIMITED. THE APPELLANT IS GETTING SUPPLY OF COAL FROM FAR OFF PLACES. THE COAL GENERALLY TRAVELS THE DISTANCE OF 1100 KM TO 1350 KM BEFORE IT IS UNLOADED AT THE WORKS OF THE APPELLANT. THE DIFFERE NCE IN WEIGHT OF COAL AT LOADING POINT VIZ.-A-VIZ. UNLOADING POINT IS CALLED TRANSIT LOSSE S. THE MAIN REASON OF TRANSIT LOSSES ARE AS UNDER:- 1. EVAPORATION OF SURFACE MOISTURE 2. WINDAGE LOSSES DURING TRANSPORTATION HPGCL HAS COAL BASED THERMAL POWER STATIONS LOCATED IN STATE OF HARYANA FOR GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY. COAL AND OIL IS USED AS R AW MATERIAL FOR GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY. THE MAJOR CONTENT OF RAW MATERIAL IS COAL. HPGCL IS PURCHASING COAL THROUGH THE SUBSIDIARIES OF COAL INDIA LTD. COAL INDIA LTD IS A GOVT. PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKING. THE SUBSIDIARIES OF COAL INDIA LIMITED TRANSFER THE TIT LE OF GOODS TO HPGCL AFTER LOADING OF COAL IN RAILWAY WAGONS AND ITS WEIGHMENT. IT IS SUBMITTED THAT THE TRANSIT LOSSES TO THE TUNE OF RS.43 35 25 957/-OCCURRED DURING COURSE OF CARRYING OUT THE BUSINESS AND THAT THESE LOSSES ARE NOT CAPITAL IN NATURE. IT IS HIGHLIGHTED THESE LOSSES OCCURRED ON ACCOUNT OF NAT URAL PROCESS AND WERE BEYOND CONTROL OF THE APPELLANT AND IN THE GIVEN CIRCUMSTA NCES THERE WAS NO POSSIBILITY FOR THE APPELLANT TO PREVENT RECOUP OR REDUCE THESE LOSSES . OUT OF THE TOTAL LOSS OF RS.43 35 25 957/- RECORDED IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS A SUM OF RS.21 67 62 978/- BEING 50% OF THE LOSS RECORDED IN THE BOOKS WAS DISALLOWED. T HE CONTENTION AND BASIS OF MAKING ADDITION OF RS.21 67 62 978/- ARE REBUTTED POINT-WI SE HEREUNDER: 1. LOSS OF COAL DURING TRANSIT NOT INSURABLE IT IS SUBMITTED THAT AS PER POLICY OF INSURANCE COM PANIES LOSSES OF COAL OCCURRING ON ACCOUNT OF EVAPORATION OF SURFACE MOISTURE AND WIND AGE DURING COURSE OF TRANSPORTATION IS NOT INSURABLE. A COPY OF LETTER O F SENIOR BRANCH MANAGER NEW INDIA ASSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED PANCHKULA WHEREIN IT HA S BEEN STATED OUT THAT LOSSES OCCURRING DURING COURSE OF TRANSPORT ON ACCOUNT OF PILFERAGE AND LOST QUANTITY IN RESPECT OF COAL CANNOT BE INSURED IS ENCLOSED. WE MAY STAT E THAT INFORMATION IN THIS REGARD WAS SOUGHT FROM OTHER SIMILAR STATE GOVT. UNDERTAKINGS/ CORPORATIONS (ENGAGED IN BUSINESS OF GENERATION OF POWER) NAMELY KOTA TPS SURATGARH TP S GGSS TPS ROPAR GND TPS BATHINDA & GHTPS LEHRA MOHABBAT WHO ALSO AFFIRMED THAT THERE IS NO SCHEME TO COVER UNDER TRANSIT INSURANCE BY ANY INSURANCE COMPANY. SINCE NO INSURANCE COMPANY IS OFFERING SUCH AN INSU RANCE COVER THE STOCK OF COAL COULD NOT BE COVERED BY AN INSURANCE POLICY. 2. TRANSPORT AT RAILWAY RISK (RR)- FREIGHT CHARGES OF RAILWAYS WOULD HA VE BEEN MUCH MORE IT IS SUBMITTED THAT INDIAN RAILWAYS OFFERS FOLLOWI NG TWO OPTIONS TO THE PARTIES SEEKING THE SERVICES OF RAILWAYS FOR TRANSPORT OF COAL. ONE OPTI ON IS TO TRANSPORT THE GOODS AT OWNER'S RISK AND OTHER IS TO TRANSPORT AT RAILWAY'S RISK. T HE RATE AND TARIFF CHARGED BY RAILWAYS FOR 6 TRANSPORT OF COAL IN BOTH THESE OPTIONS VARIES SUBS TANTIALLY. A TABULATION OF THE TARIFF UNDER BOTH THE OPTIONS IS AS UNDER:- OPTION-I NORMAL RATE OF TARIFF AT OR (OWNERS RISK) OPTION-II 20% SURCHARGE ON NORMAL RATE AT RR(RAILWAYS RISK) A COPY OF INDIAN RAILWAYS TARIFF CHART IS ENCLOSED HEREWITH FOR YOUR KIND REFERENCE. THE APPELLANT AVAILED OF OPTION I I.E. NORMAL RATE OF TARIFF I.E. TRANSPORT OF COAL AT ITS OWN RISK AS THE COST OF INSURING UNDER THIS OPTION WAS MUCH LOWER. IT IS STATED THAT HAD THE APPELLANT OPTED FOR TRANSPORT OF THE COAL AT THE RI SK OF INDIAN RAILWAY BY RESORTING TO OPTION II FREIGHT CHARGES PAYABLE FOR TRANSIT OF C OAL WOULD HAVE BEEN HIGHER BY 20% OF THE AMOUNT PAYABLE UNDER OPTION I. 3. LOSS SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT DURING COURSE OF CAR RYING OUT ITS BUSINESS ACTIVITIES ALLOWABLE AS DEDUCTION-PROVISIONS OF SECT ION 37(1) OF THE ACT. IT MAY ALSO BE RELEVANT TO POINT HERE THAT THE FUEL RELATED LOSSES RECORDED BY APPELLANT (COAL LOSS DURING TRANSIT) HAVE OCCURRED DURING THE COURSE OF CARRYING OUT ITS BUSINESS ACTIVITY. THE CORRECTNESS LEGITIMACY AND GENUINENE SS OF LOSS CANNOT BE DOUBTED AS THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS OF THE APPELLANT ARE SUBJECT TO A UDIT BY STATUTORY AUDITORS APPOINTED UNDER SECTION 619(3) OF THE COMPANIES ACT AND ARE A LSO SUBJECT TO AUDIT BY COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA. THE LOSSES APPEARING IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS HAVE BEEN DULY VERIFIED BY THE AUDITORS AND NO ADVERSE INFERE NCE HAS BEEN DRAWN IN THIS REGARD. IT MAY BE RELEVANT TO STATE HERE THAT SINCE THESE L OSSES (FUEL RELATED LOSSES) HAVE OCCURRED DURING COURSE OF CARRYING OUT THE BUSINESS ACTIVITIES AND ARE NEITHER IN THE NATURE OF PERSONAL EXPENDITURE NOR CAPITAL EXPENDI TURE THE SAME ARE ALLOWABLE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 37(1) OF THE ACT. IN VIEW OF ABOVE OBSERVATIONS MADE BY THE AO IN THE ORDER OF ASSESSMENT WHICH ARE THE BASIS OF MAKING THIS DISALLOWANCE AND THE POINT WIS E REPLY TO THE OBSERVATIONS OF THE AO IN A TABULAR FORM ARE ADDRESSED HEREUNDER :- SR. NO. OBSERVATIONS OF ASSESSING OFFICER IN ORDER OF ASSESSMENT REPLY TO THE OBSERVATIONS 1. HOW THE FUEL LOSS WAS CALCULATED? WHETHER THERE IS ANY WEIGHMENT WAS DONE AT THE RECEIPT SIDE. FTPS HAS INSTALLED WEIGH BRIDGES IN THE PLANT FOR WEIGHMENT OF COAL ON RECEIPT OF RAKE AND REGULAR WEIGHMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT. THE AMOUNT OF LOSS WAS CALCULATED FOR THE PROPORTION OF QUANTITY LOST WHICH WAS ARRIVED AFTER CALCULATING THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WEIGHMENT OF PARTICULAR RAKE MADE AT TIME OF LOADING OVER WEIGHMENT OF PARTICULAR RAKE AT THE TIME OF UNLOADING. 2. WHETHER ANY TRANSIT INSURANCE WAS DONE IN RESPECT OF COAL. IT IS A LOSS MAKING PROCESS AND AS SUCH NO INSURANCE COMPANIES COME FORWARD TO 7 MAKE TRANSIT INSURANCE REFER OUR SUBMISSIONS AT PARA I.0 ABOVE. 3. WHETHER ANY FIR WAS LODGED IN RESPECT OF LOSS. THE COAL IS TRANSPORTED IN OPEN WAGONS AND ON ACCOUNT OF EXPOSURE OF COAL TO ENVIRONMENT OF OPEN WAGONS COAL IS RECEIVED LESS. EVAPORATION OF SURFACE MOISTURE AND WINDAGE LOSSES TAKES PLACE AS TRANSPORTATION PROCESS TAKES 3 TO 4 DAYS. THUS THERE IS PHYSICAL LOSS OF COAL. SINCE THE LOSS IS ON ACCOUNT OF NATURAL PROCESS NO PERSON COULD BE HELD RESPONSIBLE. THEREFORE FIR COULD NOT BE LODGED. 4. WHAT STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN BY THE CORPORATION TO AVOID SUCH LOSS. THE LOSS CAN BE AVOIDED ONLY IF COAL IS TRANSPORTED THROUGH COVERED WAGONS. BUT IN SUCH EVENT LOADING AND UNLOADING IS NOT POSSIBLE THROUGH MECHANICAL MEANS. MANUAL LOADING AND UNLOADING COSTS MORE AND ALSO TAKES MORE TIME. THIS ALSO RESULTS IN ADDITIONAL COST ON ACCOUNT OF HEAVY DEMURRAGE AS ONLY UNLOADING OF 59 WAGONS IN 7 HOURS TAKES PLACE. IN THIS WAY THE COST OF DEMURRAGE COULD HAVE BEEN MORE THAN LOSS OCCURRED IN TRANSPORTATION OF COAL IN OPEN WAGONS 5. WHETHER ANY CLAIM WAS FILED WITH THE RAILWAY AUTHORITY. AS DISCUSSED ABOVE THE CLAIM CAN ONLY BE FILED WITH RAILWAY AUTHORITIES WHEN THE COAL IS TRANSPORTED AT RAILWAYS RISK. IF THIS OPTION COULD HAVE EXERCISED BY THE APPELLANT FREIGHT CHARGES PAYABLE FOR TRANSIT OF COAL WOULD HAVE BEEN HIGHER THAN THE LOSS SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT. THUS TO AVOID EXTRA LOSS THE COAL WAS TRANSPORTED AT OWNERS RISK AND HENCE CLAIM COULD NOT BE FILED WITH THE RAILWAY AUTHORITIES. 6. WHETHER THE DEDUCTION WAS MADE FROM THE SELLER PARTY IF NOT REASON THEREOF. WHEN THE BOOKING OF RAKES IS MADE AT OWNER'S RISK THEN THE DEDUCTION FROM SELLER CANNOT BE MADE. IF THE RAKES WOULD HAVE BEEN BOOKED AT SELLER'S RISK THEN 20% EXTRA COST WAS TO BE PAID WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN QUITE HIGHER THAN THE LOSS OCCURRED IN BOOKING OJ RAKES AT OWNER RISK. THUS TO AVOID EXTRA LOSS THE COAL WAS TRANSPORTED AT OWNERS RISK AND HENCE CLAIM COULD NOT BE FILED WITH SELLER. TO SUM UP IT IS SUBMITTED AS HEREUNDER: I. THE APPELLANT IS PROCURING COAL FROM COLLIERIES WHICH ARE LOCATED AT DISTANT PLACES (ALMOST ABOUT 1100 KMS TO 1350 KMS FROM THE THERMAL POWER PLANTS). LOSS 8 ON ACCOUNT OF EVAPORATION OF SURFACE MOISTURE WIND AGE LOSS TAKES PLACE DURING TRANSPORTATION IN THE NORMAL COURSE ARE BEYOND THE CONTROL OF THE APPELLANT. II. INSURANCE COVER ON THESE TRANSIT LOSSES IS NOT OFFE RED BY INSURANCE COMPANIES AND THEREFORE THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE ANY CHOICE OTHER THAN TO BEAR LOSSES AT ITS OWN. III. FREIGHT CHARGES FOR COVERAGE OF THIS LOSS BY RAILWA Y AUTHORITIES AS PER CLAUSE (12) APPEARING IN THE GOODS TARRIF OF RAILWA YS ARE MUCH HIGHER THAN THE AMOUNT OF LOSS ACTUALLY SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT. IV. THE ACCOUNTS OF THE APPELLANT ARE SUBJECT TO AUDIT UNDER VARIOUS LAWS AND THE GENUINENESS AND LEGITIMACY OF TRANSACTIONS (LOS S SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT) CANNOT BE DOUBTED/ CHALLENGED. V. THE LOSSES RECORDED IN THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS HAVE O CCURRED DURING COURSE OF CARRYING OUT BUSINESS ACTIVITIES ARE RELA TED TO ITS BUSINESS AND ARE ALLOWABLE EXPENDITURE UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF SECTI ON 37(1) OF THE ACT. THE LOSSES ARE VERIFIABLE AND HAVE BEEN DEDUCED FROM BASIC REC ORD/ DOCUMENTS IN POSSESSION OF THE APPELLANT. VI. AMOUNT TO THE EXTENT OF 50% OF THE TOTAL LOSS HAS B EEN DISALLOWED BY THE ASSESSING OFFICER ON ADHOC BASIS WITHOUT ASSIGNING A NY SPECIFIC REASONS. ' 9. LD. CIT(A) ISSUED THE SHOW CAUSE LETTER DT. 05/0 7/2016 REGARDING DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF FUEL RELATED LOSSES TO T HE ASSESSEE WHICH READ AS UNDER: 'REFERENCE IS INVITED TO THE GROUND OF APPEAL ON TH E DISALLOWANCE ON ACCOUNT OF FUEL RELATED LOSSES CLAIMED IN THE P&L ACCOUNT. ON P ERUSAL OF SUBMISSIONS MADE FOR A.Y. 2009-10 IT IS NOTICED THAT THE FUEL RELAT ED TRANSIT LOSSES HAVE BEEN EXCESSIVELY CLAIMED AS COMPARED TO THE ALLOWABLE 0. 8% TRANSIT LOSSES FOR COAL IN TERMS OF TARIFF REGULATIONS ISSUED BY CENTRAL ELECT RICITY REGULATORY COMMISSION(CERC). FURTHER SIMILAR INFORMATION RELA TED TO TRANSIT LOSSES FOR COAL FOR A.YS. 2010-11 AND 2011-12 HAVE NOT BEEN PROVIDED. T HE SUBMISSION OF SUCH INFORMATION IS REQUIRED FOR ADJUDICATION OF THE GRO UND OF APPEAL. THEREFORE IN VIEW OF THE EXCESSIVE CLAIM OF FUEL RELATED TRANSIT LOSSES AN OPPORTUNITY IS PROVIDED TO EXPLAIN WITH EVIDENCES THAT WHY THE TRA NSIT LOSSES FOR COAL SHOULD NOT BE RESTRICTED TO 0.8% IN A.YS. 2009-10 TO 2011-12. ' 9.1 IN RESPONSE THE ASSESSEE FURNISHED THE WRITTEN SUBMISSIONS WHICH READ AS UNDER: '1) AS REGARDS THE SHOW CAUSE AS TO WHY THE TRANSIT LOSSES OF COAL RECORDED AT 2.31% BY THE APPELLANT CORPORATION MAY NOT BE RESTR ICTED TO 0.8% WE STATE AS UNDER WHICH ALONGWITH OUT DETAILED SUBMISSIONS DATE D 08.12.2015 SUPPORTED BY DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE MAY BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATIO N WHILE DECIDING THE MATTER: FUNCTIONS OF HERC AS PER THE ELECTRICITY ACT 2003 THE MAIN FUNCTION S OF THE COMMISSION VIZ. A VIZ. THE APPELLANT CORPORATION IS TO : 9 A) DETERMINE THE TARIFF FOR GENERATION SUPPLY TRA NSMISSION AND WHEELING OF ELECTRICITY WHOLESALE BULK OR RETAIL AS THE CASE MAY BE WITHIN THE STATE: PROVIDED THAT WHERE OPEN ACCESS HAS BEEN PERMITTED TO A CATEGORY OF CONSUMERS U/S 42 THE STATE COMMISSION SHALL DETERM INE ONLY THE WHEELING CHARGES AND SURCHARGE THEREON IF ANY FOR THE SAID CATEGORY OF CONSUMERS; B) REGULATE ELECTRICITY PURCHASE AND PROCUREMENT PR OCESS OF DISTRIBUTION LICENSEES INCLUDING THE PRICE AT WHICH ELECTRICITY SHALL BE PROCURED FROM THE GENERATING COMPANIES OR LICENSEES OR FROM OTHER SOURCES THROUGH AGREEMENTS FOR PURCHASE OF POWER FO R DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY WITHIN THE STATE; C) FACILITATE INTRASTATE TRANSMISSION AND WHEELING OF ELECTRICITY; D) ISSUE OF LICENSES TO PERSONS SEEKING TO ACT AS T RANSMISSION LICENSEES DISTRIBUTION LICENSEES AND ELECTRICITY T RADERS WITH RESPECT TO THEIR OPERATIONS WITHIN THE STATE; E) PROMOTE COGENERATION AND GENERATION OF ELECTRICI TY FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY BY PROVIDING SUITABLE M EASURES FOR CONNECTIVITY WITH THE GRID AND SALE OF ELECTRICITY TO ANY PERSON AND ALSO SPECIFY FOR PURCHASE OF ELECTRICITY FROM SUCH SOURCES A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY IN THE AREA OF A DISTRIBUTION LICENSE; F) ADJUDICATE UPON THE DISPUTES BETWEEN THE LICENSE ES AND GENERATING COMPANIES AND TO REFER ANY DISPUTE FOR A RBITRATION; G) LEVY FEE FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS ACT; H) SPECIFY STATE GRID COD CONSISTENT WITH THE GRID CODE SPECIFIED UNDER CLAUSE (H) OF SUB SECTION (1) OF SECTION 79; I) SPECIFY OR ENFORCE STANDARDS WITH RESPECT TO QUA LITY CONTINUITY AND RELIABILITY OF SERVICE BY LICENSEES; J) FIX THE TRADING MARGIN IN THE INTRA-STATE T RADING OF ELECTRICITY IF CONSIDERED NECESSARY; AND K) DISCHARGE SUCH OTHER FUNCTIONS AS MAY BE ASSIGNE D TO IT UNDER THIS ACT. THE COMMISSION IS ALSO REQUIRED TO ADVISE THE STATE GOVERNMENT ON ALL OR ANY OF THE FOLLOWING MATTERS NAMELY:- I) PROMOTION OF COMPETITION EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY IN ACTIVITIES OF THE ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY; II) PROMOTION OF INVESTMENT IN ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY ; III) REORGANIZATION AND RESTRUCTURING OF ELECTRI CITY INDUSTRY IN THE STATE; IV) MATTERS CONCERNING GENERATION TRANSMISSION DISTRIBUTION AND TRADING OF ELECTRICITY OR ANY OTHER MATTER REFERRED TO THE STA TE COMMISSION BY THAT GOVERNMENT. APART FROM THE ABOVE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSI ON AS PER THE HARYANA ELECTRICITY REFORM ACT 1997 THAT ARE IN HARMONY WI TH THE ELECTRICITY ACT 2003 ARE THE FOLLOWING :- A) TO REGULATE THE WORKING OF THE LICENSEES AND TO PRO MOTE THEIR WORKING IN AN EFFICIENT ECONOMICAL AND EQUITABLE MANNER; B) TO PROMOTE EFFICIENCY ECONOMY AND SAFELY IN THE US E OF THE ELECTRICITY IN THE STATE INCLUDING AND IN PARTICULAR IN REGARD TO QUALITY CONTINUITY AND RELIABILITY OF SERVICE AND ENABLE ALL REASONABLE DEMANDS FOR EL ECTRICITY TO BE MET; C) TO REGULATE THE PURCHASE DISTRIBUTION SUPPLY AND UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICITY THE QUALITY OF SERVICE THE TARIFF AND CHARGES PAYA BLE KEEPING IN VIEW BOTH THE INTEREST OF THE CONSUMER AS WELL AS THE CONSIDERATI ON THAT THE SUPPLY AND 10 DISTRIBUTION CANNOT BE MAINTAINED UNLESS THE CHARGE S FOR THE ELECTRICITY SUPPLIED ARE ADEQUATELY LEVIED AND DULY COLLECTED; D) TO PROMOTE COMPETITIVENESS AND PROGRESSIVELY INVOLV E THE PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR WHILE ENSURING FAIR DEAL TO THE CUSTOMERS; E) TO COLLECT DATA AND FORECAST ON THE DEMAND FOR AND USE OF ELECTRICITY AND TO REQUIRE THE LICENSEES TO COLLECT SUCH DATA A ND FORECAST; F) TO REQUIRE LICENSEES TO FORMULATE PERSPECTIVE PL ANS AND SCHEMES IN COORDINATION WITH OTHERS FOR THE PROMOTIONS O GENER ATION TRANSMISSION DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY; G) TO SET APPROPRIATE CODE OF CONDUCT AND STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY IN THE STATE; H) TO REGULATE THE ASSETS PROPERTIES AND INTEREST IN PROPERTIES CONCERNING OR RELATED TO THE ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY I N THE STATE; I) TO UNDERTAKE ALL INCIDENTAL OR ANCILLARY THINGS. PERUSAL OF THE ABOVE DETAILS REVEALS THAT THE MAIN PURPOSE FOR WHICH REGULATORY COMMISSION WAS SET UP WAS TO EXERCISE CONTROL ON TH E FUNCTIONING OF THE ELECTRICITY COMPANIES IN INDIA BY KEEPING SURVEILLA NCE ON VARIOUS FACTORS LIKE INCREASE IN COST OF PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY LINE LOSSES PILFERAGE AND OTHER SUCH RELATED ISSUES. FOR THIS PURPOSE THE TARIFF FIXED BY ELECTRICITY PRODUCING COMPANIES WERE SUBJECT TO SCRUTINY BY THE ELECTRICITY REGULAT ORY COMMISSION WHO EXAMINED EXPENDITURE INCURRED BY THESE COMPANIES AS REGARDS THEIR CHARGEABILITY TO COST OF ELECTRICITY CALCULATED BY THESE MANUFACTURES. WHILE DOING SO THE FACTORS RELATING TO INCREASE IN EFFICIENCY AND DECREASE IN AVOIDABLE EXPENDITURE WERE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION. THE ELECTRICITY REGULATORY COMMISSIO N HOWEVER DID NOT CHECK VALIDITY OR COMMENTED ON THE VALIDITY GENUINENESS OR CORRECTNESS OF THE EXPENSES INCURRED BY THE ELECTRICITY GENERATING COM PANIES. PERUSAL OF THE FUNCTIONS AS STATED ABOVE ALSO REVEA LS THAT THE COMMISSION IS A STATUTORY AUTHORITY WHOSE MAIN ROLE IS TO ENSURE EFFICIENCY COST EFFECTIVENESS AND ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF POWER ETC. TO THE GENERAL PU BLIC IN THE STATE. IN FURTHERANCE OF ITS OBJECT IT FIXES THE TARIFF TO BE CHARGED FOR RETAIL WHOLESALE AND BULK SUPPLY ETC. WHILE FIXING THE TARIFF AND ALLOWI NG TRANSIT LOSSES/VARIOUS OTHER EXPENDITURE IT TAKES INTO CONSIDERATION THE EXPENS ES INCURRED BY THE CORPORATION AND THEN ARRIVES AT THE RATE OF ELECTRICITY WHICH ULTIMATELY IS TO BE BORNE BY THE GENERAL PUBLIC. HERC FOR THE PURPOSE OF BRINGING MO RE EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY AS A PRACTICE RESISTS THE LOSSES SUFFERED BY THE PO WER SECTOR COMPANIES SO THAT THE GENERAL PUBLIC MAY BE BENEFITTED IN THE FORM OF LOW PRICE AND ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF POWER. THE EXPENSES NOT CONSIDERED FOR THE PURPOSE OF FIXI NG THE TARIFF REMAIN UNRECOVERED FROM THE CONSUMERS AND AS A RESULT OF T HIS MOST OF THE PSUS IN POWER SECTORS ARE AT HUGE LOSSES. THE EXPENSES DISALLOWED BY CERC/HERC THEREFORE CANN OT BE YARDSTICK/BASIS FOR ASSESSING THE INCOME OF THE APP ELLANT UNDER INCOME TAX ACT BY MAKING DISALLOWANCE OF THE EXPENSES INCURRED BY THE SE COMPANIES WHILE CARRYING OUT ITS BUSINESS ACTIVITIES. IT IS EMPHASIZED THAT EXPENSES ARE DISALLOWED BY HERC ONLY FOR LIMITED PURPOSES OF FIXING THE TARIFF AND THE PURPOSE OF INCREASING THE COST EFFECTIVENESS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATING COMPANIES S O THAT THE EFFICIENCY OF THESE GOVERNMENT COMPANIES IS MAXIMIZED AND THE BENEFIT O F THE SAME IS PASSED ON TO THE CONSUMERS IN FORM OF LOWER TARIFF. BY QUESTIONI NG THE GENUINENESS OF EXPENSES ACTUALLY INCURRED OR HOLDING THAT THE EXPENSES INCU RRED BY THE ELECTRICITY 11 COMPANIES ARE EXCESSIVE CAN IN NO MANNER LEAD TO TH E CONCLUSION THAT THESE EXPENSES ARE NOT IN THE NATURE OF BUSINESS EXPENSES AND ARE NOT TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING THE TAXABLE INCOME UNDER THE PROVISION OF INCOME TAX ACT. IT MAY ALSO BE RELEVANT TO MENTION HERE THAT IN THE CASE OF APPELLANT EVEN HERC HAS ALLOWED TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL @ 2% IN THE CASE O F PANIPAT THERMAL POWER PLANT AND @ 2.5% IN THE CASE OF FARIDABAD THERMAL POWER P LANT FOR THE YEAR UNDER QUESTION. IN LIGHT OF THE ABOVE SUBMISSIONS MADE IN RESPONSE TO THE NOTICE DATED 05.07.2016 AND ALSO IN WRITTEN SUBMISSION FILED VIDE LETTER DA TED 08.12.2015 IT IS PRAYED THAT PARAMETER IN REGARD TO TRANSIT LOSS FOR COAL ADOPTE D BY CERC @ 0.8% MAY NOT BE APPLIED WHILE CONSIDERING THE GROUND RELATING TO AD DITION OF RS.21 67 62 978/-. 2) WE ALSO REITERATE HERE UNDER SUBMISSIONS MADE DU RING THE COURSE OF EARLIER HEARING WHICH ALSO FORTIFY THAT TRANSIT LOSS OF CO AL SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT IS GENUINE LEGITIMATE AND WAS BEYOND CONTROL OF THE A PPELLANT: I) TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL IS NOT INSURABLE. II) HAD THE APPELLANT OPTED FOR TRANSPORT OF COAL A T THE RISK OF INDIAN RAILWAYS FREIGHT CHARGES PAYABLE FOR TRANSI T OF COAL WOULD HAVE BEEN HIGHER BY 20% OF THE AMOUNT OF FREIGHT PA ID BY THE APPELLANT WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN MUCH HIGHER THAN T HE COAL RELATED LOSS SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT. III) THE CORRECTNESS LEGITIMACY AND GENUINENESS OF LOSS HAS ALREADY BEEN VERIFIED BY THE STATUTORY AUDITORS APPOINTED U/S 619(3) THE COMPANIES ACT AND ALSO BY COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA. 3) IT IS FURTHER SUBMITTED THAT TRANSIT LOSSES OF C OAL ARE BEING SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT SINCE THE DATE OF INCEPTION AND THESE LOS SES HAVE BEEN IN THE RANGE OF 3.06% TO 6.58% IN THE PAST I.E. MUCH MORE THAT THE TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT DURING THE YEAR UNDER QUESTION . IT M AY BE RELEVANT TO MENTION HERE THAT THESE TRANSIT LOSSES WERE DULY ALLOWED BY THE AO WHILE COMPLETING ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS/REASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS UPTO THE F.Y. 2007-08 (A.Y. 2008-09) AND NO DISALLOWANCE IN THIS REGARD WAS EVER MADE BY AO. SINCE NO DISALLOWANCE IN RESPECT OF TRANSIT LOSS O F COAL SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT WAS MADE IN THE EARLIER YEARS TRANSIT LOSSES FOR C OAL DURING THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION ALSO DESERVES TO BE ALLOWED KEEPING IN VIEW THE PRINCIPLE OF CONSISTENCY AND NATURAL JUSTICE. ' 10. THE LD. CIT(A) AFTER CONSIDERING THE SUBMISSION S OF THE ASSESSEE OBSERVED THAT COAL WAS TRANSPORTED BY ROAD MODE FROM COAL MI NES TO LOADING RAILWAY SIDINGS AND THEN LIFTED INTO OPEN RAIL WAGONS FOR T RANSPORT TO POWER PLANTS AND THAT THE DAMAGED WAGONS WITH CRACKS/GAPS MAY CAUSE SIGNIFICANT QUANTUM OF ENROUTE SPILLAGE OVER LONG DISTANCES. HE FURTHER OB SERVED THAT LOSSES IN TRANSPORTATION CAME FROM THE UNCOVERED MOVING OF CO AL USING TRUCKS & RAILWAYS WHERE WIND AND AGITATION COULD HAVE CAUSED SIGNIFIC ANT COAL DUST EMISSION LOSSES AND THAT THE WEIGHT LOSS ALSO OCCURRED DUE T O EVAPORATION OF MOISTURE 12 FROM COAL WHILE IT WAS BEING TRANSPORTED ACROSS LON G DISTANCES AND MOISTURE LOSS WAS MORE IN WASHED COAL. HE ALSO OBSERVED THAT AS T HE WAGONS IN COAL RAKES WERE UNCOVERED THEY WERE ALSO SUBJECTED TO RAIN AS WELL AS PILFERAGE. THUS THE TRANSIT LOSSES VARIED DUE TO FACTORS SUCH AS METROL OGICAL CONDITION MOISTURE CONTENT WASHED / UNWASHED COAL TRAVEL FORCES ETC. 10.1 THE LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT THE RAILWAY TRANS IT INSURANCE WAS EXPENSIVE AND THAT ALTHOUGH ESCORTING SERVICES HAVE COME UP I N PRIVATE SECTOR WHICH PROVIDED TRAINED ESCORTS TO ENSURE SAFE TRANSIT OF COAL BY PROVIDING TARPAULIN COVERING TO COVER RAKE WAGON FOR SAFETY OF MATERIAL FROM PILFERAGE AND RAIN / WIND CHECKING OPEN DOORS OF WAGONS KEEP RECORD OF ADJUSTMENT OF WEIGHMENT (UNDER LOAD & OVERLOAD) FOR LOAD ADJUSTME NT ENSURING THAT NO CARGO WAS LEFT IN WAGONS DURING UNLOADING HOWEVER THOSE SERVICES ALSO INVOLVED ADDITIONAL COSTS. 10.2 LD. CIT(A) WAS OF THE VIEW THAT THE ASSESSEE H AD SPECIFICALLY ADDRESSED THE ADVERSE OBSERVATIONS OF A.O. REGARDING TRANSIT INSURANCE RECOVERY OF LOSS CLAIM FROM SELLER / RAILWAYS ETC. HE ALSO OBSERVED THAT THE DISALLOWANCE OF COAL LOSS WAS MADE BY THE A.O. BY CONSIDERING THE LOSS T O BE EXCESSIVE AND UNREASONABLE BUT NO ENQUIRY HAD BEEN UNDERTAKEN BY HIM TO FIND OUT THE CORRECT LOSS OF COAL ON TRANSIT AND THAT THE DISAL LOWANCE WAS MADE ON ESTIMATE BASIS @ 50% OF LOSS CLAIMED BY CONSIDERING ONLY LOS S DUE TO EVAPORATION OF MOISTURE AND IGNORING THE WINDAGE LOSS ETC. LD. CIT (A) POINTED OUT THAT THE POWER COMPANIES INCURRED ACTUAL TRANSIT LOSS OF COA L AT A VALUE HIGHER THAN THE SPECIFIED NORMATIVE TRANSIT LOSS OF 0.8% AS SPECIFI ED UNDER THE GENERAL TARIFF REGULATIONS OF CERC AND THAT THE VARIOUS POWER COMP ANIES REGULARLY SOUGHT RELAXATION OF NORM AND HIGHER ALLOWANCE OF TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL AS PER ACTUAL. HE ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE STATE COMMISSIONS AND CER C HAVE EXERCISED POWER TO RELAX THE NORMS WHEN THE POWER COMPANIES HAD ESTABL ISHED REASONS AND CIRCUMSTANCES FOR EXERCISING THE RELAXATION. THUS 0 .8% TRANSIT LOSS WAS A TARGET LOSS 13 BUT ACTUAL CLAIM OF POWER COMPANIES WERE ALWAYS MOR E DUE TO FACTORS BEYOND THEIR CONTROL. 10.3 THE LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED OUT THAT IN THE ASSESS EES CASE FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION THE HERC ON REPRESENTATION BY THE AS SESSEE HAD ALLOWED TRANSIT LOSS @ 2% FOR PTPS AND @2.5% FOR FTPS AS AGAINST 2. 3% AVERAGE LOSS CLAIMED. HE ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE CERC/HERC HAD SET STANDAR DS FOR THE ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY TO PROMOTE EFFICIENCY ECONOMY & COMPETITI VENESS AND TO REGULATE THE TARIFF IN VIEW OF BOTH INTEREST OF CONSUMER AS WELL AS THE CONSIDERATION THAT SUPPLY & DISTRIBUTION COULD NOT BE MAINTAINED UNLESS ADEQU ATE CHARGES FOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ERE ADEQUATELY LEVIED AND DULY COLLECTED AND THAT WHILE SETTING NORMATIVE LOSS THE REGULATORY COMMISSION HAD NOT CO MMENTED ON VALIDITY GENUINENESS OR CORRECTNESS OF LOSS FIGURES INCURRED BY GENERATING COMPANIES. LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT HERC RESISTED THE LOSSES SUFFE RED SO THAT GENERAL PUBLIC/CONSUMERS MAY BE BENEFITED AND MORE EFFICIEN CY & ECONOMY WAS EXERCISED BY POWER COMPANIES. HE ALSO OBSERVED THAT MOST OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS IN POWER SECTOR WERE AT HUGE LOSS BECA USE EXPENSES NOT CONSIDERED FOR FIXING OF TARIFF REMAINED UNRECOVERE D FROM CONSUMER. HE THEREFORE ACCEPTED THIS SUBMISSION OF THE ASSESSEE THAT THE EXPENSES DISALLOWED BY CERC/HERC WERE ONLY FOR THE LIMITED PURPOSE OF F IXING THE TARIFF AND PROMOTING EFFICIENCY OF THOSE COMPANIES AND COULD N OT BE THE BASIS OF ASSESSING INCOME OF ASSESSEE UNDER THE INCOME TAX A CT BY MAKING THE DISALLOWANCE OF ACTUAL EXPENSES INCURRED WHILE CARR YING OUT ITS BUSINESS ACTIVITIES WHEN THE EXPENSES WERE GENUINE AND EVEN IF CONSIDER ED EXCESSIVE FOR FIXATION OF TARIFF PURPOSES. 10.4 LD. CIT(A) MENTIONED THAT THE TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL RECORDED BY THE ASSESSEE OVER THE YEARS WERE AS UNDER: F.Y. A.Y. ACTUAL TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL SUFFERED BY THE APPELLANT (IN %) ALLOWED BY HERC(IN %) 14 2001-2002 2002-2003 6.58% 2002-2003 2003-2004 6.48% 2003-2004 2004-2005 4.19% 2004-2005 2005-2006 4.23% 3.00% 2005-2006 2006-2007 4.79% 3.00% 2006-2007 2007-2008 3.06% 2.50% 2007-2008 2008-2009 6.00% PTPS 2 % AND FTPS 2.5% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2.31% PTPS 2% AND FTPS 2.5% 2009-2010 2010-2011 4.00% 1.50% 2010-2011 2011-2012 7.30% 1.00% 10.5 LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT THE TRANSIT LOSS OF C OAL CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE WAS A LOSS INCURRED EVERY YEAR AND WAS ARISING / IN CIDENTAL TO CARRYING OUT TRANSPORT OF COAL REQUIRED AS FUEL FOR POWER GENERA TION IN THE NORMAL COURSE OF BUSINESS OF POWER GENERATION CARRIED OUT BY THE ASS ESSEE AND WAS NOT IN THE NATURE OF CAPITAL EXPENSES/OR ACCIDENTAL OR EXCEPTI ONAL IN NATURE AND THAT THE LOSS WAS REAL AND OF REVENUE NATURE. ACCORDING TO T HE LD. CIT(A) THE COAL LOSS VARIED FROM YEAR TO YEAR AS IT WAS DEPENDENT ON VAR IOUS FACTORS SUCH AS WEATHER CONDITIONS MOISTURE CONTENTS TRAVEL FORCES ETC. WHICH WERE VARIABLE FROM TIME TO TIME AND THAT THERE WAS NO PROSPECT OF RECOVERY FROM COAL COMPANIES / RAILWAYS AS TRANSIT OF COAL WAS NOT INSURABLE. 10.6 LD CIT(A) POINTED OUT THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD SU BMITTED THE DETAILS OF NATURE OF LOSS AND METHOD OF COMPUTATION OF LOSS TO THE A.O. AS WELL AS BEFORE HIM WHICH HAD BEEN VERIFIED AND EXAMINED. HE ALSO P OINTED OUT THAT COAL LOSS HAD BEEN COMPUTED ON THE BASIS OF WEIGHMENT OF VARI OUS RAKES AT THE TIME OF LOADING OF COAL IN THE RAILWAY WAGONS AND FINAL WEI GHMENT MADE AT WEIGHBRIDGES INSTALLED AT THE POWER PLANT UPON UNLO ADING AND THE AMOUNT OF LOSS WAS ARRIVED AT AFTER CALCULATING THE DIFFERENC E BETWEEN WEIGHMENT OF A PARTICULAR RAKE MADE AT THE TIME OF LOADING OVER WE IGHMENT AT THE TIME OF UNLOADING. THE LD. CIT(A) MENTIONED THAT THE DIFFER ENCE IN WEIGHT OF COAL WHICH WAS CALLED THE TRANSIT LOSS WAS RECORDED FIRST IN T HE SMB REGISTER THEREAFTER IN THE STOCK REGISTER AND THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS UNDER THE HEAD FUEL RELATED LOSSES AND THAT THE RECORD IN RESPECT OF FUEL RELATED LOSS ES SUFFERED BY PANIPAT UNIT OF 15 THE ASSESSEE CORPORATION WAS EXAMINED BY THE A.O. W HILE COMPLETING THE ASSESSMENT PROCEEDINGS FOR THE A.Y. 2009-10 AND NO ADVERSE COMMENTS / DISCREPANCIES AS REGARDS TO THE RECORDS MAINTAINED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR FUEL LOSSES WAS OBSERVED BY THE A.O. WHILE PASSING THE A SSESSMENT ORDER. THE LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATI ON ANY EXCESSIVE QUANTITY OF COAL RECEIVED IN ANY OF THE RAKES WAS ADJUSTED AGAI NST SHORT QUANTITY OF COAL RECEIVED IN OTHER RAKES AND THUS NET TRANSIT LOSS W AS CLAIMED AND THAT FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION AS A WHOLE NO EXCESS COAL WAS RECEIVED BY THE ASSESSEE. THE LD. CIT(A) ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE ASSESSEE WAS A STATE GOVERNMENT PSU AND THE CORRECTNESS LEGITIMACY AND GENUINENESS OF THE LOSS HAD BEEN VERIFIED BY STATUTORY AUDITORS AND ALSO TH E ACCOUNTS WERE SUBMITTED TO THE OFFICE OF THE C&AG OF INDIA. 10.7 THE LD. CIT(A) OBSERVED THAT THE LOSSES HAD BE EN REGULARLY SUFFERED SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE ASSESSEE CORPORATION AND DULY ALLOWED IN THE PAST UPTO A.Y. 2008-09 BY THE A.O. THUS THE PRINCIPLE OF CONSISTEN CY WAS ALSO IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE. HE THEREFORE HELD THAT THE FUEL RELATED L OSSES CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE HAVING OCCURRED IN THE NORMAL COURSE OF CARRYING OU T OF ITS BUSINESS AND BEING LEGITIMATELY CLAIMED WERE ALLOWABLE EXPENDITURE AND THE A.O. WAS NOT JUSTIFIED IN MAKING THE ADDITION BY DISALLOWING 50% OF THE EX PENDITURE. ACCORDINGLY THE ADDITION MADE BY THE A.O. WAS DELETED. 11. NOW THE DEPARTMENT IS IN APPEAL. 12. THE LD. CIT(DR) REITERATED THE OBSERVATIONS MAD E BY THE A.O. AND STRONGLY SUPPORTED THE ASSESSMENT ORDER. HE FURTHER SUBMITTE D THAT THE ASSESSEE HAD NOT FILED ANY CLAIM FOR LOSS OF COAL WITH RAILWAY AUTHO RITY AND THE LOSS CLAIMED WAS MORE THAN THE NORMS FIXED BY THE HERC/CERC. THEREFO RE THE A.O. RIGHTLY MADE THE DISALLOWANCE AND WAS FAIR ENOUGH FOR MAKING THE DISALLOWANCE ONLY TO THE EXTENT OF 50% OF THE LOSS CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE. THEREFORE THE LD. CIT(A) WAS NOT JUSTIFIED IN ALLOWING THE RELIEF TO THE ASSESSE E. 16 13. IN HIS RIVAL SUBMISSIONS THE LD. COUNSEL FOR TH E ASSESSEE REITERATED THE SUBMISSIONS MADE BEFORE THE AUTHORITIES BELOW AND S TRONGLY SUPPORTED THE IMPUGNED ORDER PASSED BY THE LD. CIT(A). 14. WE HAVE CONSIDERED THE SUBMISSIONS OF BOTH THE PARTIES AND PERUSED THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON THE RECORD. IN THE PRESENT CA SE IT IS NOT IN DISPUTE THAT IN SUCH TYPE OF CASES THERE ALWAYS OCCURS SOME LOSS ON ACCOUNT OF EVAPORATION WINDAGE LOSS DUE TO OPEN WAGONS SURFACE MOISTURE LOSS ETC THE DEPARTMENT UP TO THE A.Y. 2008-09 ACCEPTED SUCH TYPE OF LOSSES AND THIS WAS THE FIRST ASSESSMENT YEAR WHEN THE DISALLOWANCE WAS MADE BY T HE A.O. THAT TOO ON ESTIMATE BASIS I.E; 50% OF THE LOSS CLAIMED BY THE ASSESSEE BUT NO BASIS WAS GIVEN TO ARRIVE AT THE FIGURE OF 50%. ON THE OTHER HAND T HE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS WERE MAINTAINED BY THE ASSESSEE IN REGULAR COURSE OF BUS INESS THOSE WERE DULY AUDITED BY THE STATUTORY AUDITORS AND THE ACCOUNTS WERE SUBMITTED TO THE OFFICE OF THE C&AG OF INDIA WHEREIN NO SPECIFIC DISCREPANC IES WERE POINTED OUT RELATING TO FUEL RELATED LOSS CLAIMED BY THE ASSESS EE. LD. CIT(A) DISCUSSED THE TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL AS RECORDED BY THE ASSESSEE OV ER THE YEARS WHICH HAD BEEN REPRODUCED IN THE FORMER PART OF THIS ORDER WHICH C LEARLY SHOWS THAT THE LOSS WAS OCCURRING YEAR TO YEAR AND WAS NOT CONSISTENT I.E; THERE WAS VARIATION IN EVERY YEAR AND EVEN HERC HAD ALSO ALLOWED THE LOSS BUT TH AT ALLOWANCE WAS FOR THE LIMITED PURPOSE OF FIXING THE TARIFF AND PROMOTING EFFICIENCY OF THE COMPANIES WHICH CLEARLY SHOWS THAT IN SUCH TYPE OF BUSINESS T HERE WAS ALWAYS TRANSIT LOSS OF COAL. IN THE PRESENT CASE THE A.O. WHILE ACCEPTING THE 50% OF THE LOSS AS GENUINE AND REMAINING 50% AS NON GENUINE HAD NOT G IVEN ANY COGENT REASON OR BASIS AND EVEN IN THE PAST SUCH LOSSES WERE ACCE PTED BY THE DEPARTMENT. 15. IN THE PRESENT CASE THE FINDINGS GIVEN BY THE L D. CIT(A) THAT THE COAL LOSS VARIES FROM YEAR TO YEAR AND IT WAS DEPENDENT ON VA RIOUS FACTORS SUCH AS WEATHER CONDITION MOISTURE CONTENT TRAVEL FORCES ETC. WHICH WERE VARIABLE FROM TIME TO TIME HAD NOT BEEN REBUTTED. MOREOVER THE TR ANSIT OF COAL WAS NOT INSURABLE AND THE ASSESSEE HAD CLAIMED ACTUAL LOSS WHICH WAS ON ACCOUNT OF 17 DIFFERENCE IN WEIGHT OF COAL RECORDED FIRST IN THE SMB REGISTER THEREAFTER IN THE STOCK REGISTER AND THE BOOKS OF ACCOUNTS. 16. THE LD. CIT(A) CATEGORICALLY STATED IN THE IMPU GNED ORDER THAT THE AO VERIFIED FROM THE RECORD RELATED TO THE LOSS SUFFER ED BY PANIPAT UNIT OF ASSESSEE CORPORATION WHILE COMPLETING THE ASSESSMENT PROCEED INGS FOR THE YEAR UNDER CONSIDERATION AND NO ADVERSE COMMENT / DISCREPANCY AS REGARDS TO THE RECORD MAINTAINED BY THE ASSESSEE FOR FUEL LOSS WAS OBSERV ED BY THE AO WHILE PASSING THE ASSESSMENT ORDER. THIS OBSERVATION OF THE LD. C IT(A) HAS NOT BEEN REBUTTED BY BRINGING ANY COGENT MATERIAL ON RECORD. WE THERE FORE BY CONSIDERING THE TOTALITY OF THE FACTS AS DISCUSSED HEREINABOVE DO N OT SEE ANY VALID GROUND TO INTERFERE WITH THE FINDINGS OF THE LD. CIT(A) AND D O NOT SEE ANY MERIT IN THIS GROUND OF THE DEPARTMENTAL APPEAL. 17. AS REGARDS TO THE SECOND ISSUE RELATING TO THE DELETION OF ADDITION MADE BY THE AO ON ACCOUNT OF RENOVATION AND MODERNIZATIO N OF PROJECTS. LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE AT THE VERY OUTSET STATED THAT THI S ISSUE IS SQUARELY COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE ASSESSEE VIDE ORDER DT. 16/10/2018 IN ITA NO. 627 TO 631/CHD/2018 FOR THE A.Y. 2004-05 TO 2008-09. THE COPY OF THE SA ID ORDER WAS FURNISHED WHICH IS PLACED ON RECORD. 18. IN HIS RIVAL SUBMISSIONS THE LD. CIT(DR) ALTHOU GH SUPPORTED THE ORDER OF THE AO BUT COULD NOT CONTROVERT THE AFORESAID CONTENTIO N OF THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE. 19. AFTER CONSIDERING THE SUBMISSIONS OF BOTH THE P ARTIES AND THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON THE RECORDS IT IS NOTICED THAT A SIMIL AR ISSUE HAVING IDENTICAL FACTS HAS BEEN ADJUDICATED BY THIS BENCH OF ITAT IN ASSES SEES OWN CASE IN ITA NO. 627 TO 631/CHD/2018 FOR THE A.Y. 2004-05 TO 2008-09 AND THE RELEVANT FINDINGS HAVE BEEN GIVEN IN PARA 9 OF THE ORDER DT. 16/10/2018 WH ICH READ AS UNDER: 9 WE HAVE HEARD THE RIVAL CONTENTIONS AND CAREF ULLY GONE THROUGH THE ORDERS OF THE AUTHORITIES BELOW. WE FIND NO MERIT IN THE PRES ENT APPEAL. THE FACTUAL FINDINGS 18 OF THE LD. CIT(A) THAT THE INTEREST EXPENSES CLAIME D PERTAINED TO LOANS TAKEN FOR PROJECTS WHICH HAD ALREADY BEEN COMMISSIONED PRIOR TO THE IMPUGNED YEAR HAVE NOT BEEN CONTROVERTED BY THE REVENUE. NOR HAS THE REVENUE POINTED OUT ANY ANY INFIRMITY IN THE CONCLUSION DRAWN BY THE LD. C1 T(A) FROM THE SAID FACTUAL POSITION OF THE ASSESSEE THAT INTEREST EXPENSES IN CURRED SUBSEQUENT TO COMPLETION OF RENOVATION OF PROJECTS WAS TO BE TREA TED AS REVENUE IN NATURE AS PER SECTION 36(L)(III) OF THE ACT. THE REVENUE HAS ALSO NOT CONTROVERTED THE FINDING OF THE C1T(A) THAT SUCH CLAIM HAS BEEN ALLOWED IN T HE PAST TOO U/S 36(L)(III) OF THE ACT. WE THEREFORE SEE NO REASON TO INTERFERE IN T HE ORDER OF THE LD. C1T(A) AND UPHOLD THE SAME. THE APPEAL FILED BY THE REVENUE IS THEREFORE DISMISSED. SO RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE AFORESAID REFERRED TO DECISION OF THE ITAT DATED 16/10/2018 WE DO NOT SEE ANY MERIT IN THIS GR OUND OF THE DEPARTMENTAL APPEAL. 20. SINCE THE ISSUES INVOLVED ARE COMMON IN ALL THE APPEALS OF THE DEPARTMENT UNDER CONSIDERATION THEREFORE OUR FIND INGS GIVEN IN FORMER PART OF THIS ORDER SHALL APPLY MUTATIS MUTANDIS FOR ALL THE ASSESSMENT YEARS UNDER CONSIDERATION WHEREIN THE SIMILAR ISSUES ARE INVOLV ED. 21. IN THE RESULT APPEALS OF THE DEPARTMENT ARE DI SMISSED. (ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 18/11/2019 ) SD/- SD/- '# $ .. (SANJAY GARG ) ( N.K. SAI NI) % &'/ JUDICIAL MEMBER / VICE PRESIDENT AG DATE: 18/11/2019 (+! -.- COPY OF THE ORDER FORWARDED TO : 1. THE APPELLANT 2. THE RESPONDENT 3. $ / CIT 4. $ / 01 THE CIT(A) 5. -2 45&456789 DR ITAT CHANDIGARH 6. 8:% GUARD FILE