ADIT (IT) (2), MUMBAI v. DAIMLER AG, MUMBAI

ITA 7648/MUM/2013 | 2008-2009
Pronouncement Date: 28-09-2016 | Result: Dismissed

Appeal Details

RSA Number 764819914 RSA 2013
Assessee PAN AABCD2354C
Bench Mumbai
Appeal Number ITA 7648/MUM/2013
Duration Of Justice 2 year(s) 8 month(s) 29 day(s)
Appellant ADIT (IT) (2), MUMBAI
Respondent DAIMLER AG, MUMBAI
Appeal Type Income Tax Appeal
Pronouncement Date 28-09-2016
Appeal Filed By Department
Order Result Dismissed
Bench Allotted L
Tribunal Order Date 28-09-2016
Date Of Final Hearing 30-12-2015
Next Hearing Date 30-12-2015
Assessment Year 2008-2009
Appeal Filed On 30-12-2013
Judgment Text
IN THE INCOME TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL L BENCH MUM BAI BEFORE SHRI R.C. SHARMA AM AND SHRI SANDEEP GOSAIN JM ./ I.T.A. NO. 7648 & 7649/MUM/2013 ( / ASSESSMENT YEAR: 2008-09 & 2009-10) ASST. DIT(IT) -1(2) ROOM NO.119 1 ST FLOOR SCINDIA HOUSE N.M. ROAD BALLARD ESTATE MUMBAI-400 038. / VS. M/S. DAIMLER AG C/O SRBC & ASSOCIATES 14 TH FLOOR THE RUBY 29 SENAPATI BAPAT MARG DADAR (WEST) MUMBAI-400 028. ./ ./PAN/GIR NO. AABCD 2354C ( /APPELLANT ) : ( / RESPONDENT ) / APPELLANT BY : SHRI HARSHAD VENGURLEKAR / RESPONDENT BY : SHRI HEMEN CHANDARIYA / DATE OF HEARING : 30.12.2015 / DATE OF PRONOUNCEMENT : 28.09.2016 !' / O R D E R PER SANDEEP GOSAIN JUDICIAL MEMBER: THE PRESENT APPEALS HAVE BEEN FILED BY THE REVENUE AGAINST THE ORDER OF COMMISSIONER OF INCOME TAX (APPEALS)- 10 DATED 30 .01. 2012 ON THE GROUNDS OF APPEAL MENTIONED HEREIN BELOW. SINCE THE ISSUES RAISED IN THESE TWO APPEALS ARE IDENTICAL EXCEPT FOR YEAR OF ASSESSMENT THEREFORE FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE; THEY ARE CLUBBED HEARD AND DISPOSED OF BY THIS CONSOLID ATED ORDER. 2 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG 1. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AND IN LAW THE LD. CIT (A) ERRED IN HOLDING THAT THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT HAV E ANY BUSINESS CONNECTION IN INDIA REGARDING THE BUSINESS OF SALE OF SPARE PA RTS CBU CARS AND RAW MATERIALS TO MBIPL AS WELL AS SALE OF CBU CARS DIRE CTLY TO THE CUSTOMERS IN INDIA. 2. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE C ASE AND IN LAW THE LD. CIT (A) ERRED IN HOLDING THAT THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT HAV E A PE IN INDIA WITHIN THE MEANING OF ARTICLE 5(2)(A) (B) (C) OR (G) OF THE DTAA. 3. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE C ASE AND IN LAW THE LD. CIT (A) ERRED IN HOLDING THAT IN VIEW OF INDEPENDENT PR INCIPAL TO PRINCIPAL BASIS BUSINESS BETWEEN THE ASSESSEE AND M/S MERCEDES-BENZ INDIA PVT. LTD. (MBIPL) REGARDING THE SALE OF RAW MATERIAL AND SPAR E PARTS THE MBIPL CANNOT BE TREATED AS AGENT OF THE ASSESSEE UNDER AR TICLE 5(5) AND 5(6) OF THE DTAA. 4. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE C ASE AND IN LAW THE LD. CIT (A) ERRED IN HOLDING THAT IN VIEW OF THE FACT THAT MBIPL HAS NO PE IN INDIA NO PROFIT IS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE ACTIVITIES OF MBIP L IN INDIA. 5. WHETHER ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE C ASE AND IN LAW HON'BLE CIT (A) WAS RIGHT IN HOLDING THAT INTEREST U/S. 234B IS NOT CHARGEABLE IN THE CASE OF NON-RESIDENT ASSESSEE WHOSE INCOME ARE LIABLE TO DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE U/S. 195 OF I. T. ACT. 6. THE APPELLANT PRAYS THAT THE ORDER OF THE LD. C IT (A) BE SET ASIDE ON THE ABOVE GROUND(S) AND THAT OF THE ASSESSING OFFICER B E RESTORED. 7. THE APPELLANT CRAVES LEAVE TO AMEND OR ALTER AN Y GROUND OR ADD A NEW GROUND WHICH MAY BE NECESSARY 2. THE BRIEF FACTS OF THE CASE ARE THAT THE ASSESSE E IS A RESIDENT OF GERMANY AND HAD FILED ITS RETURN OF INCOME FOR AY 2008-09 DECLA RING TOTAL INCOME AT RS.19 82 02 487/- WHICH WAS EARNED BY IT FROM MERC EDES-BENZ INDIA PVT. LTD. AND FORCE MOTORS LIMITED. THE SAID INCOME WAS OFFER ED TO TAX AS ROYALTIES AND FEES 3 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG FOR TECHNICAL SERVICES ON A GROSS BASIS AT THE RATE OF 10 PERCENT UNDER ARTICLE 12 OF THE INDIA-GERMANY DTAA. THE ASSESSING OFFICER PASSE D DRAFT ASSESSMENT ORDER DATED 27.12.201 U/S 143(3) R.W.S. 144C(1) OF THE AC T. THEREAFTER THE ASSESSEE FILED A LETTER DATED 25.01.2012 INTIMATING THE AO THAT TH E ASSESSEE WOULD BE FILING AN APPEAL WITH THE CIT(A) AND THEREBY REQUESTED TO PAS S THE FINAL ASSESSMENT ORDER. SUBSEQUENTLY THE AO PASSED FINAL ASSESSMENT DATED 31.01.2012 U/S 143(3) R.W.S. 144C(3) OF THE ACT ASSESSING THE TOTAL INCOME AT RS .24 44 42 960/-. 3. AGGRIEVED BY THE ORDER OF AO ASSESSEE PREFERR ED APPEAL BEFORE THE CIT(A) AND THE CIT(A) AFTER CONSIDERING THE CASE PARTLY AL LOWED THE APPEAL OF ASSESSEE VIDE ITS ORDER DATED 31.01.2012. 4. AGGRIEVED BY THE DECISION OF THE CIT (A) THE RE VENUE FILED THE PRESENT APPEAL BEFORE US ON THE GROUNDS MENTIONED HERE IN A BOVE. GROUND NO.1 5. AT THE VERY OUTSET LD. AR APPEARING ON BEHALF OF ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSE E IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE BY HONBLE ITAT IN ITA NOS. 9211/MUM/2004 6718/MUM/20 06 8520/MUM/2004 6574/MUM/2006 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002 -03. BEFORE WE DECIDE THE MERITS OF THE CASE IT IS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT 4 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002-03 AS POINTED OUT BY LD. AR AND THE OPERATIVE PARA IS REPRODUCED BELOW FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE: THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE SHRI RAJAN VORA CL ARIFIED THAT THE ASSESSEE IS A TAX RESIDENT OF GERMANY AND THE PROVISIONS OF THE T REATY SHALL APPLY TO IT TO THE EXTENT THE TREATY IS MORE BENEFICIAL TO IT. THEREFO RE THE BUSINESS INCOME EARNED BY THE ASSESSEE FORM SALE OUTSIDE INDIA OF RAW MATERIA LS/CKD UNITS TO DCIL WOULD BE LIABLE TO TAX IN INDIA ONLY IF THE ASSESSEE HAS A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT IN INDIA. THE LD. COUNSEL POINTED OUT THE AT THE ISSUE OF TAX ING THE PROFITS OF THE ASSESSEE ON THE BASIS THAT DCIL CONSTITUTES A BUSINESS CONNECTI ON OF THE ASSESSEE WAS NOT DISCUSSED DURING THE COURSE OF ASSESSMENT PROCEEDIN GS VIOLATING THE PRINCIPLE OF NATURAL JUSTICE FOR NOT GIVING AN OPPORTUNITY TO TH E ASSESSEE TO MAKE HIS SUBMISSIONS AND THEREFORE THE ASSESSMENT ORDER NEED S TO BE QUASHED. WITHOUT PREJUDICE TO THE ABOVE. THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASS ESSEE RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED THAT DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE BUSINESS CONNECTION I N INDIA AND NO INCOME ACCRUES AND ARISE ASSESSEE IN INDIA FOR SALE OF RAW MATERIA LS/ CKD UNITS TO DCIL. SECTION 9 OF THE ACT PROVIDES INTER ALIA THAT IN COME ACCRUING OR ARISING DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY THROUGH OR FORM ANY BUSINESS CONNECTI ON IN INDIA SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE INCOME ACCRUING OR ARISING IN INDIA AND HENCE WHERE THE PERSON ENTITLED TO SUCH INCOME IS A NON-RESIDENT IT WILL BE INCLUDED IN HIS TOTAL INCOME. FURTHER NON-RESIDENT IT WILL BE INCLUDED IN HIS TOTAL INCO ME. FURTHER EXPLANATION (A) TO SECTION 9(1)(I) OF THE ACT PROVIDES THAT IN CASE OF A BUSINESS OF WHICH ALL THE OPERATIONS ARE NOT CARRIED OUT IN INDIA THE INCOME DEEMED TO ACCURE OR ARISE IN INDIA SHALL BE ONLY SUCH PART OF THE INCOME AS IS R EASONABLY ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT IN INDIA--- 9. THE LD. COUNSEL FOR THE ASSESSEE REITERATED THE ARGUMENTS BEFORE THE LD. CIT(A). HE FURTHER RELIED ON THE FOLLOWING CASE LAW S: CIT V GULF OIL (GREAT BRITAIN) LTD 108 ITR 874 (BOM ) (REFER PG 56 62 OF PAPER BOOK-I) MAHABIR COMMERCIAL CO LTD VS. COMMISSIONER OF INCOM E-TAX (86 ITR 417) (SC); (REFER PG 64 80 OF PAPER BOOK) COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX VS MEWAR TEXTILE MILLS L TD (91 ITR 542) (SC); (REFER PG 81 83 OF PAPER BOOK I) ADDITIONAL COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX V SKODA EXPOR T PRAHA (172 ITR 358) (AP) (REFER PG 84 88 OF PAPER BOOK I) 5 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG 10. THE LD. COUNSEL FURTHER SUBMITTED AS FOLLOWS: THE ASSESSEE FURTHER SUBMITS THAT PROVISIONS OF CIR CULAR NO23/1969 DATED 23 JULY 1969 (CIRCULAR23) ISSUED BY THE CENTRAL BOARD OF DIRECT TAXES (CBDT) WOULD BE APPLICABLE TO THE CASE OF THE ASSESSEE (REFER PG 551 TO 553 OF THE PAPER BOOK VOLUME II) CIRCULAR 23 HAS CLARIFIED THE APPLICABI LITY OF PROVISIONS OF SECTION 9 RELATING TO BUSINESS CONNECTION TO CERTAIN SPECIFI C SITUATIONS. THERE ARE VARIOUS JUDICIAL PRECEDENTS WHICH HAVE HELD THAT CIRCULARS ISSUED BY THE CBDT ARE BINDING ON THE REVENUE AUTHORITIES AND ASSESSEES S HOULD BE GIVEN THE BENEFIT OF FAVORABLE PROVISIONS OF CIRCULARS-FOR EG THE DECISI ON OF THE HONBLE BOMBAY HIGH COURT IN CASE OF SET SATELLITE (SINGAPORE) PLE LTD V DY. DIT IT (2008) 307 ITR 205 (REFER PG 678 679&699 OF PAPER BOOK VOLUME II). 11. AFTER HEARING BOTH THE SIDES WE FIND FORCE IN ASSESSEES ARGUMENTS. THE ASSESSEE MERELY SELLS THE RAW MATERIALS/ CKD UNITS TO DCIL. IT IS DCIL WHICH CARRIES OUT FURTHER ACTIVITY OF ASSEMBLING THE SAME AND SELLING THE FINISHED CARS. THERE ARE NO FURTHER ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE APPELLANT IN INDIA IN THIS CONNECTION. THIS TRANSACTION ENDS WITH THE APPELLAN T SELLING THE RAW MATERIALS/ CKD. NO INCOME FROM SUCH SALE ACCRUES OR ARISES TO THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA. IN OTHER WORDS NO PART OF SUCH PROFITS ACCRUE FROM OR CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO ANY ACTIVITIES OF THE ASSESSEE OR HIS AGENT IN INDIA. T HE APEX COURT IN THE CASE OF CIT VS. HYUNDAIL INDUSTRIES LTD (291 ITR 482) HAS HELD THAT IN THE CASE OF AN AGREEMENT WITH A SOUTH KOREAN COMPANY FOR FABRICATI ON AND INSTALLATION OF OIL EXPLORATION PLATFORM THE PE ATTRIBUTABLE TO INSTAL LATION AND COMMISSIONING CAME INTO EXISTENCE ONLY AFTER THE SUPPLY OF THE EQUIPME NT. THEREFORE PROFITS FROM SUPPLY OF THE PLATFORM DID NOT ACCRUE IN INDIA. SIM ILARLY IN THE CASE OF ISHIKAWAJIMA HARIMA HEAVY IND. LTD. V DIT (288 ITR 408) THE APEX COURT HELD THAT PROFIT WILL NOT ACCRUE IN INDIA IN RESPECT OF OFFSHORE SUPPLY OF EQUIPMENT. THE SUBSEQUENT AMENDMENT TO SECT 9(1)(I) WILL NOT AFFEC T THE DECISION ON PROFIT ARISING FROM SALE OF EQUIPMENT OFFSHORE). MERE SALE OF RAW MATERIALS/COMPONENTS WILL NOT EQUIPMENT RESULT IN BUSINESS CONNECTION AND EVEN IF IT DOES AS PER THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE CONTRACT BETWEEN THE ASSESSEE AND DCIL NO INCOME ACCRUES TO THE ASSESSEE ON THE BASIS OF ANY ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA. THEREFORE IN OUR OPINION DCIL DOES NOT CONST ITUTE THE ASSESSEES BUSINESS CONNECTION IN INDIA AND THUS THE ASSESSEES INCOME FROM SALE OF RAW MATERIAL/CKD UNITS TO DCIL WOULD NOT BE LIABLE TO T AX IN INDIA UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT. WE THEREFORE CONCUR WITH THE DECISION OF THE CIT(A) ON THIS ISSUE AND DISMISS THE GROUND NO.1.(I) OF THE REVENU ES APPEAL. 5.1 FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IN THE PRESENT CASE H AS ALSO DECIDED THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE THE OPERATIVE PARA OF CIT(A) IS MENTIONED BELOW: 6 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG 10. I TOOK NOTE TO THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND THE SUBMISSIONS MADE BY THE APPELLANT'S AR ON RECORD. IN CASE OF SALE OF CBU CA RS DIRECTLY TO THE CUSTOMERS THE FACTS IN AY 2008-09 ARE SAME AS THE FACTS IN AY 2002-03 TO AY 05-06 AND AY 2007-08 AND IN ORDER IN APPEAL NO.CIT (A)-10/DDIT(I T)- 1(2)/IT-58/09-10 (OLD NO.IT-295/07-08) DT 14-05-2010 FOR AY 1997-98 AND I N ORDER IN APPEAL NO.CIT (A)-10 I DDIT(IT)-1(2) LIT-57 /09-10 (OLD NO. IT- 2 94/07 -08) DT 20-05-2010 FOR AY 2000-01 WHEREIN HE HAD ALSO CONSIDERED THE HONB' LE ITAT MUMBAI'S ORDER FOR AY 2001-02 AND AY 2002-03 DATED 31.03.2010 IN T HE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE WHICH IS IN FAVOR OF THE APPELLANT. THE APPELLANT'S AR HAS MADE THE SIMILAR SET OF SUBMISSIONS AS IT WAS SUBMITTED IN THE APPELLATE PR OCEEDINGS FOR A Y 1997 -98 AND AY 2000-01. THE APPELLANT'S AR HAS MADE SIMILAR SET OF SUBMISSIONS AS IT WAS SUBMITTED THAT BY HIM IN THE APPELLATE PROCEEDINGS FOR A.YS.2007-08 AND 2000-01 WHICH HAS ALREADY BEEN ADJUDICATED AS REFERRED ABOV E. THUS I FIND THAT THE ISSUE INVOLVED IN THESE GROUNDS OF APPEAL HAS BEEN DECIDE D IN FAVOUR OF THE APPELLANT BY MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) IN A Y S.1997 -98 AND 2000-01 KEEPING RELIANCE ON DECISION OF THE JURISDICTIONAL ITAT MUMBAI'S DECIS ION IN A.YS.2001-02 AND 2002- 03. THIS FOLLOWING THE RULE OF CONSISTENCY I CONS IDER IT PROPER AND APPROPRIATE TO BE IN AGREEMENT WITH MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A)'S DECISI ON AND ACCORDINGLY HOLD THAT THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE A BUSINESS CONNECTION I N INDIA AS THE MBIPL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A BUSINESS CONNECTION OF THE APPELLANT I N INDIA U/S.9 OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE ITS INCOME IN RESPECT OF SALE OF CBU CAR S DIRECTLY TO THE CUSTOMERS IN INDIA IS NOT TAXABLE IN INDIA. 11. EVEN IN CASE OF SALE OF CBU CARS/ RAW MATERIALS AND SPARE PARTS TO MBIPL I HAVE EXAMINED THE FACTS OF THE CASE AND THE SUBMISS IONS MADE BY THE AR. THE FACTS IN AY 2008-09 ARE SAME AS THE FACTS IN THE CA SE OF THE APPELLANT FOR AY 2002-03 TO AY 2005-06 AND AY 2007-08 WHEREIN THE H ON'BLE TRIBUNAL HAS HELD THAT THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE A BUSINESS CONNECT ION INDIA. I AGREE WITH THE CONTENTIONS OF THE APPELLANT AND I ALSO FIND THAT T HE JUDICIAL PRECEDENTS CITED BY THE AR ALSO SUPPORT THE APPELLANT'S CASE. AS HELD B Y THE JURISDICTIONAL HON'BLE ITAT MUMBAI THAT THE APPELLANT MERELY SELLS THE C BU CARS RAW MATERIALS/ SPARE PARTS FROM OUTSIDE INDIA AND THEREAFTER; THE SAID C BU CARS/ RAW MATERIALS SPARE PARTS BECOME THE PROPERTY OF MBIPL. THIS TRANSACTIO N ENDS WITH THE APPELLANT SELLING THE CBU CARS/ RAW MATERIALS/ SPARE PARTS TO MBIPL FROM OUTSIDE INDIA. THE APPELLANT DOES NOT CARRY ANY MANUFACTURING ACTI VITY IN RESPECT OF THE CBU CARS/ RAW MATERIALS / SPARE PARTS SOLD BY THE APPEL LANT TO MBIPL NOR DOES IT PLAY ANY ROLE IN THE SUBSEQUENT SALE CBU CARS/ RAW MATER IALS/ SPARE PARTS BY MBIPL.MBIPL SELLS THE CBU CARS THROUGH ITS OWN NETW ORK OF DEALERS. THE PROFIT EARNED BY MBIPL FROM SALE OF CBU CARS PURCHASED FRO M THE APPELLANT IS TAXED IN THE HANDS OF MBIPL. 12. IN VIEW OF THE SAME RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE FINDINGS OF THE HON'BLE TRIBUNAL IN THE CASE OF THE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE FO R AY 2002-03 I HOLD THAT WITH REGARD TO SALE OF CBU CARS/ RAW MATERIAL/ SPARE PAR TS BY THE APPELLANT TO MBIPL THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE A BUSINESS CONNECTION I N INDIA AND THAT MBIPL DOES 7 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG NOT CONSTITUTE A BUSINESS CONNECTION OF THE APPELLA NT IN INDIA UNDER SECTION 9 OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE ITS INCOME IN RESPECT OF SAL E OF CBU CARS TO MBIPL IS NOT TAXABLE IN INDIA. 6. ON THE OTHER HAND LD. DR RELIED UPON THE ORDERS PA SSED BY THE A.O. 7. WE HAVE HEARD THE COUNSELS FOR BOTH THE PARTIES ON THIS GROUND AND WE HAVE ALSO PERUSED THE MATERIAL PLACED ON RECORD AS WELL AS THE ORDERS PASSED BY THE REVENUE AUTHORITIES. AFTER CO-JOINT READING OF ALL THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT AS WELL AS CIT(A) IN ASSESSES OWN CASE WE AR E OF THE CONSIDERED VIEW THAT THE LD. CIT(A) WHILE DEALING WITH THE SAID ISSUE HA S RELIED UPON THE ORDERS OF HONBLE ITAT IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE FOR AY 2001-02 AND THEREFORE CIT(A) HAS RIGHTLY HELD THAT WITH REGARD TO THE SALE OF CBU CA RS/MATERIALS/ SPARE PARTS BY THE ASSESSEE TO MBIPL ASSESSEE DOES NOT HAVE A BUSINES S CONNECTION IN INDIA AND THAT MPIPL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE BUSINESS ACTION OF TH E ASSESSEE IN INDIA U/S 9 OF THE ACT AND THEREFORE THE INCOME IN RESPECT OF SALE OF CBU CARS TO MBIPL IS NOT TAXABLE IN INDIA WHILE FOLLOWING THE JUDICIAL CONS ISTENCY AND FOLLOWING THE ORDERS OF HONBLE ITAT IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE WE DISMISSE D THIS GROUND OF APPEAL RAISED BY REVENUE. 8 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG GROUND NO.2 8. AT THE VERY OUTSET LD. AR APPEARING ON BEHALF OF ASSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSE E IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE BY HONBLE ITAT IN ITA NOS. 9211/MUM/2004 6718/MUM/20 06 8520/MUM/2004 6574/MUM/2006 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002 -03. BEFORE WE DECIDE THE MERITS OF THE CASE IT IS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002-03 AS POINTED OUT BY LD. AR AND THE OPERATIVE PARA IS REPRODUCED BELOW FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE: THE NEXT ISSUE IS THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS CHALLENGED THE CONTENTION OF THE AO THAT THE ASSESSEE HAS A PE IN INDIA UNDER ARTICLE 5(2)(A ) (B) (C) AND(G) OF THE TREATY. 13.THE ASSESSING OFFICERS ARGUMENTS IN THIS RESPEC T ARE US UNDER: DCIL DERIVES ITS ENTIRE BUSINESS ON ACCOUNT OF THE APPELLANT AND DURING THE SUBJECT YEAR OUT OF ITS TOTAL INCOME OF RS.17 36 1 0 000/- RS.2 47 05 0000/-WAS BY WAY OF COMMISSION INCOME RECEIVED FROM THE ASSESSEE . THE ENGINE IS THE MOST VITAL COMPONENT OF THE AUTOM OBILE AND DCIL IS NOT IN A POSITION TO CARRY OUT ITS CONTRACTS ON ITS OWN IN T HE ABSENCE OF SUPPLY OF EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY BY THE ASSESSEE. THE MANAGING DIRECTOR (MD) AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR ( ED) OF DCIL ARE EXPATRIATE EMPLOYEES DEPUTED BY THE APPELLANT TO DC IL AND THROUGH THESE EMPLOYEES THE APPELLANT EFFECTIVELY CONTROLS ALL T HE EMPLOYEES OF DCIL. FURTHER DCIL EXECUTES THE BUSINESS GENERATED BY THE APPELLA NT AND ITS DAY-TO-DAY AFFAIRS ARE BEING CONTROLLED BY THE APPELLANT. FURTHER THE AO HAS STATED THAT DCIL IS A SALES OUT LET OR WAREHOUSE OF THE APPELLANT. THE ASSESSEES KEY ARGUMENTS ARE AS UNDER: THE COMMENTARY TO ARTICLE 5 OF THE OECD MC STATES T HAT THE MERE EXISTENCE OF A SUBSIDIARY DOES NOT OF ITSELF CONSTITUTE THE SUBSID IARY COMPANY PE OF THE PARENT. 9 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG EVEN THE FACT THAT THE TRADE OR BUSINESS OF THE SUB SIDIARY IS MANAGED BY THE PARENT COMPANY DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE SUBSIDIARY COMPANY A PE OF THE PARENT COMPANY. THE CONDITIONS AS STATED IN THE DEFINITION OF PE IN ARTICLE 5(1) OF THE TREATY MUST FIRST BE SATISFIED IN ORDER FOR A PLACE TO CONSTITU TE A PE UNDER ARTICLE 5(2) OF THE TREATY I.E. THE ENTERPRISE MUST CARRY OUT BUSINESS OPERATIONS IN THE OTHER CONTRACTING SALE AND SUCH BUSINESS OF THE ENTERPRIS E MUST BE CARRIED ON THROUGH SUCH FIXED BASE. AS REGARDS SALE OF PARTS/ CKD AND CBU SALES NO OPERATIONS IN RESPECT OF THE MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF THE PARTS IS CARRIED OUT BY THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. THUS THE KEY CONDITION FOR CONSTITUTION OF PE I.E. CARRYING ON OF BUSINESS IN INDIA IS NOT SATISFIED AND ACCORDINGLY THE APPELLAN T DOES NOT HAVE A PE IN INDIA. THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE A RIGHT TO USE DCIL PRE MISES AND THE PREMISES ARE NOT AT THE DISPOSAL OF THE APPELLANT. ACCORDINGLY DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A PE OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. FOR A FIXED PLACE OF BUSINESS TO CONSTITUTE A PLACE OF MANAGEMENT OF A FOREIGN ENTERPRISE SIGNIFICANT DECISIONS IN RELATION TO TH E BUSINESS OF THE FOREIGN ENTERPRISE NEED TO BE TAKEN AT THAT FIXED PLACE OF BUSINESS. THE APPELLANT IS A COMPANY INCORPORATED IN GERMANY AND IS MANAGED BY I TS BOARD OF DIRECTORS WHO MANAGE THE APPELLANTS BUSINESS FROM GERMANY AND NO T THROUGH A FIXED PLACE OF BUSINESS IN INDIA. THE APPELLANT DOES NOT CARRY OUT ANY BUSINESS OPERATIONS IN INDIA AND THUS NO DECISIONS LEAVE ALONE SIGNIFICAN T DECISIONS IN RESPECT OF THE BUSINESS OF THE APPELLANTS ARE TAKEN BY DCIL. ACCOR DINGLY DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A PLACE OF MANAGEMENT OF THE APPELLANT I N INDIA. AS REGARDS THE MD AND ED THE APPELLANT HAS SUBMITT ED THAT THE MD AND ED HAVE SIGNED SEPARATE AGREEMENTS WITH DCIL WHICH SPE CIFICALLY STATE THAT THE MANAGEMENT PAPERS EXERCISABLE BY THE MD AND ED SHAL L BE SUBJECT TO THE SUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS O F DCIL. FURTHER THE APPELLANT HAS SOUGHT TO RELY ON THE RULINGS IN THE CASE OF CA RBORANDUM CO. VS. CIT (108 ITR 335) AND TEKNISKIL (SENDIRIAN) BERHAD (222 ITR 551) TO ARGUE THAT THE DEPUTATION OF THE MD AND ED DO NOT CONSTITUTE A PE FOR THE APP ELLANT IN INDIA. SALES OUTLET/ WAREHOUSE OF THE APPELLANT- THE GOODS STORED IN THE WAREHOUSES OF DCIL AND SOLD AT THE SALES OUTLETS OF DCIL ARE THOS E WHICH BELONG TO DCIL. AS REGARDS SALE OF PARTS/ CKD SUCH SALES ARE MADE BY T HE APPELLANT TO DCIL ON A PRINCIPAL-IN PRINCIPAL BASIS AND ON SALE SUCH PART S/ CKD BECOME THE PROPERTY OF DCIL. AS FAR AS CBU SALES ARE CONCERNED DCIL DOES NOT MAINTAIN A STOCK OF SUCH CARS AND DOES NOT DISPLAY THEM IN ITS SALES OU TLETS. ACCORDINGLY DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A SALE OUTLET WAREHOUSE OF THE APPEL LANT. THE AO HAS ERRONEOUSLY COMPARED THE GROSS COMMISSIO N INCOME OF DCIL OF RS.2 47 05 000 WITH ITS NET PROFITS OF RS.17 36 10 000/- TO INDICATE THAT SUCH COMMISSION FORMS A LARGE PROPORTION OF DCILS INCOM E. HOWEVER WHEN COMPARED TO PROPORTION OF DCILS GROSS REVENUES OF RS.2 53 42 66 000/- IT IS 10 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG CLEAR THAT THE COMMISSION EARNED FORMS LESS THAN 1 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL GROSS REVENUE EARNED BY DCIL DURING THE YEAR. 14. THE LD. CIT(A) HELD AS UNDER: I HAVE CAREFULLY CONSIDERED THE SUBMISSIONS OF THE APPELLANT AS WELL AS THE OBSERVATIONS OF THE AO. FOR THE APPELLANT TO CONSTI TUTE A PE AS PER ARTICLE 5(1) AND 5(2) FOR THE TREATY. IT WOULD HAVE TO BE PROVED THAT HE APPELLANT CARRIES OUT SOME BUSINESS OPERATIONS IN INDIA AND FURTHER IT W OULD HAVE TO BE PROVED THAT THE APPELLANT HAS AT ITS DISPOSAL CERTAIN FIXED PLACE O F BUSINESS IN INDIA AND THAT IS BUSINESS OPERATIONS IS CARRIED OUT THROUGH SUCH FIX ED PLACE. AS REGARDS THE PARTS/CKDS IT IS EVIDENT THAT THE APPELLANT SELLS T HE PARTS/CKDS TO DCIL OUTSIDE INDIA AND NO ACTIVITY IN RELATION TO SUCH SALES IS CARRIED OUT BY THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. DCIL USES THE PARTS/ CKDS IN ITS OWN BUSINES S OF ASSEMBLY AND SALE OF CARS. THE PROFITS FROM THE BUSINESS ASSEMBLY AND SA LE OF CARS ARE REPORTED IN THE FINANCIALS AND OFFERED TO TAX IN THE RETURN OF INCO ME OF DCIL. THE APPELLANT DOES NOT CARRY OUR ANY OPERATIONS IN INDIA IN RESPECT OF THE SALE OF PARTS/ CKDS TO DCIL AND ACCORDINGLY CANNOT QUALIFY TO HAVE A PE I N THIS RESPECT UNDER ARTICLE 5(1)AND 5(2) OF THE TREATY. AGGRIEVED REVENUE PREFERRED AN APPEAL BEFORE US. IN OUR OPINION MERE EXISTENCE OF SUBSIDIARY DOES NO T BY ITSELF CONSTITUTE THE SUBSIDIARY COMPANY A PE OF THE PARENT THE MAIN COND ITION FOR CONSTITUTION OF PE IS CARRYING ON OF BUSINESS IN INDIA AND A REGARDS SALE OF PARTS/ CKD NO OPERATIONS IN RESPECT OF THE MANUFACTURE AND SALE O F PARTS IS CARRIED OUT BY THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA. FURTHER THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT HA VE A RIGHT TO USE OF DCILS PREMISES. FURTHER DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A PLACE OF MANAGEMENT OF THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA AS THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ASSESSEE S BUSINESS IS BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS AT GERMANY. THE MD AND ED ACTUALLY BECOME ON DEPUTATION AS EMPLOYEES OF DCIL AND WORK UNDER THE DIRECTIONS AND CONTROL OF THE BOARD OF DCIL. AS REGARDS SALE OF PARTS/CKD SUCH SALE ARE MADE BY THE ASSESSEE TO DCKIL ON PRINCIPAL TO PRINCIPALS BASIS AND ON SALE SUCH PART S/ CKD BECOME THE PROPERTY OF DCIL. HENCE DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE SALES OUTLET/ WAREHOUSE OF THE ASSESSEE. HENCE WE ARE OF THE OPINION THAT THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT CARRY OUT ANY OPERATIONS IN INDIA IN RESPECT OF SALE OF PARTS/ CKD TO DCIL A ND THEREFORE CANNOT QUALIFY TO HAVE A PE IN THIS RESPECT UNDER ARTICLE 5(1) AND 5( 2) OF THE TREATY. THEREFORE WE CONFIRM THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT(A) AND DISMISS GRO UND NO.(I) AND (II) RAISED BY THE REVENUE. IN THE RESULT THE REVENUES APPEAL IS DISMISSED. ITA NO.6718/MUM/2006- A.Y. 2002-03- REVENUES APPEA L 11 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG AS THE FACTS OF THE CASE ARE IDENTICAL IN REVENUES APPEAL IN ITA NO.9211/M/04 FOR THE REASONS SATED IN APPEAL FOR A.Y. 2001-02 (S UPRA) WE HOLD DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE ASSESSEES BUSINESS CONNECTION IN IN DIA AND THUS THE ASSESSEES INCOME FROM SALE OF RAW MATERIAL/ CKD UNITS TO DCIL WOULD NOT BE LIABLE TO TAX IN INDIA UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT. FURTHER WE HOLD THAT THE ASSESSEE DOES NOT CARRY OUT ANY OPERATIONS IN INDIA IN RESPECT OF SALE OF PARTS/ CKD TO DCIL AND THEREFORE CANNOT QUALIFY TO HAVE A PE IN THIS R ESPECT UNDER ARTICLE 5(1) AND 5(2) OF THE TREATY. THEREFORE WE CONFIRM THE ORDER OF THE LD. CIT(A) AND DISMISS THE REVENUES APPEAL. FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IN THE PRESENT CASE HAS A LSO DECIDED THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE THE OPERATIVE PARA OF CIT(A) IS MENTIO NED BELOW: 21. I HAVE CONSIDERED THE FACTS OF THE APPELLANT'S CASE AS WELL AS TOOK NOTE TO THE APPELLANT'S DETAILED SUBMISSIONS. HAVING TAKEN NOTE OF THE SAME IT IS EVIDENT THAT THE ISSUE INVOLVED IN THESE GROUNDS OF APPEAL PERTA INING TO A.Y.2009-10 THE FACTS ARE SIMILAR TO THE APPELLANT'S CASE WHICH HAS ALRE ADY BEEN DECIDED BY MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) IN A.YS.1995-96 1997-98 2000-01 2001-02 TO 2005-06 AND 2007-08. I FIND THAT MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) HAS DECI DED THE ISSUE WHICH HAS BEEN RAISED BY-THE APPELLANT IN THESE GROUNDS OF APPEAL IN FAVOUR OF THE APPELLANT VIDE ORDER IN APPEAL NOS.CIT (A)- 10/DDIT(IT)-1(2)/IT-58 /09-10 (OLD NO.IT-295/07- 08) DT 14-05-2010 FOR AY 1997 -98-AND NO.CIT (A)-10 /DDIT(IT)-1 (2) JIT-57 /09-10 (OLD NO.LT-294 /07 -08) DT 20-05-2010 FOR AY 2000-01 AND CIT(A)-10J DDIT (IT) - 1(2) /IT-58/09-10 (OLD NO IT 295/07-08) DT 14-05-2010 FOR AY 2005- 06. I ALSO FIND THAT WHILE DECIDING THE ISSUE IN FA VOUR OF THE APPELLANT MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) HAS TAKEN NOTE OF JURISDICTIONAL ITAT'S DECISION IN THE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE FOR A.YS.2001-02 AND 2002-03. THE APPELLANT'S AR HAS MADE THE SIMILAR SET OF SUBMISSIONS BEFORE ME ALSO AS IT WAS MADE IN A.YS.1997-98 AND 2000-01. HAVING T OF THE FACTS AVAILABLE ON RECORD AND THE DECISION OF MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) AND THE APPELLANT'S SUBMISSION I CONSIDER IT PROPER AND APPROPRIATE TO FOLLOW THE RULE OF CONSISTENCY AND A CCORDINGLY HOLD THAT THE APPELLANT DOES NOT HAVE A PE IN INDIA WITHIN THE ME ANING OF ARTICLE 5(1) AND 5(2) OF THE INDIA-GERMANY TAX TREATY. HENCE MBIPL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A PE OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA UNDER ARTICLE 5(2)(A) 5(2)(B) 5(2)(C) AND 5(2)(G) OF THE SAID TREATY. THUS THE APPELLANT'S THESE GROUNDS OF APPE AL ARE ALLOWED ACCORDINGLY. AFTER CO-JOINT READING OF BOTH AFORE MENTIONED ORDE RS WE FOUND THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED BY HONBLE ITAT IN FAVOUR OF A SSESSEE. THEREFORE WHILE 12 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG FOLLOWING JUDICIAL CONSISTENCY AND FOLLOWING THE OR DERS OF HONBLE ITAT IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE WE DISMISS THIS GROUND OF APPE AL RAISED BY REVENUE. GROUND NO. 3 AT THE VERY OUTSET LD. AR APPEARING ON BEHALF OF AS SESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE IN A SSESSEES OWN CASE BY HONBLE ITAT IN ITA NOS. 9211/MUM/2004 6718/MUM/2006 8520 /MUM/2004 6574/MUM/2006 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002 -03. BEFORE WE DECIDE THE MERITS OF THE CASE IT IS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002-03 AS POINTED OUT BY LD. AR AND THE OPERATIVE PARA IS REPRODUCED BELOW FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE: THE CIT(A) HAS HELD THAT THOUGH THE CBU CARS ARE S OLD DIRECTLY BY THE ASSESSEE TO INDIAN CUSTOMERS ACTIVITIES ARE CARRIED OUT IN INDIA BY DCIL ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE IN CONCLUDING THE SALE VIS--VIS TH E INDIAN CUSTOMERS. EVEN THOUGH THE AGREEMENT ENTERED INTO BY THE ASSESSEE WITH DCI L IS CATEGORIZED AS GENERAL AGENCY AGREEMENT DCIL IS A PROJECTION AND IS A ONE POINT CONTACT FOR THE CUSTOMER TO BUY A CAR. THE ASSESSEEE SUBMITS THE FACTS COVERING THE DIRECT SALE TO CUSTOMERS LISTED ABOVE. DCIL MERELY ACTS AS A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL FOR THE ASSSESSEE IN SUCH SALES. NO INFERENCE CAN BE MADE THAT DCIL ASSISTS THE ASSESSE E IN THE SALE OF CBU CARS IN MATERIAL MANNER WHICH CAN BE CONSIDERED AS DCIL ACT ING AS AN AGENT IN CONCLUDING THE SALE OF CARS. DCIL CANNOT BE CONSIDE RED TO BE CONTROLLED BY THE APPELLANT IN THESE TRANSACTIONS IF DCIL TO BE CONSI DERED AS A DEPENDING AGENT. FURTHER DCIL DOES NOT BEAR ANY RISK IN THE TRANSACT ION BUT MERELY ACTS AS CONDUIT OF COMMUNICATION FOR WHICH THEY ARE COMPENSATED. HE NCE NO PART OF THE PROFITS OCCURRING TO THE ASSESSEE CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACTIVITIES OF DCIL IN INDIA. 13 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG THE LD. DR SUBMITS THAT DCIL IS A DEPENDENT AGENT O F THE ASSESSEE IN AS MUCH AS THE ENTIRELY OF THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA IS THOUGH DCIL AND DCIL UNDERTAKES AN ACTIVE PART IN CONCLUDING A DEAL FOR AND ON BEHALF OF THE ASSESSEE. WE HEARD BOTH THE PARTIES. THE ISSUE TO BE DECIDED IS WHETHER DCIL IS ACTING AS AN AGENT DEPENDENT ON AND CONTROLLED BY THE ASSESSE E AND IF SO CAN DCIL BE CONSIDERED AS A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT (AGENCY IS WHETHER ANY PROFIT BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACTIVITIES OF SUCH A PE IN INDIA. ARTICLE 7 OF THE DOUBLE TAXATION AGREEMENT READS AS UNDER: 7(1) THE PROFITS OF AN ENTERPRISE OF A CONTRACTING STATE SHALL BE TAXABLE ONLY IN THAT STATE UNLESS THE ENTERPRISE CARIES AN BUSINESS IN THE OTHER CONTRACTING STATE THROUGH A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT SITUATED THEREIN. IF THE ENTERPRISE CARIES ON BUSINESS AS AFORESAID. THE PROFITS OF THE ENTERPRIS E MAY BE TAXED IN THE OTHER STATE BUT ONLY SO MUCH OF THEM AS IS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THAT PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT. (2) SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPH 3 WHERE AN ENTERPRISE OF A CONTRACTING STATE CARRIES ON BUSINESS IN THE OTHER CONTRACTING STATE THROUGH A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT STATED THEREIN. THERE SHALL IN EACH C ONTRACTING SALE BE ATTRIBUTED TO THAT PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT THE PROFITS WHICH IT M IGHT BE EXPECTED TO MAKE IF IT WERE A DISTINCT AND SEPARATE ENTERPRISE ENGAGED IN THE SAME OR SIMILAR ACTIVITIES UNDER THE SAME OR SIMILAR CONDITIONS AND DEALING WH OLLY INDEPENDENTLY WITH THE ENTERPRISE OF WHICH IT IS A PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT . (3) IN THE DETERMINATION OF THE PROFITS OF A PERMAN ENT ESTABLISHMENT THEE SHALL BE ALLOWED AS DEDUCTIONS EXPENSES WHICH ARE INCURRED FOR HE PURPOSES OF THE BUSINESS OF THE PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT INCLUDING E XECUTIVE AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES SO INCURRED WHETHER IN THE STATE IN WHICH THE PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT IS SITUATED OR ELSEWHERE AND ACCORDIN G TO THE DOMESTIC LAW OF THE CONTRACTING STATE IN WHICH THE PERMANENT ESTABLISHM ENT IS SITUATED. 28. IN THE INSTANT CASE DCIL IS BEING CONSIDERED AS DEPENDENT AGENT AND SO CONSTITUTES AN AGENCY PE OF THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA. THE RELEVANT ARTICLE UNDER THE DTAA BETWEEN IN INDIA AND GERMANY IS ARTICLE 5(5) I N WHICH THE AGENCY PE IS DEFINED AS UNDER; 5(5)NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPHS 1 AND 2 WHERE A PERSON OTHER THAN AN AGENT OF AN INDEPENDENT STATUS TO WHOM PARAGRAPH S 6 APPLIES IS ACING IN A CONTRACTING STATE ON BEHALF OF AN ENTERPRISE OF THE OTHER CONTRACTING STATE THAT 14 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG ENTERPRISE SHALL BE DEEMED TO HAVE A PERMANENT ESTA BLISHMENT IN THE FIRST MENTIONED STATE IF THIS PERSON. (A) HAS AND HABITUALLY EXERCISES IN THAT STATE AN AUTHO RITY TO CONCLUDE CONTRACTS ON BEHALF OF THE ENTERPRISE UNLESS HIS ACTIVITIES ARE LIMITED TO THE PURCHASE OF GOODS OR MERCHANDISE FOR THE ENTERPRISE. (B) HAS NO SUCH AUTHORITY BUT HABITUALLY MAINTAINS IN THE FIRST MENTIONED STATE A STOCK OF GOODS OR MERCHANDISE FROM WHICH HE REGULAR LY DELIVERS GOODS OR MERCHANDISE ON BEHALF OF THE ENTERPRISE; OR (C) HABITUALLY SECURES ORDERS IN THE FIRST MENTIONED ST ATE WHOLLY OR ALMOST WHOLLY FOR THE ENTERPRISE ITSELF OR FOR THE ENTERPRISE AND OTHER ENTERPRISES CONTROLLING CONTROLLED BY OR SUBJECT TO THESE SAME COMMON CONT ROL AS THAT ENTERPRISE. 29. FIRST IT HAS TO BE ESTABLISHED THAT DCIL IS A P ERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT AS CONTEMPLATED IN THE DTAA BETWEEN INDIA AND WEST GER MANY AND IF SO THE PROFITS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE ACTIVITIES OF SUCH PERMANENT ES TABLISHMENT IN THE TRANSACTIONS UNDER CONSIDERATION WILL HAVE TO BE DETERMINED WHIC H WILL BE TAXABLE IN INDIA. WHILE ARRIVING AT THE PROFITS OF THE PE THE EXPENS ES INCURRED IN EARNING THE PROFITS WOULD ALSO BE DEDUCTED THEREFROM IN ARRIVIN G AT THE TAXABLE PROFITS OF PE. 30. NOW THE ACTIVITY OF DCIL ARE TWOFOLD.(1) MANUFA CTURE OF CARS USING CKD PACKS AND OTHER COMPONENTS. (2) ACT AS COMMUNICATIO N EXCHANGE IN RESPECT OF DIRECT SALE OF CBUS BY THE ASESSEE DIRECTLY TO THE CLIENTS IN INDIA. EVENTHOUGH THE COMMISSION RECEIVED BY DCIL FOR HELPING THE SALE OF CBUS IT IS OBVIOUS THAT THEIR MAIN ACTIVITY IS THAT OF MANUFACTURE OF CARS. ACTING AS COMMUNICATION CONDUCT IS NOT THEIR MAIN BUSINESS. FURTHER THE DEP T HAS NOT ESTABLISHED THAT DCIL ACTIVELY CANVASSES ORDERS FOR CBUS OF ASSESSEE OR I S ACTIVELY ENGAGED IN NEGOTIATING AND CONCLUDING CONTRACTS IF AND WHEN CL IENTS APPROACH DCIL OR THEIR AGENTS EVIDENCING INTEREST TO BUY CBUS FROM THE APP ELLANT DCIL PASSES ON COMMUNICATION BOTH SIDES. NEGOTIATIONS OF PRICE SP ECIFICATIONS ETC WERE CONCLUDED BY THE APPELLANT. THE SALE TO THE CUSTOME R WAS ON PRINCIPLE TO PRINCIPLE BASIS. THE RISK OF DIMINISHING IN VALUE OR DAMAGES TO THE CARS IS TO THE ACCOUNT OF CUSTOMERS RIGHT FROM THE PORT OF SHIPMENT AT THE M ANUFACTURING END. THE CARS WERE CLEARED THROUGH CUSTOMS IN INDIA FOR AND ON BE HALF OF THE ULTIMATE CUSTOMERS. THUS DCIL HAD NO ROLE TO PLAY FROM THE SALE OR IN ANY ACTIVITY IN PROMOTING THE SALE TO THE ASSESSEE DIRECTLY TO THE CUSTOMERS IN INDIA. THEY ARE ONLY COLLECTION OF INFORMATION AND ACTIVITIES OF PR EPARATORY OR AUXILIARY IN NATURE. THE PRICES OFFERED TO THE CLIENTS ARE AS PER THE LI ST PRICE NOTIFIED BY THE ASSESSEE. DCIL HAS NO AUTHORITY THE CONCLUDE ANY DEAL. THUS T HE MERE ACTING AS POST OFFICE BETWEEN THE ASSESSEE AND THE CLIENT WILL NOT RENDER DCIL AS A DEPENDENT AGENT. 15 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG DCIL CANNOT BE CONSIDERED S HABITUALLY PROCURING OR DERS FOR THE ASSESSEE IN FACT DCIL THEMSELVES ARE MANUFACTURING AND SELLING THE C ARS AND PROCUREMENT OF ORDERS FOR DIRECT SHIPMENT OF CARS BY THE ASSESSEE WOULD IN FACT BE CONTRARY TO AND AGAINST THE INTEREST OF THE DCIL IN ITS MANUFACTURI NG ACTIVITY. DCIL BY PASSING ON COMMUNICATION FROM ASSESSEE TO THE CLIENT AND VICE VERSA ARE MERELY RENDERING A VERY INSIGNIFICANT AUXILIARY/PREPARATORY SERVICE IN THE SALE OF CBUS BY THE ASSESEE TO INDIAN CLIENTS. THEREFORE DCIL DOES NOT CONSTITU TE A DEPENDENT AGENT OF THE ASSESSEE. THE PRICES OFFERED TO THE INDIAN CLIENTS ARE AS PER LIST PRICE NOTIFIED AND SO WHETHER DCIL IS INVOLVED OR NOT THE PRICE CHARGE D TO THE CUSTOMER WOULD BE THE SAME. NO PROFITS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE SERVI CES OF DCIL IN INDIA. IN FACT BY ENGAGING THE SERVICES OF DCIL THE PROFIT OF THE AS SESSEE IS REDUCED TO THE EXTENT OF THE COMMISSION PAID TO DCIL. FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IN THE PRESENT CASE HAS A LSO DECIDED THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE THE OPERATIVE PARA OF CIT(A) IS MENTIO NED BELOW: I HAVE CONSIDERED THE APPELLANTS SUBMISSION AS WE LL AS THE FACTS AVAILABLE ON RECORD. HAVING CONSIDERED SAME I FIND THAT SIMILAR ISSUE HAD BEEN DECIDED BY MY PREDECESSOR CIT(A) IN THE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE IN S IMILAR SET OF FACTS FOR A.YS.IN AY 2008-09 ARE SAME AS THE FACTS IN AY 1997-98 200 0-01 2001-02 2002-03 TO 2005-06 AND 2007-08. I FIND THAT MY PREDECESSOR CIT (A) WHILE DECIDING THE APPELLANT'S THIS GROUND OF APPEAL VIDE HIS ORDER NO .CIT (A)-10/DDIT(IT)-1(2)/IT- 58/09-10 (OLD NO.LT-295/07-08) DT 14-05-2010 FOR AY 1997-98 AND NO. CIT (A)- 10/DDIT(IT)-1(2)/IT-57/09-10 (OLD NO.LT-294/07-08) DT 20-05-2010 FOR AY 2000- 01 HE RELIED UPON THE DECISION OF THE JURISDICTION AL ITAT IN THE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE FOR A.YS.2001- 02 AND 2002-03 WHICH WAS DECI DED BY THE HON'BLE ITAT IN FAVOUR OF THE APPELLANT. IN THE COURSE OF APPELLATE PROCEEDINGS THE APPELLANT'S AR HAS MADE SIMILAR SET OF SUBMISSIONS AND ARGUMENTS A S IT WAS MADE IN A.YS.1997- 98 AND 2000-01 AND OTHER PRECEDING A.YS. REFERRED A S ABOVE. THE APPELLANT'S AR HAS ALSO MADE THE SUBMISSION BEFORE ME THAT THE APP ELLANT COMPANY HAS MADE THE PAYMENT OF COMMISSION FOR THE SERVICES RENDERED BY MBIPL IN ASSISTING THE APPELLANT IN COMMUNICATING WITH END CUSTOMERS TO WH OM THE APPELLANT HAS SUPPLIED THE CBU CARS. THE' APPELLANT'S AR ALSO SUB MITTED IN HIS ORAL ARGUMENTS THAT SUCH COMMISSION PAID WAS ACCEPTED BY THE TRANS FER PRICING OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT AND WAS NOT ALTERED / CHALLENGED BY THE TPO. THEREFORE BASED ON THE SIMILAR SUBMISSION HE CLAIMED THAT THE APPELLANT H AS MADE THE PAYMENT T TO THE MBIPL COMMISSION AT ARM'S LENGTH PRICE FOR SERVICES SO RENDERED BY MBIPL. 29. I HAVE EXAMINED THE ABOVE DOCUMENTS AND IT CAN BE SEEN FROM THESE DOCUMENTS THAT MBIPL DOES NOT HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO CONCLUDE CONTRACTS IN RESPECT OF SALE OF CBU CARS BY THE APPELLANT TO THE INDIAN CUSTOMERS DIRECTLY AND 16 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG MBIPL MERELY ASSISTS THE APPELLANT IN COMMUNICATING CUSTOMER REQUESTS LIKE PRICE DESIRED CONFIGURATION OF CARS ETC. TO THE A PPELLANT AND COMMUNICATING THE APPELLANT'S REPLY TO CUSTOMERS. THESE ACTIVITIES CA NNOT IN MY VIEW BE TERMED AS MBIPL ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE APPELLANT. 30. IT IS SEEN THAT THE AO HAS NOT BROUGHT ANY MATE RIAL ON RECORD TO PROVE AT MBIPL IS ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE APPELLANT OR IS SE CURING ORDERS FOR THE APPELLANT OR IN ANY WAY SEEKING TO PROJECT ITSELF AS THE AGEN T OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. MBIPL IS MERELY ACTING IN ITS ORDINARY COURSE OF BU SINESS AND HENCE CANNOT BE HELD AS AN AGENT OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. 31. WITH RESPECT TO THE SALE OF CBU CARS BY THE APP ELLANT TO MBIPL IT IS OBSERVED THAT THE SALES OF CBU CARS ARE MADE AT ARM'S LENGT H ON PRINCIPAL TO PRINCIPAL BASIS. THE CBU CARS ONCE PURCHASED BY MBIPL FROM T HE APPELLANT BECOME PROPERTY OF MBIPL. THE SELLING PRICES AND THE TERMS OF SALE OF THESE CBU CARS ARE DETERMINED BY MBIPL ITSELF. THE SALE OF THE SAID CA RS IS RECORDED IN THE BOOKS OF MBIPL AND MBIPL PAY TAX ON THE SAID PROFITS. IN SEL LING THOSE CARS MBIPL DOES NOT CONDUCT ITSELF IN A MANNER THAT IT IS ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE APPELLANT. THE APPELLANT ALSO DOES NOT HAVE ANY CONTROL OR SAY IN THE SALE OF THOSE CARS. 33. IN VIEW OF THE ABOVE I AM OF THE CONSIDERED VI EW THAT IN CASE OF SALE OF CBU CARS BY THE APPELLANT TO MBIPL AND ALSO DIRECTLY TO CUSTOMERS IN INDIA MBIPL IS NOT ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA AND HENCE THE FUNDAMENTAL CONDITION OF CONSTITUTING A PE AS MENTIONED IN ARTI CLE 5(5) OF THE TREATY IS NOT SATISFIED . AFTER CO-JOINT READING IT WAS RIGHTLY HELD THAT MBI PL CONSTITUTES AN AGENCY PE WITHIN THE MEANING OF ARTICLE 5(5)(A) 5(5)(B) 5(5) (C) OF THE INDIA-GERMANY TAX TREATY. THEREFORE CONCURRING WITH THE ABOVE FINDIN GS AND ALSO MAINTAINING JUDICIAL CONSISTENCY AND FOLLOWING THE ORDERS OF HONBLE ITA T IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE WE DISMISS THIS GROUND OF APPEAL RAISED BY REVENUE. GROUND NO.4 AT THE VERY OUTSET LD. AR APPEARING ON BEHALF OF AS SESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE IN A SSESSEES OWN CASE BY HONBLE 17 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG ITAT IN ITA NOS. 9211/MUM/2004 6718/MUM/2006 8520 /MUM/2004 6574/MUM/2006 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002 -03. BEFORE WE DECIDE THE MERITS OF THE CASE IT IS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002-03 AS POINTED OUT BY LD. AR AND THE OPERATIVE PARA IS REPRODUCED BELOW FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE: 31. THE FOLLOWING DECISIONS CITED BY THE ASSESSEE C AN BE EXTRACTED FOR THIS PURPOSE. THE DECISIONS OF THE HONBLE SUPREME COURT IN CASE OF DIT VS. MORGON STANLEY & CO INC 292 ITR 416 (REFER PAGE 555 556&565) OF PAPE R BOOK VOLUME III WHEREIN THE HONBLE APEX COURT HAS OBSERVED THAT SI NCE THE ASSESSEE DID NOT CONCLUDE ANY CONTRACTS ON BEHALF OF MORGAN STANLEY & CO. INC. (MSCO) IT DID NOT HAVE AN AGENCY PE IN INDIA. SIMILAR VIEW HAS ALSO B EEN TAKEN BY THE SPECIAL BENCH O DELHI TRIBUNAL IN CASE OF MOTOROLA INC & OT HERS V DCIT (2005) 95 ITD 269 (REFER PAGE NOS. 580 589&59) OF PAPER BOOK VOLU ME II AND THE AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCE RULINGS IN CASE OF TVM LTD V CIT (1999) 237 ITR 230 (REFER PAGE 600 &618) OF PAPER BOOK VOLUME II). THE HONBLE DELHI TRIBUNAL HAS IN THE CASE OF WESTE RN UNION FINANCIAL SERVICES INC (104 ITD 34) ( REFER PAGE NO. 522 & 547 OF PAPE R BOOK VOLUME II) OBSERVED THAT HERE IS NO EVIDENCE TO SHOW THAT THE EXTENT OF THEIR ACTIVITIES OF THE ASSESSEE COMPARED TO ALL THESE ACTIVITIES IS SO LARGE THAT IT CAN BE SAID THAT HEY ARE DEPENDENT ON THE ASSESSEE FOR THEIR EARNINGS OR REV ENUES. ACCORDINGLY THE AGENTS ARE NOT ECONOMICALLY DEPENDENT UPON THE ASSESSEE F URTHER THERE IS NO AUTHORITY WITH THE AGENTS TO CONCLUDE CONTRACTS. THE AGENTS A RE MERELY PERFORMING THEIR DUTIES AND NOT EXERCISING ANY AUTHORITY BASED ON TH E ABOVE THE HONBLE TRIBUNAL CONCLUDED THAT THERE IS NO AGENCY PE IN INDIA. IN CASE OF KNOWERX EDUCATION (INDIA) P LTD (301 ITR 207) (REFER PG 619 &632 OF PAPER BOOK VOLUME II) THE AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCE RU LINGS HAS OBSERVED THAT SINCE THE APPLICANT DOE NOT CONCLUDE ANY CONTRACT ON BEHA LF OF THE FOREIGN COMPANY DOE NOT MAINTAIN STOCK OF GOODS/MERCHANDISE BELONGI NG TO THE FOREIGN COMPANY AND ALSO CARRIES ON A VARIETY OF ACTIVITIES BESIDES PROMOTING EXAMINATIONS OF THE FOREIGN COMPANY THE APPELLANT ENJOYS AN INDEPENDEN T STATUS. ACCORDINGLY THE APPLICANT CANNOT BE DEEMED TO BE A PE OF THE FOREIG N COMPANY IN INDIA. 18 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG SIMILARLY IN CASE OF SPECIALTY MAGAZINES (P) LTD ( 274 ITR 310) (REFER PG 633 & 644 OF PAPER BOOK VOLUME II) THE AAR RULED THAT SI NCE 22%-25% OF THE INCOME OF THE APPLICANT IS DERIVED FROM OTHER CLIENTS IT CANNOT BE SAID THAT ITS ACTIVITIES ARE CARRIED OUT WHOLLY OR ALMOST WHOLLY OF THE FORE IGN COMPANY. THUS THE APPLICANT BEING AN INDEPENDENT GENT IS NOT COVERED BY THE DEFINITION OF PE IN ARTICLE 5 OF THE DTAA. 32. FROM THE ABOVE IT CAN BE SENT HAT MERELY ACTIN G FOR A NON RESIDENT PRINCIPAL WOULD NOT BY ITSELF RENDER AN AGENT TO BE CONSIDERE D AS PE FOR THE PURPOSE OF ALLOCATING PROFITS TAXABLE IN THE HANDS OF THE PRIN CIPAL. THERE SHOULD BE SOME DEFINITE ACTIVITY OF THE PE TO WHICH PROFITS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED. UNLESS IT IS SO ESTABLISHED MERELY CALLING A PERSON AS AGENT ACTIN G ON BEHALF OF FOREIGN NON RESIDENT WOULD NOT BY ITSELF RENDER HIM TO BE CONSI DERED AS AN AGENCY PE AND PRO TANTO PART OF THE PROFITS OF THE NONRESIDENT IS LIA BLE TO BE TAXED IN INDIA. WE FIND THAT THE REVENUE HAS NOT ESTABLISHED THAT DCIL HAD CARRIED OUT ANY ACTIVITY TO WHICH ANY PROFIT CAN BE ATTRIBUTED. DCIL WAS MERELY CARRYING OUT THE WORK OF A POST OFFICE TRANSFERRING COMMUNICATION FROM ONE TO ANOTHER. THEREFORE WE ARE NOT CONVINCED THAT THE DEPARTMENT HAD ESTABLISHED T HAT THE ACTIVITY OF DCIL EVEN IF IT IS TO BE CONSIDERED AS PE HAS RESULTED IN ANY PROFITS TO THE ASSESSEE AND IN VIEW OF THE SPECIFIC PROVISIONS OF THE ARTICLE 7 OF THE DOUBLE TAXATION AVOIDANCE AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDIAN AND GERMANY THE PART OF T HE PROFIT OF THE NON-RESIDENT ASSESSEE CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACTIVITY WITH DCI L AND HENCE IS NOT TAXABLE IN INDIA. 33. AS WE HAVE HELD THAT NO PROFIT ACCRUING TO TH E ASSESSEE ON SALE OF CBU CARS DIRECTLY TO INDIAN CUSTOMERS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACTIVITIES OF DCIL WE ARE NOT DECIDING UPON THE CORRECTNESS OR OTHERWISE OF THE PERCENTAGE OF PROFITS ESTIMATED BY THE CIT(A) AS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE ACT IVITIES OF PE IN INDIA. HENCE GROUND NO.3 RAISED BY THE ASSESSEE IS NOT DECIDED A S BEING INFRUCTUOUS. 34. IN THE RESULT THE APPEAL OF THE ASSESSEE IS AL LOWED. 35. THE ONLY ISSUE IN THE ASSESSEES APPEAL IS AGAI NST THE DECISION OF THE CIT9A) HOLDING THAT 255 OF THE SALE PRICE OF CBUS SOLD BY THE ASSESSEE DIRECTLY TO THE INDIAN CUSTOMERS CONSTITUTES NET PROFIT OF THE ASSE SSE FORM SALE OF CBUS AND 30% OF THE SAME ACCRUES AND IS TAXABLE IN INDIA. 36. AS THE FACTS OF THE CASE ARE IDENTICAL WITH THE ASSESSES APPEAL IN ITA NO. 8520/MUM/04 FOR AY 2001-02 FOR THE REASONS STATED I N THE APPEAL FOR AY 2001-02 9SUPRA) WE HOLD THAT NO PART OF THE PARTIES ACCRUIN G TO THE ASSESSE FROM SALE OF 19 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG CBUS DIRECTLY TO THE INDIAN CLIENTS IS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE ACTIVITIES OF ANY PE OF THE ASSESSEE IN INDIA AND HENCE NO PART OF THE PROFIT R ISING TO THE ASSESSEE FORM SALE OF CBUS IS TAXABLE IN INDIA. FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IN THE PRESENT CASE HAS A LSO DECIDED THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE THE OPERATIVE PARA OF CIT(A) IS MENTIO NED BELOW: 34. GROUND NO.9 RELATES TO THE ISSUE OF ATTRIBUTIO N OF PROFIT TO THE ACTIVITIES OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA. I HAVE ALREADY HELD IN THE ABOV E PARAGRAPHS THAT BUSINESS CONNECTION/PE IN INDIA. AS THE FACTS M THIS ISSUE A RE SIMILAR TO THE FACTS M THE CASE OF THE APPELLANT FOR AY 1997-98 AND AY 2000-01 AS HELD IN MY PREDECESSOR'S ORDER NUMBER CIT(A)-10 /DDIT(IT)-1(2) /IT-58/09-10 (OLD NO.LT- 295 /07 -08) DT 14-05-2010 FOR AY 1997-98AND IN ORD ER IN APPEAL NO. CIT (A)- 10/DDIT(IT)-1(2)/IT-57 /09- 10 (OLD NO.IT-294/07-08 ) DT 20-05-2010 FOR AY 2000-01 I HOLD THAT NO PART OF THE PROFITS ACCRUIN G TO THE APPELLANT FROM THE SALE OF CBU CARS AND RAW MATERIALS TO MBIPL AND DIRECTLY TO THE CUSTOMERS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACTIVITIES OF MBIPL IN INDIA. IN VIEW OF THE SAME IN MY CONSIDERED VIEW THE ISSUE OF PERCENTAGE OF PROFIT AS DECIDED BY THE A.O AS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE ACTIVITIES OF THE PE IN INDIA D OES NOT HAVE ANY RELEVANT AS IT HAS BEEN HELD BY HIM IN THE FOREGOING PARAS THAT THE MB IPL CANNOT BE HELD AS PE OF THE APPELLANT IN INDIA AND ACCORDINGLY THE APPELLA NT'S THIS GROUND OF APPEAL BECOMES INFRUCTUOUS IN VIEW OF THE AFORESTATED FACT S AND DECISION. ACCORDIN.GLY THE SAME IS NOT ADJUDICATED. HOWEVER FOR STATISTIC AL PURPOSES THE SAME IS TREATED BEING DISMISSED BEING INFRUCTUOUS. AFTER CO-JOINT READING OF THE ABOVE ORDERS WE HAVE OBSERVED THAT IT WAS RIGHTLY HELD THAT MBIPL CANNOT BE HELD AS PE OF THE ASSESSE E IN INDIA. THEREFORE CONCURRING WITH THE ABOVE FINDINGS AND ALSO MAINTAI NING JUDICIAL CONSISTENCY AND FOLLOWING THE ORDERS OF HONBLE ITAT IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE WE DISMISS THIS GROUND OF APPEAL RAISED BY REVENUE. 20 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG GROUND NO.5 AT THE VERY OUTSET LD. AR APPEARING ON BEHALF OF AS SESSEE SUBMITTED THAT THIS ISSUE HAS ALREADY BEEN DECIDED IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE IN A SSESSEES OWN CASE BY HONBLE ITAT IN ITA NOS. 9211/MUM/2004 6718/MUM/2006 8520 /MUM/2004 6574/MUM/2006 FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002 -03. BEFORE WE DECIDE THE MERITS OF THE CASE IT IS NECESSARY TO EVALUATE THE ORDERS PASSED BY HONBLE ITAT FOR ASSESSMENT YEARS 2001-02 AND 2002-03 AS POINTED OUT BY LD. AR AND THE OPERATIVE PARA IS REPRODUCED BELOW FOR THE SAKE OF CONVENIENCE: 18. GROUND NO.4 RAISED BY THE REVENUE READS AS FOL LOWS: '4. ON THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE AND IN LAW WHETHER THE LD. CIT(A) WAS CORRECT IN HOLDING THAT WHEN DUTY IS CAST ON TH E PAYER TO PAY TAX AT SOURCE NO INTEREST VI]. 234B CAN BE IMPOSED ON THE PAYEE ASS ESSEE IGNORING THE FACT THAT IT IS THE LIABILITY OF THE PAYEE TO PAY ADVANCE TAX ON THE AMOUNT WHICH HAD NOT BEEN DEDUCTED AT SOURCE UNDER SECTION 195 OF THE INCOME TAX ACT 1961.' 19. IT IS NOT IN DISPUTE BEFORE US THAT IDENTICAL I SSUE WAS CONSIDERED BY THE A.Y : 997 -98 IN ITA NO.3727/M/09 AND THIS TRIBUNAL HELD AS FOLLOWS: WE HAVE HEARD THE PARTIES. THE LD COUNSEL FOR THE A SSESSEE SUBMITTED THAT NOW THE ISSUE STANDS STANDS COVERED IN FAVOUR OF THE AS SESSEE BY THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE HIGH OF BOMBAY IN THE CASE OF DIT (IT) V/S. NGC NETWORK ASIA LLC 222 TR 86 (BOM). IN THIS CASE IT IS NOT DISPUTED THAT THE ASSESSEE IS A NON-RESIDENT AND PAYMENTS MADE TO THE ASSESSEE COMPANY ARE SUBJECTED TO TDS U/ SEC. 195(1}OF THE ACT. THIS FACT HAS NOT BEEN CONTROVERTED BY THE REV ENUE. IN THIS CASE MERELY BECAUSE THERE IS A FAILURE ON THE PART OF THE PERSO N WHO MADE PAYMENTS TO THE ASSESSEE TO DEDUCT TAX AT SOURCE TO WHICH THE PROVI SIONS OF SECTION 195(1) ARE ATTRACTED TO THE EXTENT OF THE INCOME/PAYMENTS WHI CH ARE IN MISCHIEF OF TDS PROVISION NO LIABILITY TO PAY ADVANCE TAX IS PUT OF THE RECIPIENT. ONCE THE INCOME IS SUBJECTED TO TDS PROVISION THEN THAT IS OUTSIDE THE PROVISIONS OF THE ADVANCE TAX AS PER THE MANDATE OF SECTION 209 OF THE ACT AN D THIS VIEW HAS BEEN FORTIFIED 21 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG BY THE DECISION OF THE HONBLE HIGH COURT OF BOMBAY IN THE CASE OF NGC NETWORK ASIA LLC (SUPRA). WE DO NOT FIND ANY REASON TO INTE RFERE WITH THE ORDER OF THE CIT (A) AS THE PRINCIPLES LAID DOWN IN THE CASE OF NGC NETWORK ASIA LLC (SUPRA) SQUARELY APPLICABLE TO THE FACTS OF THE CASE WE AC CORDINGLY CONFIRM THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A).' RESPECTFULLY FOLLOWING THE AFORESAID DECISION OF TH E TRIBUNAL WE UPHOLD THE ORDER OF THE CIT(A). FIRST APPELLATE AUTHORITY IN THE PRESENT CASE HAS A LSO DECIDED THIS ISSUE IN FAVOUR OF ASSESSEE THE OPERATIVE PARA OF CIT(A) IS MENTIO NED BELOW: 36 . I HAVE CONSIDERED THE APPELLANT AR'S ARGUMENT S AND HAVE PERUSED THE DECISIONS QUOTED ABOVE. RELYING ON THE ABOVE MENTIO NED JUDGMENTS AND ALSO HONBLE TRIBUNAL'S DECISION IN APPELLANT'S OWN CASE FOR AY 1997-98 (ITA NO: 3717 JMUMJ2009) IT IS HELD THAT THE LEVY OF INTERES T U/S.234B WAS NOT JUSTIFIED. KEEPING RELIANCE ON THE DECISION OF THE JURISDICTIO NAL ITAT IN THE APPELLANT'S OWN CASE FOR A.Y.1997 -98 IT IS HELD THAT CHARGING OF INTEREST U/S.234B IN THE APPELLANT'S CASE IS NOT HELD CORRECT. HOWEVER THE A.O IS DIRECTED TO VERIFY THAT THE SAME SET OF FACTS PREVAIL IN THE APPELLANT'S APPEAL FOR THIS A.Y. AS IT WAS IN A.Y.1997 -98 WHILE GIVING APPEAL EFFECT TO THIS ORD ER. AFTER CO-JOINT READING OF THE ABOVE ORDERS WE HAVE OBSERVED THAT IT WAS RIGHTLY HELD THAT FOR CHARGING INTEREST U/S 234B IN ASSESSE ES OWN CASE WAS NOT HELD CORRECT. THEREFORE CONCURRING WITH THE ABOVE FINDI NGS AND ALSO MAINTAINING JUDICIAL CONSISTENCY AND FOLLOWING THE ORDERS OF HO NBLE ITAT IN ASSESSEES OWN CASE WE DISMISS THIS GROUND OF APPEAL RAISED BY RE VENUE. GROUND NO. 6 &7 GROUND NO.6 AND 7 OF THE REVENUES APPEAL ARE GENER AL IN NATURE AND HENCE REQUIRES NO SPECIFIC ADJUDICATION. 22 ITA NO. 7648 &7649/MUM/13 (A.Y 2008-09 &2009-10) M/S. DAIMLER AG 22. IN THE NET RESULT BOTH THE APPEALS FILED BY TH E REVENUE ARE DISMISSED. ORDER PRONOUNCED IN THE OPEN COURT ON 28 TH SEPTEMBER 2016 SD/- SD/- (R.C. SHARMA) (SANDEEP GOSAIN) ! / ACCOUNTANT MEMBER # $ ! / JUDICIAL MEMBER % & MUMBAI; '! DATED :28.09.2016 PS. ASHWINI / COPY OF THE ORDER FORWARDED TO : 1. / THE APPELLANT 2. / THE RESPONDENT 3. ( ( ) / THE CIT(A) 4. ( / CIT - CONCERNED 5. )* + $$ - - % & / DR ITAT MUMBAI 6. + ./ 0 / GUARD FILE / BY ORDER / ! (DY./ASSTT. REGISTRAR) !' # % & / ITAT MUMBAI